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Astana, Kazakhstan Innovation Forum November 2012

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Scenarios of the options for innovation environment and science park development, innovative and structured networks (CNOs) highlighted as well as Oasis approach

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Astana, Kazakhstan Innovation Forum November 2012

  1. 1. Innovative networks and technoparks of the third generationDiscovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thoughtAlbert Szent-GyorgyiGlobal Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  2. 2. Content of the presentation I. Emerging trends of global innovation landscape II. Technopark scenarios III.  “Innovative networks” – vital elements of dynamic CNOs IV.  3GSP approach and Oasis way of working QuestionsGlobal Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  3. 3. Trends setting the context for technology regions and research parks over the next 5-20 years.*) •  Economy & society 1.  From Free Markets to Stimulus Capitalism 2.  The Group Economy 3.  Ecological Economics come from Age •  Science & Technology 4. Biology by Design, Nature as Source and Code 5. Ubiquitous Computing 6. From Artificial Intelligence to Hybrid Sensemaking 7. The New Scientists 8. Science Institutions Transformed ……Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  4. 4. Trends setting the context for technology regions and research parks over the next 5-20 years.*) •  Models and Places for R&D 9.  New Global Map of Science 10.  Lightweight Innovation 11.  Universities: From Ivory Tower to Economic Engine 12.  From Knowledge Diffusion to Sticky Know-How 13.  The Social Life of Small Research Spaces 14.  From Research Parks to Regional Knowledge Ecosystems *) Ref Institute for the Future report ” Future Knowledege Ecosystems – The Next 20 Years of Technology-Led Economical Development”, June 2009, http://www.iftf.org/our-work/ people-technology/technology-horizons/future-knowledge-ecosystems/Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  5. 5. Emergence of regional knowledge ecosystems *) •  Focus on dynamics of interaction between organizations and various innovation communities >> “Networks” – the challenge is to specify “networks” and how they operate >> CNO (Collaborative Networked Organizations) theoretical approach and methodologies will help to understand •  A holistic approach – focus not on isolated activity (inside a company or cluster) but what happens within specific firms and clusters as a cohesive system >> ecosystem thinking >> how to manage the flow of knowledge (vs stocks of knowledge) •  To understand how organizations and ”none institutional elements” perform in hyper- turbulent environments *) Ref Ref Institute for the Future report ” Future Knowledege Ecosystems – The Next 20 Years of Technology-Led Economical Development”, June 2009,Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  6. 6. Technopark scenarios *) 1)  Science and Technology Parks 3.0 ”Slow progress, existing institutions, no radical change in structure or management” 2) The Rise of Research Clouds ”This is closest to our 3GSP thinking, flexible and smaller interconnected units will emerge, coworking and open innovation take momentum” 3) Dematerialized innovation ”Technoparks will loose their influence and status, new structures will replace them” * ) Ref Institute for the Future report ” Future Knowledege Ecosystems – The Next 20 Years of Technology-Led Economical Development”, June 2009,Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  7. 7. •  Science and Technology Parks 3.0 NC State’s Centennial Campus has the real feel of a community, with condominiums, a middle school and a golf course adjacent to university academic “neighborhoods,” private corporations, non profit institutions and government agencies. In coming decades, this greater interweaving of research parks with their communities might indeed become the standard paradigm.” James Zuiches, Vice Chancellor for extension, engagement and economic development at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, USA •  Research Clouds “Research parks should work on trying to increase the diversity among their clientele. So far, it looks like science parks are no longer very attractive to the younger generation. Young people feel they parks too rigid or too business like. They like this more relaxed environment. You have to develop methods for “serendipity management” and “open innovation” to discover ways to best facilitate the ad hoc collaborations. Otherwise it will happen in coffee shops and bars.” Ilkka Kakko, Managing Director of Karostech Ltd, Finland •  The decline of STPs because of their unability to match the needs of new era “Collaboration is not often pretty, It’s rarely easy to understand. You can’t pass a rule that says, Tomorrow we’re going to collaborate. It has to become embedded in the culture.” Rick Weddle, President of Research Triangle Park, NC, USAGlobal Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  8. 8. New innovation landscape – a challenge for science parks *) •  The complexity of traditional organizational structures •  The increased market requirements for flexibility call for better usage of resources and connectivity to global competence pools. •  The key players in a new innovation landscape are truly nomadic and well inter- connected •  They work and live in a world powered and inspired by CNOs •  Open innovation and social capital creation widely •  The rise of new individual entrepreneurship and the power of communities •  == > Vital innovation activities are happening outside the walls of traditional STPs •  Continue….Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  9. 9. New innovation landscape – a challenge for science parks *) •  A new approach is needed à third generation of science parks (3GSP). •  The 3 GSP environment encourages diversity on all layers and respects serendipity, even a new management paradigm - serendipity management – is emerging. •  The competitive edge for 3GSP is: •  To attract nomadic talent •  To be able to create sustainable professional communities •  To be able to harvest the innovation potential in more fruitful way •  To be able to create ”sticky knowledge” in order to maintain and improve regional competitiveness *) Ref http://blogs.america.gov/ip/2010/03/05/new-innovation-landscape-a-challenge-for-science-parks/Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  10. 10. Virtual Organisation Breeding Environment - VBE •  VBE represents an association of organizations and number of related supporting institutions, adhering to a base long term cooperation agreement, and adoption of common operating principles and infrastructures, with the main goal of increasing their preparedness towards rapid configuration of temporary alliances for collaboration in potential Virtual Organisation. Namely, when business opportunity is identified by one member (acting as a broker) a subset of VBE organizations can be selected to form a VE/VO. (Camarinha-Matos&Afsarmanesh 2008)Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  11. 11. Professional Virtual Community - PVC •  PVC is an alliance of professional individuals that aim at being prepared for collaboration under a business perspective, and provide an environment to facilitate the agile and fluid formation of Virtual Teams (VTs) similar to that what VBE aims to provide for VOs. (Camarinha-Matos&Afsarmanesh 2008) •  Three dimensions: social, knowledge and business •  Physical space •  Virtual platformGlobal Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  12. 12. The challenge for technoparks = innovative networks Existing innovation environments like technoparks are serving a traditional structure based on institutions and individual companies •  Supporting start ups by incubation activities •  More emphasis on pre-incubation stage needed •  Technology oriented and research based R&D in focus •  More cross disciplinary teams, wider competence basis needed, ”soft sciences” and ”users as developers” •  Strong connectivity with regional development bodies •  Global connections in harvesting the networks of individuals and related communities, ways to create ”sticky knowledege” è  To summarize the new challenges, let’s examine closer the elements and interconnectivity in CNO business ecosystemsGlobal Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  13. 13. Ready to collaborate ! Training Camp in February 2004 “Open universe” of organizations VO Breeding Environment 1.a Getting ready to collaborate •Cooperation agreement •Common infrastructure •Common principles •Base trust VO 1.b Creation •VO planning in VBE Collaboration Opportunity •VO partners selection •Fast contract negotiation •VO setup 2 Open VO creation VO Goal- oriented •Wide partners’ search & selection •Establish common infrastructures •Common principles •VO planning Kuva: Jaakko Kilpiäinen •VO partner selection •Collaboration agreement •Contract negotiation •VO setup © ECOLEAD Hamideh Afsarmanesh •Base trustGlobal Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  14. 14. KR 4.2 PVC BUSINESS MODEL VT Clients: Research Enterprises needing Centres Knowldege based services Basic Innovation driven Universities New Methods Research New Knowledge Education PVC Applied research Lifelong Learning Standard Professional Services The PVC positions itself at the intersection of the Consultancy traditional actors value Companies proposition, with whom the PVC is intended to © ECOLEAD, Roberto Santoro collaborate instead of competing.Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  15. 15. The timeline for 3GSP development 2008 2014 2002Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  16. 16. The main characteristics of 3GSP •  Focus on supporting innovation activities on individual and CNO level, communities and creation of social capital is important •  ”glocal” - local but with access to global competence pools •  Facilitating activities and supporting the creation of new combinations of competences •  ”Oasis type cocreating and coworking space” as an elementary part of physical facilities •  Extensive use of virtual community platforms – social media and specific tailored software (like GLOW in Oasis)Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  17. 17. Vital elements of Oasis philosophy Diversity: • “Connecting generations” •  Combining Arts, Science and Business •  Multidisciplinary approach Serendipity: •  Intersectional innovations •  Ad-hoc interactions •  “Expect the unexpected” FlexLab opening in Joensuu Science Park, September 2004Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  18. 18. Diversity and Value of Innovation © Lee Fleming 2004 /HBR November 2004Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  19. 19. Characteristic Project Management Serendipity Management Approach Project Journey, exploration Type of innovation Directional Intersectional, sustainable Type of human resources Homo faber Homo ludens, Homo aestheticus-informaticus, Homo creativus Organisation Fixed in the beginning Flexible during the process Focus Effective process Best possible result in the end Structure Closed innovation Open innovation Mission Goal decided in the beginning Vision decided in the beginning Competence search While defining the project Training camp approach Resources, time schedule Fixed Flexible Management style Command and control Connectivity and collaboration © Kakko & Inkinen, Science and Public Policy, 36(7), August 2009, pages 537–548, DOI: 10.3152/030234209X465570; http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/beech/sppGlobal Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  20. 20. Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  21. 21. GLOW GLOW is used in 3GSP network to: Mindworks Ltd., Tilamedia TM 2005 Mindworks Ltd., Tilamedia TM 2005 •  Expand social networks •  Provide profiles with skills and wills •  Search for individual competence •  Enable fast and easy interactions between Oasis members present or on- line •  Support collaboration between Oasis members •  Facilitate serendipitous interactions •  Create new connections and combinations of competencesGlobal Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko
  22. 22. Thank You! Further information: Oy Karostech Ltd, www.globaloasis.fi, www.3gsp.fi Contact person: Ilkka Kakko E-mail: Ilkka.kakko@globaloasis.fi + 358 50 536 2941 Twitter: Serendipitor Blog: www.respectserendipity.com In LinkedIn: Third Generation Science Parks – 3GSP: http://www.linkedin.com/groups? gid=1975471&trk=myg_ugrp_ovr In Facebook: Serendipity Management: http://www.new.facebook.com/group.php?gid=6655331989Global Oasis Network 17.11.2012, Ilkka Kakko

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