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Zheleznogorsk Innovation Forum 29.11.2013


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Professional communities as part of innovation ecosystem

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Zheleznogorsk Innovation Forum 29.11.2013

  1. 1. Professional communities as a part of innovation ecosystem Ilkka Kakko Innovation Forum, Zheleznogorsk 29.11.2013
  2. 2. The evolution of innovation environments Traditional STPs (technoparks) are serving a company based structure:  Supporting start ups by incubation  Technology oriented and research based R&D  Strong connectivity with regional development bodies Triple Helix model 3GSP technoparks are serving an ecosystem based structure  Balanced focus between existing companies and various types of new entrepereneurships  established institutions, big companies, SMEs, start-ups, effectual entrepreneurs, social entrepreneurs, free-lancers, virtual teams, virtual organizations, wanna-be-entrepreneurs  Communities as key players generating interaction dynamics  No outsiders needed, pull principle, attractivity essential, emergence vital  Global focus, but ”sticky knowledge” important => Serendipity Management model
  3. 3. Characteristics of Ecosystems Training Camp in February 2004 Evolving  Organic  Diverse  Symbiotic  Sustainable Complex  Self organizeing  Adaptive  Emergent Fragile vs resilient – or antifragile Kuva: Jaakko Kilpiäinen
  4. 4. The importance of communities Sustainable ecosystem: • Diversity of communities A breeding environment is needed - Easy access into the ecosystem - More talent engaged • Governance / management - ”push vs pull” • Dynamics - Wide involvement - Different roles Work Learn Play Life cycle approach: • Foundation • Evolution • Metamorphosis © Karostech Ltd
  5. 5. Definition: Innovation Communities “Innovation communities are defined as an informal network of likeminded individuals, acting as universal or specialized promotors, who often come from different organizations and companies and team up in a project like fashion, and jointly promote a specific innovation, either on one or several levels of innovation system. Innovation communities are therefore characterised as promoter networks or as informal personal networks of innovators.” (Feuchter&Beucker 2012) This definition is missing several important characteristics of a well functioning innovation community, such as facilitation, goal orientation and elements of diversity, sustainability and continuity. Karostech’s definition is as follows: “Innovation communities are facilitated and diverse Collaborative Networked Organizations (CNOs) – Virtual Organizations (VOs), Virtual Teams (VTs), Virtual Organization Breeding Environments (VBEs) and Professional Virtual Communities (PVCs), which are involved in creating and promoting innovations and hence form a vital part of the surrounding business ecosystems and are well connected to local and global knowledge ecosystems. (Karostech 2013)
  6. 6. Virtual Organization Breeding Environment - VBE VBE represents an association of organizations and number of related supporting institutions, adhering to a base long term cooperation agreement, and adoption of common operating principles and infrastructures, with the main goal of increasing their preparedness towards rapid configuration of temporary alliances for collaboration in potential Virtual Organisation. Namely, when business opportunity is identified by one member (acting as a broker) a subset of VBE organizations can be selected to form a VE/VO. (Camarinha-Matos&Afsarmanesh: ”Collaborative Networks: Reference Modeling”, Springer, New York, 2008)
  7. 7. Professional Virtual Community - PVC PVC is an alliance of professional individuals that aim at being prepared for collaboration under a business perspective, and provide an environment to facilitate the agile and fluid formation of Virtual Teams (VTs) similar to that what VBE aims to provide for VOs. (Camarinha-Matos&Afsarmanesh: ”Collaborative Networks: Reference Modeling”, Springer, New York, 2008) ! Three dimensions: knowledge, business and social ! Both identity and bond driven elements ! Ideally well balanced although geographically dispersed ! Physical space like coworking-, hacker- or maker-space important ! Virtual collaboration platform essential
  8. 8. Ideal PVC – KBS balance Business thinking and learning Knowledge sharing and identity Innovation potential Social capital and bonding Business thinking and learning > Trust building > Generating interaction  Catalyst for the whole Innovation ecosystem © Kuva: Jaakko Kilpiäinen
  9. 9. Some communities in KBS - scale Knowledge 1) Research community (basic) 2) Research community (applied) 3) Lead user (sports etc) 1 4) Lead User (AaltoES etc) 2 5) Hobbyist 6) VBE 3 7) VO 6 8) VT 9 9) Ideal PVC 4 7 Business 8 © 5 Social
  10. 10. PVCs central role in the innovation ecosystem Research Centres VT Clients: Enterprises needing Knowldege based services New Methods Universities Basic Research Innovation driven New Knowledge Education PVC Lifelong Learning The PVC positions itself at the intersection of the traditional actors value proposition, with whom the PVC is intended to collaborate instead of competing. Applied research Standard Professional Services Consultancy Companies © ECOLEAD, Roberto Santoro
  11. 11. Training Camp in February 2004 Kuva: Jaakko Kilpiäinen © ECOLEAD Hamideh Afsarmanesh
  12. 12. Value chain scenario 1 Methodological approach/ Product concept market Ideas’ market Proposal/ Methodological Approach or product concept Feasible Methodology/ architectural design Position paper/ Basic Ideas VT2 Emerging methodology/ Product architecture Market IPR agreement VT1 VT3 IPR agreement University IPR agreement VO1 Demonstrated Methodology/ Product prototype Validated methodology/ New Product prototype Market Research Retiree Centre VT4 Individual Professional Consultant VO2 PVC IPR agreement VT5 Standardized Methodology/ Commodity VO3 © ECOLEAD, Roberto Santoro IPR agreement Generalized Methodology/ Industrialized product
  13. 13. Value chain scenario 2
  14. 14. Community values (Ubuntu) # Be considerate # Be respectful # Take responsibility for our words and our actions # Be collaborative # Value decisiveness, clarity and consensus # Ask for help when unsure # Step down considerately
  15. 15. Community values (Oasis tribe) # Love your potential # Trust yourself # Trust your tribe/community # Encourage diverse interactions # Respect serendipity # Become connected to your higher potential # Feel the flow # Learn from nature # Create co-discovery # Celebrate the results # Enjoy your wellbeing
  16. 16. Community values (Urban Mill) # Doors open for all Urban pioneers (only one big theme) # Attract creative people, co-create meanings, make sense # Just start and try it! Build &Test Learn Cycle (with users) # Dialogue through boundary objects (physical, virtual, social) # Shared resources and practices, memory of the place! # YES, and.. (instead of NO, but..) # Be connected, boost interactions, allow serendipity # merge enthusiasm of youngsters to wiseness of seniors # schools, businesses and public bodies # Entrepreneurial action, effectual entrepreneurship # Glocal, multi-disciplinary, cross-industry activities # Return-on-Community (ROC) matters, space supports source;: interview with Urban Mill Founder, Kari Mikkelä
  17. 17. Community governance (Ubuntu) # Leading by example, in debate and in action – take action # Delegation from the top - ”benevolent dictator” # Support for delegation is measured – leadership as priviledge # Discussion, data and decisiveness valued # Open meritocracy # Teamwork # Credit is important # Courage and considerateness – reasoning early
  18. 18. Vital element for social/bonding-> coworking space Physical Space: • • • Chance encounters - Peripatos - Kitchen - Serendipity Cafe - Temple of Challenge Space for insight - Sauna, Katharsis - Tandem Chambers - Temple of Challenge Work Learn Play Value creation - Hall of Potential - Hall of Results Facilitation: • Enables community building (bonding, social element) - Four zones: privat, semiprivat, semi-public and public netWork Oasis, Joensuu Science Park
  19. 19. Urban Mill - case Part of Aalto University’s ecosystem in Helsinki metropolitan area - Novel solution, operations started 2013 January - Coworking space, innovation community, change orchestration tool - Focus on sustainable urban innovations Challenge: How to enhance the quality of urban life and services through ICT and built environment development and how to orhestrate and energize urban ecosystem development Urban Mill’s main principles: - Joint development work guided by a co-created vision rather than by strictly preplanned processes - Community building in focus, engagement through ”pull” factors - Open innovation principles widely used - New orchestration methods piloted - Connectivity (local and global) supported - All types of entrepreneurships are attracted – effectual entrepreneursip in focus - Sustainability --- walk your talk, former VTT building renovated by users themselves almost without any investments
  20. 20. Urban Mill - case.
  21. 21. FLOK society, Equador
  22. 22. MOOC communities These will have an increasing impact, especially when Coursera has launced an initiative for physical hubs where members can physically meet
  23. 23. Online communities • Online communities are a perfect way to connect to the information flows. • Important: the personal portfolio of communities • Mostly identity based, but bonding element is there • Some of them are almost perfectly balanced (KBS) Great examples both in Facebook and LinkedIn:  Living Bridges Planet (Facebook) – Meta Community!  Tulevaisuusvaliokunta, Radical Technologies (Facebook)  Serendipity Management (Facebook)  Internet of Things (LinkedIn) archId%3A725001385985589309%2CVSRPtargetId%3A73311%2CVSRPcmpt%3Aprima ry
  24. 24. Examples of Facebook communities
  25. 25. Living Bridges Planet
  26. 26. Tulevaisuusvaliokunta, radical technologies
  27. 27. Serendipity Management
  28. 28. Internet of Things / LinkedIn
  29. 29. Thank you! For further information: Ilkka Kakko + 358 50 536 2941 Twitter: @Serendipitor