The Use of Ecological and Carbon Footprint Analysis in Policy Making using the REAP model  Dr Robin Curry.  Director. SRI ...
Acknowledgements A Project Team comprising SRI@EnviroCentre, Queens University Belfast and the Stockholm Environment Insti...
Contents of the Session <ul><li>The evaluation of Sustainable Development policies and strategies in Northern Ireland usin...
Background/Timeline/ Methods Northern Limits. A Resource Flow Analysis and Ecological Footprint of Northern Ireland. (2004...
First Steps Towards Sustainability. (2006)
Drivers and context: Towards Sustainability Vision Our Vision is of Northern Ireland as a  one planet  economy Targets Sta...
Curry, R. Maguire, C.M., and McClenaghan, A. (2008) Northern Visions: Footpaths to Sustainability.
www.sei.se/reap The Resources and Energy Analysis Programme (REAP)    software model Methodology: Environmentally extended...
 
Benchmarking performance and setting the baseline (2003)
Analysing what makes the difference
Regional Policy Framework Departmental Strategies and Plans
Over three-quarters of Northern Ireland’s Ecological  Footprint (or 80% of all household carbon emissions) are  related to...
Business as Usual
Housing – comparing different policy options <ul><li>Energy supply efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>- 1.5% p.a. improvement </...
Housing – comparing different policy options Ecological Footprint Carbon Footprint Reduction from BAU: Energy supply effic...
Housing – comparing different policy options
Food – synergy between policy areas  <ul><li>Green Farming – on farm renewables so that sector is  </li></ul><ul><li>opera...
Food and health a win-win scenario Ecological Footprint Carbon Footprint Reduction from BAU: Green Farming - 0.8% Efficien...
Food – relative impact of different diets Ecological Footprint Carbon Footprint
Transport – comparing different policy options <ul><li>Improved car efficiency -10% per decade </li></ul><ul><li>Improved ...
Transport – comparing different policy options Reduction from BAU: Car efficiency – 7%  Car occupancy – 21%  Travelling le...
Sustainable Footpath? <ul><li>Good Practice </li></ul><ul><li>RTS modal shift achieved by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in...
Sustainable Footpath? Ecological Footprint Carbon Footprint Reduction from BAU: Good Practice – 15%  Sustainable Footpath ...
Priorities for ongoing development: lessons from other methodologies? (MFA and LCA) Standardised Guidance; Published, peer...
Standardised Guidance Eurostat: Economy-wide material flow accounts and derived indicators. A methodological guide (2001)....
Published, peer-reviewed inventories for sources and conversion factors REAP uses a database of coefficients and conversio...
Collective assessment of methods and development of guidance on combining methods and indicators? Hybrid Life Cycle Assess...
Thank you for listening [email_address] [email_address]
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Robin Curry | The Use Of Ecological and Carbon Footprint Analysis in Policy Making Using the REAP Model

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Presented at the 4th International Conference on Carbon Accounting
25th November 2011
www.icarb.org

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Robin Curry | The Use Of Ecological and Carbon Footprint Analysis in Policy Making Using the REAP Model

  1. 1. The Use of Ecological and Carbon Footprint Analysis in Policy Making using the REAP model Dr Robin Curry. Director. SRI Research. Senior Research Fellow. Institute for a Sustainable World (ISW)@QUB [email_address]
  2. 2. Acknowledgements A Project Team comprising SRI@EnviroCentre, Queens University Belfast and the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) Funding by Department of the Environment for Northern Ireland via the Community Waste Innovation Fund (CWIF)
  3. 3. Contents of the Session <ul><li>The evaluation of Sustainable Development policies and strategies in Northern Ireland using the REAP EF and CF Model; </li></ul><ul><li>Setting out a low-carbon Footpath using REAP; </li></ul><ul><li>Priorities for ongoing development: lessons from other methodologies? (MFA and LCA)? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Background/Timeline/ Methods Northern Limits. A Resource Flow Analysis and Ecological Footprint of Northern Ireland. (2004) Island Limits. A Material Flow Analysis and Ecological Footprint of Ireland (2008) Northern Visions: Footpaths to Sustainability. (2008) Curry, R, Maguire, C. Simmons, C, Lewis, K. (2011), The use of Material Flow Analysis and the Ecological Footprint in regional policy making: application and insights from Northern Ireland. Local Environment. 16. 2. 165 — 179 Curry, R and Maguire, C. (2011). The use of Ecological and Carbon Footprint Analysis in regional policy making: application and insights using the REAP model. Local Environment. DOI:10.1080/13549839.2011.615306
  5. 5. First Steps Towards Sustainability. (2006)
  6. 6. Drivers and context: Towards Sustainability Vision Our Vision is of Northern Ireland as a one planet economy Targets Stabilise the Northern Ireland Ecological Footprint by 2015 and reduce it thereafter Reduction of GHG emissions by 25% below 1990 levels by 2025 By 2008 produce a Sustainable Consumption Action Plan for Northern Ireland
  7. 7. Curry, R. Maguire, C.M., and McClenaghan, A. (2008) Northern Visions: Footpaths to Sustainability.
  8. 8. www.sei.se/reap The Resources and Energy Analysis Programme (REAP) software model Methodology: Environmentally extended input-output analysis
  9. 10. Benchmarking performance and setting the baseline (2003)
  10. 11. Analysing what makes the difference
  11. 12. Regional Policy Framework Departmental Strategies and Plans
  12. 13. Over three-quarters of Northern Ireland’s Ecological Footprint (or 80% of all household carbon emissions) are related to three consumption categories – housing, travel and food . High Level Results We developed scenarios focused on the policy opportunities related to them.
  13. 14. Business as Usual
  14. 15. Housing – comparing different policy options <ul><li>Energy supply efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>- 1.5% p.a. improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Renewables and energy mix </li></ul><ul><li>- 12% by 2012, 25% by 2026; gas to 60% by 2026; </li></ul><ul><li>displacement primarily of coal </li></ul><ul><li>New building regulations </li></ul><ul><li>- Code for Sustainable Homes </li></ul><ul><li>Retrofit of housing stock </li></ul><ul><li>- 10 years of investment in upgrading double glazing, </li></ul><ul><li>wall and loft insulation, condensing boilers </li></ul>
  15. 16. Housing – comparing different policy options Ecological Footprint Carbon Footprint Reduction from BAU: Energy supply efficiency -14% Renewables and energy mix – 21% CSH Level 6 2016 – 28% Retrofit 2018 – 29% Retrofit Max 2018 – 38% Reduction from BAU: Energy supply efficiency -15% Renewables and energy mix – 24% CSH Level 6 2016 – 30% Retrofit 2018 – 31% Retrofit Max 2018 – 41%
  16. 17. Housing – comparing different policy options
  17. 18. Food – synergy between policy areas <ul><li>Green Farming – on farm renewables so that sector is </li></ul><ul><li>operating on 80% renewable energy </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient processing – sector improves by 20% by 2050 </li></ul><ul><li>Less waste – five year campaign by WRAP to reduce </li></ul><ul><li>waste – 30% fruit/veg, 20% bread/cakes, 16% meat/fish, </li></ul><ul><li>16% ready meals by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Lower carbon diet – increase in fruit/veg (1% p.a.); decrease in </li></ul><ul><li>meat/fish (2% p.a.); fats (1% p.a.), organic increases to 7.9% by </li></ul><ul><li>2018 and decrease in spending on catering services by 30% by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  18. 19. Food and health a win-win scenario Ecological Footprint Carbon Footprint Reduction from BAU: Green Farming - 0.8% Efficient Processing – 0.3% Less waste – 14% Lower carbon diet – 5% Reduction from BAU: Green Farming - 2% Efficient Processing – 2% Less waste – 6% Lower carbon diet – 11%
  19. 20. Food – relative impact of different diets Ecological Footprint Carbon Footprint
  20. 21. Transport – comparing different policy options <ul><li>Improved car efficiency -10% per decade </li></ul><ul><li>Improved car occupancy – increase 50% by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Travelling less – 2% p.a. reduction until 2025 </li></ul><ul><li>Modal shift (with current growth trends)- car (-15%), </li></ul><ul><li>bus & rail (+300%), 3% growth in vehicle km </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Modal shift (without growth) – as above with 0% growth in </li></ul><ul><li>vehicle km </li></ul>
  21. 22. Transport – comparing different policy options Reduction from BAU: Car efficiency – 7% Car occupancy – 21% Travelling less – 39% Modal shift – 11% Modal shift no growth – 34% Ecological Footprint Carbon Footprint Reduction from BAU: Car efficiency – 9% Car occupancy – 22% Travelling less – 40% Modal shift – 15% Modal shift no growth – 36%
  22. 23. Sustainable Footpath? <ul><li>Good Practice </li></ul><ul><li>RTS modal shift achieved by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in vehicle km reduced from 3% to 2% p.a. </li></ul><ul><li>HECA target of 34% improvement achieved by 2018 </li></ul><ul><li>EU renewables target achieved by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Footpath </li></ul><ul><li>M odal shift with no growth achieved by 2025 </li></ul><ul><li>Car efficiency improvements </li></ul><ul><li>All new housing ‘carbon neutral’ by 2016 </li></ul><ul><li>Decade long retrofit programme achieves Retrofit Max reductions by 2018 </li></ul><ul><li>Renewables provide 25% of domestic energy by 2025 </li></ul>
  23. 24. Sustainable Footpath? Ecological Footprint Carbon Footprint Reduction from BAU: Good Practice – 15% Sustainable Footpath – 34% Reduction from BAU: Good Practice – 14% Sustainable Footpath – 35%
  24. 25. Priorities for ongoing development: lessons from other methodologies? (MFA and LCA) Standardised Guidance; Published, peer-reviewed inventories for sources and conversion factors; Collective assessment of methods and development of guidance on combining methods and indicators; and Hybrid approaches.
  25. 26. Standardised Guidance Eurostat: Economy-wide material flow accounts and derived indicators. A methodological guide (2001). ISO 14040:2006 LCA Principles/International International Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) (2010) Integration with System of National Accounts
  26. 27. Published, peer-reviewed inventories for sources and conversion factors REAP uses a database of coefficients and conversion factors for embodied energies, energy carriers, hidden flows, yield factors, embodied CO2 emission factors, transport, CO2 emission factors and LCA factors.
  27. 28. Collective assessment of methods and development of guidance on combining methods and indicators? Hybrid Life Cycle Assessment (HLCA) (Process LCA, sectoral input output and environmental account data) (Methods review to support the PAS for the calculation of the embodied greenhouse gas emissions of goods and services. Minx, J., Wiedmann, T., Barrett, J. and Suh, S., 2007)
  28. 29. Thank you for listening [email_address] [email_address]

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