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Positive psychology   appreciative inquiry workshop Positive psychology appreciative inquiry workshop Presentation Transcript

  • Positive Psychology @ School
    Dr Suzy Green
    Co-Founder, Positive Psychology Institute
    Adjunct Lecturer, Coaching Psychology Unit,
    University of Sydney
    www.positivepsychologyinstitute.com
    info@positivepsychologyinstitute.com
  • Overall Aims
    This workshop will allow you to learn and apply the principles of Appreciative Inquiry (AI) to assist you in considering the application of Positive Psychology/Positive Education for the optimal functioning of yourself, your students and your school.
  • Aims
    • Time-out: professional & personal reflection
    • Building on WWW
    • Creating an inspirational vision for the future….
    • Inspire enthusiasm for action!
  • Overview of Workshop
    • Introduction to Appreciative Inquiry (AI)
    • Identification of the WIFM (relevance to you!)
    • Review of Pos Psych & EB Coaching
    • Introduction to (and experience of) the AI 4D Model (Discover, Dream, Design & Deliver)
    • This workshop will run as a mini AI Summit!
  • You are about to enter…
  • The Appreciable World
    “Imagine what would happen if you had the ability to see consistently, and connect with, every strength – every one of the capacities – inherent in the world around you; or to see every positive potential in your son or daughter; or like Michelangelo, the intellectual ability to “sense” the towering, historic figure of David “already existing” in the huge slab of marble – even before the reality”
    Professor David Cooperrider
  • A Positive Revolution
  • Welcome…
    Take a turn to…
    Introduce yourself to your group ie name, where you work and why you’re at this workshop?
    Identify something that is going well for you?
    Say why you care about the future of your role as a School Psychologist…
  • What is Appreciative Inquiry?
    • “The co-operative search for the best in people, their organisations, and the world around them”
    • “The systematic discovery of what gives a system life”
    • “Involves the art and practice of asking questions that strengthen a system’s capacity to heighten positive potential”
  • Appreciate
    Valuing; the act of recognising the best in people or the world around us; affirming past and present strengths, successes and potentials; to perceive those things that give life (health, vitality, excellence) to living systems.
    To increase in value eg the economy has appreciated in value. Synonyms; value, prize, esteem and honour
  • Inquire
    The act of exploration and discovery.
    To ask questions; to be open to seeing new potentials and possibilities. Synonyms: discover, search, systematically explore and study.
  • Appreciative Inquiry
    • Evolved in the 1980s (Cooperrider & Srivastva)
    • A revolutionary & positive philosophy towards organisational change
    • Process that focused on an organisation’s core strengths rather than seeking to overcome its weaknesses
  • Appreciative Inquiry
    • Realisation that the traditional organisational development (OD) approach of problem diagnosis and feedback was sucking the energy for change right out of the system
    • Realisation that as more problems were discovered, the more discouraged people became, and the more they blamed each other for the problems.
  • Appreciative Inquiry
    • AI was a radical reversal of the traditional problem-solving approach
    • Instead of detailing root causes of failure, they focused on the root causes of success
    • AI began as a theory-building process, however also called a philosophy, a revolutionary force, a transformational change process, a life-giving theory and practice and even a new world-view!
  • Appreciative Inquiry
    • Can occur in a variety of contexts
    • With individuals, teams, organisations and whole communities!
  • Appreciative Summits
    • An event at which an organisation gathers many people to learn how to reach its best potential. Can be run with 10 or 1000 people!
    • Aim is to create whole system positive transformation
  • Appreciative Inquiry
    • For today’s purposes…
    • AI is regarded as a positive, strength-based operational approach to change, learning and development(Gordon 2008)
    • Today it is applied to you in your role as a School Psychologist …
    • To assist you consider the application of Positive Psychology/Positive Education in your role as SP at your School
  • But first… why bother?
    What is the relevance of Positive Psychology/Positive Education to…
    • You as a School Psychologist?
    • The schools you work with?
    • School Psychology generally?
    Discuss in small groups…
  • Take a moment….
    Take a moment to ask yourself these questions?
    What do I want to take away from today’s workshop that will help me in my work and personal life?
    How could I use PP/PE as a tool for my professional development?
    How might I use PP/PE as an approach in my role as a School Psychologist?
  • Review of Positive Psychology
    The study of the conditions and processes that contribute to the flourishing or optimal functioning of people, groups and institutions.
    (Gable & Haidt, 2005)
  • Positive Psychology
    A strengths-based psychology
    “I do not believe that you should devote overly much effort to correcting your weaknesses.
    Rather, I believe that the highest success in living and the deepest emotional satisfaction comes from building and using your signature strengths”
    Professor Martin Seligman
  • Strengths Assessment
    Within positive psychology, strengths assessment is a key area of research.
    Since the publication of the VIA (Values in Action) in 2004, further research conducted.
    See www.viacharacter.org or www.authentichappiness.org
    Also Realise2 (www.cappeu.org) for assessment of staff strengths
  • Character Strengths
    Character Strengths & Virtues (CSV)(Peterson & Seligman, 2004)
    “unpacking good character”
    Believed to be universal: identified through extensive literature searches
    6 virtues, 24 strengths
    Self-Report/Rank-ordered
    Top 5 “signature strengths”
    Youth version available (VIA Youth)
  • The Virtues(Peterson & Seligman, 2004)
    Wisdom
    Courage
    Humanity
    Justice
    Temperance
    Transcendence
  • Character Strengths
    Creativity Curiosity
    Open-Mindedness Love of Learning
    Perspective Bravery
    Persistence Integrity
    Vitality Love
    Kindness Social Intelligence
    Citizenship Fairness
    Leadership Forgiveness/Mercy
    Humility/Modesty Prudence
    Self-regulation Apprec. Of Beauty/Excellence
    Gratitude Hope
    Humour Spirituality
  • Criteria for signature strengths:
    A sense of ownership & authenticity;
    A feeling of excitement while using it;
    A rapid learning curve as the strength is applied.
    Continuous learning of new ways to utilise the strength.
    A yearning or sense of inevitability to use it - intrinsic motivation.
    Feeling of vitality when using it.
  • Strengths Research
    Growing research and evidence of working with strengths.
    Using top strength in a new way for one week (Park & Peterson, 2006)
    Those that did were happier, less depressed and more engaged in their lives.
    Effects sustained at 6 month follow-up.
  • Strengths Research
    Hope, Love, Zest, Gratitude & Curiosity associated with higher levels of well-being (Peterson, Park & Seligman, 2004).
    Academic achievement among school children is predicted by temperance strengths and by perseverance
    Teaching effectiveness is predicted by teacher zest, humour and social intelligence
  • Deliberate Cultivation
    Research in its infancy…
    Some research for increasing hope (coaching!), gratitude, kindness, social intelligence, leadership, creativity and fairness.
  • Strengths@Work
    “To make strength productive is the unique purpose of organisation”
    Drucker, 1967
  • Strengths@Work
    “A strength is a pre-existing capacity for a particular way of behaving, thinking, or feeling that is authentic and energizing to the user, and enables optimal functioning, development and performance.”
    Linley, 2008
  • Strengths@Work
    “Personal strengths are the characteristics of a person that allow them to perform well or at their personal best.”
    Wood et al, 2011
  • Strengths@Work
    Realise2
    www.cappeu.org
    www.positivepsychologyinstitute.com
    60 Strengths
    Realised Strengths, Unrealised Strengths, Learned Behaviours & Weakness
    Strengths Tips each week!
  • Realise2
    www.positivepsychologyinstitute.com
  • Interesting….
    Studies show that only about one-third of people can identify their own strengths (Hill, 2001); and
    Only 17% of people say they use their strengths ‘most of the time’ each day (Buckingham, 2007)
  • More evidence…
    A 2011 scientific study showed that people who reported greater use of their strengths developed greater levels of well-being over time.
    Specifically at both 3 & 6 month follow up, greater strength use was related to greater self-esteem, vitality, positive affect and lowered perceived stress!
  • Strengthspotting Exercise!
  • Strengths Based Approaches
    Discuss in small groups:
    • Do you know what your strengths are?
    • Do you know the strength/s needed in your role as a School Psychologist?
    • Are you using strengths in your School for yourself, your studentsand your staff?
  • Review of Evidence-Based Coaching?
  • Review of Evidence-Based Coaching?
    In general, coaching can be defined as a goal-oriented, solution-focused collaborative relationship between coach and coachee that utilises a systematic process to improve an individual’s performance and well-being(Grant & Greene, 2001).
  • In essence -
    Coaching moves people from awareness to
    responsibility to action and to results!
    Awareness Responsibility Action Results
  • Coaching Comparisons
    Coaching & Consulting
    Coaching & Mentoring
    Coaching & Training
    Coaching &Counselling
  • Mentoring
    Coaching
    Counselling
    Training
    Consulting
  • Client-focusedASKING
    Solution-focused
    Focus on strengths
    “HOW TO?”
    Problem-focusedDiagnostic
    “WHY ?”
    Expert-centredTELLING
  • Client-focusedASKING
    Solution-focused
    Focus on strengths
    “HOW TO?”
    Problem-focusedDiagnostic
    “WHY ?”
    Expert-centredTELLING
  • The Coaching Mindset
    Solution-Focused
    Strengths-Based
    Client-Centred (Rogerian)
    Coachee knows best! Not always the expert!
    Ask, don’t tell.
    Socratic Questioning
    Broaden & Build Theory (Fredrickson, 1998, 2001)
  • The Coaching Conversation
    • Listening and clarifying (microskills)
    • Unconditional positive regard (client-centred)
    • Remain curious (not always the expert)
    • Identifying strengths (applied positive psychology)
    • Powerful questioning (Socratic Questioning)
    • Possibility thinking (SF coaching)
    • Zest and Hope (strengths of the coach!)
  • Define the Issue
    Set a Goal
    Develop Action Plan
    Act
    Change if not workingDo more of what works
    Monitor
    Evaluate
    Celebrate Success
    Coaching = Assisted Self-Regulation
  • Take a moment…
    • What am I doingalready in regard to PP/PE that is successful?
    • What am I not doing that I want to start doing?
  • Back to AI
    Remember for today’s purposes:
    • A positive, strengths-based operational approach to change, learning and development…
    • Can be used to create change in your organisation, your personal life, your professional life.
  • Key Assumptions of AI
    • In every society, organisation, group or individual something works!
  • Key Assumptions
    • What people focus on becomes their reality!
    • Or what you focus on grows!
  • Key Assumptions
    • The act of asking questions of an organisation, group, or individual influences the group or individual in some way.
  • Key Assumptions
    • People are more confident and comfortable in their journey to the future (the unknown) when they carry forward parts of the past (the known).
  • Key Assumptions
    • If people carry parts of the past forward, those parts should be what is best about the past
  • Key Assumptions
    • It’s important to value differences
  • Key Assumptions
    • The language people use creates their reality.
  • Appreciative Inquiry 4-D Cycle
  • AI Kick-Start Exercises
  • Discovery
    Defining the best of “what is”
    • What is it that you value most about being a SP and working in the Education Sector?
    • When do you as a SP feel most passionate?
    • What are you already doing well in your role as a SP at your school that falls under the umbrella of PP?
  • Dream
    of what “could be”
    • Building on your present successes….
    • If you, or SPsmore generally, were creating all of their hopes and aspirations, what would be happening? How would you feel?
    • What would you and others be celebrating?
    • What would your role ideally look like as part of an overall APP in Education Strategy in your school?
  • Dream
    of what “could be”
    • Generate a shared “picture” and a memorable phrase to describe it.
    • Tips for dreaming: Defer judgment; Be visual; Encourage wild ideas
  • Design
    what “should be”
    • What would have to be in place to support your dreams?
    • Brainstorm, then list, what you will do to ensure that these dreams hopes, aspirations happen.
    • Sort these choices/actions by priority
    • Who might be the “champions” at your school that would be willing to consider Pos Ed further and potentially form a “Pos Ed Working Team”? What would your role be in this Team?
  • Deliver
    decide what “will be”
    • Each individual to present ideas and concrete plans for themselves and their teams…
    • Each group leader to describe the output of their group
    • Larger group to identify ways to integrate ideas and concrete plans
  • Best Possible SP…
    Visualise yourself at your best – professionally and personally
    What strengths would you be leveraging?
    How would you ideally be thinking, feeling and behaving?
    How would others know you were at your best?
    Take 10 minutes to write this now….
  • Beyond TodayHomework Tasks…
    Focus on WWW: Reflect daily on what you’re doing well and what you want to continue to work on changing/developing?
    Complete the VIA or Realise2 Assessments (self and your team)
    Conduct a mini AI Summit for your team – make time for this!
  • Beyond TodayHomework Tasks…
    What 1 or 2 actions can I take this week that will move me closer to my dreams? For myself and for my school?
    Set up a buddy system with another SP?
    Monitor your SMART Goals!
    Celebrate success!
  • Questions? Key Learnings?
  • Halleluljah Video
  • All of the greatest and most important problems of life are fundamentally insolvable. They can never be solved, but only outgrown. Some higher or wider interest appeared on the horizon and through this broadening of outlook the insolvable problem lost its urgency. It was not solved logically in its own terms but faded when confronted with a new and stronger life urge.
    Carl Jung
  • Thank You& see you soon!
    e: info@positivepsychologyinstitute.com