VIDEOGAME GENRES  & Auteurs MontanaTech
What is Genre <ul><li>Genre  is a set of criteria for a category of composition; the term is often used to categorize lite...
In Cinema Studies <ul><li>Includes: </li></ul><ul><li>Action Adult Adventure Biography Children's Comedy Crime Disaster Do...
In Videogame Studies <ul><li>We will look at these and their various subgenres: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Action game | 2. Shoo...
Action Games <ul><li>Requires players to overcome obstacles by using quick reflexes and timing.  </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenr...
Shooter Games <ul><li>Focuses on combat involving weaponry. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include  </li></ul><ul><li>First P...
Action-Adventure <ul><li>Tend to focus on exploration and involve some item gathering, puzzle solving and combat. </li></u...
Shig Miyamoto http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ja5GNzmUhho <ul><li>Donkey Kong  (1981) </li></ul><ul><li>Mario Bros.  (1983)...
Adventure <ul><li>Unlike adventure films, adventure games are not defined by story, but rather by manner of gameplay. Is c...
Robyn and Rand Miller http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AiOqdfCBv40 <ul><li>Robyn and Rand Miller developed the games Myst an...
Construction Simulation <ul><li>In these games one builds or manages communities and projects with a set of resources: </l...
Life Simulation <ul><li>Life simulation games can be about individuals or allow one to experiment with ecosystem sims. </l...
Will Wright <ul><li>Cofounder of Maxis, now part of Electronic Arts. In 2009 he formed the &quot;Stupid Fun Club&quot;, an...
Role-Playing Game <ul><li>Players get to play characters through a story narrative. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include: <...
Strategy Game <ul><li>Players use skill and careful thinking to achieve a victory condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres i...
Sid Meir <ul><li>Canadian Programmer/Designer of Strategy Games (Firaxis): </li></ul><ul><li>* Spitfire Ace (1982)  </li><...
Sid Meir, Videogame Auteur <ul><li>* Silent Service (1985) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Pirates! (1987) </li></ul><ul><...
Sid Meir, Videogame Auteur <ul><li>* Magic: The Gathering (1997)  </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Gettysburg! (1997)  </li...
Sid Meir, Videogame Auteur <ul><li>* Civilization Revolution, announced on June 28, 2007 and released on June 13, 2008. A ...
Vehicle Simulation <ul><li>Provide the player with realistic interpretations of operating vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>Subg...
Other Notable Genres <ul><li>Corporeal Games ( Wii Sports ) </li></ul><ul><li>Music Games ( Guitar Hero ) </li></ul><ul><l...
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Videogame Genres

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  • Have never ever had as much fun as this making up a class.
  • Here are the main genres we will look at – Mayra expands this on page 70 to same that a game genre hold similar similar sets of conventions to cinema genres. Eg Western we have sagebrush “wide open space” cowboy characters, conflict between good guys, bad guys. Chris Crawford notes that &amp;quot;the state of computer game design is changing quickly. We would therefore expect the taxonomy presented here to become obsolete or inadequate in a short time.&amp;quot; [3] As with nearly all varieties of genre classification, the matter of any individual video game&apos;s specific genre is open to personal interpretation. Moreover, it is important to be able to &amp;quot;think of each individual game as belonging to several genres at once.&amp;quot; [1]
  • Here are the main genres we will look at – Mayra expands this on page 70 to same that a game genre hold similar similar sets of conventions to cinema genres. Eg Western we have sagebrush “wide open space” cowboy characters, conflict between good guys, bad guys. Street Fighter IV is a 2009 fighting game produced by Capcom . It is the first numbered Street Fighter game released by Capcom for the arcades since 1999 . The coin-operated arcade game was released in Japan on July 18, 2008, with North American arcades importing the machines by August. [9] Pac Man Namco,( Arcade) Donkey Kong. Nintendo – first game to use gaps to jump over.
  • Doom we will talk about further in Chapter
  • The Legend of Zelda ​ ( ゼルダの伝説 , Zeruda no Densetsu ? ) by the great videogame auteur Shigera Miyamoto.
  • Is considered a “purist” genre because it tends to exclude anything which includes action elements beyond a mini game. Can appeal to people who do not normally play video games. Myst by Cyan games. Myst is a graphic adventure video game designed and directed by the brothers Robyn and Rand Miller . It was developed by Cyan Worlds , a Spokane, Washington -based studio, and published and distributed by Brøderbund . The Millers began working on Myst in 1991 and released it for the Macintosh computer on September 24, 1993; it was developer Cyan&apos;s largest project to date. Remakes and ports of the game have been released for Microsoft Windows , Windows Mobile , Sega Saturn , PlayStation , Jaguar CD , AmigaOS , CD-i , 3DO , PlayStation Portable , Nintendo DS , and the iPhone OS by publishers Midway Games , Sunsoft , and Mean Hamster Software . Myst puts the player in the role of the Stranger , who uses a special book to travel to the island of Myst. There, the player uses other special books written by an artisan and explorer named Atrus to travel to several worlds known as &amp;quot;Ages&amp;quot;. Clues found in each of these Ages help reveal the back-story of the game&apos;s characters. The game has several endings, depending on the course of action the player takes.
  • Sim City – Will Wright – Maxis, now EA. On January 10, 2008 the SimCity source code was released under the free software GPL 3 license under the name Micropolis .
  • Is considered a “purist” genre because it tends to exclude anything which includes action elements beyond a mini game. Can appeal to people who do not normally play video games. Myst by Cyan games. Myst is a graphic adventure video game designed and directed by the brothers Robyn and Rand Miller . It was developed by Cyan Worlds , a Spokane, Washington -based studio, and published and distributed by Brøderbund . The Millers began working on Myst in 1991 and released it for the Macintosh computer on September 24, 1993; it was developer Cyan&apos;s largest project to date. Remakes and ports of the game have been released for Microsoft Windows , Windows Mobile , Sega Saturn , PlayStation , Jaguar CD , AmigaOS , CD-i , 3DO , PlayStation Portable , Nintendo DS , and the iPhone OS by publishers Midway Games , Sunsoft , and Mean Hamster Software . Myst puts the player in the role of the Stranger , who uses a special book to travel to the island of Myst. There, the player uses other special books written by an artisan and explorer named Atrus to travel to several worlds known as &amp;quot;Ages&amp;quot;. Clues found in each of these Ages help reveal the back-story of the game&apos;s characters. The game has several endings, depending on the course of action the player takes.
  • Machinima (pronounced /məˈʃiːnɨmə/ or /məˈʃɪnɨmə/) is the use of real-time three-dimensional (3-D) graphics rendering engines to generate computer animation .
  • Sid Meier, from Sarnia Ontario. is a Director of Creative Development for computer game developer Firaxis Games , which he co-founded with Jeff Briggs and Brian Reynolds in 1996.
  • Videogame Genres

    1. 1. VIDEOGAME GENRES & Auteurs MontanaTech
    2. 2. What is Genre <ul><li>Genre is a set of criteria for a category of composition; the term is often used to categorize literature and cinema, but is also used for videogames. </li></ul><ul><li>Genres are formed by sets of conventions, and many works cross into multiple genres by way of borrowing and recombining these conventions. </li></ul><ul><li>A video game genre is defined by a set of gameplay challenges. For example, an action game is still an action game, regardless of whether it takes place in a fantasy world or outer space. </li></ul>
    3. 3. In Cinema Studies <ul><li>Includes: </li></ul><ul><li>Action Adult Adventure Biography Children's Comedy Crime Disaster Documentary Drama Foreign Espionage Family Fantasy Gay & Lesbian Horror Musical Mystery Period Piece Romance Sci-Fi Short Sport Suspense Teen Thriller War Western </li></ul>
    4. 4. In Videogame Studies <ul><li>We will look at these and their various subgenres: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Action game | 2. Shooter game </li></ul><ul><li>3. Action-Adventure game |4. Adventure </li></ul><ul><li>5. Construction Simulation game | 6. Life Sim </li></ul><ul><li>7. RPG Game | 8. Strategy game </li></ul><ul><li>9. Vehicle Simulation </li></ul><ul><li>10 Others (Fitness, Music, Sports, Casual, Social) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Action Games <ul><li>Requires players to overcome obstacles by using quick reflexes and timing. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting Games (eg Street Fighter II - IV) </li></ul><ul><li>Maze Games (eg Pac Man) thx Remi Gaillard. </li></ul><ul><li>Pinball Games </li></ul><ul><li>Platform Games (eg Donkey Kong) </li></ul>
    6. 6. Shooter Games <ul><li>Focuses on combat involving weaponry. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include </li></ul><ul><li>First Person Shooters (FPS) (eg Halo 3) and Doom. </li></ul><ul><li>MMOFPS (eg Unreal Tournament) </li></ul><ul><li>Shmup Arcade Shooter (eg Space Invaders) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Action-Adventure <ul><li>Tend to focus on exploration and involve some item gathering, puzzle solving and combat. </li></ul><ul><li>An example is the world’s best selling videogame and that would be ….. </li></ul><ul><li>This game? The Legend of Zelda </li></ul><ul><li>By the great videogame auteur Shigeru Miyamoto </li></ul>
    8. 8. Shig Miyamoto http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ja5GNzmUhho <ul><li>Donkey Kong (1981) </li></ul><ul><li>Mario Bros. (1983) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Bros. (1985) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Bros. 2 (1986) </li></ul><ul><li>The Legend of Zelda (1987) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Bros. 3 (1988) </li></ul><ul><li>The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past (1991) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Kart (1992) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario 64 (1996) </li></ul><ul><li>The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time (1998) </li></ul><ul><li>The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Smash Bros. Melee (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Sunshine (2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Metroid Prime (2002) </li></ul><ul><li>The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker (2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Galaxy (2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Smash Bros. Brawl (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>New Super Mario Bros. Wii (2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Galaxy 2 (2010) </li></ul>Auteur
    9. 9. Adventure <ul><li>Unlike adventure films, adventure games are not defined by story, but rather by manner of gameplay. Is considered a “purist” genre. </li></ul><ul><li>An example is the world’s best selling PC game and that would be ….. </li></ul><ul><li>MYST. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Robyn and Rand Miller http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AiOqdfCBv40 <ul><li>Robyn and Rand Miller developed the games Myst and Riven through Cyan Worlds, a Spokane, Washington-based studio, and published and distributed by Brøderbund. The Millers began working on Myst in 1991 and released it for the Macintosh computer on September 24, 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Remakes and ports of the game have been released for Microsoft Windows, Windows Mobile, Sega Saturn, PlayStation, Jaguar CD, AmigaOS, CD-i, 3DO, PlayStation Portable, Nintendo DS, and the iPhone OS by publishers Midway Games, Sunsoft, and Mean Hamster Software. </li></ul>Auteurs
    11. 11. Construction Simulation <ul><li>In these games one builds or manages communities and projects with a set of resources: </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include: </li></ul><ul><li>City building games (eg Sim City Classic) </li></ul><ul><li>God Games (Spore) </li></ul><ul><li>Both these games were designed by Will Wright. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Life Simulation <ul><li>Life simulation games can be about individuals or allow one to experiment with ecosystem sims. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include: </li></ul><ul><li>Biological Simulations ( Jurassic Park: Op Genesis ) </li></ul><ul><li>Pet-raising Simulations ( Tamagotchi ) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Simulations ( Will Wright ’ s The Sims ) </li></ul>
    13. 13. Will Wright <ul><li>Cofounder of Maxis, now part of Electronic Arts. In 2009 he formed the &quot;Stupid Fun Club&quot;, an entertainment think tank. </li></ul><ul><li>SimCity brought him to prominence and he built on the theme of computer simulation with SimEarth and SimAnt. </li></ul><ul><li>Wright's greatest success is The Sims which, as of 2009, is the best-selling PC game in history. His latest work, Spore , was released in 2008 and features gameplay based loosely upon the model of evolution and scientific advancement. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dH5ALcdxNag </li></ul>Auteur
    14. 14. Role-Playing Game <ul><li>Players get to play characters through a story narrative. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include: </li></ul><ul><li>Original Game Dungeons and Dragons. </li></ul><ul><li>MMORGs: WOW and Second Life. </li></ul><ul><li>A Thriller-a-thon </li></ul><ul><li>Tactical RPGs : Final Fantasy Tactics </li></ul>
    15. 15. Strategy Game <ul><li>Players use skill and careful thinking to achieve a victory condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include: </li></ul><ul><li>4X – Xplore, Xpand, Xploit, Xterminate. </li></ul><ul><li>(eg Civilization ) auteur Sid Meir. </li></ul><ul><li>Realtime Tactics (eg Empire Total War ) machinima </li></ul><ul><li>Turn-based Strategy Games ( Battle For Wesmoth ) for iPhone!. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Sid Meir <ul><li>Canadian Programmer/Designer of Strategy Games (Firaxis): </li></ul><ul><li>* Spitfire Ace (1982) </li></ul><ul><li>* HellCat Ace (1982) </li></ul><ul><li>* Floyd of the Jungle (1982) </li></ul><ul><li>* NATO Commander (1984) </li></ul><ul><li>* Solo Flight (1984) </li></ul><ul><li>* Kennedy Approach (1985) </li></ul><ul><li>* F-15 Strike Eagle (1985) </li></ul>Auteur
    17. 17. Sid Meir, Videogame Auteur <ul><li>* Silent Service (1985) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Pirates! (1987) </li></ul><ul><li>* F-19 Stealth Fighter (1988) </li></ul><ul><li>* F-15 Strike Eagle II (1989) </li></ul><ul><li>* Covert Action (1990) </li></ul><ul><li>* Railroad Tycoon (1990) </li></ul><ul><li>* Civilization (1991) </li></ul><ul><li>* Pirates! Gold (1993) </li></ul><ul><li>* Colonization (1994) </li></ul><ul><li>* Civilization II (1996) </li></ul>Continued
    18. 18. Sid Meir, Videogame Auteur <ul><li>* Magic: The Gathering (1997) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Gettysburg! (1997) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Antietam! (1998) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri (1999) </li></ul><ul><li>* Civilization III (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's SimGolf (2002) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Pirates! (2004) </li></ul><ul><li>* Civilization IV, Designed by Soren Johnson 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Railroads!, released October 17, 200608 </li></ul>Continued Further!
    19. 19. Sid Meir, Videogame Auteur <ul><li>* Civilization Revolution, announced on June 28, 2007 and released on June 13, 2008. A seventh generation console edition of Civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Civilization IV: War of Two Cities, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Pirates! Mobile 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Railroad Tycoon Mobile, 2008 mobile version </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Civilization IV: Colonization, is a 2008. </li></ul>ACK EVEN MORE WHOA!! What a body of work!
    20. 20. Vehicle Simulation <ul><li>Provide the player with realistic interpretations of operating vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include: </li></ul><ul><li>Racing Games (eg Simpsons Hit and Run) Booze Cruise </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Simulators ( Flight Simulator X ) </li></ul>
    21. 21. Other Notable Genres <ul><li>Corporeal Games ( Wii Sports ) </li></ul><ul><li>Music Games ( Guitar Hero ) </li></ul><ul><li>Sports Games ( NHL ) </li></ul><ul><li>Casual Games (Puzzle Games – Tetris ) performance creator Guillaume Reymond </li></ul><ul><li>Social Games ( Mafia Wars on Facebook) </li></ul>
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