Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Barcamp Derry (Side A) - A Brief History of Video Games

7,196 views

Published on

Part 1 of a presentation I put together for the informal "unconference" Barcamp Derry. Unfortunately I've had to change the fonts so its not quite as good looking as it was when I presented it. I've included some videos as hyperlinks and some as Youtube inserts.

  • Be the first to comment

Barcamp Derry (Side A) - A Brief History of Video Games

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Covering...<br />SIDE A:<br />&gt; A Brief History of Video Games<br />SIDE B:<br />&gt; Serious Games<br />&gt; My Work at University of Ulster, Coleraine<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. The Origins<br />1958<br />Tennis For Two<br />William Higinbotham<br />Oscilloscope<br />1961<br />Spacewar!<br />Steve Russell (MIT)<br />PDP-1 computer<br />
  5. 5. The Early Years<br />Magnavox Odyssey1972 <br />Ralph Baer.<br />First home TV console.<br />Pong 1972<br />Nolan Bushnell & Al Alcorn.<br />
  6. 6. VCS/26001977<br />The Early Years<br /><ul><li>First multi-game cartridgeconsole.
  7. 7. First system to feature 3rd party games.</li></li></ul><li>The Birth of Arcade<br />Space Invaders 1979<br />Taito<br />Caused a coin shortage in Japan.<br />Pac-Man1980<br />Namco<br />Caused “Pac Man Fever”.<br />
  8. 8. The Birth of Arcade<br />Battlezone1980<br />Atari<br />Maybe used for training US Army gunners (first serious game?)<br />Donkey Kong1981<br />Nintendo<br />First appearance of Mario.<br />
  9. 9. The Birth of Arcade<br />Pole Position 1982<br />Atari<br />Advertising in similar style to kids toys.<br />
  10. 10. Early Handhelds<br />Game & Watch<br />Nintendo 1980<br />One of the first handheld gaming devices.<br />(Worth a lot on eBay now if you still have one in the attic...)<br />
  11. 11. Computer Games<br />Circa 1982<br />&gt; Sinclair ZX Spectrum<br />&gt; Commodore 64<br />&gt; Apple Macintosh<br />&gt; IBM PC<br />&gt; Amiga (Later)<br />
  12. 12. 1983...<br /> MARKET FILLED WITH: Atari 2600, Atari 5200, Bally Astrocade, ColecoVision, Coleco Gemini, Emerson Arcadia 2001, Fairchild Channel F System II, Magnavox Odyssey, Mattel Intellivision, Intellivision II, Sears Tele-Games systems, TandyvisioN, Vectrex.<br /> MARKET FULL OF POOR TITLES FROM START-UPS.<br /> RESULTED IN...<br />
  13. 13. 1983<br />VIDEO GAME CRASH OF NORTH AMERICA<br />
  14. 14. Video Game Revival<br />1985<br />NINTENDO<br />ENTERTAINMENT<br />SYSTEM (N.E.S.)<br />Known as the Famicom (family computer) in Japan.<br />Set the standard for control pads.<br />
  15. 15. Home Consoles<br />Two series were born...<br />SUPER MARIO BROS.<br />1985<br />THE LEGEND OF ZELDA<br />1987<br />
  16. 16. Home Consoles<br />Sega<br />1986<br />Master System<br /><ul><li> Mainly successful in Europe</li></ul>1990<br />Mega Drive<br /><ul><li> Known as Genesis in U.S.</li></ul>Sega unleashed their new mascot in 1991...<br />
  17. 17. Home Consoles<br />Super Nintendo(SNES)<br />1991<br />Bundled with the excellent Super Mario World.<br />
  18. 18. Handhelds<br />1990<br />GAMEBOY<br /><ul><li> Bundled with Tetris</li></ul>Sega<br />1991<br />GAME GEAR<br />
  19. 19. PC Gaming<br />id Softwaredevelop first person shooter (FPS) PC games:<br />- Wolfenstein 3D<br />- Doom<br /> Controversial - Played by one of the <br /> Columbine shooters.<br />- Quake<br />All games rated M/16/18.<br />1992<br />1993<br />1996<br />
  20. 20. PC Gaming<br />Not all shooters!<br />- Sim City 2000<br />City creation game - One of the first games of the Sims series.<br />- Myst<br />Multimedia adventure game – one of the best selling PC games of all time.<br />- Secret of Monkey Island<br />Humourous point & click adventure.<br />1993<br />1993<br />1990<br />
  21. 21. Decline of Arcades<br />Mid-90’s<br />Worldwide closures – game over man!<br />Reasons:<br />Popularity of games consoles in the home.<br />Market had many poor clones.<br />Lack of variety.<br />
  22. 22. The 3D Revolution<br />Sony PlayStation 1995<br /><ul><li>Highly successful, won this generation.
  23. 23. Sold over 100 million.
  24. 24. Remained in production until 2006!
  25. 25. Landmark titles:
  26. 26. Metal Gear Solid
  27. 27. PaRappa The Rapper
  28. 28. Popularised music & rhythm games.
  29. 29. Crash Bandicoot
  30. 30. Final Fantasy VII
  31. 31. WipeOut</li></li></ul><li>The 3D Revolution<br />Nintendo 64 1996<br /><ul><li>Very successful, but still behind PlayStation.
  32. 32. Super Mario 64
  33. 33. Defined the 3D platformer.
  34. 34. GoldenEye 007
  35. 35. Zelda: Ocarina of Time
  36. 36. Often cited as best game of all-time.</li></ul>Sega Saturn 1995<br /><ul><li>Failed in America & Europe.
  37. 37. Tomb Raider
  38. 38. Later released on PlayStation/PC.</li></li></ul><li>The 128-bit Generation<br />Sega Dreamcast 1998<br />Failed to become a hit.<br />Had several landmark titles:<br /><ul><li>Rez
  39. 39. Jet Set Radio
  40. 40. Shenmue</li></ul>Nintendo Gamecube1999<br />Hindered by reputation as a kid’s console.<br />Games:<br /><ul><li>Metroid Prime
  41. 41. Resident Evil 4
  42. 42. Another best game of all time.</li></li></ul><li>The 128-bit Generation<br />Sony PlayStation 2 2000<br />Continued Sony’s market reign.<br />Best selling console ever.<br />Huge game’s library.<br /><ul><li>Shadow of the Colossus
  43. 43. God of War
  44. 44. Guitar Hero
  45. 45. Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas</li></ul>Microsoft Xbox 2001<br />Microsoft’s first console – proved a worthy competitor.<br />Bundled with Halo.<br />
  46. 46. Meanwhile, in Computer Gaming...<br />World of Warcraft2004<br />The world’s biggest and most addictive online game.<br />Currently has over 11.5 million subscribers.<br />Rise of Casual Games<br />PC casual gaming on the rise:<br />PopCap’sBejeweled.<br />Diner Dash.<br />The Sims.<br />Surpassed Myst as best-selling computer game of all time.<br />
  47. 47. The Current Generation<br />Nintendo DS 2004<br />Touch screen gaming.<br />Iterations: DS Lite, DSi<br />Highly successful for both casual and hardcore games market.<br />Sony PSP 2004<br />Most powerful than Nintendo DS.<br />Traditional control scheme (buttons).<br />Iterations: PSP-Slim, PSP-Lite, PSP-Go<br />Trailing behind the DS.<br />
  48. 48. The Current Generation<br />Microsoft Xbox 360 2005<br />First “HD generation” console.<br />Xbox Live set the standard for online console gaming.<br />Uses DVD format.<br />Halo 3 & Gears of War flagship titles.<br />Sony Playstation 3 2007<br />Free online play with PlayStation Network.<br />Metal Gear Solid 4 biggest title so far.<br />Uses Blu-ray disc format.<br />
  49. 49. The Current Generation<br />Nintendo Wii2006<br />Initially predicted to be a disaster.<br />Uses motion control.<br />Bundled with Wii Sports game(tennis, boxing, baseball, bowling and golf).<br />Well marketed.<br />Currently leading the generation (by a large amount!).<br />Proved highly successful with casual gamers.<br />
  50. 50. ...and lets not forget!<br />Apple iPhone2008<br />App Store appeared in 2008, opening the doors for indie and commercial game developers.<br />Low price-point for games.<br />Allows for instant purchase anddownload of a game wherever youare.<br />Games can be expanded (with downloadable content) and updated easily.<br />Now for the stats...<br />
  51. 51. Stats from http://www.theesa.com/facts/andhttp://www.gamasutra.com/php-bin/news_index.php?story=24859<br />
  52. 52. Stats from http://www.theesa.com/facts/andhttp://www.gamasutra.com/php-bin/news_index.php?story=24859<br />
  53. 53. Video Game Players<br />The average game player is 35 years old and has been playing games for 12 years.<br />84% of all games sold in 2008 were rated &quot;E&quot; for Everyone, &quot;T&quot; for Teen, or &quot;E10+&quot; for Everyone 10+. <br />92% of game players under the age of 18 report that their parents are present when they purchase or rent games.<br />63% of parents believe video games are a positive part of their children’s lives.<br />Stats from http://www.theesa.com/facts/andhttp://www.gamasutra.com/php-bin/news_index.php?story=24859<br />
  54. 54. 2008 Video Games Market<br />UK saw 26% increase in 2008 sales over 2007, compared to 15% in U.S. and 13% decline in Japan, meaning that it&apos;s now overtaken Japan to become the second largest videogames market in the world.<br />Combined growth across the three biggest markets in the world averaged out at 11%, with 409.9 million units of software sold compared to 367.7 million the previous year.<br />UK video games industry worth over £4 billion in 2008.<br />Source: http://www.gamesindustry.biz/articles/uk-leads-global-videogames-market-growth<br />andhttp://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/gamesblog/2009/jan/07/nintendo-games<br />
  55. 55. Game Playersare maturing(and kids are still playing).Games are no longer just toys!<br />

×