Video games: And introduction and overview


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Video games: And introduction and overview

  1. 1. An overview and introduction Video Games April 3, 2011
  2. 2. Video Games <ul><li>Platform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consoles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arcade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Handhelds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Video Game </li></ul><ul><li>Input Device aka Game Controller </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyboard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mouse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joystick / Gamepad </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. History <ul><li>Early games ran on university mainframes </li></ul><ul><li>Developed by individuals as a hobby </li></ul><ul><li>Limited accessibility to hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Very few games in number </li></ul><ul><li>“ Spacewar!” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first video game made widely available </li></ul></ul>Trivia: In 1969 Dennis Ritchie, inspired by Spacewar! started to create his own game called “Space Travel” on the PDP7 System. In the process of developing the game, it led to development of an OS. He named it UNIX. Space Travel was the first UNIX application. Dennis Ritchie today is known to the world as the founder of C Programming Language and UNIX OS
  4. 4. History – First Generation (’72 – ‘79) <ul><li>Nolan Bushnell develops “Arcade” version of SpaceWar! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bushnell sets up company – ATARI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Starting investment of $250 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not fare well commercially </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bushnell went on to produce his next arcade game –PONG </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Receives widespread popularity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sold 10,000 units by 1973 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develops one of first commercial console for home entertainment in 1975 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retailed at $100 (Today's equivalent - $400) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. History – Second Generation (’76 – ‘84) <ul><li>Atari 2600 dominant console </li></ul><ul><li>Sold 30 million units worldwide </li></ul>
  6. 6. Top Selling Games of Atari 2600 <ul><li>Pac-Man (7 million) </li></ul><ul><li>Pitfall! (4 million) </li></ul><ul><li>Missile Command (2.5 million) </li></ul><ul><li>Adventure (1 million) </li></ul><ul><li>Space Invaders (1 million) </li></ul>
  7. 7. History – Third Generation (’83 – ‘92) <ul><li>NES – Nintendo Entertainment System </li></ul><ul><li>Released in 1983 and sold 61 million units worldwide </li></ul>
  8. 8. Top Selling Game of NES <ul><li>Super Mario Brothers Series (60 Million) </li></ul><ul><li>The Legend of Zelda (11 Million) </li></ul><ul><li>Tetris (3 Million) </li></ul><ul><li>Final Fantasy III (3 Million) </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Gear (2 Million) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fourth Generation (’87 – ’96) <ul><li>Nintendo releases next gen console – Super NES </li></ul><ul><li>Rivals pour in with their consoles, none of them able to compete </li></ul><ul><li>Sega stands out as lone competitor to SNES </li></ul>49 Million Units Sold 29 Million Units Sold
  10. 10. Top Selling Games <ul><li>SNES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Super Mario World (20 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Donkey Kong Seires (10 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Street Fighter Series (8 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legend Of Zelda: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Link to the past (5 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final Fantasy IV, V and VI (6Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mortal Kombat Series (3 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sega MegaDrive/Genesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sonic The Hedgehog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(10 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mortal Kombat Series </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(3 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Street Fighter II (2 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NBA Jam (2 Million) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Rise of GAMEBOY <ul><li>Released in 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Killer app – Tetris sells whopping 33 Million </li></ul><ul><li>More than 100 Million units sold worldwide, </li></ul><ul><li>44 Million in US alone </li></ul><ul><li>Various popular NES and SNES games got ported </li></ul><ul><li>Widely credited to the popularity and </li></ul><ul><li>rise of handheld gaming </li></ul>
  12. 12. CONSOLE WARS The Fifth Generation (’92 – ’02) The transition to 3D gaming had started Rise of 32 bit and 64 bit processing power of consoles Sega Saturn and Sony PlayStation released in ’92 Nintendo 64 gets released in 1994 Sega and Nintendo try to appease the kids demography SONY taps a different demography – males in twenties and positions PlayStation as a lifestyle accessory Securing of this market widely regarded as key to its success. WITH GREATER HARDWARE SALES CAME GREATER THIRD PARTY SUPPORT Ultimately SONY wins the battle and carried the momentum into the next generation with PS2 <ul><li>PlayStation – 102 Million Units sold </li></ul><ul><li>N64 – 33 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Sega Saturn – 9 Million </li></ul>
  13. 13. Best Selling Games <ul><li>Sony PS. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gran Turismo I & II (19 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final Fantasy VII & VIII (18 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tomb Raider Series (15 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metal Gear Solid (10 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crash Bandicoot (8 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resident Evil Series (6 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tekken Series (5 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>N64 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Super Mario 64 (11 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Golden Eye 007 (8 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of time (7 Million) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Sixth Generation (’98 – ’06) <ul><li>128 Bit era – Entry of Microsoft </li></ul><ul><li>Sony PlayStation 2 – 127 Million Units Sold </li></ul><ul><li>XBOX – 24 Million Units sold </li></ul><ul><li>Ninentendo GameCube – 22 Million units sold </li></ul><ul><li>SONY PS2 dominance credited to following factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Momentum from sales of PS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backward portability to play PS games on PS2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affordable price during latter stages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Larger game library </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Best Selling Games <ul><li>Sony PS2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gran Theft Auto:Vice City (17 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gran Tursimo 3 (15 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gran Theft Auto 3 (14 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gran Theft Auto: San Andreas (12 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metal Gear Solid 2 (7 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Madden NFL 2005 (5 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>XBOX </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Halo (8 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (3 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Madden NFL 2005 (2 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Call of Duty 2 (1.4 Million) </li></ul></ul>The rise of online gaming started in this generation of consoles, as it was previously exclusive to PC gaming
  16. 16. Seventh Generation (‘06 – Current) <ul><li>Marks breakthrough technology for each console </li></ul><ul><li>Hi-Def Gaming: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>XBOX 360 (November ’05 release) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SONY PS3 (November ’06 release) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New game play experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nintendo Wii (November ’06 release) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>XBOX 360 takes lead in market share due to its earlier release </li></ul><ul><li>Wii’s new strategy paid off and becomes market leader </li></ul><ul><li>PS3 high cost led to slower start </li></ul><ul><li>Look into future </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PS3’s nex-gen Blu-Ray compatibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PS3’s upcoming exclusive games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>XBOX 360 has larger game library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wii’s lack of third party games </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Genres <ul><li>Action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting (Street Fighter, Mortal Kombat, Tekken, Dead or Alive) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Platform (Mario, Sonic, Donkey Kong) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shooter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First Person Shooter (Doom, Halo, Half-Life) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Third Person Shooter (Resident Evil, GTA Series, Gears of Wars) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Action Adventure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stealth (Metal Gear Seires) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Survival Horror (Resident Evil Seires) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategy and Simulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SimCity seieres, Age of Empires, WarCraft, Command & Conquer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Role Playing Games </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Final Fantast Series </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vehicle Simulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Racing (Need For Speed, Gran Turismo) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Simulation (Microsoft Flight Simulator) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports (Madden NFL, FIFA Series) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Music (Guitar Hero, Rock Band, Dance Dance Revolution) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. PC Gaming <ul><li>SpaceWar! Credited as first PC Game </li></ul><ul><li>IBM PCs – 386 and 486 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soundcard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster processor than consoles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wolfenstien 3D and DOOM </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MS Windows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dedicated graphics card </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wide Range of development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Best Selling Games </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Sims (50 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World of Warcraft (10 Million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Half Life (8 Million) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Arcade Gaming
  20. 20. Handheld Video Gaming
  21. 21. Online Gaming <ul><li>Multiplayer Online Gaming </li></ul><ul><li>Internet helped make games last longer </li></ul><ul><li>New experience and different game play types </li></ul><ul><li>Initially only on PCs, now rampant with consoles as well </li></ul>
  22. 22. Social Demography <ul><li>Average age of video game players: 30 Years </li></ul><ul><li>59% of gamers are men </li></ul><ul><li>41% of gamers are women </li></ul><ul><li>72% of people aged 6 – 44 in US played video games in 2007 </li></ul>Source: Nielsen Active Gamer Study 2007
  23. 23. Controversies <ul><li>Depiction of graphic violence, blood, gore </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Themes </li></ul><ul><li>Substance abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Profanity </li></ul><ul><li>Some games that brought in controversies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mortal Kombat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DOOM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grand Theft Auto </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duke Nukem </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Video Game Industry <ul><li>Revenue of $10 Billion in US </li></ul><ul><li>Major 3 rd Party Players </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic Arts </li></ul></ul>