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2017 02 571

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U of Calgary Smartphone Movie Making Class 2017

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2017 02 571

  1. 1. School of Creative and Performing Arts, University of Calgary Smartphone Movie Making Lorene Shyba www.loreneshyba.ca E-mail: lorene.shyba@gmail.com Class #2 Methodology, Practice Based Research The Hermeneutic Cycle and The ME in Media Our Theoretic Approach -- Styles and Modes of Film I
  2. 2. A Definition of Practice Based Research 1. A form of research that aims to advance knowledge and understanding partly by means of practice. 2. Practice-based research is research where some of the resulting knowledge is embodied in an artefact. 3. Whilst the significance and context of that knowledge is described in words, a full understanding of it can only be obtained with reference to the artefact itself. 4. Artefacts in practice-based research can range from paintings and buildings to software, videos, and games. UTS Sydney Provided by
  3. 3. Interpretive Inquiry – A Practical and Moral Activity Interpretivists see research as a practical and moral activity, contiguous with journalists, novelists, painters, poets, and ordinary people in their day to day lives.
  4. 4. Aristotelean Approaches to Knowledge • Episteme Scientific knowledge. Universal, invariable, context-independent. Based on general analytical rationality. The original concept is known today from the terms "epistemology" and "epistemic." • Techne. A Practical Activity. Craft art. Based on practical instrumental activity governed by a conscious goal. The original concept appears today in terms such as "technique," technical," and "technology." • Phronesis A Moral Activity. Ethics. Prudence. Deliberation about values based on experience. Oriented toward action. Based on practical value-rationality. Analogous to “common sense.”
  5. 5. Build these together and seek out: • Glimpses of Truth. • And • Wisdom. • And Beauty?
  6. 6. What is Art? • Pablo Picasso. The purpose of art is washing the dust of daily life off our souls. • Federico Fellini. Art is autobiographical. The pearl is the oyster’s autobiography. • Kathleen Foreman/Lorene Shyba. Art tunes us in to the world around us. It helps bring meaning to ourselves and hopefully other people.
  7. 7. Hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer 1900 –2002 “We can reach the truth only by understanding or even mastering our experience. Experience according to Gadamer isn’t fixed but rather changing and always indicating new perspectives. The most important thing is to unfold what constitutes individual comprehension.” From Truth and Method, 1960
  8. 8. Our Methodology -- Interpretive Inquiry -- Iterative Design 1. Inquiry serves to broaden and deepen our understandings of ourselves and others. Much as does “Art.” 2. Write-ups include not only one’s interpretation but also a discussion of how and why that interpretation was arrived at – a discussion of Process. 3. Remember you are in the middle of the discoveries and your personal insights are vital. Keep your confidence up and don’t be afraid of valuing intuition, imagination, and common sense. Let go of perfection. Take some risks! 4. You are the ME in MEdia. Here our model, an “iterative design” cycle…
  9. 9. Me! Our Methodology -- Interpretive Inquiry an adapted Hermeneutic System
  10. 10. Styles and Modes of Cinema And examples from the Old School REALISM CLASSICISM FORMALISM Documentary F I C T I O N Expressionism Lonely Boy Boogie Doodle Bowling for Columbine 8 ½ Fellini NB. These are not airtight categories and often overlap. Styles Modes Gone With the Wind
  11. 11. What are Characteristics of Realism? AKA Documentary • Realist filmmakers attempt to reproduce the surface of reality with a minimum of distortion. • We rarely notice the “style” in a realistic movie — concerned with what is being shown rather than how it is being manipulated. • Realists try to preserve the illusion that their film worlds are objective mirrors of the actual world. • The camera is used as a “recording mechanism” to reproduce the surface of tangible objects with as little commentary as possible. • It is a style that excels in making us feel the humanity of others as beauty of film is sacrificed to capture the authentic texture of reality.
  12. 12. What About the “Classical”Style? • Called “Classical” because of its Aristotelian narrative style with a beginning, a middle, and an end. • Classical cinema favours of a style of presentation that has a surface believability. • Often expensive, story oriented. • High premium placed on entertainment value conforming to popular genre. • Characters often played by “stars” and audience is encouraged to identify with their goals/values.
  13. 13. Characteristics of Formalist Cinema • Emphasis on technique and expression moves formalism toward the “avant garde” or total abstraction. Conveyed by distorting the surface of the material world • Highly subjective experience of reality • AKA “Expressionists” – concerned with spiritual and psychological truths • Formalist cinema excels in dealing with ideas — political religious, philosophical
  14. 14. Styles and Modes of Cinema And examples from the New School REALISM CLASSICISM FORMALISM Documentary F I C T I O N Expressionism FUZ V2 Tough Crimes NB. These are not airtight categories and often overlap. Styles Modes Tangerine + RideshareSCPA Faculty Doco + Searching for Sugarman Dolly Diva

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