Metsuke = secret police<br />
Feudal<br />Japan<br />
Yamato Period: 300-710<br />Began promoting the adoption of Chinese culture:<br /> Confucianism.<br /> Language (kanji cha...
Prince Shotoku: 573-621<br />Adopted Chinese   culture and    Confucianism.<br /> Buddhist sects   allowed to develop.<br ...
Heian Period:Cultural Borrowing<br />Chinese writing.<br />Chinese artistic styles.<br />Buddhism [in the form of ZEN].<br...
The Pillow Bookby SeiShonagon (diary)<br />
Tale of Genji Scroll(first novel)<br />
Lady Murasaki Shikibu<br />She contributed much to the Japanese script known as kana, while men wrote with Chinese charact...
Minamoto Yoritomo<br />Founded the Kamakura Shogunate:  1185-1333<br />
The emperor reigned, but did not always rule!<br />Feudal Society<br />
Feudalism<br />A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service.Japan:...
Code of Bushido<br /><ul><li> Fidelity
 Politeness
 Virility
 Simplicity</li></li></ul><li>Seppuku: Ritual Suicide<br />It is honorable to die in this way.<br />Kaishaku – his “second...
Full Samurai Attire<br />
Samurai Sword<br />
Modern-Day “Samurai Warriors”<br />Early Mounted Samurai Warriors<br />
Code of Chivalry<br /><ul><li>Justice
 Loyalty
 Defense
 Courage
 Faith
 Humility
 Nobility</li></li></ul><li>Medieval Warriors<br />vs.<br />Samurai Warrior<br />European knight<br />
Medieval Warriors<br />vs.<br />Knight’s Armor<br />Samurai Armor<br />
Zen Buddhism<br /> A Japanese    variation of the   Mahayana form   of Buddhism,   which came from   India through   China...
Mongol“Invasions”of Japan<br />4,400 ships and 140,000 men, but kamikaze winds stopped them.<br />
Ashikaga Age: 1338-1573<br /><ul><li> Shogunsfought for power.</li></ul> Laws are unclear.<br /> Less efficient than the  ...
CASTLES<br />
Osaka Castle<br />
Main Gate of Hiroshima Castle<br />
R<br />O<br />E<br />N<br />S<br />
The Age of the Warring States:(1467 - 1568)<br />Castles built on hills in different    provinces.<br /> Power shifts from...
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Japan Shoguns

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Japan Shoguns

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  8. 8. Metsuke = secret police<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Feudal<br />Japan<br />
  15. 15. Yamato Period: 300-710<br />Began promoting the adoption of Chinese culture:<br /> Confucianism.<br /> Language (kanji characters).<br /> Buddhist sects.<br /> Chinese art & architecture.<br /> Government structure.<br />“Great Kings” era<br />
  16. 16. Prince Shotoku: 573-621<br />Adopted Chinese culture and Confucianism.<br /> Buddhist sects allowed to develop.<br /> Created a new government structure:<br /><ul><li>17 Article Constitution in 604. </li></li></ul><li>Heian Period: 794-1156<br />Characteristics:<br /> Growth of large landed estates.<br /> Arts & literature of China flourished.<br /> Elaborate court life [highly refined] <br /><ul><li> ETIQUETTE. </li></ul>Personal diaries <br /><ul><li>The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon [10c]</li></ul> Great novel<br /><ul><li>The Tale of Genjiby Lady Murasaki Shikibu[1000 pgs.+] </li></ul> Moving away from Chinese models in religion, the arts, and government. <br />
  17. 17. Heian Period:Cultural Borrowing<br />Chinese writing.<br />Chinese artistic styles.<br />Buddhism [in the form of ZEN].<br />BUT, not the Chinese civil service system! <br />
  18. 18. The Pillow Bookby SeiShonagon (diary)<br />
  19. 19. Tale of Genji Scroll(first novel)<br />
  20. 20. Lady Murasaki Shikibu<br />She contributed much to the Japanese script known as kana, while men wrote with Chinese characters, kanji.<br />
  21. 21. Minamoto Yoritomo<br />Founded the Kamakura Shogunate: 1185-1333<br />
  22. 22. The emperor reigned, but did not always rule!<br />Feudal Society<br />
  23. 23. Feudalism<br />A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service.Japan:<br />Shogun<br />Land - Shoen<br />Loyalty<br />Daimyo<br />Daimyo<br />Land - Shoen<br />Loyalty<br />Samurai<br />Samurai<br />Samurai<br />Food<br />Protection<br />Peasant<br />Peasant<br />Peasant<br />Peasant<br />
  24. 24. Code of Bushido<br /><ul><li> Fidelity
  25. 25. Politeness
  26. 26. Virility
  27. 27. Simplicity</li></li></ul><li>Seppuku: Ritual Suicide<br />It is honorable to die in this way.<br />Kaishaku – his “seconds”<br />
  28. 28. Full Samurai Attire<br />
  29. 29. Samurai Sword<br />
  30. 30. Modern-Day “Samurai Warriors”<br />Early Mounted Samurai Warriors<br />
  31. 31. Code of Chivalry<br /><ul><li>Justice
  32. 32. Loyalty
  33. 33. Defense
  34. 34. Courage
  35. 35. Faith
  36. 36. Humility
  37. 37. Nobility</li></li></ul><li>Medieval Warriors<br />vs.<br />Samurai Warrior<br />European knight<br />
  38. 38. Medieval Warriors<br />vs.<br />Knight’s Armor<br />Samurai Armor<br />
  39. 39. Zen Buddhism<br /> A Japanese variation of the Mahayana form of Buddhism, which came from India through China.<br /> It reinforced the Bushido values of mental and self-discipline.<br />
  40. 40. Mongol“Invasions”of Japan<br />4,400 ships and 140,000 men, but kamikaze winds stopped them.<br />
  41. 41. Ashikaga Age: 1338-1573<br /><ul><li> Shogunsfought for power.</li></ul> Laws are unclear.<br /> Less efficient than the Kamakura. <br /> Armies of samurai protected the country. <br />
  42. 42. CASTLES<br />
  43. 43. Osaka Castle<br />
  44. 44. Main Gate of Hiroshima Castle<br />
  45. 45. R<br />O<br />E<br />N<br />S<br />
  46. 46. The Age of the Warring States:(1467 - 1568)<br />Castles built on hills in different provinces.<br /> Power shifts from above to below.<br /> Europeans arrive in Japan  bringing firearms & Christianity.<br /> Christianity & foreign trade flourish.<br />
  47. 47. Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582)<br />Banishes the last Ashikaga shogun.<br /> Unifies a large part of Japan.<br />
  48. 48. Catholic Jesuits in Japan<br />St. Francis XavierFirst Catholic Missionary in Japan<br />
  49. 49. Toyotomi Hideyoshi(1536-1598)<br />Becomes suspicious of European territorial ambitions.<br /> Orders all European missionaries expelled from Japan. <br /> Tries to invade Korea, but fails.<br />
  50. 50. Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)<br />Appointed shogun by the Emperor.<br /> Four-class system laid down with marriage restricted to members of the same class! <br /><ul><li> Warriors.
  51. 51. Farmers.
  52. 52. Artisans.
  53. 53. Merchants.</li></li></ul><li>Tokugawa Shogunate Period<br />Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese]. <br /><ul><li> The Dutch were restricted to a small island in Nagasaki harbor.</li></ul> Japanese Christians persecuted and Christianity is forbidden.<br /> The government is centralized with all power in the hands of the shogun.<br /> Domestic trade flourishes.<br /> Towns, esp. castle towns, increase.<br /> Merchant class becomes rich! <br /> New art forms  haiku poetry, kabuki, bunraku, and Noh theater.<br />
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