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Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
Japan Shoguns
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Japan Shoguns

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Transcript

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8. Metsuke = secret police
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. Feudal
    Japan
  • 15. Yamato Period: 300-710
    Began promoting the adoption of Chinese culture:
    Confucianism.
    Language (kanji characters).
    Buddhist sects.
    Chinese art & architecture.
    Government structure.
    “Great Kings” era
  • 16. Prince Shotoku: 573-621
    Adopted Chinese culture and Confucianism.
    Buddhist sects allowed to develop.
    Created a new government structure:
    • 17 Article Constitution in 604. 
  • Heian Period: 794-1156
    Characteristics:
    Growth of large landed estates.
    Arts & literature of China flourished.
    Elaborate court life [highly refined]
    • ETIQUETTE. 
    Personal diaries
    • The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon [10c]
    Great novel
    • The Tale of Genjiby Lady Murasaki Shikibu[1000 pgs.+] 
    Moving away from Chinese models in religion, the arts, and government. 
  • 17. Heian Period:Cultural Borrowing
    Chinese writing.
    Chinese artistic styles.
    Buddhism [in the form of ZEN].
    BUT, not the Chinese civil service system! 
  • 18. The Pillow Bookby SeiShonagon (diary)
  • 19. Tale of Genji Scroll(first novel)
  • 20. Lady Murasaki Shikibu
    She contributed much to the Japanese script known as kana, while men wrote with Chinese characters, kanji.
  • 21. Minamoto Yoritomo
    Founded the Kamakura Shogunate: 1185-1333
  • 22. The emperor reigned, but did not always rule!
    Feudal Society
  • 23. Feudalism
    A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service.Japan:
    Shogun
    Land - Shoen
    Loyalty
    Daimyo
    Daimyo
    Land - Shoen
    Loyalty
    Samurai
    Samurai
    Samurai
    Food
    Protection
    Peasant
    Peasant
    Peasant
    Peasant
  • 24. Code of Bushido
  • Seppuku: Ritual Suicide
    It is honorable to die in this way.
    Kaishaku – his “seconds”
  • 28. Full Samurai Attire
  • 29. Samurai Sword
  • 30. Modern-Day “Samurai Warriors”
    Early Mounted Samurai Warriors
  • 31. Code of Chivalry
  • Medieval Warriors
    vs.
    Samurai Warrior
    European knight
  • 38. Medieval Warriors
    vs.
    Knight’s Armor
    Samurai Armor
  • 39. Zen Buddhism
    A Japanese variation of the Mahayana form of Buddhism, which came from India through China.
    It reinforced the Bushido values of mental and self-discipline.
  • 40. Mongol“Invasions”of Japan
    4,400 ships and 140,000 men, but kamikaze winds stopped them.
  • 41. Ashikaga Age: 1338-1573
    • Shogunsfought for power.
    Laws are unclear.
    Less efficient than the Kamakura.
    Armies of samurai protected the country. 
  • 42. CASTLES
  • 43. Osaka Castle
  • 44. Main Gate of Hiroshima Castle
  • 45. R
    O
    E
    N
    S
  • 46. The Age of the Warring States:(1467 - 1568)
    Castles built on hills in different provinces.
    Power shifts from above to below.
    Europeans arrive in Japan  bringing firearms & Christianity.
    Christianity & foreign trade flourish.
  • 47. Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582)
    Banishes the last Ashikaga shogun.
    Unifies a large part of Japan.
  • 48. Catholic Jesuits in Japan
    St. Francis XavierFirst Catholic Missionary in Japan
  • 49. Toyotomi Hideyoshi(1536-1598)
    Becomes suspicious of European territorial ambitions.
    Orders all European missionaries expelled from Japan. 
    Tries to invade Korea, but fails.
  • 50. Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)
    Appointed shogun by the Emperor.
    Four-class system laid down with marriage restricted to members of the same class! 
  • Tokugawa Shogunate Period
    Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese]. 
    • The Dutch were restricted to a small island in Nagasaki harbor.
    Japanese Christians persecuted and Christianity is forbidden.
    The government is centralized with all power in the hands of the shogun.
    Domestic trade flourishes.
    Towns, esp. castle towns, increase.
    Merchant class becomes rich! 
    New art forms  haiku poetry, kabuki, bunraku, and Noh theater.

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