Feudal japan


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Feudal japan

  1. 1. Feudal Japan
  2. 2. Students will be able to… • Explain the development of feudalism in Japan • Describe how power shifted from the nobles to the nobles in the 1100’s • Explain how Japanese society became a military society
  3. 3. A Timeline of Japanese Leadership 593-622 Prince Shotoku 800’s Fujiwara clan comes to power – They hold the REAL power in Japan 1100’s Feudalism Begins in Japan Minamoto Yoritomo Becomes first Shogun 1192 1603 Tokugawa Ieyasu Isolates Japan and establishes a Dynasty which lasts until the 1800’s
  4. 4. Central Government Grows Week • Japan remained strong and untied for centuries • Fujiwara clan came to power and remained Japan’s most powerful family for almost 300 years. • 1100’s the power of central government and the Fujiwara clan declined – Running out of money – Lost authority over large land owners
  5. 5. Feudalism: • A political and social system of local rule in which lords (Daimyo in Japan) gave land to vassals in exchange for service.
  6. 6. Japanese Feudalism
  7. 7. Feudalism in Japan • Daimyo (large landholders) gained control over Japan – Hired Samurai armies to protect themselves and attack other daimyo – Powerful families (Taira and Minamoto) had large armies of samurai – The emperor still remained in power – but no longer had any real power continuing the pattern started in early Japan
  8. 8. As daimyo power increased central government weakened and lawlessness increased • Small landowners wanted protection – To get protection they pledged loyalty to a more powerful lord or daimyo – Loyalty included military service – This person is known as a vassal
  9. 9. Military Society • Military leaders called Shoguns or “supreme commander of the army” rose to power – Shoguns ruled on the emperor’s behalf – usually allowing his own interest to come first – Minamoto Yoritomo became the first shogun in 1192 – ruled the country of Japan – Shotgunates would last for nearly 700 years
  10. 10. Samurai • Warriors • Vowed to fight for their lord even if they could not protect their family • Honorable death more important than long life • Women were often warriors • Lived by a code of honor called Bushido: loyalty, honor, and bravery – became the unwritten code of conduct for all Japanese • Zen Buddhism an important aspect of their lives
  11. 11. Three Powerful Warriors Unify Japan Oda Nobunaga • Mid 1500’s • Recognized the importance of guns • First Japanese soldiers to use guns in battle • Controlled nearly half of Japan before he died in 1582 Toyotomi Hideyoshi • General for Oda Nobunaga • Born a peasant • Controlled all of Japan before his death in 1598
  12. 12. Three Powerful Leaders • Tokugawa Ieyasu – Became Shogun in 1603 – Founded a dynasty (Tokugawa Shogunate) that would last until 1868 – Established the capital of Japan Edo which would become Tokyo – Isolated Japan, banned Christianity, forbid Japanese to leave Japan, and ended all foreign trade – Lasted until the 1850’s
  13. 13. Why it Matters… • Japan remains strongly united today. It continues to limit immigration and controls the country’s dealings with foreigners