Ch 13 Korea, Japan, and Vietnam


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Ch 13 Korea, Japan, and Vietnam

  1. 1. CHAPTER 13Korea, Vietnam, & Japan
  2. 2. VIETNAM Invaded and occupied by Han Fiercely resisted Tangs, but succumbed  Rebelled sporadically Under Chinese control  Absorbed Chinese culture and technology  Adopted Chinese agricultural methods and irrigation systems  Studied Confucian texts  Mimicked Chinese administration  Traded with Chinese  Resented Chinese dominance, when Tang fell, they won their independence
  3. 3. CHINESE IMPACT ON VIETNAM Vietnamese model the Chinese administrative system and bureaucracy Buddhism enters Vietnam (from both India and China)
  4. 4. JAPAN Isolated Develop separate language from Chinese Shintoism – animistic religion, emphasizes nature and spirits Interaction with China?  Tang never conquer them, but trade exists and Japanese emissaries visit China  One of the Japanese clans actually models their court off of the Tang’s Mid 8th century Confucianism and Buddhism are established in Japan
  5. 5.  Early capitals at Nara and Kyoto Fujiwara family – controlled power and protected the emperor Emperor belonged to a family who was believed to have ruled Japan since the beginning of time  Evenin turmoil, royal families/parties/factions are thrown out, but the imperial house survived
  6. 6. HEIAN ERA 794 – 1185 Fujiwara family, power behind the throne at the time Really liked Confucian learning and Chinese classics, painting, poetry, interior decoration, etc The Tale of Genji – written by a noblewoman!, Murasaki Shikibu  Provides insight to the lives of the nobility  Told by a lady-in-waiting  Education of women wasn’t encouraged, but the Fijuwara court prided itself on the sophistication of this piece, especially as it was written by a womana
  7. 7. GOVERNMENT Fujiwara liked cultural pursuits Entrusted local gov’t issues and taxes to their warriors Problem? Yes. 2 warrior families – Taira and Minamoto struggle  Minamoto emerges 1185 Leader of Minamoto clan appoints a clan leader, the shogun Shogun – military governor who rules in place of the emperor (near Tokyo, emperor still in Kyoto) Minamoto dominate for the next 400 yrs
  8. 8. JAPANESE FEUDALISM Bakufu (“tent”) – military gov’t, established by the Minamoto, lasts til 16th cent. Feudal system develops Regional lords wield power and authority, compete against each other for power Samurai – professional warriors Bushido – “the way of the warrior” (code of conduct)
  9. 9. JAPANESE VERSUS EUROPEANFEUDALISM Western Europe has more written contracts, everything was negotiated, benefits outlined, loyalties, etc Japanese rely on group and individual loyalties, agreed on by honor Samurai granted land from the lords, but didn’t own it Knights receive land, and could even become lords later in life  In Japanese culture, the social division remains clear
  10. 10. KOREA Early civilization 2333 BCE Han had a colony in Korea 108 BCE – 313 CE Three Kingdom Period  Koguryo 37 BCE  Paekche 18 BCE  Silla 57 BCE Unified Silla Dynasty 668 - 935 Koryo Dynasty 918-1392 Chosun (Yi) Dynasty 1392-1910
  11. 11.  Buddhism enters Korea around 372 CE  Confucian school is founded in Koguryo 7th century, Tang armies conquer much of the peninsula (Silla preserve their capital) Compromise: Chinese forces withdraw from Korea if the Silla king recognizes the Tang emperor as his overlord (become a tributary state) Kingdom of Silla unifies by 668 CE (with Chinese help) by overcoming the Paekche, then the Koguryo
  12. 12.  Regularly deliver gifts to Chinese emperors Still have a great deal of independence Opens the door for Korean merchants to trade in China Silk Road runs all the way to Kyongju, the Silla capital
  13. 13. THE SILLA KINGDOM Celadon Korean woodblocks  Tripitaka Koreana  1087  1232  1398 - Haeinsa Chikchi – 13th c. moveable type
  14. 14. SILK ROAD INTERACTION  Cultural diffusion All the way to Korea giveaways Cultural diffusion  Lapis lazuli evidence?  Glass btw… last stop  Tin Kyongju
  15. 15. THE CHOSON KINGDOM 1392-1912 Yi Clan of Chonju “Land of Morning Calm” King Sejong (1418- 1450)  Creates hangul for the common man  Encourages scientific research