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4 2 medieval japan


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4 2 medieval japan

  1. 1. CHAPTER 4: Civilizations of Asia SECTION 2: Medieval Japan
  2. 2. VOCABULARY• Archipelago: A group or chain of many islands• Estate: Large tract of land• Feudalism: A system in which poor people are legally bound to work for wealthy landowners• Samurai: Japanese warriors• Shogun: The supreme military commander of Japan
  3. 3. JAPANESE GEOGRAPHY• Japan is an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean (Map Page 101)• It is 500 miles off the coast of China
  4. 4. JAPANESE GEOGRAPHY Continued• Islands were formed by volcanoes • Mt. Fuji is Japan’s largest volcano• Earthquakes are common in Japan
  5. 5. JAPANESE GEOGRAPHY Continued• Japan is made up of 4 major islands • Hokkaido • Honshu • Shikoku • Kyushu
  6. 6. BlankOutlineMap ofJapan
  7. 7. JAPANESE GEOGRAPHY Continued• All of Japan’s islands are mountainous • This makes travel by land difficult• Because Japan is surrounded by ocean: • It has been protected from attack • It has been isolated
  8. 8. PhysicalMap of Japan
  9. 9. THE HEIAN EMPIRE• Heian Emperors ruled Japan from 794- 1185 AD• Kyoto was the Heian capital city• This was a period of peace for Japan
  10. 10. FEUDALISM IN JAPAN• Japanese emperors begin to lose power and wealth• Nobles who own their own fancy estates begin to gain power and wealth • Nobles live luxurious lifestyles • Believe they are superior to others
  11. 11. Map ShowingFeudalism in Japan
  12. 12. Japanese Castlesowned by Nobles
  13. 13. FEUDALISM IN JAPAN Continued• Nobles force poor peasants to work on their estates• This makes for an upper class of rich nobles and a lower class of poor peasants = Japanese feudalism
  14. 14. Map ShowingFeudalism in Japan
  15. 15. SAMAURI WARRIORS• Rich nobles become so independent that they would often disobey the emperor• Nobles hire their own private armies for protection• Warriors in these private armies were called samurai
  16. 16. Japanese Samurai
  17. 17. Map ShowingFeudalism in Japan
  18. 18. SAMURAI WARRIORS Continued• Samurai warriors took an oath to follow a strict set of rules for behavior called bushido • Honor is all important • Never surrender or show weakness / fear • Commit ritual suicide before defeat
  19. 19. THE SHOGUNS• Over time the samurai grew in numbers and power and formed their own clans• Each clan promised loyalty to a powerful warlord called a daimyo
  20. 20. The DaimyoOverthrowthe Nobles
  21. 21. DaimyoRule inJapan
  22. 22. THE SHOGUNS Continued• Eventually one daimyo becomes more powerful than the others• In 1192, the emperor gives this daimyo the title of shogun or supreme military ruler of all of Japan
  23. 23. THE TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE• In 1603 Tokugawa Ieyasu became shogun• He was determined to end all fighting between the daimyos and bring order to the country
  24. 24. THE TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE Continued• Divided Japan into 250 regions• Daimyo of each region must swear loyalty to the shogun• Daimyos must live in the shogun’s capital city of Edo for part of the year for proof
  25. 25. TheTokugawa Tokyo EdoShogunate
  26. 26. Mongolia Yeah! Mongols Japan ChinaThe Mongol Invasion of Japan
  27. 27. The Remains of Kublai Khan’s Fleet
  28. 28. THE SHOGUNS ISOLATE JAPAN• Kublai Khan and the Mongols try but fail to invade Japan
  29. 29. The “Devine Wind”
  30. 30. Kamikaze Attacks in WWII
  31. 31. The Mongol Invasion of Japan
  32. 32. THE SHOGUNS ISOLATE JAPAN• Shoguns do not want any foreign influence in Japan• Forced all foreigners to leave Japan
  33. 33. THE SHOGUNS ISOLATE JAPAN Continued• Closed ports and banned travel outside of Japan• Stopped the building of large ships that could travel long distances