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Photograms  and  Darkroom Procedure
What is a Photogram? <ul><li>A photogram is a type of contact print, made without the use of a camera or negative.  </li><...
<ul><li>A photogram is created by placing objects on light sensitive material and then exposing it to light. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Henry Fox Talbot experimented with making botanical images by placing botanical specimens and lace on top of light...
<ul><li>In the 1920’s photograms became popular with artists such as Man Ray and Laszlo Moholy-Nagy.  </li></ul>
 
 
 
 
What Kinds of Things Can be Used to Create a Photogram? <ul><li>Two-dimensional objects that block some or all of the ligh...
Process <ul><li>Begin in the white light with a sheet of plexiglass.  </li></ul><ul><li>Use tape or a marker to define the...
<ul><li>Evaluation the Results: </li></ul><ul><li>Have you created a dynamic composition? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you explor...
Processing Photographic Paper
Step 1: Developer (Dektol) <ul><li>Place paper in the developer tray </li></ul><ul><li>Gently tap edges with tongs to ensu...
Step 2: Stop Bath <ul><li>Carefully remove the paper from the developer using tongs </li></ul><ul><li>Allow it to drip for...
Step 3: Fixer <ul><li>Carefully remove the paper from the stop bath using tongs </li></ul><ul><li>Allow it to drip for 7 s...
Step 4: Water Rinse <ul><li>Carefully remove the paper from the fixer using tongs </li></ul><ul><li>Allow it to drip for 7...
Your Assignment <ul><li>Create a photogram that evokes a very specific mood or feeling, and exemplifies a dynamic composit...
Grading Criteria <ul><li>Dynamic Composition </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of mood or feeling </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity </...
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Photograms and darkroom procedure

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Transcript of "Photograms and darkroom procedure"

  1. 1. Photograms and Darkroom Procedure
  2. 2. What is a Photogram? <ul><li>A photogram is a type of contact print, made without the use of a camera or negative. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>A photogram is created by placing objects on light sensitive material and then exposing it to light. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Henry Fox Talbot experimented with making botanical images by placing botanical specimens and lace on top of light sensitive material in a printing frame, exposing this to light, and then washing out the unexposed light sensitive material. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>In the 1920’s photograms became popular with artists such as Man Ray and Laszlo Moholy-Nagy. </li></ul>
  6. 10. What Kinds of Things Can be Used to Create a Photogram? <ul><li>Two-dimensional objects that block some or all of the light like cut paper, drawings, writing, transparencies can be used along with three-dimensional objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Objects can be opaque, blocking light completely, semi-transparent, blocking only some of the light, or completely transparent like a plastic water bottle. </li></ul><ul><li>try to go beyond the items readily on hand, such as keys, coins, ipods, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Explore organic materials like leaves, cotton, rocks or sand. Investigate liquids captured in plastic bags and drawing on transparency or paper. </li></ul>
  7. 11. Process <ul><li>Begin in the white light with a sheet of plexiglass. </li></ul><ul><li>Use tape or a marker to define the printing area (the size of your light sensitive material). Now arrange your composition on the plexiglass. </li></ul><ul><li>When you are satisfied with your composition, move into the darkroom and place your plexiglass with objects on top of the light sensitive material. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure your photo paper fits inside your defined area. </li></ul><ul><li>Expose with white light from an enlarger, overhead light, flexible desk lamp, or pen light. </li></ul><ul><li>Process the paper as normal. </li></ul>
  8. 12. <ul><li>Evaluation the Results: </li></ul><ul><li>Have you created a dynamic composition? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you explore a variety of objects to create a unique photogram? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you properly expose your photogram? </li></ul><ul><li>Has your photogram been properly processed? </li></ul>
  9. 13. Processing Photographic Paper
  10. 14. Step 1: Developer (Dektol) <ul><li>Place paper in the developer tray </li></ul><ul><li>Gently tap edges with tongs to ensure paper is fully submerged </li></ul><ul><li>Rock the edge of the tray to agitate the paper – to ensure there are no bubbles </li></ul><ul><li>Process for 60seconds </li></ul>
  11. 15. Step 2: Stop Bath <ul><li>Carefully remove the paper from the developer using tongs </li></ul><ul><li>Allow it to drip for 7 seconds. </li></ul><ul><li>Place the paper in the stop bath tray </li></ul><ul><li>Gently tap edges with tongs to ensure paper is fully submerged </li></ul><ul><li>Rock the edge of the tray to agitate the paper – to ensure there are no bubbles </li></ul><ul><li>Process for 30seconds </li></ul>
  12. 16. Step 3: Fixer <ul><li>Carefully remove the paper from the stop bath using tongs </li></ul><ul><li>Allow it to drip for 7 seconds. </li></ul><ul><li>Place the paper in the fixer tray </li></ul><ul><li>Gently tap edges with tongs to ensure paper is fully submerged </li></ul><ul><li>Rock the edge of the tray to agitate the paper – to ensure there are no bubbles </li></ul><ul><li>Process for 5 minutes </li></ul>
  13. 17. Step 4: Water Rinse <ul><li>Carefully remove the paper from the fixer using tongs </li></ul><ul><li>Allow it to drip for 7 seconds. </li></ul><ul><li>Place the paper in the water bath </li></ul><ul><li>Gently tap edges with tongs to ensure paper is fully submerged </li></ul><ul><li>Allow running water to rinse the print for at least 5 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Dry print </li></ul>
  14. 18. Your Assignment <ul><li>Create a photogram that evokes a very specific mood or feeling, and exemplifies a dynamic composition </li></ul>
  15. 19. Grading Criteria <ul><li>Dynamic Composition </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of mood or feeling </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Craftsmanship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper processing (no stains, etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complete, on time, and dry </li></ul>
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