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What is PRINTMAKING?
Printmaking is the act of making
series of identical images made by
transferring an original image to a
block, screen, stone or plate to
produce multiples of that image.
This process is capable of making
multiple copies of the same artwork.
Any textured surface can be used to
Print/Impression: Each individual copy of the
Edition: A set of prints (3 or more)
Limited Edition: a signed and numbered set of
prints (3 or more)
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History of Printmaking
Types of Printmaking
There are 4 types of printmaking;
These prints are made by scratching and
etching images into copper or zinc plates. The
metal is coated with bitumen (like tar). The
image is scraped into this surface.
The plate is immersed in nitric acid which
“bites” the lines into the plate. Ink is rubbed
into the grooves and lines. The paper and
inked plate is put through a press, which
pushes the paper into the inked lines.
cutting of the
special paper or
metal sheet in
such a way that
when ink is
rubbed over it,
the design is
Formerly known as silkscreen and serigraph,
screen prints are done using a frame stretched
with a fine mesh polyester(organza sheer).
Parts of the screen are blocked out, others are
left open, like a stencil.
Ink is pulled through the open parts of the
screen using a squeegee. This method is often
used for commercial applications such as t-
This is a complex method of printmaking
involving a large stone block. The image is
drawn directly on the stone with wax
crayon. The drawn parts attract the oil-
based ink and the wet stone resists the
This is a sculpture or other design that
stands out from a flat surface.
In printmaking, the
artist will cut away
parts of the surface
of a plate.
The part that is not
cut away will stand
out in relief.
Things to consider
Your image will print backwards
There is no shading in linoleum cuts;
only black or white
Your print is created by carving out
It’s very difficult to put detail into a
White space is
carved out of
lines are used
and dark areas.
Textures can be created by varying lines, patterns and surfaces
with the carving tool.