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  2. 2. What is PRINTMAKING?  Printmaking is the act of making series of identical images made by transferring an original image to a block, screen, stone or plate to produce multiples of that image.  This process is capable of making multiple copies of the same artwork.  Any textured surface can be used to
  3. 3. Basic Printmaking
  4. 4. VOCABULARY  Print/Impression: Each individual copy of the artwork  Edition: A set of prints (3 or more)  Limited Edition: a signed and numbered set of prints (3 or more) Add words as the slide progresses.
  5. 5. History of Printmaking The Chinese developed a printing technique called “woodcut” to print books of Chinese characters and images, around 100 AD. Printmaking started in China. The Chinese developed a printing technique called “woodcut” to print books of Chinese characters and images, around 100 AD.
  6. 6. Types of Printmaking  There are 4 types of printmaking;  Intaglio Printmaking  Screen/Stencil Printmaking  Lithography  Relief Printmaking
  7. 7. Intaglio Printmaking  These prints are made by scratching and etching images into copper or zinc plates. The metal is coated with bitumen (like tar). The image is scraped into this surface.
  8. 8. Intaglio (cont)  The plate is immersed in nitric acid which “bites” the lines into the plate. Ink is rubbed into the grooves and lines. The paper and inked plate is put through a press, which pushes the paper into the inked lines.
  9. 9. Stencil Printing  A process which involves cutting of the design on special paper or cardboard or metal sheet in such a way that when ink is rubbed over it, the design is reproduced on
  10. 10. Screen Printing  Formerly known as silkscreen and serigraph, screen prints are done using a frame stretched with a fine mesh polyester(organza sheer). Parts of the screen are blocked out, others are left open, like a stencil.  Ink is pulled through the open parts of the screen using a squeegee. This method is often used for commercial applications such as t- shirt printing.
  11. 11. Parts of a Screen
  12. 12. Lithography  This is a complex method of printmaking involving a large stone block. The image is drawn directly on the stone with wax crayon. The drawn parts attract the oil- based ink and the wet stone resists the ink.
  13. 13. Relief Printmaking This is a sculpture or other design that stands out from a flat surface. In printmaking, the artist will cut away parts of the surface of a plate. The part that is not cut away will stand out in relief.
  14. 14. Relief Printmaking(cont)
  15. 15. Things to consider  Your image will print backwards (mirror-imaged)  There is no shading in linoleum cuts; only black or white  Your print is created by carving out lines  It’s very difficult to put detail into a lino cut
  16. 16. White space is carved out of the block. Leaving some lines visible adds texture. On black surfaces, white lines are used to differentiate from the background. Good prints balance light and dark areas. Textures can be created by varying lines, patterns and surfaces with the carving tool.
  17. 17. Examples of Linoprints