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Elementary school pe Elementary school pe Presentation Transcript

  • Elementary School Physical Education Introduction
  • Elementary School Physical Education
    • Physical education is that part of general education that contributes to the total growth and development of each child primarily through movement experiences.
    Defined:
  • Physical Education Is Movement Education
    • Through the body
    • Of the body
    • About the body and its relationship to exercise
    PE is Education
  • Physical Education Is Movement Education
    • Through the body -> cognitive, affective and psychomotor goals are achieved using movement as the media of learning
    PE is Education
  • Physical Education Is Movement Education
    • Of the body -> learning to move skillfully and developing desirable levels of skill and health related fitness
    PE is Education
  • Physical Education Is Movement Education
    • About the body and its relationship to exercise -> learning principles of movement, how to exercise properly, how to get and stay fit
    PE is Education
  • Elementary School Physical Education
    • Physical education is that part of general education that contributes to the total growth and development of each child primarily through movement experiences. It is education of the child through the body, of the body, and about the body and its relationship to exercise.
    Redefined:
  • Objectives of Physical Education
    • Unique
      • Motor skills and movement competence
      • Understanding human movement principles
      • Lifetime Activity skills
    • Shared
      • Personal health & wellness skills
      • Positive social skills
  • Domains of Learning in PE
    • Cognitive Domain – knowledge
    • Affective Domain - values, attitudes
    • Psychomotor Domain - motor skills, movement competence, activity and sports skills (Skill- Related Fitness)
      • Health-Related Fitness Domain - cardiovascular fitness, flexibility, body composition, muscular strength and endurance
  • WHAT PHYS. ED., ...AiN’t!!
    • R E C E S S
    • R E C R E A T I O N
    • P H Y S I C A L F I T N E S S
    • A T H L E T I C S
    Poem by Ambrose Brazelton
  • What Phys. Ed. Is!
    • An integral part of the learning process:
    • Focused on personalized growth and success:
    • Striving to enhance through instructional giving:
    • ***Productive, efficient, harmonious living!!!
    Poem by Ambrose Brazelton
  • Elementary School Physical Education In North Carolina
  • Physical Education
    • Specialists
      • scheduled visits once a week / every two weeks
    • Classroom Teachers
      • responsible for daily physical education
    Taught By
  • North Carolina Elementary Physical Education Recommendations
    • In the Basic Education Plan (BEP)
    • In the Healthful Living Standard Course of Study
    • Required to the same extent as other subjects
    • NC does not mandate any specific time for any SCS subject in grades K-8
      • it is a local decision.
    Physical Education is
  • North Carolina Elementary Physical Education Recommendations
    • 150 minutes per week = 30 minutes/day
    • Maximum daily - minimum 3 days/week
    • May be taught by specialist or classroom teacher
    • NC recommends specialists teach minimum of once a week
    • Routinely count recess and free play as PE
    • Some schools have eliminated PE from the curriculum DESPITE state requirements
  • North Carolina Physical Education Problems
    • Routinely count recess and free play as PE
    • Some schools have eliminated PE from the curriculum DESPITE state requirements
    • Some schools allow substitutions for PE (i.e., Marching Band, ROTC)
  • North Carolina State Board of Education Healthy Active Children Policy http://sbepolicy.dpi.state.nc.us/policies/HSP-S-000.asp?pri=01&cat=S&pol=000&acr=HSP
  • Healthy Active Children Policy
    • School Health Advisory Council
      • to help plan, implement, and monitor this policy
      • composed of community and school representatives from the eight areas of a coordinated school health program representatives and from the local health department and school administration
    LEA Implementation
  • Coordinated School Health Programs
    • safe environment
    • physical education
    • health education
    • staff wellness
    • health services
    • mental and social health
    • nutrition services
    • parental/family involvement
  • Healthy Active Children Policy
    • Department of Public Instruction
      • shall notify each school district of the availability of professional development opportunities and provide technical assistance in implementing coordinated school health programs at the local level
    Coordinated School Health Programs
  • Healthy Active Children Policy
    • To address issues such as overweight, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and Type II diabetes
    • Requires students enrolled in PK-8 to participate in physical activity as part of the physical education curriculum
  • Healthy Active Children Policy
    • Elementary schools should consider the benefits of having 150 minutes per week and middle schools should consider having 225 minutes per week of physical activity including a minimum of every other day of physical education throughout the school year.
  • Healthy Active Children Policy
    • Shall be the environment in which students learn, practice and are assessed on developmentally appropriate motor skills, social skills, and knowledge as defined in the North Carolina Healthful Living Standard Course of Study
    Physical Education Course
  • Healthy Active Children Policy
    • PE classes should be the same size as other classes
  • Healthy Active Children Policy
    • Structured recess and other physical activity shall not be taken away as a form of punishment
    Recess
  • Healthy Active Children Policy
    • Must involve physical exertion of at least a moderate intensity level and for a duration sufficient to provide a significant health benefit to students
    Physical Activity
  • Healthy Active Children Policy
    • Appropriate amounts of recess and physical activity shall be provided for students
    Recess and Physical Activity
  • Healthy Active Children Policy
    • Develop an action plan
    • Identify steps to fully implement the policy by the 2006-2007 school year
    • Including a review and appropriate modifications of existing physical education and health curricula
    LEA Implementation
  • Healthy Active Children Policy
    • Action plans submitted to the DPI by July 15, 2004
    • Progress reports submitted to the DPI by July 15, 2005 and 2006
    • Beginning July 15, 2007 an annual report
      • Include the minutes of physical education and physical activity received by students in each school
    LEA Implementation
  • Elementary School Physical Education Historical Influences
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • Several events shaped the development of today’s PE programs
    • Public needs and concerns shape the direction of American Education
    Historical Factors
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • Middle of 1800s
    • Brought their programs to US with them
    • Gymnastics, games and calisthenics
    • First scheduled PE programs established
    German and Swiss Influence
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • One-third of recruits were unfit to serve
    • Training of soldiers focused on games and sports
      • More effective than calisthenics
    • Emphasis on PE spread to schools
      • Games and sports programs
    World War I
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • Two of aims focused on PE
      • Health
      • Worthy use of leisure time
    • Schools mold social change
    • “ Learning is doing”
    John Dewey and Cardinal Aims of Education
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • Focus on sports and games
      • Little attention to quality
      • Elementary PE modeled after secondary PE programs
    • When times got tough
      • Equipment hard to get
      • PE seemed unimportant or eliminated
    The Depression Era
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • Research showed efficacy of physical activity on health
    • Little effect on school PE programs
    World War II
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • Compared US children to European children on strength and flexibility
    • The President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports was one result
    • Today’s Physical Fitness Tests
      • The President’s Challenge
      • FitnessGram/Physical Best
    Kraus-Webber Test (1954)
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • Originated in England
    • An exploratory, problem solving approach to PE
    • Tendency to apply it to all phases of PE
    • It is a viable method, but not the only approach
    Movement Education
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • Grew out of concern for slow learners
    • Developmental delays responsible for poor academic performance
    • Training senses through movement
    • Posture, balance, imaging, body part recognition, time & space
    Perceptual Motor Programs
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • Perceptual motor programs were ineffective in improving academic performance
    • Legacy is integration of perceptual-motor principles in learning motor skills
      • Both sides of body, balance skills
    Perceptual Motor Programs
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • In the process of movement children learn concepts
      • Light/Heavy Fast/Slow High/Low
    • NASPE’s “Basic Stuff” series
      • Compilation of knowledge in PE sub-disciplines
    • Integration into the PE curriculum
    Conceptual Learning
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • Receiving more attention in the schools
    • Moral education, Substance abuse, AIDS awareness
    • Controversy surrounds such issues
    Values and Attitude Development
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • Equal educational opportunity to both sexes
    • Huge impact on PE in secondary schools
    • Co-ed PE classes mandated
    • Lesser impact on elementary PE
      • Lessened gender stereotyping
    Title IX Educational Amendments Act of 1972
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • PL 94-142: Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1973
    • IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990
      • Free, public, appropriate education
      • Least restrictive environment
      • Individual Education Program
    • There are problems/challenges involved
    Equal Rights for Disabled
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • Today’s PE teachers teach more than just fitness, games and skills
    • Wellness is a total state of well-being
    • Teach concepts related to:
      • Fitness for life, movement mechanics, etc
    Health and Wellness
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • “ A Nation at Risk” (1983)
      • Did not mention PE
    • Return to the “3 Rs”
    • Drop PE and the arts from the curriculum
    • Started the accountability trend
    • Emphasis on testing
    “ Back to Basics” Schools
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • The fitness emphasis in schools started by Kraus-Weber declined in 1970s and early 1980s
    • While school programs declined we learned more about benefits of physical activity
    • Fitness Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s left lots of people out
    Health-Related Fitness Resurgence
  • Evolution of Elementary PE
    • Schools and school children were left out of the fitness boom
    Health-Related Fitness Resurgence
  • Who Benefited Most?
    • Whites more than Asians, Hispanics, blacks
    • College grads more than high school grads
    • Men more than women
    • Rich more than poor
    • Young and middle age adults more than elderly, children, youths, and teens
    Is there a socioeconomic link?
  • A Series of National Reports Reveals Alarming Trends
  • Physical Activity Becomes a National Health Priority Or Does It?
  • Healthy People 2000
    • In 1990, the Department of Health and Human Services released Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, a strategy for improving the health of Americans by the end of the century.
      • www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/otheract/hp2000/hp2000.htm
  • Surgeon General’s Report
    • Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General
      • 1996
      • www.fitness.gov/execsum.htm
      • www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/sgr/sgr.htm
  • Healthy People 2010
    • In January 2000, the Department of Health and Human Services launched Healthy People 2010, a comprehensive, nationwide health promotion and disease prevention agenda.
      • www.healthypeople.gov /
      • www.healthypeople.gov/document/HTML/Volume2/22Physical.htm
  • A Report to the President
    • Promoting Better Health for Young People Through Physical Activity and Sports: A Report to the President from the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Secretary of Education
      • November 2000
      • www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/physicalactivity/promoting_health/introduction.htm
  • Surgeon General’s Call To Action
    • The Surgeon General's Call To Action To Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity
      • January, 2001
      • www.surgeongeneral.gov/topics/obesity/default.htm
  • What’s Happening Now? Where are we going?
  • What’s Happening Now? Good Things... and Bad Things
  • Leadership is Needed Who Will Lead us?
  • Organizations Affecting H&PE
    • AAHPERD
      • American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance
      • Alliance of 6 national associations
      • 6 districts, state alliances
        • Southern District AHPERD
  • Organizations Affecting H&PE
    • NCAAHPERD
      • North Carolina Alliance for Athletics, Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance
  • Organizations Affecting H&PE
    • NASPE
      • National Association for Sport and Physical Education
      • an AAHPERD association
  • Organizations Affecting H&PE
    • COPEC
      • Council on Physical Education for Children
      • a NASPE council
  • Organizations Affecting H&PE
    • AAHE
      • American Association for Health Education
      • an AAHPERD association
  • Organizations Affecting H&PE
    • American Heart Association
      • Jump Rope for Heart, Hoops for Heart
    • PE4Life
      • www.pe4life.com
  • Organizations Affecting H&PE
    • American Academy of Pediatrics
      • Strong supporters of physical education for children
      • Published a number of policy statements supporting quality physical education programs in schools
      • Health-Related Fitness programs over traditional team sports programs
  • Elementary School Physical Education Introduction The End
  • Elementary School Physical Education Introduction To be Continued...