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Elementary School Physical Education Introduction
Elementary School  Physical  Education <ul><li>Physical education is that part of general education that contributes to th...
Physical Education Is Movement Education <ul><li>Through the body  </li></ul><ul><li>Of the body  </li></ul><ul><li>About ...
Physical Education Is Movement Education <ul><li>Through the body  -> cognitive, affective and psychomotor goals are achie...
Physical Education Is Movement Education <ul><li>Of the body -> learning to move skillfully and developing desirable level...
Physical Education Is Movement Education <ul><li>About the body     and its relationship to exercise -> learning principle...
Elementary School  Physical  Education <ul><li>Physical education is that part of general education that contributes to th...
Objectives of Physical Education <ul><li>Unique </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motor skills and movement competence </li></ul></ul>...
Domains of Learning in PE <ul><li>Cognitive Domain – knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Affective Domain - values, attitudes </li...
WHAT PHYS. ED., ...AiN’t!! <ul><li>R E C E S S </li></ul><ul><li>R E C R E A T I O N </li></ul><ul><li>P H Y S I C A L  F ...
What Phys. Ed. Is! <ul><li>An integral part of the learning process:  </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on personalized growth and...
Elementary School Physical Education In North Carolina
Physical Education <ul><li>Specialists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>scheduled visits once a week / every two weeks </li></ul></ul...
North Carolina Elementary Physical Education Recommendations <ul><li>In the Basic Education Plan (BEP) </li></ul><ul><li>I...
North Carolina Elementary Physical Education Recommendations <ul><li>150 minutes per week = 30 minutes/day </li></ul><ul><...
North Carolina Physical Education Problems <ul><li>Routinely count recess and free play as PE </li></ul><ul><li>Some schoo...
North Carolina State Board of Education Healthy Active Children Policy http://sbepolicy.dpi.state.nc.us/policies/HSP-S-000...
Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>School Health Advisory Council </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to help plan, implement, and m...
Coordinated School Health Programs <ul><li>safe environment </li></ul><ul><li>physical education </li></ul><ul><li>health ...
Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Department of Public Instruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>shall notify each school dis...
Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>To address issues such as overweight, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and Type II ...
Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Elementary schools should consider the benefits of having 150 minutes per week and ...
Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Shall be the environment in  which students learn,  practice and are assessed on  d...
Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>PE classes should be the same size as other  classes </li></ul>
Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Structured recess and other physical activity shall not be taken away as a form of ...
Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Must involve physical exertion of at least a moderate intensity level and for a dur...
Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Appropriate amounts of recess and physical activity shall be provided for students ...
Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Develop an action plan </li></ul><ul><li>Identify steps to fully implement the poli...
Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Action plans submitted to the DPI by July 15, 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Progress repor...
Elementary School Physical Education Historical Influences
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Several events shaped the development of today’s PE programs </li></ul><ul><li>Public n...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Middle of 1800s </li></ul><ul><li>Brought their programs to US with them </li></ul><ul>...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>One-third of recruits were unfit to serve </li></ul><ul><li>Training of soldiers focuse...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Two of aims focused on PE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worth...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Focus on sports and games </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Little attention to quality </li></ul><...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Research showed efficacy of physical activity on health </li></ul><ul><li>Little effect...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Compared US children to European children on strength and flexibility </li></ul><ul><li...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Originated in England </li></ul><ul><li>An exploratory, problem solving approach to PE ...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Grew out of concern for slow learners </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental delays responsibl...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Perceptual motor programs were ineffective in improving academic performance </li></ul>...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>In the process of movement children learn concepts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Light/Heavy Fa...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Receiving more attention in the schools </li></ul><ul><li>Moral education, Substance ab...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Equal educational opportunity to both sexes </li></ul><ul><li>Huge impact on PE in seco...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>PL 94-142: Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>IDEA: I...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Today’s PE teachers teach more than just fitness, games and skills </li></ul><ul><li>We...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>“ A Nation at Risk” (1983)  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not mention PE </li></ul></ul><ul...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>The fitness emphasis in schools started by Kraus-Weber declined in 1970s and early 1980...
Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Schools and school children were left out of the fitness boom </li></ul>Health-Related ...
Who Benefited Most? <ul><li>Whites more than Asians, Hispanics, blacks </li></ul><ul><li>College grads more than high scho...
A Series of National Reports Reveals Alarming Trends
Physical Activity Becomes a National Health Priority Or Does It?
Healthy People 2000 <ul><li>In 1990, the Department of Health and Human Services released  Healthy People 2000: National H...
Surgeon General’s Report <ul><li>Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1996 ...
Healthy People 2010 <ul><li>In January 2000, the Department of Health and Human Services launched Healthy People 2010, a c...
A Report to the President <ul><li>Promoting Better Health for Young People Through Physical Activity and Sports: A Report ...
Surgeon General’s Call To Action <ul><li>The Surgeon General's Call To Action To Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesi...
What’s Happening Now? Where are we going?
What’s Happening Now? Good Things... and Bad Things
Leadership is Needed Who Will Lead us?
Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>AAHPERD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recre...
Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>NCAAHPERD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North Carolina Alliance for Athletics, Health, Physic...
Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>NASPE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Association for Sport and Physical Education </l...
Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>COPEC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Council on Physical Education for Children </li></ul></ul...
Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>AAHE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Association for Health Education </li></ul></ul><...
Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>American Heart Association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jump Rope for Heart, Hoops for Heart...
Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>American Academy of Pediatrics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong supporters of physical ed...
Elementary School Physical Education Introduction The End
Elementary School Physical Education Introduction To be Continued...
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  1. 1. Elementary School Physical Education Introduction
  2. 2. Elementary School Physical Education <ul><li>Physical education is that part of general education that contributes to the total growth and development of each child primarily through movement experiences. </li></ul>Defined:
  3. 3. Physical Education Is Movement Education <ul><li>Through the body </li></ul><ul><li>Of the body </li></ul><ul><li>About the body and its relationship to exercise </li></ul>PE is Education
  4. 4. Physical Education Is Movement Education <ul><li>Through the body -> cognitive, affective and psychomotor goals are achieved using movement as the media of learning </li></ul>PE is Education
  5. 5. Physical Education Is Movement Education <ul><li>Of the body -> learning to move skillfully and developing desirable levels of skill and health related fitness </li></ul>PE is Education
  6. 6. Physical Education Is Movement Education <ul><li>About the body and its relationship to exercise -> learning principles of movement, how to exercise properly, how to get and stay fit </li></ul>PE is Education
  7. 7. Elementary School Physical Education <ul><li>Physical education is that part of general education that contributes to the total growth and development of each child primarily through movement experiences. It is education of the child through the body, of the body, and about the body and its relationship to exercise. </li></ul>Redefined:
  8. 8. Objectives of Physical Education <ul><li>Unique </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motor skills and movement competence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding human movement principles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lifetime Activity skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shared </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal health & wellness skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive social skills </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Domains of Learning in PE <ul><li>Cognitive Domain – knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Affective Domain - values, attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Psychomotor Domain - motor skills, movement competence, activity and sports skills (Skill- Related Fitness) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health-Related Fitness Domain - cardiovascular fitness, flexibility, body composition, muscular strength and endurance </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. WHAT PHYS. ED., ...AiN’t!! <ul><li>R E C E S S </li></ul><ul><li>R E C R E A T I O N </li></ul><ul><li>P H Y S I C A L F I T N E S S </li></ul><ul><li>A T H L E T I C S </li></ul>Poem by Ambrose Brazelton
  11. 11. What Phys. Ed. Is! <ul><li>An integral part of the learning process: </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on personalized growth and success: </li></ul><ul><li>Striving to enhance through instructional giving: </li></ul><ul><li>***Productive, efficient, harmonious living!!! </li></ul>Poem by Ambrose Brazelton
  12. 12. Elementary School Physical Education In North Carolina
  13. 13. Physical Education <ul><li>Specialists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>scheduled visits once a week / every two weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classroom Teachers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>responsible for daily physical education </li></ul></ul>Taught By
  14. 14. North Carolina Elementary Physical Education Recommendations <ul><li>In the Basic Education Plan (BEP) </li></ul><ul><li>In the Healthful Living Standard Course of Study </li></ul><ul><li>Required to the same extent as other subjects </li></ul><ul><li>NC does not mandate any specific time for any SCS subject in grades K-8 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>it is a local decision. </li></ul></ul>Physical Education is
  15. 15. North Carolina Elementary Physical Education Recommendations <ul><li>150 minutes per week = 30 minutes/day </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum daily - minimum 3 days/week </li></ul><ul><li>May be taught by specialist or classroom teacher </li></ul><ul><li>NC recommends specialists teach minimum of once a week </li></ul><ul><li>Routinely count recess and free play as PE </li></ul><ul><li>Some schools have eliminated PE from the curriculum DESPITE state requirements </li></ul>
  16. 16. North Carolina Physical Education Problems <ul><li>Routinely count recess and free play as PE </li></ul><ul><li>Some schools have eliminated PE from the curriculum DESPITE state requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Some schools allow substitutions for PE (i.e., Marching Band, ROTC) </li></ul>
  17. 17. North Carolina State Board of Education Healthy Active Children Policy http://sbepolicy.dpi.state.nc.us/policies/HSP-S-000.asp?pri=01&cat=S&pol=000&acr=HSP
  18. 18. Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>School Health Advisory Council </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to help plan, implement, and monitor this policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>composed of community and school representatives from the eight areas of a coordinated school health program representatives and from the local health department and school administration </li></ul></ul>LEA Implementation
  19. 19. Coordinated School Health Programs <ul><li>safe environment </li></ul><ul><li>physical education </li></ul><ul><li>health education </li></ul><ul><li>staff wellness </li></ul><ul><li>health services </li></ul><ul><li>mental and social health </li></ul><ul><li>nutrition services </li></ul><ul><li>parental/family involvement </li></ul>
  20. 20. Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Department of Public Instruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>shall notify each school district of the availability of professional development opportunities and provide technical assistance in implementing coordinated school health programs at the local level </li></ul></ul>Coordinated School Health Programs
  21. 21. Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>To address issues such as overweight, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and Type II diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Requires students enrolled in PK-8 to participate in physical activity as part of the physical education curriculum </li></ul>
  22. 22. Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Elementary schools should consider the benefits of having 150 minutes per week and middle schools should consider having 225 minutes per week of physical activity including a minimum of every other day of physical education throughout the school year. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Shall be the environment in which students learn, practice and are assessed on developmentally appropriate motor skills, social skills, and knowledge as defined in the North Carolina Healthful Living Standard Course of Study </li></ul>Physical Education Course
  24. 24. Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>PE classes should be the same size as other classes </li></ul>
  25. 25. Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Structured recess and other physical activity shall not be taken away as a form of punishment </li></ul>Recess
  26. 26. Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Must involve physical exertion of at least a moderate intensity level and for a duration sufficient to provide a significant health benefit to students </li></ul>Physical Activity
  27. 27. Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Appropriate amounts of recess and physical activity shall be provided for students </li></ul>Recess and Physical Activity
  28. 28. Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Develop an action plan </li></ul><ul><li>Identify steps to fully implement the policy by the 2006-2007 school year </li></ul><ul><li>Including a review and appropriate modifications of existing physical education and health curricula </li></ul>LEA Implementation
  29. 29. Healthy Active Children Policy <ul><li>Action plans submitted to the DPI by July 15, 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Progress reports submitted to the DPI by July 15, 2005 and 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning July 15, 2007 an annual report </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include the minutes of physical education and physical activity received by students in each school </li></ul></ul>LEA Implementation
  30. 30. Elementary School Physical Education Historical Influences
  31. 31. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Several events shaped the development of today’s PE programs </li></ul><ul><li>Public needs and concerns shape the direction of American Education </li></ul>Historical Factors
  32. 32. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Middle of 1800s </li></ul><ul><li>Brought their programs to US with them </li></ul><ul><li>Gymnastics, games and calisthenics </li></ul><ul><li>First scheduled PE programs established </li></ul>German and Swiss Influence
  33. 33. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>One-third of recruits were unfit to serve </li></ul><ul><li>Training of soldiers focused on games and sports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More effective than calisthenics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on PE spread to schools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Games and sports programs </li></ul></ul>World War I
  34. 34. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Two of aims focused on PE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worthy use of leisure time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Schools mold social change </li></ul><ul><li>“ Learning is doing” </li></ul>John Dewey and Cardinal Aims of Education
  35. 35. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Focus on sports and games </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Little attention to quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elementary PE modeled after secondary PE programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When times got tough </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment hard to get </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PE seemed unimportant or eliminated </li></ul></ul>The Depression Era
  36. 36. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Research showed efficacy of physical activity on health </li></ul><ul><li>Little effect on school PE programs </li></ul>World War II
  37. 37. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Compared US children to European children on strength and flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>The President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports was one result </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s Physical Fitness Tests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The President’s Challenge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FitnessGram/Physical Best </li></ul></ul>Kraus-Webber Test (1954)
  38. 38. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Originated in England </li></ul><ul><li>An exploratory, problem solving approach to PE </li></ul><ul><li>Tendency to apply it to all phases of PE </li></ul><ul><li>It is a viable method, but not the only approach </li></ul>Movement Education
  39. 39. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Grew out of concern for slow learners </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental delays responsible for poor academic performance </li></ul><ul><li>Training senses through movement </li></ul><ul><li>Posture, balance, imaging, body part recognition, time & space </li></ul>Perceptual Motor Programs
  40. 40. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Perceptual motor programs were ineffective in improving academic performance </li></ul><ul><li>Legacy is integration of perceptual-motor principles in learning motor skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both sides of body, balance skills </li></ul></ul>Perceptual Motor Programs
  41. 41. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>In the process of movement children learn concepts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Light/Heavy Fast/Slow High/Low </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NASPE’s “Basic Stuff” series </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compilation of knowledge in PE sub-disciplines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integration into the PE curriculum </li></ul>Conceptual Learning
  42. 42. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Receiving more attention in the schools </li></ul><ul><li>Moral education, Substance abuse, AIDS awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Controversy surrounds such issues </li></ul>Values and Attitude Development
  43. 43. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Equal educational opportunity to both sexes </li></ul><ul><li>Huge impact on PE in secondary schools </li></ul><ul><li>Co-ed PE classes mandated </li></ul><ul><li>Lesser impact on elementary PE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lessened gender stereotyping </li></ul></ul>Title IX Educational Amendments Act of 1972
  44. 44. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>PL 94-142: Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free, public, appropriate education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Least restrictive environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual Education Program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are problems/challenges involved </li></ul>Equal Rights for Disabled
  45. 45. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Today’s PE teachers teach more than just fitness, games and skills </li></ul><ul><li>Wellness is a total state of well-being </li></ul><ul><li>Teach concepts related to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fitness for life, movement mechanics, etc </li></ul></ul>Health and Wellness
  46. 46. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>“ A Nation at Risk” (1983) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not mention PE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Return to the “3 Rs” </li></ul><ul><li>Drop PE and the arts from the curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Started the accountability trend </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on testing </li></ul>“ Back to Basics” Schools
  47. 47. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>The fitness emphasis in schools started by Kraus-Weber declined in 1970s and early 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>While school programs declined we learned more about benefits of physical activity </li></ul><ul><li>Fitness Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s left lots of people out </li></ul>Health-Related Fitness Resurgence
  48. 48. Evolution of Elementary PE <ul><li>Schools and school children were left out of the fitness boom </li></ul>Health-Related Fitness Resurgence
  49. 49. Who Benefited Most? <ul><li>Whites more than Asians, Hispanics, blacks </li></ul><ul><li>College grads more than high school grads </li></ul><ul><li>Men more than women </li></ul><ul><li>Rich more than poor </li></ul><ul><li>Young and middle age adults more than elderly, children, youths, and teens </li></ul>Is there a socioeconomic link?
  50. 50. A Series of National Reports Reveals Alarming Trends
  51. 51. Physical Activity Becomes a National Health Priority Or Does It?
  52. 52. Healthy People 2000 <ul><li>In 1990, the Department of Health and Human Services released Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, a strategy for improving the health of Americans by the end of the century. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/otheract/hp2000/hp2000.htm </li></ul></ul>
  53. 53. Surgeon General’s Report <ul><li>Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1996 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.fitness.gov/execsum.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/sgr/sgr.htm </li></ul></ul>
  54. 54. Healthy People 2010 <ul><li>In January 2000, the Department of Health and Human Services launched Healthy People 2010, a comprehensive, nationwide health promotion and disease prevention agenda. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.healthypeople.gov / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.healthypeople.gov/document/HTML/Volume2/22Physical.htm </li></ul></ul>
  55. 55. A Report to the President <ul><li>Promoting Better Health for Young People Through Physical Activity and Sports: A Report to the President from the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Secretary of Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>November 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/physicalactivity/promoting_health/introduction.htm </li></ul></ul>
  56. 56. Surgeon General’s Call To Action <ul><li>The Surgeon General's Call To Action To Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>January, 2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.surgeongeneral.gov/topics/obesity/default.htm </li></ul></ul>
  57. 57. What’s Happening Now? Where are we going?
  58. 58. What’s Happening Now? Good Things... and Bad Things
  59. 59. Leadership is Needed Who Will Lead us?
  60. 60. Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>AAHPERD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alliance of 6 national associations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 districts, state alliances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Southern District AHPERD </li></ul></ul></ul>
  61. 61. Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>NCAAHPERD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North Carolina Alliance for Athletics, Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance </li></ul></ul>
  62. 62. Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>NASPE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Association for Sport and Physical Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an AAHPERD association </li></ul></ul>
  63. 63. Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>COPEC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Council on Physical Education for Children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a NASPE council </li></ul></ul>
  64. 64. Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>AAHE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Association for Health Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an AAHPERD association </li></ul></ul>
  65. 65. Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>American Heart Association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jump Rope for Heart, Hoops for Heart </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PE4Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.pe4life.com </li></ul></ul>
  66. 66. Organizations Affecting H&PE <ul><li>American Academy of Pediatrics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong supporters of physical education for children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Published a number of policy statements supporting quality physical education programs in schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health-Related Fitness programs over traditional team sports programs </li></ul></ul>
  67. 67. Elementary School Physical Education Introduction The End
  68. 68. Elementary School Physical Education Introduction To be Continued...
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