16. rise of ancient rome f

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16. rise of ancient rome f

  1. 1. History 126 Dr. Anita L. Fisher Rise of Rome & The Etruscans
  2. 8. JULIUS CAESAR Julius Caesar
  3. 9. <ul><li>Rule by Etruscans’ Monarchy 753-509 b.c.e. </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Republic 509 - 27 b.c.e. </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Empire 27 b.c.e. - 410 c.e. </li></ul><ul><li>Byzantine Empire succeeded Rome in East until 1453 </li></ul>Periods of Roman History
  4. 10. Legacies from Ancient Rome <ul><li>Greek culture </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Language – English is 50% Latin based </li></ul><ul><li>Romance Languages – Italian, Spanish, French, Rumanian, Portuguese </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic church’s organizational structure </li></ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Law </li></ul><ul><li>Liberal arts </li></ul><ul><li>Months of year: January, March, June, July, August </li></ul>
  5. 12. The Etruscans <ul><li>Modern Tuscany – where city of Florence is . . . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Borrowed greatly from Greeks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But not language not deciphered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rome influenced by Etruscan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Art </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>City-state political structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alphabet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arch & vault </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Burial practices, i.e. Gladiators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Toga, safety pin </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 13. Etruscan Horses
  7. 14. Gold Pennant
  8. 15. Water Jug
  9. 16. Safety Pin
  10. 17. Sarcopogus of Couple
  11. 18. Wooden Inlay Pitcher
  12. 22. Late 4 th c. b.c.e.
  13. 24. <ul><li>R RISE OF ROME </li></ul><ul><li>753 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Romulus & Remus </li></ul><ul><li>Raised by a She wolf </li></ul><ul><li>Romulus will kill Remus </li></ul>
  14. 28. <ul><li>P Peter Paul Rubens – The Rape of the Sabine Women </li></ul>
  15. 29. Roman Republic 509-27 b.c.e. <ul><li>Rome’s expansion into Italian peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Centuries of constant warfare </li></ul><ul><li>Steady population increase </li></ul><ul><li>Home land security – rationale for conquest </li></ul>
  16. 30. Why Rome Successful in Conquering <ul><li>Rome felt it had unique virtues </li></ul><ul><li>Romans subordinated themselves to larger scene </li></ul><ul><li>Romans usually generous with people she conquered </li></ul><ul><li>Success of army </li></ul>
  17. 31. Horatio at the Bridge
  18. 32. King Pyrrhus of Epirus
  19. 34. Pyrrhic Victory <ul><li>“ One more such victory over the Romans and we are utterly undone” </li></ul>
  20. 35. Roman General’s Crown
  21. 41. Tortoise Formation
  22. 42. Tortoise Formation
  23. 43. Roman Roads <ul><ul><li>Eventually 53,000 miles of roads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appian road – 1 st road built c. 300 b.c.e. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signposts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mile markers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Straight, strongly built </li></ul></ul>
  24. 44. The Appian Way
  25. 45. Appian Way
  26. 46. Appian Way
  27. 49. Structure of Roman Government <ul><li>Once Etruscan monarchy overthrown </li></ul><ul><li>Replaced by republican form of govt </li></ul><ul><li>2 Consuls replaced king </li></ul><ul><li>Consuls elected annually by Senate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commanded army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supervised administration of state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Veto power over each other </li></ul></ul>
  28. 50. Way Society Really Worked <ul><li>Clientage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patrons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clients </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Patrons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provided clients with jobs, money, food, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clients provided patrons with support politically </li></ul>
  29. 51. Roman Senate <ul><li>Initially 300 heads of patrician families or clans </li></ul><ul><li>Real power of roman republic </li></ul><ul><li>Advised consuls </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed for life </li></ul><ul><li>Supervised military </li></ul><ul><li>Supervised finances & administration of areas Rome conquered </li></ul>
  30. 53. Reconstructed Roman Senate
  31. 54. Ancient Roman Senator <ul><li>Ancient Roman Senator </li></ul>
  32. 55. Roman Society <ul><li>Rome divided into 2 major groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patricians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy landowners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Senators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 10% of population </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ran law courts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plebeians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rest of society excluding slaves & women </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intermarriage between patricians & plebeians prohibited </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually established own assemblies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tribune, centuriate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 56. Roman Society Slaves 33% Patricians 10% Plebeians 57%
  34. 57. Roman Citizenship <ul><li>Civitas Romanus Sum – I Am A Roman Citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Important Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right To Vote At Rome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right To Be Tried In Rome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only Citizens Allowed To Wear Toga </li></ul></ul>
  35. 58. Rome’s Expansion Beyond Italy <ul><li>Punic Wars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Wars With Phoenicians Or Carthagians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both Sides Wanted Control Of Trade & Mediterranean Sea & Sicily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most Famous Carthagian – Hannibal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Battle Of Cannae 216 B.C.E. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 59. Hannibal
  37. 61. Site of Battle of Cannae
  38. 62. The Battle of Cannae
  39. 65. Battle of Zama
  40. 67. Carthage
  41. 68. Carthage Harbor

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