22. the roman empire (imperial rome) f

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22. the roman empire (imperial rome) f

  1. 1. History 126 Dr. Anita Fisher The Roman Empire
  2. 2. Transformation of Republic to Empire <ul><li>Decline of Roman Farmer </li></ul><ul><li>Rise of Unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of Political & republican morality </li></ul><ul><li>Government structure designed to rule city-state not appropriate for empire </li></ul><ul><li>Famous Romans at this time: Marius c. 155-86 b.c.e., Sulla 138-78 b.c.e. Pompey 106-48 b.c.e., Crassus 115-53 b.c.e., Julius Caesar 100-44 b.c.e. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Changes Made <ul><li>Reorganized army from citizen to professional </li></ul><ul><li>Martial law when needed </li></ul><ul><li>Suppressed piracy & slave revolt </li></ul>
  4. 5. Triumphate
  5. 6. Julius Caesar 100-44 b.c.e.
  6. 8. Vercengetorix
  7. 10. Vercenigetorix surrenders to Caesar   Vercingetorix Surrenders To Ceasar
  8. 12. Crossing of the Rubicon River
  9. 13. Assassination of Julius Caesar
  10. 14. Legacies from Julius Caesar <ul><li>Veni, Vidi, Vici = I came, I saw, I conquered </li></ul><ul><li>Romance languages of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Major cities of Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paris, Rheims, Bordeaux, Cologne, Vienna, Milan, Budapest, Seville, Lisbon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Author of Gallic Wars – his war and victory over the Celts </li></ul><ul><li>Calendar from ancient Egyptians </li></ul><ul><li>Month of July </li></ul>
  11. 15. Roman Empire
  12. 16. Octavian = Caesar Augustus 63 b.c.e. – 14 c.e.
  13. 17. 2 nd Triumphirate <ul><li>Mark Anthony 83 – 30 b.c.e. </li></ul>
  14. 18. Battle of Actium
  15. 21. Caesar Augustus’ Mottos <ul><li>Make Haste Slowly </li></ul><ul><li>The Republic has been Restored </li></ul><ul><li>First Princeps or first citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Augustus or revered one </li></ul><ul><li>His 4 virtues on his golden shield </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clemency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Justice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Piety </li></ul></ul>
  16. 22. Pax Romanus Coins
  17. 24. Livia – Wife of Caesar Augustus
  18. 25. Emperor Tiberius
  19. 26. Emperor Nero & His Mother Agrippina
  20. 27. Emperor Caligula
  21. 28. Emperor Caligula & Horse
  22. 29. Methods Emperors Used <ul><li>Illegal activities </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden arrests </li></ul><ul><li>Exiles </li></ul><ul><li>Political trials </li></ul><ul><li>Assassinations </li></ul>
  23. 30. 5 Good Emperors 96-180 c.e. <ul><li>Nerva </li></ul><ul><li>Trajan </li></ul><ul><li>Hadrian 117-138 </li></ul><ul><li>Antoninus </li></ul><ul><li>Marcus Aurelius </li></ul>
  24. 31. Emperor Trajan Coin
  25. 32. Trajan Forum & Column
  26. 33. Emperor Hadrian
  27. 35. Hadrian ’ s Wall in England
  28. 36. Chedworth Villa - England
  29. 37. Roman Villa
  30. 38. Chedworth Villa Well
  31. 40. Caerleon In Wales
  32. 41. Marcus Aurelius
  33. 42. Emperor Diocletian reform coinage
  34. 43. Constantine – 285-337 c.e.
  35. 44. Milvian Bridge Battle Chi Rho symbol

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