The Roman Empire


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The Roman Empire

  1. 1. The Roman Empire College English 10 Walker
  2. 2. A Brief History <ul><li>The founding of Rome goes back to the very early days of civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>So old, known as 'the eternal city'. </li></ul><ul><li>Romans believed that city was founded in 753 BC. </li></ul><ul><li>Modern historians believe it was 625 BC. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Government <ul><li>Early Rome governed by kings , but after only seven ruled, Romans took power over own city and ruled themselves </li></ul><ul><li>They had a council known as the 'senate' which ruled over them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From this point on note as the 'Roman Republic'. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The word 'Republic' comes from the Latin (the language of the Romans) words ' res publica ' </li></ul><ul><ul><li>meaning 'public matters' or 'matters of state‘ </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Senate <ul><li>Job was to advise the kings </li></ul><ul><li>appointed a consul (head guy), who ruled Rome like a king, but only for one year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wise idea, because the consul ruled carefully and not as a tyrant, for he knew he could be punished by the next consul, once his year was up. </li></ul></ul>A speech in the Roman senate                           
  5. 5. Four Classes of People <ul><li>SLAVES : </li></ul><ul><li>Owned by other people. </li></ul><ul><li>They had no rights at all. </li></ul><ul><li>PLEBIANS : </li></ul><ul><li>They were free people. </li></ul><ul><li>They had little say at all. </li></ul><ul><li>EQUESTRIANS: AKA- 'knights' </li></ul><ul><li>means the “riders” </li></ul><ul><li>They were given a horse to ride if they were called to fight for Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Had to be rich. </li></ul><ul><li>NOBLES: </li></ul><ul><li>called “patricians” </li></ul><ul><li>All the real power in Rome lay here </li></ul>
  6. 6. Julius Caesar Facts <ul><li>Rome's most famous citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Roman politician and general </li></ul><ul><li>conquered the vast territory of the Gauls to the north of his province in France </li></ul><ul><li>In the year 49 BC crossed the river between his province and Italy, called the river Rubicon, and conquered Rome itself which he then ruled as a dictator. </li></ul><ul><li>His military campaigns also took him to Egypt where he met the famous Cleopatra. His life was ended as he was infamously murdered in the senate in Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>A month of the year is still named after him and his heirs today, July (after Julius Caesar) </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare wrote a famous play called Julius Caesar about his famous murder (yes- we’ll be reading this!) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Map of Ancient Rome Colosseum Circus Maximus Forum of Julius Caesar
  8. 8. Colosseum <ul><li>The Colosseum was begun by Vespasian was finished by Titus in AD 80. </li></ul><ul><li>could contain an audience of between 45'000 and 50'000 spectators. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Colosseum : The arena area today – as seen from the second level up over the present main entrance
  10. 10. Circus Maximus <ul><li>very ancient origin </li></ul><ul><li>Its basic facilities appear to date back as far as 329 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Today nothing really remains but the large space, cleared of any modern buildings in the 1930's </li></ul><ul><li>once was filled by the massive structure which housed as many as 250'000 spectators. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Forum of Julius Caesar <ul><li>Using his booty from conquests of Gaul, Caesar built the Forum Julium </li></ul><ul><li>undoubtedly Caesar's grand reply to Pompey's theatre, and supplied entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>begun in 51 BC and completed in 46 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Once contained not merely a statue of the goddess Venus, but so too of Julius Caesar and his Egyptian lover Queen Cleopatra. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Census <ul><li>Every five years , each male Roman citizen had to register in Rome for the census. </li></ul><ul><li>he had to declare his family, wife, children, slaves and riches. </li></ul><ul><li>Should he fail to do this, his possessions would be confiscated and he would be sold into slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout the entire republican era, registration in the census was the only way that a Roman could ensure that his identity and status as a citizen were recognized. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Scribes and Censors <ul><li>Scribes = responsible to compile the list from the census </li></ul><ul><li>Censors = responsible to scrutinize each man, evaluate his riches and his rank and placing him in his rightful place within the civic hierarchy of Rome (four classes). </li></ul>
  14. 14. Roman Dress <ul><li>clothes needed to be simple </li></ul><ul><li>only one type of material: Wool, linen was available at times </li></ul>Toga                      Stola and Palla                         Stola and Palla                        Priest's Toga                          The Palla Cloak                      
  15. 15. The Toga <ul><li>The standard dress worn by Roman citizens was the toga for men and the stola for women. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basically it was a large blanket, draped over the body, leaving one arm free. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>anyone who didn't want to be seen as a slave or a workman in Rome had to be seen in a toga </li></ul>
  16. 16. What was the women’s role? <ul><li>Note this quote from the ancient Cicero: </li></ul><ul><li>' Our ancestors, in their wisdom, considered that all women, because of their innate weakness, should be under the control of guardians. ‘ </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothesize the role of women in pairs. </li></ul><ul><li>How did their role differ from a man’s? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Sources: <ul><li> </li></ul>