21. advent of christianity f

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21. advent of christianity f

  1. 1. Advent of Christianity History 126 Dr. Anita Fisher
  2. 2. Dates For Jesus Christ <ul><li>Range from 12 b.c.e. to 35 c.e. </li></ul><ul><li>Most now say 4 or 5 b.c.e. birth </li></ul><ul><li>Death dates 29 or 30 c.e. </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Bethlehem – but which one? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Palestine In the Time of Christ
  4. 4. Nativity scene from 13th c. Armenian Manuscript
  5. 5. Madonna and Child 3rd c. catacomb in Priscilla
  6. 7. A representation of Jesus as the sun-god Helios / Sol Invictus riding in his chariot. Mosaic of the 3rd century on the Vatican grottoes under St. Peter's
  7. 8. Christ shows him as a shepherd dressed in a Roman tunic
  8. 9. Christ and the Apostles from catacombs of Rome
  9. 10. Christ as Good Shepherd
  10. 11. Listed as early Last Supper
  11. 12. Late 4 th c. image of Jesus <ul><li>Mural painting from the catacomb of Commodilla . One of the first bearded images of Jesus, late 4th century . </li></ul>The Good Shepherd , a common image, probably not intended as a portrait of the historical Jesus. Ceiling of S. Callisto catacomb, mid 3rd century .                  A representation of Jesus as the sun-god Helios / Sol Invictus riding in his chariot. Mosaic of the 3rd century on the Vatican grottoes under St. Peter's Basilica .                  Mural painting from the catacomb of Commodilla . One of the first bearded images of Jesus, late 4th century .                    Jesus depicted on an early 8th-century Byzantine coin. After the Byzantine iconoclasm all coins had Christ on them
  12. 13. Capurnaum Sea of Galiee
  13. 14. Kafr Kanna where Jesus turned water into wine
  14. 15. Jericho - the Mount of Temptation
  15. 16. Jerusalem - The Mount of Olives
  16. 17. Shekels of Silver
  17. 19. Ankle bone with nail of someone who was crucified
  18. 20. Tomb from the time of Jesus
  19. 21. Tomb from the time of Jesus
  20. 22. Garden Tomb in Jerusalem
  21. 23. One of the earliest renditions of Christ and Judas
  22. 25. Jesus’ Messages <ul><li>Salvation </li></ul><ul><li>God’s forgiveness of sinners </li></ul><ul><li>Do unto others as you would hve them do unto you </li></ul><ul><li>All men are brothers </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom of God </li></ul>
  23. 26. St. Paul
  24. 27. Map showing Paul's missionary routes
  25. 28. Artemis’ Temple at Ephesus
  26. 29. Goddess Artemis
  27. 32. Anita inside Mamertime Prison In Rome
  28. 33. Mamertime Prison in Rome
  29. 34. Thecla
  30. 35. Iconium
  31. 36. Thecla’s Shrine
  32. 37. Woman in local dress in Bethelham
  33. 38. Paul, Mary & Peter
  34. 39. Oldest complete copy of New Testament
  35. 40. Ancient papyrus fragment containing a part of the Gospel of St. Matthew
  36. 41. Nero veiled as a priest
  37. 42. Stephen's Gate in Jerusalem
  38. 43. St. Stephen's relics
  39. 44. Catacombs in Rome
  40. 45. Catacombs in Rome
  41. 46. Catacombs in Rome
  42. 48. Emperor Constantine
  43. 49. Constantine’s Contributes to Christianity <ul><li>Council of Nicaea – 325 </li></ul><ul><li>Nicaean Creed </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth of Pagan temples, etc. to Christian churches </li></ul><ul><li>Legalizing Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Mother Helena’s contributions </li></ul>
  44. 50. Structure of the Church <ul><li>Priests </li></ul><ul><li>Deacons and Deaconesses </li></ul><ul><li>Bishops </li></ul><ul><li>Archbishops </li></ul><ul><li>Patriarchs </li></ul><ul><li>Pope = Pontifex Maximus </li></ul>
  45. 51. Social Services of the Church <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Lodging </li></ul>
  46. 52. Different Versions of Scriptures <ul><li>Apocryphal </li></ul><ul><li>Lost Books of the Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Coptic </li></ul><ul><li>Vulgate </li></ul><ul><li>Nag Hammadi </li></ul><ul><li>Samaritan </li></ul><ul><li>King James </li></ul><ul><li>Pseudoepigraphy </li></ul><ul><li>Revised Standard </li></ul><ul><li>New Revised Standard </li></ul><ul><li>New Application Bible </li></ul>
  47. 53. Different Christian “Heresies” <ul><li>Gnosticism </li></ul><ul><li>Donatism </li></ul><ul><li>Pelagianism </li></ul><ul><li>Arianism </li></ul>
  48. 54. St. Nicholas striking Bishop Arius
  49. 55. Egyptian Coptic Church

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