Rome is the Capital of Italy
Founded: 753 b.c.;
Which is known, as "Roma" this name is
believed that have come from the city's
founder and first king Romulus.
From the Greek word ῤώμη (rhōmē),
which means strength.
Roman culture is a combination of
“Romans and Greeks cultures.”
About 96 percent of the population of Italy
is Italian, though there are many other
ethnicities that live in this country.
Ethnic Composition: Italian; German,
French, Slovenes, Albanian-Italians,
The official language of the country is
Italian (official) 94%; Sardinian, Ladino,
Friaul, German, French, Sloven
The major religion in Italy is Roman
90% describes themselves as Catholics
And the other 10% is composed of
Protestant, Jewish and a growing Muslim
Raised their children at
expected to learn and
Father was chief figure in
Decided whether to teach
them, hire a teacher, or send to
Teachers were often Greek
Education in Italy is compulsory from 6 to 16 years
of age and is divided into five stages:
kindergarten (scuola dell'infanzia)
primary school (scuola primaria or scuola elementare),
lower secondary school
(scuola secondaria di primo grado or scuola media)
upper secondary school (scuola secondaria di secondo
grado,scuola superiore or liceo)
The family is the backbone of Italian society.
Officially, the father is the authority figure in the
family, although mothers have great power.
Many aspects of Italian family life have been
influenced by the Catholic Church,
Roman Arts and Literature
The Romans spread Greco-Roman
Arts and Culture throughout the Empire
Developed a taste for Greek statues
Sculptures produced more realistic works.
Painters painted portraits and landscapes on walls
Drama was the start of Roman
Literature and encompassed
Comedies and Tragedies.
Prose, the Annals
Marcus Tullius Cicero
Virgil was the most distinguished poet of age.
Horace- another prominent poet who wrote Satires
Livy wrote prose and was famous for his 142 books
including History of Rome.
Francisco Accorso Accursius
Saint Ambrose (340–397)
Is traditionally ranked as one of Rome's greatest poets.
His Aeneid has been considered the national epic of
ancient Rome from the time of its composition to the
Virgil's work has had wide and deep influence on
Western literature, most notably Dante's Divine Comedy,
in which Virgil appears as Dante's guide through hell
The myth of Aeneas, Greek in origin, had to be
reconciled with the Italian myth of Romulus and
Remus, who, taken as historical figures, would have
been born around 771 BC.
Romulus and Remus were twin brothers who were
rescued by a she-wolf after being abandoned on the
banks of the Tiber River on the orders of a wicked
king, Amulius. Years later, Romulus killed his
brother Remus during an argument, and went on to
found the city of Rome.
The setting of the story is in the kingdom of Rome.
Romulus – twin brother of Remus.
Remus – twin brother of Romulus.
Mars – God of war. Father of the twin brothers.
Rhea Silvia – mother of the twin brothers.
Nimitor – King of Alba Longa.
Amulius – brother of Nimitor and the protagonist in
the story. Has a flat character in the story.
A moment of patience in a moment of anger saves
you a hundred moments of regret.
Impact to their Society
The Romans believed their great city was founded
in violence, blood, and victory. That tale is told in
the story of Romulus and Remus.
Basically it gave the Romans a reason to believe
they were better than everyone else.