15. hellenistic culture (greeks #5) f

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15. hellenistic culture (greeks #5) f

  1. 1. Hellenistic Culture History 126 Dr. Anita Fisher
  2. 2. Philip of Macedon <ul><li>Gradual dominance in Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Father of Alexander The Great </li></ul><ul><li>Husband of Olympias </li></ul>
  3. 5. Olympias
  4. 7. Alexander the Great
  5. 8. Alexander’s Characteristics <ul><li>Physically attractive </li></ul><ul><li>Physicially fit </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectually gifted </li></ul><ul><li>Charistmatic leader </li></ul><ul><li>Brilliant general </li></ul>
  6. 9. Alexander’s Conquests & Achievements <ul><li>Never lost a battle </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Issus – most famous </li></ul><ul><li>Founded over 70 cities </li></ul><ul><li>Created enomous empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 continents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 2 million square miles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Area united by common Greek language & culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Called Hellenistic </li></ul></ul>
  7. 10. Battle of Issus
  8. 11. Alexander & Bucephalas
  9. 12. Alexander & Horse Bucephalas
  10. 14. Alexander & His Followers
  11. 15. Nectanebo – 380 b.c.e. 30 th Dynasty
  12. 16. Sarcophagus of Nectanebo
  13. 17. Philae Temple to Isis
  14. 18. Egypt during the Ptolemies 323-30 b.c.e.
  15. 20. City of Alexandria <ul><li>1 st Egyptian sea port </li></ul><ul><li>Within 11 yrs largest & richest city in world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population – 1 million </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Library & university – greatest glory </li></ul>
  16. 21. Library at Alexander
  17. 22. Library at Alexandria
  18. 23. Pharos Reconstruction
  19. 24. Pharos lighthouse at Alexandria
  20. 25. Alexandria Obelisk now in New York Central Park
  21. 26. Map – Post Alexander
  22. 27. Edfu Temple
  23. 28. Edfu Temple
  24. 29. Dendera Temple to Hathor
  25. 30. Birth House at Dendera
  26. 31. Circular Zodiac at Dendera
  27. 32. Dendera
  28. 33. Esna Temple to Horus
  29. 34. Cleopatra VII
  30. 35. Caesar Augustus
  31. 36. Roman Rule of Egypt
  32. 37. Holy Family’s Trek to Egypt
  33. 38. Apostle Mark
  34. 39. Coptic Church
  35. 40. Al-muallaqa = Hanging Church = Coptic Church
  36. 41. Roman Amphitheater at Alexandria
  37. 42. Successor States to Alexander <ul><li>Ptolemic Dynasty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled Great Egypt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lasted Until 30 B.C.E. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Last One – Cleopatra Vii </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Seleucid Dynasty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled Northern Syria & Old Persian Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Antigonid Dynasty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled Greek Areas </li></ul></ul>
  38. 43. Hellenistic Religion <ul><li>Movement away from olympic dieties </li></ul><ul><li>To mystery & salvation cults </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost all centered on death & resurrection of god </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>& Promise of personal salvation </li></ul></ul>
  39. 44. Hellenistic Art <ul><li>More dynamic poses </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptable for women in nude </li></ul><ul><li>More realistic scuptures </li></ul><ul><li>Older people, etc. Not just ideal body type </li></ul>
  40. 45. Winged Victory at Samothrace
  41. 46. Dying Gaul
  42. 47. Old Woman
  43. 48. Laocoon & His Sons
  44. 49. Venus De Milo
  45. 50. Hellenistic Philosophy <ul><li>4 Major Schools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skeptics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cynics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diogenes - Most Famous </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stoics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zeno – Founder of Stoicism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Epicureans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Epicurus - Founder </li></ul></ul></ul>
  46. 51. Skeptic Philosophy <ul><li>Pyrrho of Elis </li></ul><ul><li>The Father of Skepticism </li></ul>
  47. 52. Cynic Philosophy Diogenes The Father of Cynicism
  48. 53. Diogenes
  49. 54. Stoic Philosophy Zeno The Father of Stoicism
  50. 55. Epicurean Philosophy Epicurus The Father of Epicurean ism

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