0
MUSEUM IN A DAY
      Building a Museum Website in 12 Hours




DISH 2009   11am – 1pm, Dec 10   museuminaday.com/slides
The Benefits of Doing Things Differently




DISH 2009   11am – 1pm, Dec 10   museuminaday.com/slides
Introduction:
 Who We Are
Mike Ellis
electronicmuseum.org.uk
Dan Zambonini
www.boxuk.com
And you are…?
What We’re Going To Talk
         About
What We’re Going To Talk
           About
• The Wider Context
• The Relevance of Museums in This
  Context
  – Where We Ar...
Wider Context (1 of 2):
Where/Who is everyone?
Acquisitions: $billions
.com registered: 11m
http://pewinternet.org
http://pewinternet.org
Most Popular Sites (US)
  1.    Google           11.   Craigslist
  2.    Facebook         12.   MSN
  3.    Yahoo!       ...
simplyrecipes.com
• Unique visitors (per month)
  – 1,387,000


• RSS subscribers
  – 1,464,000



(Sources: compete.com,
...
What about other bits off-
           site?
• over 40% of all Salesforce.com traffic is
  via their API
• $490m (28%) of A...
Platform vs




http://web2.socialcomputingjournal.com/the_growth_of_open_apis_more_evidence_that_web_services_dri.htm
Q: Where/Who are
   your audience?

                19
Wider Context (2 of 2):
  What is changing?
Mobile
Mobile
Mobile
Mobile
Mobile
Mobile
Mobile
Mobile
Mobile
Mobile
Mobile
Digital content: less perceived
             value
        volume of
        free content
                       availabil...
Digital content: less perceived
             value
        volume of
        free content
                       availabil...
Web Dependence
connection speed


            connection ubiquity




                          time
Web Dependence

           value of web apps


                        reliance on web apps



(Digital services: more per...
Data Overload
Data Overload
Invisible Infrastructure
infrastructure cost   accessible computing power




                                   Chrome OS...
More, Smaller Companies
More, Smaller Companies
Possible Implications for
          Museums
• Lower digital content value + less big
  business = less image licensing



...
Possible Implications for
          Museums
• More small business = more competition




         Your audience is a mass ...
Context/Where People Are
          (Summary)
• Everywhere but our websites
  – Social Networks, RSS, Mobile, Blogs,
    Co...
Q: What changes are
    you noticing?

Q: What implications
do these changes have?
                    31
The Relevance of
        Museums:
Where are museums online?
National museums make up 8 of the 10 top
  visitor attractions in Britain
	 (Source: http://tinyurl.com/mus-vis-num)

	 Mo...
2007: 20% of homepage clicks on ‘visiting’
(Source: http://www.archimuse.com/mw2007/papers/haynes/haynes.html)



2009:   ...
Collections! Collections! Collections!




                             2.5 – 15% Visitors



   £25,000 - £100,000 to put...
Where Museums Are
          (Summary)
• Physical museum more popular than
  website
• Websites largely similar to 10 years...
Q: What is the purpose
  of museum websites?

 to advertise the physical experience?
     to educate / provide content?
  ...
Where We Could Be
• Offering a relevant service…

• in the relevant location…

• at a relevant “cost”.
Service           Location             Cost
Provide Access    In-Museum            Free
Provide Content   Touring Exhibiti...
= Museum As A Platform

	 Museums should facilitate, encourage
  and support the self-organisation of
  the niche communit...
Why We Should Be There
• More future-proof
• Size of Audience (Traffic)
• Easier (stuff is already there..)
• Cheaper
• Mo...
What The New Museum
          Looks Like
• Museum As A Platform
  – Content / Collections / Community
• Case Studies
  – B...
Brooklyn museum: truly social
                media




http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/community/blogosphere
Launchball: not museumy
V&A: the tile game
We > Me
• From a Me-seum to a You-seum
• The Powerful Stories are from Real
  People
Where We Should Be (Summary)
• Where Everyone Else Is
• Servicing Our Communities
• The Museum Should Be A Platform
Q: What is a platform?

   Q: How can we support
        communities?

Q: What successful examples do
        you know of?...
How We Get From Here To
        There
Transition: Not Easy

       Money & Resource
                            Google, Microso$, VC-Funded Apps
              =...
The Mindset
The Traditional Museum
             Project
•   “Big Budget”
•   Long Timescales
•   Many Stakeholders / Funders
•   Archa...
Perfection Is The Enemy Of The
              Good
• museums are built around perfection,
  “knowing”, being “sure”...
• .....
“Fail Quickly”
• the tools today are cheap (free) and
  easy
• try something, see if it works:
  – If it does, great
  – I...
The New Way
•   High Speed, Low Cost
•   Democratisation of Software
•   Usability
•   Easy Standards
•   Cloud / Scaling
...
Freedom
•   API
•   Copyright
•   Distributed Content (RSS, etc)
•   Community: Approach & Trust
•   Tone Of Voice (Devolv...
How We Get There (Summary)
• Just do enough, don’t be a
  perfectionist
• Use high-speed, low cost tools
• Embrace freedom...
Q: What stops us using agile/
       quick solutions?

Q: How can we start using them?

Q: How do you approach failed
    ...
What We Tried To Do:
  Museum In A Day
What We Did
• We endeavoured to build a museum
  website in 12 hours, start to finish
• This time included all planning,
  ...
66
69
70
71
72
73
What We Didn’t Do (Yet)
• The Community Bit
Why We Did It
• Firstly, we’ve both talked a lot about
  how making (museum) websites
  should be easier, and wanted to se...
...so what did we learn..?
• 12 hours isn’t long
• Even when software is good, Technical
  Integration is Always Hard
• Sm...
Practical Ideas
The Three Components of a Museum
             Online



      content               collections




                commun...
Content Management
• Lots of similar choice, how to choose?
• Depends on context and budget
• How we compared for our need...
Collections Management
• Most in-house CM systems let you publish
  to web, but this is usually dire!
• Look for systems t...
Community Management
• There are tools to do this as part of
  big CMS systems..
• But actually this is more about a
  “di...
What about the risks?
• Sustainability
    – archiving
    – reliance on 3rd party services
    – accessibility
•   Author...
Summary
Summary
• Don’t think like a museum
• Users are in other places. Go there.
• Use existing tools and techniques
  where you...
Questions?
Thanks
The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently
The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently
The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently
The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently
The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently
The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently
The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently
The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently
The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently
The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently
The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently
The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently
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The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently

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During October and November 2009, Mike Ellis (Eduserv) and Dan Zambonini (Box UK) built a museum website in 12 hours from beginning to end, under the title "Museum In A Day".

These slides accompany a workshop we delivered at DISH 2009 with the same title (see http://www.dish2009.nl/node/89)

The workshop uses the Museum In A Day project as a means to frame the wider conversation, and looks at where online museums are in terms of audience, traffic and reach, asking:

- How can we do things differently?
- How can we do more with less?
- How can we be where our audiences are?

For an overview of the Museum In A Day project, see http://museuminaday.com/

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  • DZ
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    managers
    curators
    librarians
    designers
    directors
    scholars
    consultants
    educators
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    Museums and galleries have now been digitizing and putting their collections online for well over 10 years. In total, many tens if not hundreds of millions of objects have been placed online, at the total cost of many millions of pounds. Typically, up to about 15% of the total traffic to museum websites will be to these collection pages.
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    Content could be educational, interpretations, blog posts, articles, journals, etc.
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    loosely joined
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    This exhibition closed in 2005.
    Four years later, the interactive is still live and being played
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    moma
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  • Transcript of "The Benefits Of Doing Things Differently"

    1. 1. MUSEUM IN A DAY Building a Museum Website in 12 Hours DISH 2009 11am – 1pm, Dec 10 museuminaday.com/slides
    2. 2. The Benefits of Doing Things Differently DISH 2009 11am – 1pm, Dec 10 museuminaday.com/slides
    3. 3. Introduction: Who We Are
    4. 4. Mike Ellis electronicmuseum.org.uk
    5. 5. Dan Zambonini www.boxuk.com
    6. 6. And you are…?
    7. 7. What We’re Going To Talk About
    8. 8. What We’re Going To Talk About • The Wider Context • The Relevance of Museums in This Context – Where We Are – Where We Could Be • Practical, Real-World Ideas – Including What We Tried: “Museum In a Day” – Issues & Risks
    9. 9. Wider Context (1 of 2): Where/Who is everyone?
    10. 10. Acquisitions: $billions .com registered: 11m
    11. 11. http://pewinternet.org
    12. 12. http://pewinternet.org
    13. 13. Most Popular Sites (US) 1. Google 11. Craigslist 2. Facebook 12. MSN 3. Yahoo! 13. Twitter 4. YouTube 14. Go 5. Myspace 15. AOL 6. Wikipedia 16. ESPN 7. Amazon.com 17. Bing 8. eBay 18. CNN 9. Windows Live 19. LinkedIn 10. Blogger.com 20. Wordpress Search Engine UGC Social Media
    14. 14. simplyrecipes.com • Unique visitors (per month) – 1,387,000 • RSS subscribers – 1,464,000 (Sources: compete.com, ratingburner.com)
    15. 15. What about other bits off- site? • over 40% of all Salesforce.com traffic is via their API • $490m (28%) of Amazon revenue is generated by 3rd party sellers • eBay has around 25,000 developers with over 2,000 certified applications http://blog.programmableweb.com/2006/03/20/how-much-revenue-via-apis/
    16. 16. Platform vs http://web2.socialcomputingjournal.com/the_growth_of_open_apis_more_evidence_that_web_services_dri.htm
    17. 17. Q: Where/Who are your audience? 19
    18. 18. Wider Context (2 of 2): What is changing?
    19. 19. Mobile
    20. 20. Mobile
    21. 21. Mobile
    22. 22. Mobile
    23. 23. Mobile
    24. 24. Mobile
    25. 25. Mobile
    26. 26. Mobile
    27. 27. Mobile
    28. 28. Mobile
    29. 29. Mobile
    30. 30. Digital content: less perceived value volume of free content availability of pirated material time
    31. 31. Digital content: less perceived value volume of free content availability of pirated material value of content time
    32. 32. Web Dependence connection speed connection ubiquity time
    33. 33. Web Dependence value of web apps reliance on web apps (Digital services: more perceived value) time
    34. 34. Data Overload
    35. 35. Data Overload
    36. 36. Invisible Infrastructure infrastructure cost accessible computing power Chrome OS time
    37. 37. More, Smaller Companies
    38. 38. More, Smaller Companies
    39. 39. Possible Implications for Museums • Lower digital content value + less big business = less image licensing • Lower content value + Higher app value + Higher mobile usage = demand/resource shift from content to service provision (museum as platform?)
    40. 40. Possible Implications for Museums • More small business = more competition Your audience is a mass of niche communities, being increasingly better served elsewhere.
    41. 41. Context/Where People Are (Summary) • Everywhere but our websites – Social Networks, RSS, Mobile, Blogs, Communities • And it’s always changing, e.g. – Less value on content, more on services – Many small producers on cheap infrastructure • More competition
    42. 42. Q: What changes are you noticing? Q: What implications do these changes have? 31
    43. 43. The Relevance of Museums: Where are museums online?
    44. 44. National museums make up 8 of the 10 top visitor attractions in Britain (Source: http://tinyurl.com/mus-vis-num) Most popular museum website with UK users is the Tate: 1,690th (21,037th in the world) (Source: Alexa) 559th = onemanga.com 749th = xkcd.com 1722nd = brainyquote.com
    45. 45. 2007: 20% of homepage clicks on ‘visiting’ (Source: http://www.archimuse.com/mw2007/papers/haynes/haynes.html) 2009: @zambonini Thurs 29th Oct, Ormeau Baths Gallery Belfast. @zambonini a couple of us visited Checked on site with phone @swanseamuseum in the summer, beforehand to find closing time checked out opening times on website first : ) @zambonini Generally visit museum site prior to a real-life visit. See @zambonini bogota museum of gold. what's on, book etc 3 weeks ago. Website before we went to check directions and opening times @zambonini Serpentine a couple of weeks ago for the Koons exhibit. @zambonini I went to the Reina Visited the website beforehand for Sophia in Madrid on Sunday; I used details. the National Maritime Museum's website a few months ago for opening @zambonini about 6 months ago times. and ditto (to get directions to it)
    46. 46. Collections! Collections! Collections! 2.5 – 15% Visitors £25,000 - £100,000 to put collections online
    47. 47. Where Museums Are (Summary) • Physical museum more popular than website • Websites largely similar to 10 years ago • Collections online, but...
    48. 48. Q: What is the purpose of museum websites? to advertise the physical experience? to educate / provide content? to generate revenue? 40
    49. 49. Where We Could Be
    50. 50. • Offering a relevant service… • in the relevant location… • at a relevant “cost”.
    51. 51. Service Location Cost Provide Access In-Museum Free Provide Content Touring Exhibition At Cost Provide Data Outreach Provide Media Little Time Main Website Substantial Time Group Website ? RSS Facebook YouTube Twitter Mobile
    52. 52. = Museum As A Platform Museums should facilitate, encourage and support the self-organisation of the niche communities that they inherently represent. By demographic, interest, locality.
    53. 53. Why We Should Be There • More future-proof • Size of Audience (Traffic) • Easier (stuff is already there..) • Cheaper • More Effective (audiences are already there) • More engaged audiences
    54. 54. What The New Museum Looks Like • Museum As A Platform – Content / Collections / Community • Case Studies – Brooklyn – Launchball – V&A Design a Tile
    55. 55. Brooklyn museum: truly social media http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/community/blogosphere
    56. 56. Launchball: not museumy
    57. 57. V&A: the tile game
    58. 58. We > Me • From a Me-seum to a You-seum • The Powerful Stories are from Real People
    59. 59. Where We Should Be (Summary) • Where Everyone Else Is • Servicing Our Communities • The Museum Should Be A Platform
    60. 60. Q: What is a platform? Q: How can we support communities? Q: What successful examples do you know of? 52
    61. 61. How We Get From Here To There
    62. 62. Transition: Not Easy Money & Resource Google, Microso$, VC-Funded Apps = Freedom A Little Money & Resource Museums & Ga#eries = Limbo No Money & Resource Kids in Bedrooms, Bootstrapped = Freedom Ideas, Side Projects
    63. 63. The Mindset
    64. 64. The Traditional Museum Project • “Big Budget” • Long Timescales • Many Stakeholders / Funders • Archaic Software • Copyright and Restrictions • Anti-User Centred
    65. 65. Perfection Is The Enemy Of The Good • museums are built around perfection, “knowing”, being “sure”... • ..but....“we didn’t need Einstein to put Armstrong on the moon”
    66. 66. “Fail Quickly” • the tools today are cheap (free) and easy • try something, see if it works: – If it does, great – It it doesn’t, adapt it or kill it and move on • this “Darwinian” approach is very powerful
    67. 67. The New Way • High Speed, Low Cost • Democratisation of Software • Usability • Easy Standards • Cloud / Scaling • “boltability”
    68. 68. Freedom • API • Copyright • Distributed Content (RSS, etc) • Community: Approach & Trust • Tone Of Voice (Devolved Authority)
    69. 69. How We Get There (Summary) • Just do enough, don’t be a perfectionist • Use high-speed, low cost tools • Embrace freedom and facilitate freedom • It’s OK to be wrong, but get there quickly
    70. 70. Q: What stops us using agile/ quick solutions? Q: How can we start using them? Q: How do you approach failed projects? 63
    71. 71. What We Tried To Do: Museum In A Day
    72. 72. What We Did • We endeavoured to build a museum website in 12 hours, start to finish • This time included all planning, technical and design build and content writing / migration • Read more at http:// museuminaday.com
    73. 73. 66
    74. 74. 69
    75. 75. 70
    76. 76. 71
    77. 77. 72
    78. 78. 73
    79. 79. What We Didn’t Do (Yet) • The Community Bit
    80. 80. Why We Did It • Firstly, we’ve both talked a lot about how making (museum) websites should be easier, and wanted to see what we could do in reality • Secondly, we have documented (and will continue to document) the project so that others can benefit from what we learnt...
    81. 81. ...so what did we learn..? • 12 hours isn’t long • Even when software is good, Technical Integration is Always Hard • Small details can take a long time • Sustainability takes longer • In 12 hours, we only managed 2 out of 3 parts of ‘the new museum’ (no community)
    82. 82. Practical Ideas
    83. 83. The Three Components of a Museum Online content collections community
    84. 84. Content Management • Lots of similar choice, how to choose? • Depends on context and budget • How we compared for our needs • Core requirements (editor usability, scalability, support, data lock-in/ standards, tech) • Wordpress
    85. 85. Collections Management • Most in-house CM systems let you publish to web, but this is usually dire! • Look for systems that have standard outputs: – RESTful API – Feeds (RSS, etc) or even CSV! • Omeka is a great example: – good documentation – ease of use – feeds and API – a developing platform
    86. 86. Community Management • There are tools to do this as part of big CMS systems.. • But actually this is more about a “distributed model”: – Google keyword alerts – RSS feeds – Monitoring Twitter – Finding the confidence and voice to respond
    87. 87. What about the risks? • Sustainability – archiving – reliance on 3rd party services – accessibility • Authority • Lack of control • The Patriot Act! • But...what about the risks of not...?
    88. 88. Summary
    89. 89. Summary • Don’t think like a museum • Users are in other places. Go there. • Use existing tools and techniques where you can • Experiment • Let your users do the hard work!
    90. 90. Questions?
    91. 91. Thanks
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