30 reconstruction (11)

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30 reconstruction (11)

  1. 1. Reconstruction Putting the Country Back Together
  2. 2. The South <ul><li>Devastated </li></ul><ul><li>Needs infrastructure rebuilt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories, buildings, roads, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Governed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Split into 5 Military Districts </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Lincoln’s Plan <ul><li>Southern Statehood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln’s View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Still a state & could run their own affairs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Radical Republican” View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Territories that have to be readmitted </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Lincoln’s Plan <ul><li>“ Resume” Statehood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens take oath to support the Constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One-tenth the voters in the 1860 Election </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abolish Slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Govt. would be recognized </li></ul>
  5. 6. Radical Republicans <ul><li>Congressional Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to Punish the South for the Civil War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thaddeus Stevens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Punish all Traitors” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles Sumner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smacked around by Preston Brooks before Civil War </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Wade-Davis bill <ul><li>Majority of white men had to swear oath of future loyalty and past purity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Couldn’t have been in Confederate govt. or army </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Write a new Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Would have taken decades. . . </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln refused to sign </li></ul>
  7. 8. Lincoln <ul><li>Assassinated on April 14, 1865 </li></ul>
  8. 9. Ford’s Theatre
  9. 10. A. Lincoln <ul><li>Goes to Ford’s Theatre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Five days after Lee Surrenders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shot & Fatally injured </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Wilkes Booth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Captured & killed - April 26 </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. John Wilkes Booth
  11. 12. Box at Theatre
  12. 14. Abe’s Hat
  13. 17. The Peterson House
  14. 19. Escape Route
  15. 20. Garrett House
  16. 21. Funeral Procession
  17. 22. Conspiracy <ul><li>Other Conspirators were arrested </li></ul><ul><li>4 Sentenced to death </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mary Surratt, Lewis Powell, George Atzerodt, David Harold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hanged </li></ul></ul>
  18. 28. Who’s President? <ul><li>Andrew Johnson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tennessee Democrat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fought against Congress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reconstruction redefined </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impeached </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Violating Tenure of Office Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convicted? </li></ul></ul>
  19. 29. Reconstruction <ul><li>Slowly the Southern states began to come back into the union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nullify secession documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create new state governments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freed slaves began to vote </li></ul>
  20. 31. Election of 1868 <ul><li>Republicans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Horatio Seymour </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grant Wins </li></ul>
  21. 32. President Grant <ul><li>No political experience </li></ul><ul><li>Incredibly corrupt administration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cabinet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However, he wins a second term in 1872 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War Hero </li></ul></ul>
  22. 33. Election of 1876 <ul><li>Republicans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rutherford B. Hayes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Samuel J. Tilden </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disputed Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Election thrown into the House of Representatives </li></ul></ul>
  23. 34. Compromise of 1877 <ul><li>Democrats control the House </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They want something if Hayes (the Republican) is elected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>End of military districts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Southerners in Cabinet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Essentially – the end of Reconstruction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Do they get it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul></ul>
  24. 35. President Hayes
  25. 36. African-Americans <ul><li>Compromise of 1877 ends their political futures </li></ul><ul><li>White Southerners now can do what they want without Federal government interference </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Return to Conservative Democratic rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poll taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy tests </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ku Klux Klan becomes stronger than ever </li></ul>
  26. 38. Ku Klux Klan <ul><li>Objective? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harass, frighten, intimidate, African-Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To keep them in their “place” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To protect the “honor” of the “White South” </li></ul></ul>
  27. 39. Klan
  28. 44. Outcome of Reconstruction <ul><li>Southerners keep their society from changing too much – Conservative (Democrats) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharecropping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Segregation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plessey v. Ferguson </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disenfranchisement of African-Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No vote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No holding public office </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Worst jobs, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>

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