Medical
Treatment
Video
Wounded

What happened to the wounded?

– Friends cared for them the best they could

Serious Wounds?
– Ambulances later i...
Ambulances
CSA Field
Hospital
Hospitals

Soldiers avoided Field
Hospitals

– High Death Rates
– Southern Death Rates were
Worse
• Fewer Medical Supplies
Army Square
Hospital
Harewood Hospital
Douglas Hospital
Chimborazo
Surgeons
Medicines
Most Common
–Alcohol

• Abuse

Blue Mass

–Mercury and Chalk

Quinine
Disease
Dysentery (Chronic Diarrhea)
killed more soldiers than battle
Example
– 3 month case of diarrhea
– Went to hospita...
Disease

Soldier died within 2
weeks of treatment
12th Connecticut
Regiment
–1,000 troops
–Only 600 by first battle
Amputations

Accounted for 75% of all
operations
–Little Sanitation - used
same saw and knife

48Hour Rule
–Twice as succe...
Amputees
Anesthesia
Amputation
Prisons
Prisoner Exchange
Prisoners were exchanged
early in the war
– Point system

Later, Grant stopped the
system

– He could re...
Southern
Andersonville

– By far the Worst of the war
– However, CSA didn’t have
enough food for citizens

• Prisoners wer...
Andersonville
Andersonville

Central Georgia
Commander - Wirz
26 acres enclosed by 15 foot
fence
– Intended to house 10,000
– Housed 32,...
Andersonville

Only one small stream for water
– Drinking, bathing, latrine
– Drought caused disease

Deaths
– 45,000 tota...
No
Man’s
Land
Andersonvill
e
Survivor
Wirz Execution
Elmira

New York
Worst Union Camp

–Unnecessary
–25% death rate
–Twice the second-worst
Union camp
(H)Elmira
Elmira

Commander - Payback for
Andersonville
Rations
– Cut to Bread and Water
– Scurvy and Malnutrition

Southerners sent...
24 civil war medicine and prisons (11)
24 civil war medicine and prisons (11)
24 civil war medicine and prisons (11)
24 civil war medicine and prisons (11)
24 civil war medicine and prisons (11)
24 civil war medicine and prisons (11)
24 civil war medicine and prisons (11)
24 civil war medicine and prisons (11)
24 civil war medicine and prisons (11)
24 civil war medicine and prisons (11)
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24 civil war medicine and prisons (11)

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24 civil war medicine and prisons (11)

  1. 1. Medical Treatment
  2. 2. Video
  3. 3. Wounded What happened to the wounded? – Friends cared for them the best they could Serious Wounds? – Ambulances later in the war – Field hospitals • Initial surgeries – Convalescent Hospitals • Recuperate • Home or back to Unit Death rates were very high – disease the primary killer
  4. 4. Ambulances
  5. 5. CSA Field Hospital
  6. 6. Hospitals Soldiers avoided Field Hospitals – High Death Rates – Southern Death Rates were Worse • Fewer Medical Supplies
  7. 7. Army Square Hospital
  8. 8. Harewood Hospital
  9. 9. Douglas Hospital
  10. 10. Chimborazo
  11. 11. Surgeons
  12. 12. Medicines Most Common –Alcohol • Abuse Blue Mass –Mercury and Chalk Quinine
  13. 13. Disease Dysentery (Chronic Diarrhea) killed more soldiers than battle Example – 3 month case of diarrhea – Went to hospital - lead acetate, opium, sulfuric acid, etc.
  14. 14. Disease Soldier died within 2 weeks of treatment 12th Connecticut Regiment –1,000 troops –Only 600 by first battle
  15. 15. Amputations Accounted for 75% of all operations –Little Sanitation - used same saw and knife 48Hour Rule –Twice as successful
  16. 16. Amputees
  17. 17. Anesthesia
  18. 18. Amputation
  19. 19. Prisons
  20. 20. Prisoner Exchange Prisoners were exchanged early in the war – Point system Later, Grant stopped the system – He could replace men, South couldn’t – Consequences. . . .
  21. 21. Southern Andersonville – By far the Worst of the war – However, CSA didn’t have enough food for citizens • Prisoners were not a priority • Conditions could have been better, however.
  22. 22. Andersonville
  23. 23. Andersonville Central Georgia Commander - Wirz 26 acres enclosed by 15 foot fence – Intended to house 10,000 – Housed 32,000 by 8-1864
  24. 24. Andersonville Only one small stream for water – Drinking, bathing, latrine – Drought caused disease Deaths – 45,000 total confined – 13,000 died
  25. 25. No Man’s Land
  26. 26. Andersonvill e Survivor
  27. 27. Wirz Execution
  28. 28. Elmira New York Worst Union Camp –Unnecessary –25% death rate –Twice the second-worst Union camp
  29. 29. (H)Elmira
  30. 30. Elmira Commander - Payback for Andersonville Rations – Cut to Bread and Water – Scurvy and Malnutrition Southerners sent uniforms and blankets – Union commander burned blankets and clothes sent unless gray

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