Union War Goals <ul><li>Anaconda Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take Richmond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Capital of  CSA <...
 
Taking the Mississippi <ul><li>Ft. Henry & Ft. Donelson </li></ul><ul><li>US Commander in West – U.S. Grant </li></ul><ul>...
Forts Henry and Donelson
Henry to Donelson
 
 
Grant at Ft. Donelson
Gunboats
 
Shiloh
Shiloh <ul><li>Commanders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant  USA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Objective - to take Corinth, MS ...
Corinth
Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston
Gen. U.S. Grant USA
Shiloh <ul><li>Rebels  Attack in early morning  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Caught Grant by Surprise </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unio...
Rebels  Attack
 
 
The Hornet’s Nest
 
Shiloh <ul><li>Johnston -  CSA  - is fatally injured </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beauregard takes over </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Un...
 
Pittsburgh Landing
Bloody Pond
Grant at Shiloh
Shiloh <ul><li>April 7, 1862 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Union  Attacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Break the Confederate line </...
 
Casualties
Casualties <ul><li>Why so high? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology had changed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rifling </li><...
Blockade <ul><li>USA wants to keep foreign products out of the South </li></ul><ul><li>CSA want to break blockade </li></u...
CSS Virginia
Monitor v. Virginia <ul><li>Monitor  -  USA </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia  -  CSA  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Merrimac Rebuilt and...
USS Monitor
USS Monitor
Battle <ul><li>March 8, 1862 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia   sinks two Union blockade ships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Da...
 
USS Congress
 
 
 
 
Battle Damage
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21 civil war donelson thru monitor (11)

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21 civil war donelson thru monitor (11)

  1. 2. Union War Goals <ul><li>Anaconda Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take Richmond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Capital of CSA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control Mississippi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cut South in two </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blockade Southern Ports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No foreign help for CSA </li></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 4. Taking the Mississippi <ul><li>Ft. Henry & Ft. Donelson </li></ul><ul><li>US Commander in West – U.S. Grant </li></ul><ul><li>Takes both forts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry was easy (gunboats) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Donelson was more difficult </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High Ground – Gunboat problem </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 5. Forts Henry and Donelson
  4. 6. Henry to Donelson
  5. 9. Grant at Ft. Donelson
  6. 10. Gunboats
  7. 12. Shiloh
  8. 13. Shiloh <ul><li>Commanders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant USA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Objective - to take Corinth, MS – railroad junction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Johnston & Beauregard CSA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>April 6, 1862 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First “ Bloodbath ”’ of the War </li></ul></ul><ul><li>80% of 77,000 involved had never fired their guns in battle </li></ul>
  9. 14. Corinth
  10. 15. Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston
  11. 16. Gen. U.S. Grant USA
  12. 17. Shiloh <ul><li>Rebels Attack in early morning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Caught Grant by Surprise </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Union begin pulling back </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fortify line by Pittsburgh Landing ( video ) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 18. Rebels Attack
  14. 21. The Hornet’s Nest
  15. 23. Shiloh <ul><li>Johnston - CSA - is fatally injured </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beauregard takes over </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Union reinforcements to arrive </li></ul>
  16. 25. Pittsburgh Landing
  17. 26. Bloody Pond
  18. 27. Grant at Shiloh
  19. 28. Shiloh <ul><li>April 7, 1862 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Union Attacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Break the Confederate line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Union Victory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grant is criticized </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many Casualties </li></ul></ul>
  20. 30. Casualties
  21. 31. Casualties <ul><li>Why so high? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology had changed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rifling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tactics had not </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shoulder to shoulder – advancing toward enemy. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 32. Blockade <ul><li>USA wants to keep foreign products out of the South </li></ul><ul><li>CSA want to break blockade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CSS Virginia is the tool </li></ul></ul>
  23. 33. CSS Virginia
  24. 34. Monitor v. Virginia <ul><li>Monitor - USA </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia - CSA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Merrimac Rebuilt and renamed the Virginia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First battle between Iron ships in history of the world </li></ul>
  25. 35. USS Monitor
  26. 36. USS Monitor
  27. 37. Battle <ul><li>March 8, 1862 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia sinks two Union blockade ships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damages a third </li></ul></ul><ul><li>March 9 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor arrives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Battle lasts 5 hours ( video ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No winner (draw) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, the draw is good for the Union, as the blockade remains intact </li></ul></ul>
  28. 39. USS Congress
  29. 44. Battle Damage

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