The Compromise of 1850 California and Slavery
Problem <ul><li>New Territory from Mexican cession </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slave or Free? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Come in...
California <ul><li>Gold Rush </li></ul><ul><li>Jan. 1848 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James Marshall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S...
Sutter’s Mill
 
John Sutter
Gold Rush <ul><li>80,000 people had come by 1849 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than enough for statehood </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Election of 1848 <ul><li>Whigs - Zachary Taylor </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats - Lewis Cass </li></ul><ul><li>Issue? </li></u...
Slavery <ul><li>Cass – Let the people decide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular Sovereignty  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taylor - No...
Election of 1848 <ul><li>Winner? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zachary Taylor </li></ul></ul>
1848
Problem <ul><li>California wants in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free or Slave? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul></u...
Compromise <ul><li>Henry Clay writes another Compromise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Old, ill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stephen ...
Pres. Fillmore
Stephen A. Douglas
Compromise <ul><li>Fillmore supports compromise (Taylor Hadn’t) </li></ul><ul><li>Compromise of 1850 </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Dred Scott v. Sanford <ul><li>Supreme  Court Case </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this man property or a person? </li></ul></ul><...
Fugitive Slave Law <ul><li>Required people to help catch runaway slaves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$1,000 fine, 6 mos. in Jail ...
Fugitive Slave Law <ul><li>Many northerners were against the law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refused to help </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Fugitive Slave Law <ul><li>Resistance angered the South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Upholding their end of Comp. of 1850 </li></...
Compromise of 1850
Compromise <ul><li>Fix Problems? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only temporarily </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conflict over slavery in th...
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18 compromise of 1850 (11)

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18 compromise of 1850 (11)

  1. 1. The Compromise of 1850 California and Slavery
  2. 2. Problem <ul><li>New Territory from Mexican cession </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slave or Free? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Come into the Union in two’s? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Balance of Power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>California messes this up </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gold is discovered </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. California <ul><li>Gold Rush </li></ul><ul><li>Jan. 1848 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James Marshall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sutter’s Mill </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People began to flock to California - ‘49ers </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sutter’s Mill
  5. 6. John Sutter
  6. 7. Gold Rush <ul><li>80,000 people had come by 1849 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than enough for statehood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Free or Slave? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Either way, it would screw up the Balance of Power </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Election of 1848 <ul><li>Whigs - Zachary Taylor </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats - Lewis Cass </li></ul><ul><li>Issue? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery in new Territory </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Slavery <ul><li>Cass – Let the people decide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular Sovereignty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taylor - No Platform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I’m a war hero” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was a slave owner </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Election of 1848 <ul><li>Winner? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zachary Taylor </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. 1848
  11. 12. Problem <ul><li>California wants in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free or Slave? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mess up Balance of 15-15 </li></ul>
  12. 13. Compromise <ul><li>Henry Clay writes another Compromise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Old, ill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stephen A. Douglas does the deal-making </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pres. Taylor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Against the compromise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Millard Fillmore becomes Pres. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Pres. Fillmore
  14. 15. Stephen A. Douglas
  15. 16. Compromise <ul><li>Fillmore supports compromise (Taylor Hadn’t) </li></ul><ul><li>Compromise of 1850 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CA comes in as a free state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular Soverignty in Territories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Slave Trade in D.C. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fugitive Slave Law </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Dred Scott v. Sanford <ul><li>Supreme Court Case </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this man property or a person? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Property – remains a slave </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free – goes free </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do the Southerners have property rights in free states????? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1856 ruling - property </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Fugitive Slave Law <ul><li>Required people to help catch runaway slaves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$1,000 fine, 6 mos. in Jail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No Jury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Testimony </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Fugitive Slave Law <ul><li>Many northerners were against the law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refused to help </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vermont </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Liberty Laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lawyers, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Fugitive Slave Law <ul><li>Resistance angered the South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Upholding their end of Comp. of 1850 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North isn’t </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Compromise of 1850
  21. 22. Compromise <ul><li>Fix Problems? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only temporarily </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conflict over slavery in the western territories ( power struggle – admission of new states) will rear it’s ugly head again soon </li></ul>

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