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R.Kalviik air pollution
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R.Kalviik air pollution Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Rita Kalvik 2011
  • 2.
    • Global effect
      • Greenhouse effect
      • Dissolve of ozone layer
    • Regional effect
      • Environmental acidification
      • Tropospheric ozone
    • Local effect
      • Air quality decrease
  • 3.  
  • 4.
    • Ozone is a colorless odorless gas made of oxygen.
    • Most oxygen in the air is O 2 - two joined oxygen atoms.
    • This is the oxygen that sustains life.
    • Ozone is O 3 - three oxygen atoms joined together.
  • 5.
    • Connections betwe en air pollution and health
    • Main negative influence for health is bronchial tube and cardio-vascular diseases
    PROPORTION OF POPULATION AFFECTED
  • 6.
    • Asthmatics and other people with respiratory problems
    • People with cardio-vascular diseases
    • The aged people
    • Kids
  • 7.
    • Long-term moderately high concentrations of pollutants are even more important than short-term high levels
    • It is found that the limits valid at present ​​ have negative effects on health
    • – European Respiratory Society position Paper for the second reading of the proposed EU directive on air quality (Sept, 2007)
    • – Declaration on need for stricter European Regulation of Air Pollution (ISEE & ISEA, 2006)
    • – WHO Air Quality Guidelines (WHO, 2006)
    • Important thing is particle size and toxicity
  • 8.
    • The WHO estimates that 4,6 million people die each year directly as a result of air pollution
    • According to a survey conducted in 2005 – 310 000 Europeans die due to air pollution in a year
    • In Estonia on the same estimates air pollution causes 400-600 deaths per year and the total cost of it is about 2 billions of kroons
    • Life years lost 1-3
  • 9.
    • Better urban planning
      • Reduce the number of cars
      • Promote public transport and light traffic
    • Avoid activities in polluted areas
    • Be informed of very high pollution level days
  • 10.
    • Production technology control and the different quality requirements
    • A system of environmental permits
    • Taxes for emission of pollutants quantities
    • Emission limits for pollutants
    • Emission limits for radiation and atmospheric aerosols
  • 11.
    • Limit the impact of human activities
    • Use energy more efficiently
    • Use the quality fuel
    • R educe the impact of road transport
    • Use public transportation, bicycle
    • P refer products that do not contain freon
    • Attend in tree planting action
    • C omply the law
  • 12.
    • THANK YOU! 