R.Kalviik air pollution

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R.Kalviik air pollution

  1. 1. Rita Kalvik 2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>Global effect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greenhouse effect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissolve of ozone layer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regional effect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental acidification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tropospheric ozone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local effect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air quality decrease </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Ozone is a colorless odorless gas made of oxygen. </li></ul><ul><li>Most oxygen in the air is O 2 - two joined oxygen atoms. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the oxygen that sustains life. </li></ul><ul><li>Ozone is O 3 - three oxygen atoms joined together. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Connections betwe en air pollution and health </li></ul><ul><li>Main negative influence for health is bronchial tube and cardio-vascular diseases </li></ul>PROPORTION OF POPULATION AFFECTED
  5. 6. <ul><li>Asthmatics and other people with respiratory problems </li></ul><ul><li>People with cardio-vascular diseases </li></ul><ul><li>The aged people </li></ul><ul><li>Kids </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Long-term moderately high concentrations of pollutants are even more important than short-term high levels </li></ul><ul><li>It is found that the limits valid at present ​​ have negative effects on health </li></ul><ul><li>– European Respiratory Society position Paper for the second reading of the proposed EU directive on air quality (Sept, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>– Declaration on need for stricter European Regulation of Air Pollution (ISEE & ISEA, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>– WHO Air Quality Guidelines (WHO, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Important thing is particle size and toxicity </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>The WHO estimates that 4,6 million people die each year directly as a result of air pollution </li></ul><ul><li>According to a survey conducted in 2005 – 310 000 Europeans die due to air pollution in a year </li></ul><ul><li>In Estonia on the same estimates air pollution causes 400-600 deaths per year and the total cost of it is about 2 billions of kroons </li></ul><ul><li>Life years lost 1-3 </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Better urban planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce the number of cars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote public transport and light traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid activities in polluted areas </li></ul><ul><li>Be informed of very high pollution level days </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Production technology control and the different quality requirements </li></ul><ul><li>A system of environmental permits </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes for emission of pollutants quantities </li></ul><ul><li>Emission limits for pollutants </li></ul><ul><li>Emission limits for radiation and atmospheric aerosols </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Limit the impact of human activities </li></ul><ul><li>Use energy more efficiently </li></ul><ul><li>Use the quality fuel </li></ul><ul><li>R educe the impact of road transport </li></ul><ul><li>Use public transportation, bicycle </li></ul><ul><li>P refer products that do not contain freon </li></ul><ul><li>Attend in tree planting action </li></ul><ul><li>C omply the law </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>THANK YOU!  </li></ul>

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