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  • The department of transportation maintains the public way, 23% of the cities land area. So how we go about the business of designing and maintaining projects makes a difference. But how do we, as the conference agenda suggests, design our transportation infrastructure in an “environmentally concious manner where the ability of future generations to meet their own needs is not compromised”. If sustainability is a process or state that can be maintained at a certain level indefinitely, “self sustaining”, Is there such a thing as a self sustaining transportation project, and if so what would it look like and what would it take to make one?
  • Can we make this the image from the UC Davis presentation, it is a great before and after
  • No brainer in the city Chicago Wilderness Plan, project overlays within the plan.
  • So why does all of this matter All of life is contained within the biosphere, the global ecological system integrating all living beings and their relationships, at a minimum 5, 400 meters above sea level to at least 9000 meters below sea level is the equivalent of less than the thickness of a piece of saran rap on a basketball. All of the worlds biomass accounts for 3.7 kg carbon per square metre of the earth’s surface, making a total of about 1900 gigatonnes of carbon. We are pumping 70 million tons of carbon a day into the atmosphere Turning the world into venus We must accommodate growing populations and the inherent iron is that the only way to do this is to challenge the creed of expedential growth, should ADT’s always go up? As David Susaki said, “Nothing within a finite system can grow forever, this is what ecology teaches us. Stedy growth forever is the creed of the cancer cell and economists and the result is the same, death. Test tube example
  • So why does all of this matter All of life is contained within the biosphere, the global ecological system integrating all living beings and their relationships, at a minimum 5, 400 meters above sea level to at least 9000 meters below sea level is the equivalent of less than the thickness of a piece of saran rap on a basketball. All of the worlds biomass accounts for 3.7 kg carbon per square metre of the earth’s surface, making a total of about 1900 gigatonnes of carbon. We are pumping 70 million tons of carbon a day into the atmosphere Turning the world into venus We must accommodate growing populations and the inherent iron is that the only way to do this is to challenge the creed of expedential growth, should ADT’s always go up? As David Susaki said, “Nothing within a finite system can grow forever, this is what ecology teaches us. Stedy growth forever is the creed of the cancer cell and economists and the result is the same, death. Test tube example
  • So why does all of this matter All of life is contained within the biosphere, the global ecological system integrating all living beings and their relationships, at a minimum 5, 400 meters above sea level to at least 9000 meters below sea level is the equivalent of less than the thickness of a piece of saran rap on a basketball. All of the worlds biomass accounts for 3.7 kg carbon per square metre of the earth’s surface, making a total of about 1900 gigatonnes of carbon. We are pumping 70 million tons of carbon a day into the atmosphere Turning the world into venus We must accommodate growing populations and the inherent iron is that the only way to do this is to challenge the creed of expedential growth, should ADT’s always go up? As David Susaki said, “Nothing within a finite system can grow forever, this is what ecology teaches us. Stedy growth forever is the creed of the cancer cell and economists and the result is the same, death. Test tube example

Transcript

  • 1. The Cermak / Blue Island Sustainable Streetscape Sustainable Streets for Chicagoland: Multi-Modal, Multi-Functional, and Totally Fabulous Richard M. Daley, Mayor City of Chicago Janet L. Attarian, AIA, LEED, Project Director Streetscape and Sustainable Design Program
  • 2. Infrastructure and Cities
    • Infrastructure in Poor Condition
    • Direct Effect on Behavior
    • Large Capital Projects with a Long Design Life
    • 50% Population Threshold
    Other Transportation 30% Buildings and Other Energy Uses 61% 9%
  • 3. Chicago Climate Action Plan: Adaptation and Mitigation Source: CCAP
  • 4. Sustainable Urban Design
    • In addition, there are 839 acres of public park space and 53.4 miles of lake and river frontage.
    • City governments are at the forefront of sustainable design, and have an obligation to make cities livable places where people want to live, work and play.
    • Chicago Land Area = 144,593 ac
    • Public Right-of-Way (23%)
  • 5. Complete Streets Policy
    • “ The safety and convenience of all users of the transportation system including pedestrians, bicyclists, transit users, freight, and motor vehicle drivers shall be accommodated and balanced in all types of transportation and development projects and through all phases of a project so that even the most vulnerable – children, elderly, and persons with disabilities – can travel safely within the public right of way.”
    • Mayor’s Pedestrian Advisory Council
    • Pedestrian Plan
    • Mayor Daley’s Safe Routes Ambassadors
    • Pedestrian Crash Analysis
    • CMAQ School and Transit
    • Station Improvement projects
  • 6. How Complete is your Street?
    • Stormwater Management
    • Energy Efficiency
    • Water Efficiency
    • Alternative Transportation
    • Recycling
    • Urban Heat Island
    • Education
    • Beauty and Community
    • Site Selection
    • Air Quality
  • 7. Green Alley Program
    • 1,900 miles of public alleyways in Chicago, the largest of any city in the world.
    • Total of 3,500 acres of impermeable surface, the equivalent area of over 5 Midway Airports.
    • Total: 13,000 Alleys
      • 20% Currently Unimproved
      • 20% in Need of Repairs
    Alley Summary
  • 8. Green Alley Program
  • 9. Green Alley Program
    • Development of Permeable Asphalt and Concrete:
    • Best Practices
    • Material Testing
    • Trial Batches
    • Recycled Content- Slag/GTR
    • The Ground Tire Rubber Solution:
    • Approx 600 tires recycled per alley
    • Solved cohesion problem
  • 10. Green Alley Program – Installation Testing
  • 11. Wider Implementation Permeable Parkways Permeable Ward Yard Permeable Pocket Parks
  • 12. Wider Implementation WPA Street Reconstruction – Permeable Asphalt Parking Lanes
  • 13. Incorporation into Standard Streetscape Designs Devon Avenue Streetscape Construction May 2009
  • 14. Maxwell Street Permeable Market Plaza
  • 15. Maxwell Street Permeable Market Plaza
    • EPA Primary Research Questions
    • Runoff Volume and Rate
    • Surface Water Quality
    • Ground Water Quality
    • Freeze/Thaw Performance
  • 16. Market Plaza: Preliminary Monitoring Results Sept 2008- Feb 2009 1/16/09 (temp in degrees) Air: -7.0 Deep: 38.6 Middle: 34.1 Shallow: 33.4
  • 17. Sustainable Streetscape Demonstration Project The Cermak / Blue Island Streetscape
  • 18. Existing Conditions- Cermak Road
  • 19. Existing Conditions- Blue Island Avenue
  • 20.
    • Stormwater Management
    • 100% diversion from the combined sewer for a two year storm event
      • Pervious pavements
      • Bioswales in bump-outs
      • New planter and street tree designs
      • Bioswale Parkways
  • 21.
    • Energy Efficiency
    • 0% Light pollution into night sky
    • Improve energy performance above baseline streetscape
      • Utilize LED Pedestrian fixtures
      • White Light, Metal Halide Technology
      • Pavement Reflectance / Uniformity
    • Water Efficiency
    • Limit use of potable water for landscape irrigation
      • Recycle stormwater/roof water for irrigation of planters or water feature
  • 22.
    • Alternative Transportation
    • Design facilities for pedestrians and cyclists
    • Improve access to public transportation
    • Provide additional bike parking
    • Recycling
    • Recycle a minimum of 90% construction waste
    • Install total materials which contain a minimum 10% recycled content
  • 23.
    • Urban Heat Island Reduction
    • Increase pavement reflectance of both the roadway and sidewalk
    • Utilize Permeable pavements
    • Increase tree canopy cover
    • Increase landscaped surfaces
  • 24.
    • Education
    • Partnerships with Benito Juarez High School for science and engineering curriculum
    • Education Seminar
    • Self-guided walking tour brochure
    • Informational kiosks/identifiers with interpretive graphics
  • 25.
    • Beauty and Community
    • Human Scale
    • Education
    • Significant elements of life through all major spaces of the project
    • Celebrate culture, history, spirit and place
    • Western Stormwater Plaza
    • Benito Juarez Water Feature
  • 26.
    • Site Selection
    • The Chicago Nature and Wildlife Plan
    • Reuse of existing roadway
    • Acres Habitat
    • 1772 Forest/Woodland
    • 982 Aquatic
    • 535 Wetland
    • 290 Ripirian/Water Edge
    • 170 Prairie/Grassland
    • 36 Savanna
    • 22 Dune
    • 8 Naturalistic Planting
    • 921 Potential Habitat
  • 27.
    • Air Quality
    • Construction Equipment Emissions
      • Biodiesel/ Ultra Low Sulfur Fuels
      • Anti-Idling Policies
    • Local Materials: Sourcing 40% of products within 500 Miles
    • Dust Control
    • Photocatalytic Cements
    Source: OMP
  • 28. Cermak/Blue Island Sustainable Streetscape
  • 29. Cermak/Blue Island Sustainable Streetscape
  • 30. Cermak/Blue Island Sustainable Streetscape
  • 31. Synergies in Roadway Design
    • Energy Efficiency
    • Waste Management
    • Air Quality
    • Site Selection
    • Beauty and Community
    • Urban Heat Island
    • Water Management
    • Water Efficiency
    • Energy Efficiency
    • Waste Management
    • Air Quality
    • Site Selection
    • Beauty and Community
    • Urban Heat Island
    • Water Management
    • Water Efficiency
  • 32. Integrated Infrastructure Design Example: Permeable Pavers in Parking/Bike Lane Bike/ Parking Lane High SRI for Lighting and UHI Stormwater Management Photocatalytic for Air Quality
  • 33.
    • Reduced Pedestrian Crossing Distances
    • Opportunities for Landscaped beautification
    • Best management practice
    • Discourage truck access to residential blocks to the North
    Integrated Infrastructure Design Example: Side Street Pedestrian Bump-Outs
  • 34.
    • Stormwater Management
    • Pedestrian Buffer
    • Landscaped beautification
    • Urban Heat Island Reduction
    • Water quality
    • Reduction in potable water use
    Integrated Infrastructure Design Example: Parkway Bioswale
  • 35. Changing Business as Usual
    • Determining what city standards and requirements may be in conflict with sustainable design concepts
    • Working with city departments and sister agencies to approve construction drawings
    • Working with city departments and utilities to determine unique maintenance responsibilities
    • Outreach to the community in order to communicate unique infrastructure design and maintenance requirements
  • 36. Monitoring
    • Making the case for sustainable design
    • Determining actual maintenance needs
    • Continuous learning and improvement
    • Critical link for turning pilots to programs
    Green Alleys : Permeability, Albedo, Surface Temperature, Strength Maxwell Street Market Permeable Plaza: Partnership with EPA to measure suitability of stormwater BMPs on brownfield sites. Sustainable Streetscape : Monitoring Partnership with MWRD / Essroc
  • 37. Local, National, and International Standards for Sustainable Infrastructure
    • LEED ND as a starting place
    • Sustainable Site Initiative
    • Green Streets “LEED for Roads”
    • Unique needs and potential of Infrastructure
    Need to be based on Industry Standards
  • 38. New Markets and Material Development: Creating Innovation for the Environment
    • Lead by Example
    • Partner with the Private Sector
    • Connect to the Community
    • Design/Contractor/Owner Education
    “ ..green is not about cutting back. It’s about creating a new cornucopia of abundance for the next generation by inventing a whole new industry . It’s about getting our best brains out of hedge funds and into innovations that will not only give us the clean-power industrial assets to preserve our American dream but also give us the technologies that billions of others need to realize their own dreams without destroying the planet.” –Thomas L. Friedman, The New York Times
  • 39. Stimulating New Jobs with Green Infrastructure For every 1.25 Billion spent… Source: FHWA Jobs Decoder New Infrastructure Infrastructure Rehabilitation Green Infrastructure 51,200 jobs 47,000 jobs 43,200 jobs
  • 40. Ending Business as Usual: Responsibility for the Biosphere Janet L. Attarian, AIA LEED | Project Director | [email_address] Streetscape and Sustainable Design Program | 312-744-5900
  • 41.