TYPES OF RIVERFRONT:
Cultural Riverfronts - sense of community, festivity, artistic expression, recreation, commercial bustle.
Environmental Riverfronts - "Design with nature", might include shore stabilization, wetland preservation,
prairie restoration etc.
Historic Riverfronts - "A sense of uniqueness and character" to a place. Provide a special educational
experience by preserving the cultural heritage of place.
Mixed-use Riverfronts - dynamic space containing various activities blended to complement each other.
Recreational Riverfronts - "The place of community gathering". parks, gardens, picnic areas, walking,
cycling and water related activities including boating, fishing, etc.
Residential Riverfronts - Housings, creates opportunities for other activities like retail, recreation,
Working Riverfronts - river-related activity such as fishing, boat repair, etc.
Waterfront- The land alongside a body of water, be it an ocean, lake,
river or stream
Should not be simply considered as a line, but a network of places,
functions, additions and hinges between the coast of cities,
between the port and urban activities.
Any building on the waterfront should boost activity in the public
spaces around it
Creation of jobs- a place to host commercial activities
Source of revenue for government –shops, restaurants, sport activities,
transportation, boating etc
Development of tourism by offering a variety of attractions like water sports,
entertainment arenas, parks, shopping areas, etc.
Economic spin-off’s – rise in the value of properties, acting as a catalyst for
redevelopment and renewal of nearby places.
Habitat protection and restoration -Conservation of water in the river,
Human/Environmental connections, Conservation and development of land,
Conservation of flora and fauna
Maintenance of river bank.
Flood control measures
Provide the general public with an open space for leisure and recreation.
Revitalizing the neighborhood
CREATES A HEALTHY AND ACTIVE URBAN ENVIRONMENT.
•One of the largest coastal cities in North China, with a population of over
•The city is located along the Haihe River which has a history of over six-
The development plan included capabilities for flood control,
navigation, tourism and entertainment.
“Building the river as an economic, landscape and cultural belt with
unique character, and putting forward a great vision of extolling the
river culture and creating Haihe as one of the world’s famous rivers"
fig:Transformation pattern of urban morphology along the Haihe River
MAP OF TIANJIN CITY AND
THE HAIHE RIVER
Three spatial sections
Figure : Three spatial sections along the Haihe
Six thematic objectives
1) present the longstanding
history and culture of the city
2) promote service industries
in the waterfront area
3) identify city features and
images by the river
4) protect the ecological
environment within the area
5) improve access to the
6) develop tourism and
leisure industries along the
Table: Planning intentions of three spatial sections
Redeveloping the riverfront:
•No physical barrier between the water and inland
•Slopes added for people with disabilities
•Old railway station at the riverfront in the city
center reorganised into a transport hub, with better
access to the underground, subway systems and bus
• Old factories and aging residential
• Large parcels of land earmarked for mixed-
use or commercial purposes.
c) Urban fabric
•Dramatically changed after the redevelopment.
•Old low-rise and dense housing units replaced by clusters of high-rise
residential communities with commercial facilities
d) Built form
• visibility, permeability, and
Waterfront is open and visible from a
distance, and with several skyscrapers
becoming new landmarks related to
the riverfront, a new skyline has now
•Swimming, fishing, or
sight-seeing by boat.
• Other non-water-
related, like general
parks or other public
•Planting design for the
achieving a visual effect in
Tian hou temple
Tianjin eye and
yong le bridge
Waterfront development and urban
rehabilitation project located in Hamburg,
Germany on the edge of Elbe river
Revitalizing the downtown and bringing
urban life near the water
Example of how cities with working
waterfronts can still create active public
places without interfering with economic
To protect it from flooding of Elbe river without overbearing the old quay walls
reconnect Hamburg to the river
Achieved by raising the land beyond the quay walls and implementing public space
typologies such as promenades, piers, boulevards, stairs and terraces of different scales that
provide access to the river.
TRANSFORMATION OF THE
RIVERFRONT OVER THE YEARS
Canal area marked by the
longitudinality of the space that visually
opens to the river
Keeping a human scale in relation to the
pedestrians while allowing certain
density in the district.
Aesthetically composed yet highly
efficient buildings in terms of
Revitalization of an old pier on the River Elbe that had been affected during the
war and was abandoned by disuse and deterioration.
Ports once considered as “no-go
areas”, dangerous unsafe zones, and
“facades of ugliness” are now active
development- redeveloping an
urban brownfield. Avoiding the
consumption of previously
undeveloped land, HafenCity
was able to improve the value
and quality of old industrial
sites, replacing contaminated
areas with new soil.
Built among a series of canals,
dikes and quays that for
decades served and still
functions as a center for water
Promenade and parks play a
crucial role. 20% of the
development’s total area
devoted solely to public space
Flood protection and wharf concept in the
HafenCity, where parts of the promenades
can be overflooded (line means 8.30 over zero
Water level: A floating platform running longitudinally parallel to the channel
that provides access to most boats while including gardening items.
“A CHANGING LANDSCAPE ON A HUMAN SCALE, MOVING PARTIALLY
WITH THE FLOODS, BRINGING PEOPLE NEARER TO THE WATER AND
Low Promenade level: Located 4.50 m above
the water, used mostly by pedestrians to
overlook the river from a safe area.
The cantilevers offer coverage and a virtual
channel that emphasizes directionality, while
affording open views.
At the street level. Is located at
7.50 m, separating vehicular
pedestrian traffic. It also
includes playing areas and
Public space exploits the interface between the city and
the water, establishing various levels of contact and
Elbe river floods two or three times a year, and for that
reason the design should provide security for the people
CREATING SPACES THAT ATTRACT
VARIOUS ACTIVITIES !
• Showcase the river’s history
-History plays an important role in shaping a place.
-It gives any place its unique identity.
-It can also be used to educate people about the place.
• Activate the riverfront
-Tourism improves the economic wealth of the city.
• Public accessibility
-Limit obstacles and connect to the river.
-Convenient means for visitors to access the waterfront area.
-Trails, walkways, beaches, along rivers provided.
-There should be multiple entry points to the river so as to
have a successful riverfront with active use.
• Local participation
• Ensure That New Development Fits Within The Community’s
• Bank stabilization
-The accessibility factor along with bank stabilization measures.
• Encourage 24-hour Activity By Limiting Residential Development
• Employ high quality architectural materials and sustainable engineering practices
-By selecting building materials, heights, native plants or landscaping, reusing
disturbed areas and building within the context.
• Engage with the water
-Existing activities like fishing, boating,
repair yards etc. along the river give it a
-Newer development should not totally
take away the existing activities
-Building near water can be hazardous for people.
-With easy accessibility to water there are certain
liabilities like drowning or falling from walkways
with no railing on them.