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Streetscape Connectivityand the Making ofUrban Identity• Nurhikmah Budi HARTANTI• Widjaja MARTOKUSUMO4th Arte-Polis Intern...
IntroductionStreet as the element of urban identity Each city needs identity to be seen as a distinct entity Street is t...
 Urban identity changes due to development & urbanism Streets are products, witnesses & victims of the urban growth Eco...
Streetscapes: definition, character & attribute• Streetscape is the visual representation of three dimensional urbanspace ...
Urban IdentityDefinition:• Urban identity = Place identity (identity of place) in the urbanenvironment• Attributes which p...
DiscussionHistorical Perspective On Bogor Street PatternBefore 1973Botanical garden & de Grootepostweg as orientation of t...
The Street ConnectivityEconomicdevelopmentcreates in-connectivity ofstreetscapecharacters :• Jl. Pajajaran (3segment),• Jl...
Jl. Juanda Jl. Sudirman Jl. A. YaniJl. PajajaranJl. Tajur Jl. KS TubunJl. Suryakencana Jl. Siliwangi
The Making Of Bogor Urban IdentityThe most imageable street:Residents:1. Jl. Pajajaran2. Jl. Suryakencana3. Jl JuandaVisit...
CONCLUSION• Streetscape character will define the urban identity, where adistinct character or perceivable differences of ...
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Streetscape connectivity artepolis presentation revisi

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Streetscape connectivity artepolis presentation revisi

  1. 1. Streetscape Connectivityand the Making ofUrban Identity• Nurhikmah Budi HARTANTI• Widjaja MARTOKUSUMO4th Arte-Polis International ConferenceCREATIVE CONNECTIVITY AND THE MAKING OF PLACELiving Smart by DesignBandung, 5-7 July 2012
  2. 2. IntroductionStreet as the element of urban identity Each city needs identity to be seen as a distinct entity Street is the most influencing element of the urban identity Streetscape is a manifestation of city’s identity, a city’s showcasewhich create the first impression of a city“Streets and their sidewalks, the main public places ofa city, are its most vital organs.Think of a city andwhat comes to mind? Its streets. If a city’s streets lookinteresting, the city looks interesting; if they look dull,the city looks dull.Jane Jacobs, Death and Life of Great American Cities (1961)Allan Jacobs: Great streets are usually iconic streetstempatberlibur.wordpress.comTeachmefinance.compps.org
  3. 3.  Urban identity changes due to development & urbanism Streets are products, witnesses & victims of the urban growth Economic growth vs loss of local charactersProblems of Bogor CityFrom a botanical & resort city built by Dutch Collonial in 18thcentury, named “Buitenzorg” (means “no worry”)Now : Multi-function, tourism & shopping city, with “new”urbanized streetscapes characterProblem Statement:How is the influence of development along the streets in Bogoron streetscape connectivity and the making of urban identity?
  4. 4. Streetscapes: definition, character & attribute• Streetscape is the visual representation of three dimensional urbanspace that span from the building façade of one side to the otherside of the street. It includes of three layers, : the private frontage,the public frontage, and the vehicular lanes (Aurbach, 2005)• The streetscape character generally deals with the appearanceand relationship of the exterior features of a town or element ofthe streets that determine its character (Wibisono, 2001).• Streetscape elements consist of:a. Static system, the physical attributes of street that comprises thebuilding envelope, the open space, the road lane, the streetfurniture, and the green infrastructure.b. Dynamic system, the activities in the street spaces, includingthe movement of people on vehicles or as pedestrians and theiractivities around the building which are connected or oriented tothe street)Building PrivateFrontagePublicFrontageVehicle lane BuildingPrivateFrontagePublicFrontage13232
  5. 5. Urban IdentityDefinition:• Urban identity = Place identity (identity of place) in the urbanenvironment• Attributes which provides place’s individuality or distinction fromother places and serves as the basis for its recognition as aseparable entity (Lynch, 1960)Attributes• Urban identity is a complex interaction of 3 components :1. Physical setting or appearance2. Function or observable activity3. Meaning and symbols• Identity of place is the experience of eye, mind, and intention ofthe observer to the physical appearance of the place (Relph, 1976).• Human being are more likely to recognize distinctiveness oruniqueness of the environment as the attribute of imageability andidentity.• Urban identity is seen from the insider (residents – collective identity,and outsider (visitors – distinctive identity)
  6. 6. DiscussionHistorical Perspective On Bogor Street PatternBefore 1973Botanical garden & de Grootepostweg as orientation of the citygrowth (linear)After Toll Road (1973)The main access & citydevelopment shifted to Jl.Pajajaran - Tajur
  7. 7. The Street ConnectivityEconomicdevelopmentcreates in-connectivity ofstreetscapecharacters :• Jl. Pajajaran (3segment),• Jl. Suryakencana(2 segment)Some old street stillhave maintainedstreetscapeconnectivity :Jl.Jalak Harupat,Jl.Juanda, Jl.
  8. 8. Jl. Juanda Jl. Sudirman Jl. A. YaniJl. PajajaranJl. Tajur Jl. KS TubunJl. Suryakencana Jl. Siliwangi
  9. 9. The Making Of Bogor Urban IdentityThe most imageable street:Residents:1. Jl. Pajajaran2. Jl. Suryakencana3. Jl JuandaVisitors:1. Jl. Pajajaran2. Jl. Juanda3. Jl. SuryakencanaThe most identifiable elements:1. Physical elements: Big trees &Colonial buildings2. Activities : FOs, SpecialityRestaurants, culinary activitiesImageable street & connectivity:• Resident : Strong visual &physical character• Visitor : Traffic & circulationconnectivityResidentsVisitors
  10. 10. CONCLUSION• Streetscape character will define the urban identity, where adistinct character or perceivable differences of the streetenvironment visual arrangement creates a strong imageabilityof the streets.• Streetscape development driven by new economic activitiescreates new characters that resulting in lack of visualconnectivity of the streetscape and will affect the urbanidentity.• The most important physical attribute of Bogor streetscapes arethe big trees and the old colonial building, especially the BogorPalace• The combinations of distinct natural attribute, historicalsignificance, and tourism have strong contribution to the streetimageability to define Bogor urban identity• Streetscape connectivity formed by physical attributes of thestreetscape, functional connectivity created by on going publicactivities, and traffic connectivity determined by accessibilityand legibility, is likely to have a significant contribution increating urban identity.

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