Transit Oriented Development In New Indian Cities

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  • Good concept of TOD.A well planned out city is in the making
    Let the young generation fully utilize this for better productivity and healthy living.
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Transit Oriented Development In New Indian Cities

  1. 1. 11/8/12   Transit Oriented Development 
 in new cities of India ! November, 2012 ! ! ! ! EMBARQ India "Our Challenge"If  we  want  to  achieve  the  2  degree  target  …                      …  we  need  to  limit  per  capita  emission  to  2t  CO2  eqv.  (IPCC  2007).  Transport   460  kg  CO2  per  capita/year   Source:  Bongardt  2010   1  
  2. 2. 11/8/12  Our Challenge"" Urban mode share is not coupled with economic growth" 2  
  3. 3. 11/8/12  1999,  Bogota  Columbia  2009,  Ahmedabad  -­‐  India   6   3  
  4. 4. 11/8/12   Cities  with  BRT/Bus  Corridors25 125 Guanghzhou,  Hefei,  Yancheng,  Zaozhuang -­‐China Jaipur  -­‐ India;  Pelembang,  Gorontalo,  Surakata  -­‐ Indonesia20 Bangkok  -­‐ Thailand;  East   London  Transit  -­‐ UK 100 João  Pessoa  -­‐ Brazil;  Barranquilla,  Bucaramanga  -­‐ Colombia 17 Estado  México  -­‐ México;   Lima  -­‐ Perú;  Brampton  -­‐ Canada 1615 75 13 Bogotá  TransMilenio Los  Angeles   Metrorapid10 50 8 888 Curitiba 7 5 55 4 25 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 11 11 00 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Source:  EMBARQ  BRT/Bus  Corridors  Database,  January,  2011   The “Avoid-Shift-Improve” Strategy" SHIFT   towards  lower   emiVng  modes   of  transport   IMPROVE   AVOID   technological   the  distance  or   and  operaWonal   number  of  trips   efficiency  of   vehicles   BENEFITS   Air  quality,  health,   safety,  climate,   economy,   development,  etc.   4  
  5. 5. 11/8/12   Avoid: Transit Oriented Development" Image  Source:  CTS  Mexico   NON-­‐MOTORISED  TRANSPORT   PUBLIC  TRANSPORT     PUBLIC  SPACES   DENSITY  AND  MIXED  USES   URBAN  FORM   PARKING,  DEMAND  MANAGEMENT  AND  ROAD  SAFETY   PARTICIPATORY  PLANNING    Avoid Strategy: Integration of Transport & Landuse inMaster Plans   Today 2041 Automobility Sustainable  TransportPopulation   (millions) 5.4 13.2 13.2Trips (millions/yr) 5.6 39.75 39.75Area  (Sq.   Km.) 1330 6484 3242Emissions(million  Tons   CO2/yr) 0.33 12.32 1.97Traffic   Fatalities  (per  yr) 175 5,232 1,225 5  
  6. 6. 11/8/12  1.  Hubli-­‐Dharwad|  TOD  along  BRT  Corridor  |  Karnataka  -­‐  India  Hubli-Dharwad BRT Corridor " Dharwad! Navanagar! Hubli! 6  
  7. 7. 11/8/12  Navanagar: Proposed Landuse in Master Plan" STUDY AREA BOUNDARY   BRT BUS STOP KHB LAYOUT GOVT. OFFICES TECH PARK NAVANAGAR TOWN APMC CANCER HOSPITAL AMARGOL VILLAGE PRIVATE PROPERTIES COMMERCIAL AREAS OPEN SPACESTOD Workshop – Discussing Opportunities for Navanagar" 7  
  8. 8. 11/8/12  Promoting public life and social interactions through safeand attractive public spaces" 5.2   Proposed land use zoning  Increase BRT ridership through
Multi-modal Integration and Station Area Design" 8  
  9. 9. 11/8/12   Safe and seamless movement of people through 
 Complete Streets and Mobility Networks"TOD  Principles   ExisTng  SituaTon   Notes    Transit! BRT proposed along Pune- Need for feeder service to increase Bangalore Road! accessibility to & from BRT!NMT! Navanagar has no pedestrian & Continuous barrier free NMT bicycle infrastructure! network with pedestrian priority zones.!Public Spaces! Public spaces allocated in Interconnected public spaces with housing layouts and along the pedestrian walkways & bicycle corridor. ! lanes!Density! Low residential density with Gradation of density proposed.! FAR consumed less than half of permissible limit. !Mixed Use! Single use generally observed. ! Mixed use encouraged. !Demand Management, Very low traffic volumes. ! Utilizing RoW effectively to achieveParking & Road Safety! complete streets. !Participation! No participation.! Arrived at multiple design proposals with multiple stakeholders. ! 9  
  10. 10. 11/8/12   2.  Sector  Design  |Bus  Rapid  Transit  |   Naya  Raipur   Naya Raipur"Naya Raipur would be a planned and designed new city of the 21st centuryto be a focus of socioeconomic and cultural life of the state of Chhattisgarhhaving its role and recognition at national and international levels.!!Important components include: !Modern mass transit system, coupled with a city wide pedestrian corridorlinking all major urban activities.!A visually pleasing cityscape in tune with the aesthetic principles of urbandesign and landscaping, Pedestrian friendly neighbourhoods !Source: NRDA! 10  
  11. 11. 11/8/12  TOD in Naya Raipur" Various parameters of analysis of an existing sector to understand strengths / weaknesses " FSI and densities " Road network and hierarchy" Urban Form " Land use " Open space/ public space" Dwelling unit density " Junction hierarchy " TOD in Naya Raipur" m     800 800 m    EXISTING SECTORAL DIVISION 11  
  12. 12. 11/8/12   TOD in Naya Raipur"LOCATION OF BRT STATION WITH RANGE OF PROXIMITIES TOD in Naya Raipur"LAYING THE PEDESTRIAN GRID AND EXISTING NATURAL FEATURES 12  
  13. 13. 11/8/12   TOD in Naya Raipur"HIGHEST DENSITY CLOSEST TO BRT STATION TOD in Naya Raipur"GRADATION OF DENSITY FROM THE TRANSIT POINT 13  
  14. 14. 11/8/12   TOD in Naya Raipur"GREEN CORRIDOR ALONG NATURAL FEATURES TOD in Naya Raipur"DEMARCATING OPEN SPACE HIERARCHY AS PER NATURAL FEATURES 14  
  15. 15. 11/8/12   TOD in Naya Raipur"DEMARCATING CROSS SPINES WITH THE BUILT EDGE TOD in Naya Raipur"DEMARCATING SECTOR EDGES AND CORNERS WITH MEDIUM DENSITY 15  
  16. 16. 11/8/12   TOD in Naya Raipur"DEMARCATING SECTOR EDGES WITH MEDIUM DENSITY TOD in Naya Raipur"MEDIUM DENSITY RESIDENTIAL TOWARDS THE BRT CORRIDOR 16  
  17. 17. 11/8/12   TOD in Naya Raipur"LOWEST DENSITY RESIDENTIAL AWAY FROM THE BRT CORRIDORNaya Raipur – Comparative Indicators"Original    Design     Proposed    Design     BRT BR   Sto T  S p   top   Criteria " Original Design" Proposed Design " Transit station adjacent density ! 100 ppH! 600 ppH! Transit corridor density ! 300 ppH! 500 ppH! Transit adjacent mixed use ! 20%! 50%! 5 min walk distance to transit stop ! 30% population! 50% population ! Walk trip distance to amenities ! 5 to 10 mins! 2 to 5 mins ! Hierarchy of greens ! Centrally concentrated ! Well distributed ! Natural features and contour conservation! 50% ! 80% ! Population accommodated in sector! 11,000! 15,000! Connectivity across quadrants ! Poor ! Good ! Legibility of urban form ! Poor! Good! 17  
  18. 18. 11/8/12  TOD Principles" Existing Situation" Notes "Transit! Bus Rapid Transit corridor Sector designed to provide direct proposed along Sector .! access to BRT station. !NMT! Poor access to the BRT station. Continuous barrier free pedestrian No physical planning for and bicycle pathways towards BRT transfer to feeders. No special station.! treatment / lanes for bicycles.!Public Spaces! Centrally planned and not Well distributed hierarchy of public evenly distributed.! spaces. Utilize existing natural features and contours. !Density! Density does not correspond Gradation of density proposed. ! with proximity to the BRT corridor. !Mixed Use! Limited mixed use permitted but Suggest type and increase in mixed allocation not specified. ! uses close to the BRT station and along intersectoral roads.!Demand Management, 1.67 ECS per 100sqm. No DCRs assessed andParking & Road Safety! strategy for demand recommendations suggested. management. ! Improve safety through street design. !Participation! No participation. ! Arrived at multiple design proposals with multiple stakeholders.! THE EMBARQ NETWORK" “The  EMBARQ  global  network  catalyses  environmentally  and  financially  sustainable  transport  solu?ons  to  improve   quality  of  life  in  ci?es.”   18  
  19. 19. 11/8/12   Thank you" CiTes  1.  Navanagar, Hubli Dharwad – Transit Station Area Masterplan!2.  Indiranagar, Bangalore – Metro Accessibility! Ahmedabad  3.  MIDC, Mumbai – Improving Naya  Raipur   Quality of Built Environment! Mumbai  4.  Adarsh Palm Retreat, Godrej Garden City - Residential Hubli  -­‐  Dharwad   Townships! Bangalore  5.  Sector 30, Naya Raipur – Greenfield Sector Planning! 19  

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