Ecodesign by G Hauser (Fraunhofer)


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Gerd Hauser (Fraunhofer) presentation at the Ecodesign roundtable organised by Clean Sky at PAris Air Show 2011

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Ecodesign by G Hauser (Fraunhofer)

  1. 1. LCA supporting the future in Aviation andSurface TransportUnderstanding the Companionship and Quantification of EnvironmentalImpacts – The example of Automotive E-MobilityProf. Dr.-Ing. Gerd Hauser© Fraunhofer IBP
  2. 2. Global trends Energy consumption Climate change and resource depletion Globalisation and Increasing mobility Urban sprawl and transportation Informational Demographic society and change new technologies© Fraunhofer IBP
  3. 3. Methodology of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)What is LCA? LCA ?Definition of Life Cycle Assessment (DIN ISO 14040): „Life Cycle Assessment is the compiling and evaluation of the inputs and outputs and the potential environmental impacts of a product system during its lifetime“© Fraunhofer IBP
  4. 4. Life Cycle Assessment (ISO 14040) Resource Consumption (Materials and Energy Carriers), Global Warming, Ozone Depletion, Summer Smog, Acidification, Eutrophication, Human-Toxicity, Eco-Toxicity, Land use ...ImpactAssessment Emissions WastesLife Cycle Output Output Output Output OutputInventory Input Input Input Input Input ResourcesLife Cycle Raw Material Production of Production of Use Phase Recycling,Phases Extraction Intermediates Main Products Recovery, Disposal © Fraunhofer IBP
  5. 5. Life Cycle Assessment Production of Production of Intermediates Parts / ProductRaw Material Extraction Disposal of Recycling of Use of the the Product the Product Product© Fraunhofer IBP
  6. 6. Methodology of LCA – The ISO 14040 and 14044 LCA framework Direct applications: Goal and scope • Product definition development and improvement Interpretation Inventory analysis • Strategic planning • Public policy making Impact assessment • Marketing • Other© Fraunhofer IBP
  7. 7. ELCD database – ILCD-format ILCD International Reference Life Cycle Data System ILCD1.1 format: Documentation and exchange format for the documentation and publication of Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) and Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) data sets; ELCD database: the database behind the ILCD1.1 data format is called ELCD database (as it is up to now dealing with European datasets); an international database is planned. © European Commission - Joint Research Centre - Institute for Environment and Sustainability, 1995-2010© Fraunhofer IBP
  8. 8. Life Cycle Assessment Software GaBi4 GaBi4 Database manager GaBi4 Plan editor GaBi4 Analyst and scenario manager© Fraunhofer IBP
  9. 9. Example: Aeronautics Industry – LCA supportingInnovation and Optimization 3 2 1 8 4 5 6 7© Fraunhofer IBP
  10. 10. LCA in the automotive industry© Fraunhofer IBP
  11. 11. LCA in the automotive industry… ……An Assessment of Complex Systems !© Fraunhofer IBP
  12. 12. Assessment of Complex Systems: Automotive Industry © VW: The Golf, Environmental Recommendation – Detailed Version© Fraunhofer IBP
  13. 13. Environmental Recommendations Concept Profile of the environmental performance over the entire life cycle Point out the improvements in comparison to the predecessor Specific technological highlights related to the environment Requirements of the target groups Reliable: Certification according to ISO 14040/44. Clear and understandable message: Environmental Recommendation Comprehensive and transparent: Background Report © VW: Presentation of S. Krinke, Volkswagen AG, GaBi Symposium, Leinfelden, 2009© Fraunhofer IBP
  14. 14. Environmental Recommendations & CertificatesExamples Volkswagen Mercedes-Benz © VW: The Golf, Environmental Recommendation – Detailed © Mercedes-Benz: Environmental Certificate C-Class Version© Fraunhofer IBP
  15. 15. Example: Environmental Assessment of E-MobilityThe Fraunhofer System Research for Electromobility (FSEM) Fraunhofer Systemforschung Elektromobilität Energy generation and Infrastructures Energie - Schnittstelle Elektr Energiespeicher . Energie - Kreislauf - Interfaces between Power Gird and erzeugung transport nd u -verteilung Stromnetz Fahrzeug – Neue Fahrzeugkonzepte wirtschaftElectric Vehicles, Energy storage New vehicle concepts / infrastructures Utilization- and metering concepts Environmental Assessment© Fraunhofer IBP
  16. 16. Example: Environmental Assessment of E-MobilityResults: Comparison to conventional vehicles (Global Warming Potential) Conventional (compact) (diesel) Conventional (mini) (diesel) Car Platform Inverters and Electronics Conventional (compact) (Gasoline) Motor (PMSM) Battery System Conventional (mini) (Gasoline) Fuel Tank Hybrid (compact, 14kWh); Wind Power Generator Motor (ICE) Hybrid (compact, 14kWh); DE-Mix Conventional Car BEV (compact; 40kWh) ; Wind Power Add. Battery (Maintenance) Power (2010-2021) BEV (compact; 40kWh); DE-Mix Fuel (prod. and Combustion) BEV (mini; 20kWh); Wind Power Wind Power BEV (mini; 20kWh), DE-Mix 0 5.000 10.000 15.000 20.000 25.000 30.000 35.000 40.000 45.000 [kg CO2-Equiv.]© Fraunhofer IBP
  17. 17. Example: Environmental Assessment of E-MobilityResults: City car scenario 2010-2020, high mileage (e.g. car sharing fleet) Global Warming Potential 40 40 Scenario 2010 Scenario 2020 BEV (Mini);DE Powermix 35 35] ] ..v 30 v i 30 BEV (Mini); Wind Poweri uu qq EE -- 25 225 Car diesel <1,4 l2O OC Ct t [[ 20 20 Car petrol <1,4 l 15 15 10 10 5 5 0 0 40.000 80.000 120.000 160.000 0 0 40.000 80.000 120.000 160.000 km km Bandwidth of power generation mix© Fraunhofer IBP
  18. 18. Example: Environmental Assessment of E-MobilitySummary and conclusionRelevant Indicators of E-Mobility Technology mix of power generation Battery system: Technology, dimensioning and lifetime Production of required High-Tech materials Vehicle specific driving profiles and total mileageLCA is a great companion forcomprehensive and reliableassessment of complex systemsand future oriented technologies© Fraunhofer IBP