Sustainable Port Development Global Ports


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Sustainable Port Development Global Ports

  1. 1. Sustainable Port DevelopmentEnvironment and Societal IntegrationGLOBAL PORTS - London 1 December 2011 London,Patrick Verhoeven, Secretary General, ESPO
  2. 2. Content What is a ‘sustainable’ port? p ESPO and environmental port management: EcoPorts Green Guide ESPO and societal integration of ports: Award Code of Practice
  3. 3. What is a sustainable port?
  4. 4. Ports are diverse, so are sustainable ports diverse Source: Viki House / EcoPorts
  5. 5. Management attitude makes a difference … Source: US Environmental Protection Agency
  6. 6. … but so do governance and policy
  7. 7. ESPOFounded in 1993Represents European seaportauthorities (members) ( )Members from EU andneighbouring countriesSecretariat in BrusselsRecognised counterpart of EU g pinstitutionsKey tak
  8. 8. ESPO and the EnvironmentEncouraging p g g ports to be proactive in p p protecting the genvironment by: Preparing recommendations on p g environmental management Drafting guidelines on specific issues (e.g. nature protection) Raising awareness and disseminating information i f ti Accommodating the exchange of good practices
  9. 9. EcoPorts network Network of environmental port managers Developed since 1990s, now full part of ESPO Two main tools: SDM: Self-Diagnosis Method PERS: Port Environmental Review System S o t o e ta e e Syste
  10. 10. What isWh i SDM? A concise checklist .. for periodical self-evaluation of performance self evaluation for identifying environmental risk and establishing priorities No pass or fail exercise Port environmental performance against a European benchmark (100+ database)
  11. 11. SDM sections Environmental policy Organisation and personnel Awareness and training Communication Operational management g yp g Emergency planning Monitoring Review and audit
  12. 12. Using SDM 1. 1 Complete SDM online 2. 2 Achieve “EcoPorts status” (visibility and further access) A hi “E P t t t ” ( i ibilit d f th ) 3. 3 Submit S b it SDM for Analysis f A l i 4. Feedback: Benchmarking / GAP and SWOT Analysis 5. Use Results in Port Environmental Reporting
  13. 13.
  14. 14. New online system / user friendly access36 “EcoPorts” ports 14 countries EcoPorts ports,Very positive trends regarding the ports’ interest
  15. 15. Visibility and credit!
  16. 16. Visibility and credit
  17. 17. Example of SDM feedback
  18. 18. European Benchmark / SWOT analysis
  19. 19. Gap Analysis Compare
  20. 20. Added value - sector
  22. 22. What is PERS? The only port sector specific environmental management standard Developed by ports for ports D l db f Incorporates the ISO 14001 concept
  23. 23. PerformancePort performance in line with ISO 14001CertificationPERS Time IMPLEMENTATION IMPROVEMENT
  24. 24. Implementing PERS1. Environmental policy statement2. Register of environmental aspects and legal requirements3. Documented responsibilities4. Conformity review5. Environment report6. Examples of best practice
  25. 25. Voluntary certification Can be independently certified (2 years validity) 50 European Seaports have introduced the EcoPorts PERS over time
  26. 26. UsersUsers’ feedback - Port of CorkPERS initiated a proccess of creating awareness and of using the creativity of all employees and the top management in finding solutions and reducing costs
  27. 27. ESPO Green Guide Aims Identifying the challenges, highlighting response options, and defining the vision towards continuous improvement of performance Develop a common approach towards responsible action, without losing sight of the diversity of ports, , g g y p , their competences and their abilities Promoting the efforts of Port Authorities and demonstrating the progress achieved by the sector over time Providing g g guidance to p ports in establishing and further g developing their environmental management program
  28. 28. Main principles Pro activeness Pro-activeness / Self regulation Dialogue and cooperation with regulating authorities Sharing knowledge and experiences Continuous environmental improvement through structured approach EMS enables the identification of priorities and then for each priority: setting port specific targets, monitoring progress, independent evaluation, auditing and reviewing on a regular basis Involvement of all relevant port users I l t f ll l t t
  29. 29. Environmental Priorities Source: ESPO / EcoPorts consecutive surveys
  30. 30. Selected environmental priorities Air quality Ai q alit management Energy consumption and climate change Noise management Waste management Water (quality and quantity) management
  31. 31. Approach (1) Rationale – why is the selected issue a priority? Challenges – what are the main challenges for ports? Responsible response options – how can ports respond to those challenges making full use of their competences as landlord, port authority, infrastructure manage service provider or area manager. manager, se ice p o ide o a ea manage Structuring actions into 5 categories: Exemplify, Enable, Encourage, Encourage Engage and Enforce
  32. 32. Approach (2) Exemplify: Ports giving the example to port users by managing their own externalities Enable: Provide infrastructural or operational conditions for port users so that they can improve their environmental performance Encourage: Provide incentives to port users in order to trigger i t i improved environmental performance. d i t l f Engage: Engage with port users and/or competent authorities (public-private p (p p partnerships) in sharing p ) g knowledge and skills towards joint projects targeting environmental improvement. Enforce: Regulate behavior of port users and ensure compliance
  33. 33. Exemplify Investing in low emission and fuel efficient vehicles; Using low emission fuels in operating its fleet Using best available techniques; Investing in innovative demonstration projects (influencing thereby state of the art); ( g y )
  34. 34. Enable Providing the (preparatory) infrastructural facilities to make feasible a cost efficient implementation of shore side electricity facilities (cabling, frequency converters, transformers) by terminal operators. Providing for wind screens and buffering zones to prevent dust dispersion from dry bulk operations and t d t di i f d b lk ti d road traffic.
  35. 35. Encourage Developing a scheme of differentiated p p g port dues and tariffs rewarding the most environment friendly port users or those users that improve their environmental record in substantial ways Introducing grant schemes to support terminal operators and other port users that invest in facilities facilities, equipment and technologies reducing air emissions
  36. 36. Engage Joint knowledge building and information gathering regarding all port-related emissions and their relation to air quality levels. Joint il t J i t pilot projects and f j t d feasibility studies t ibilit t di together with th ith port users, especially in fields and areas of overlapping responsibilities. p Other actions creating a climate of constructive cooperation (e.g. organizing common workshops, signing covenants with target groups)
  37. 37. Enforce Establishing low emission zones, restricting the entrance of vehicles,... Incorporating air related criteria and conditions in tendering procedures and concession agreements, Adopting and imposing regulations based on the use of best available technologies (BAT) e.g. for dry bulk operationsMaking sure that port users comply with air regulations Through target inspection campaigns, Cooperation with (other) competent authorities, deterring sanction regimes ... regimes,
  38. 38. Port‐city relations have changed…Because ports have changed: Industrial revolution > scale increase Industrial revolution=> scale increase Port infrastructure, efficient cargo handling operations  ( (cranes,…) , ) Access channels are deepened Need for more capacity  Need for more capacity => > more space more space 9/11 security measuresBecause cities have changed:Because cities have changed: Obsolete waterfronts have been rediscovered for urban  redevelopment (housing, sports, tourism, heritage,…)  redevelopment (housing, sports, tourism, heritage,…)⇒ struggle for space on the waterfront (high prices)⇒E i Erosion of public support for seaports f bli tf t
  39. 39. What is societal integration of ports?What is societal integration of ports? ‘Societal integration of ports is an essential part of port governance which concerns actions by port authorities that aim to optimise relations between the port and its surrounding societal environment and by focusing on the human factor in ports, i.e. (future) employees, people living in and around port areas and the general public.’ l bl ’
  40. 40. tegration of Portstegration of Ports
  41. 41. Objectives Raise awareness among port authorities about societal integration  Insight in the tools/means to use to get public support Provide guidance, recommendations and inspiration Respond as port sector proactively to the (underestimated)  challenge 
  42. 42. THEMES TARGET GROUP TARGET GROUP AIMGeneral Public Support and  General Public Involve de general public in view of  image improving the image of the port and  getting th tti the public support needed f bli t d d for  operation and expansion of the port Education and labour  (future) employees Impact on the supply side of  the  market labour market and thus attract better educated workers to ports to ports People living in and  Conserve good relations with Port‐city relationship around ports inhabitants in and around port  areas Reconcile good quality of life with attractive business climate
  43. 43. 2. Make the port relevant to different tt diff t target groups i ti related t t C Communication l t d toPort managers’  commercial activitieslanguage g g Communication t C i ti to the general public Media attention Local TV stations Social t S i l networking ki tools
  44. 44. Ten recommendationsGeneral public support and image (1‐4‐)1.1 Measure the image of your portPorts are very different, Need to measure what the image of your port isExemple: Port of Gijon p j AsturiasIndependent poll (2007) Satisfaction Citizens Gijon Contribution of the port Environment E i t Port area
  45. 45. 3. Open up the port: make people experiencewhat port life is all about p Bring people to the port gp p pPort visits:  « Port Safaris » (Hamburg and Amsterdam)Open Port Days:  Hamburg, Helsinki Rotterdam, Flemish Port Day,…O P tDEU Maritime day (20 May) Klaipeda, Helsinki,… Invest in an attractive port areaWalking cycling paths pick‐nick spots restaurants port‐side paths, pick nick spots, restaurants, port side views,… Make the port accessible and secure the port accessible and secureStructural visitors facilitiesLocation for Temporary events Port of Valencia America’s CupL ti f T t f l i i ’ Race, Formula 1 Race
  46. 46. 4. Make the port visible in the cityPort experience/education centres Port experience/education centresFor school children: Antwerp, RotterdamFor public at large: Genoa Port centre (in Port Antico)Towards a European Network (Genoa, Turku, Antwerp p ( , , p and Rotterdam)Breathe the port atmosphere in the city the port atmosphere in the cityDesign maritime street furniture (anchors,…), billboards250 recommendations,  Raise port icon status of citiesProf Eric Van Hooydonk
  47. 47. Education and labour market5.  Identify the gaps and needs within the port job market6.   Invest in social infrastructure7.   Match curricula of educational institutes with job needs
  48. 48. Port‐city relationship8. Make8. Make neighbours your ambassadorsPorts and cities separatedPhysical separation => struggle for space Mental separation => « mal connu, mal aimé » l l i é => Bad image: negative externalities g g
  49. 49. 8. Make neighbours your ambassadors g y« Better to have a good neighbour than a distant friend »‐ Permanent stakeholder dialogue with the  neighboursGhent Canal zone project: strengthening economics,  living, landscape and nature equally g p q y(Website,  newsletter,…)‐ I t International Association Cities and Ports (1988°) ti lA i ti Citi d P t (1988°)Charter for Sustainable Development of Port Cities
  50. 50. 9. Limit negative externalities gTypical port‐ city concerns are noise and air quality city concerns are noise and air qualityGood practices through EcoPortsNoise =>  EcoPorts‐NoMEPORTS projectGood practice guide based on EU legislationGood practice guide based on EU legislationAir quality => World Port Climate Initiative (° R’dam 2008)  Shore Side Electricity in ports (Gothenburg, Antwerp,  Amsterdam and Hamburg) g)
  51. 51. 10. Develop a functional and spatial mix of ports and citiesports and citiesCombine residential urban functions with port activitiesMarseille renovation of the Silo of ArencOffer transport and logistics solutions to cities for cargo transport and logistics solutions to cities, for cargo  and peopleBrochure INE and EFIP (2008) h d ( )London: reuse river wharves for city distribution purposesExploit the tourist potential of cruise and industrial tourism: Departure and mooring of large vessels becomes a  spectacle for the locals spectacle for the locals
  52. 52. Ports as cruise transit destination or a cruise tourism hubFor ports in a region with a high tourist potentialCa ag a, o o Cu u sCartagena, Port of Cultures - Discover the s o port facilities from the sea in the Catamaran Port of Cultures »
  53. 53. Photo: Hamburg Cruise Center
  54. 54. Promote innovative projects of European port authorities:Aim of the ESPO award‐ that develop cooperative synergies with cities and local  communities‐ Improve the quality and accessibility of port areas‐ Generally promote a positive image of the port as a place to  experience, live and work i li d k
  55. 55. Raises the profile of the participating ports Impact of the ESPO AwardImpact of the ESPO AwardImproves the image of the ports in generalHOW? ‐ ESPO Brochure ‐ High level award ceremony ‐ Used as quality label by the winning ports as quality label by the winning ‐ Press=> ESPO award sets the winning ports in the picture and improves the image of the ports in general
  56. 56. 6. Societal integration gof ports 2007 EU Identified by y Ports and Maritime Policies Various aspects: V i t Synergies between p ports and cities Quality and accessibility of port areas Positive image Main responsibility lies with port authorities p EU role supportive
  57. 57. « Sneak preview » call for 3rd Edition Sneak preview » call for 3rd EditionCall open on 14 April!Deadline 15 July!First edition with a special theme…. « Creative Strategies to Communicate the Port to the Wider Public  »
  58. 58. Thank you for your attention! Patrick Verhoeven – Secretary General European Sea Ports Organisation (ESPO) Treurenberg 6 – B-1000 Brussel / Bruxelles Tel + 32 2 736 34 63 – Fax + 32 2 736 63 25 Email: –