Theories of cognitive development ppt edf3201

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Theories of cognitive development ppt edf3201

  1. 1. Current Perspectives and Application of Vygotsky’s Theory p.222-230 Kaitlyn Arnold, Megan Freel, Chelsea Javorowsky, Christine Kelly, Zach Owens
  2. 2. Scaffolding Support mechanism, provided by a more competent individual, that helps a child successfully perform a task within his or her zone of proximal development.
  3. 3. Social Construction of Meaning  Mediated Learning Experience: A discussion between an adult and a child in which the adult helps the child make sense of an event they have mutually experienced.  Not only does it take place as a student-teacher discussion, students may also use the mediated learning experience in a student-to-student discussion.
  4. 4. Guided Participation  Active engagement in adult activities, initially with considerable direction from an adult or other more advanced individual and subsequently with opportunities for increasing responsibility and independence.  Other people that can engage children in guided participation include: parents, siblings, grandparents, friends, etc.  Guided Participation Example
  5. 5. Apprenticeships  Mentorship in which a novice works intensively with an expert to learn how accomplish complex tasks in a particular domain.  These tasks become increasingly more difficult as the student progresses.  Students learn both the skill sets and the language of the trade (i.e. master weavers – warp, weft, shuttle, and harness).
  6. 6. Cognitive Apprenticeship  Mentorship in which an expert and a novice work together on a challenging task and the expert suggests ways to think about the task.
  7. 7. Reciprocal Teaching  Approach to teaching reading comprehension in which students take turns asking teacher-like questions of their classmates.  Four Effective Reading Strategies:  Summarizing  Questioning  Clarifying  Predicting
  8. 8. Authentic Activities  Instructional activity similar to one that a child might eventually encounter in the outside world.  Enhances students mastery of future career paths and classroom subject matter. Examples: Politics – debating Science – experiments Media – video production
  9. 9. Activity: Guided Participation

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