and Application of
Kaitlyn Arnold, Megan Freel, Chelsea Javorowsky,
Christine Kelly, Zach Owens
provided by a more
helps a child
perform a task
within his or her
zone of proximal
Social Construction of Meaning
Mediated Learning Experience: A discussion
between an adult and a child in which the adult
helps the child make sense of an event they have
Not only does it take place as a student-teacher
may also use the
experience in a
Active engagement in adult activities, initially with
considerable direction from an adult or other more
advanced individual and subsequently with
opportunities for increasing responsibility and
Other people that can engage children in guided
participation include: parents, siblings,
grandparents, friends, etc.
Guided Participation Example
Mentorship in which a novice works intensively with
an expert to learn how accomplish complex tasks in
a particular domain.
These tasks become increasingly more difficult as
the student progresses.
Students learn both the skill sets and the language
of the trade (i.e. master weavers – warp, weft,
shuttle, and harness).
Mentorship in which an expert and a novice work
together on a challenging task and the expert
suggests ways to think about the task.
Approach to teaching reading comprehension in
which students take turns asking teacher-like
questions of their classmates.
Four Effective Reading Strategies:
Instructional activity similar to one that a child
might eventually encounter in the outside world.
Enhances students mastery of future career paths
and classroom subject
Politics – debating
Science – experiments
Media – video production