Scaffolding Power Point


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Scaffolding Power Point

  1. 1. Scaffolding Ashley Blow Lesson Plan #3
  2. 2. What is scaffolding <ul><li>Providing support to student learning and then retreating that support so that the student becomes self-reliant. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a way of guiding the students while they learn the material being taught </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ways to apply scaffolding <ul><li>Modeling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prompting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thinking out loud </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use of the internet </li></ul><ul><li>Guiding the students with a discussion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leading questions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Group work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pairing advanced learners with developing ones </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Putting together a study guide <ul><li>Teachers should </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider the needs of the students. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think about the difficulty of the subject. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The purposes for the students having to learn the material. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scaffolding implies continuous assessment of the student in order to provide adequate support. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How does it work <ul><li>Scaffolding can work in a number of ways depending on the instruction being provided. </li></ul><ul><li>By beginning with a basic knowledge base and then progressively moving ahead ensures that all students have a chance to understand the material (Glaser, 1984) </li></ul><ul><li>Learning occurs best when learners engage in tasks that are within their Zone of Proximal Development (ZDP) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>those performed independently by the student </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>those that cannot be performed even with help, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>those that fall between the two extremes, tasks that can be performed with help from others. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Examples of scaffolding <ul><li>When parents try to teach their child to speak </li></ul><ul><li>Helping students to sound out the letters in unfamiliar words </li></ul><ul><li>Supplying a beginning sentence or idea as a start for writing </li></ul><ul><li>Reading aloud with students as they are reading </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pros and Cons of Scaffolding <ul><li>Pros </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps maintain steady student teacher interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scaffolding permits students to continuously build upon previously acquired knowledge and skills. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps learners to move toward new skills, concepts, or levels of understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students can receive incorrect information from other students. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The teacher needs to make sure they remove themselves from the learning process at the correct time in order for the student to learn independently. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students learn at different speeds </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. References <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>