Models of Urban Structure
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Models of Urban Structure

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Models of Urban Structure Models of Urban Structure Presentation Transcript

  • Models of US Urban Structures Ms. Patten 2012
  • OverviewAll models deal with social structure, orclass High, middle, low incomeAll developed in ChicagoLater applied to cities in the US and othercountries
  • Burgess’s Concentric Zone Model1923First to explain thedistribution of differentsocial groups withinurban areasBased on class orsocial structureCity grows outwardfrom a central area ina series of rings
  • Burgess’s Concentric Zone Model A: CBD  $$$$ B: Zone in Transition  industry  sub-standard housing  slums  new immigrants C: Zone of Independent Workers  Older houses  Working class
  • Burgess’s Concentric Zone Model D: Zone of Better Residences  Middle class, larger homes E: Commuter Zone  Work in center and live in suburbs Invasion and succession This model does not really exist in the US today.
  • Hoyt’s Sector Model1939-Homer HoytUses social structure todetermine neighborhoodsThe city develops in aseries of sectors; basedon transportationnetworks rather thandistance from CBD RR in ChicagoAs a city grows activitiesexpand outward in awedge from the center
  • Hoyt’s Sector Model1: CBD2: Transportation andIndustry3: Low ClassResidential4: Middle ClassResidential5: High ClassResidential
  • Harris and Ullman’s Multiple Nuclei Model 1945 City is a complex structure that includes more than one center around which activities revolve Urban growth is independent of the CBD Examples of nodes could be: ports, neighborhood business center, university, airport, park Edge cities often result from this model Multiplier effect
  • Harris and Ullman’s Multiple Nuclei Model 1: CBD 2: Wholesale, Light Manufacturing 3: Low Class Residential 4: Medium Class Residential 5: High Class Residential
  • Harris and Ullman’s Multiple Nuclei Model 6: Heavy Manufacturing 7: Outlying Business District 8: Residential Suburb 9: Industrial Suburb
  • Harris: Periphery Model Radial highways move people from CBD to suburbs an urban area consists of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road