10/08/13 1
Population GeographyPopulation Geography
10/08/13 2
Population Geography:Population Geography:
Essential QuestionsEssential Questions
• WhereWhere is the world's p...
10/08/13 3
Population GeographyPopulation Geography
• Density refers to the frequency
with which something occurs
• Distri...
10/08/13 4
Population DensityPopulation Density
• a measure of the number of
people per unit area of land
– arithmetic: pe...
10/08/13 5
World PopulationWorld Population
DensityDensity
10/08/13 6
United States DensityUnited States Density
10/08/13 7
United States DensityUnited States Density
10/08/13 8
Minnesota DensityMinnesota Density
10/08/13 9
ChinaChina
10/08/13 10
Population DistributionPopulation Distribution
• describes the locations on the
Earth’s surface where people
l...
10/08/13 11
BangladeshBangladesh
• Population: 144,000,000
• Area: 144,000 sq miles
• 62% arable land (89,280 sq
miles)
• ...
10/08/13 12
Montana/United StatesMontana/United States
• Montana Population: 145,000
• Area: 902,195 square miles
• 18% ar...
10/08/13 13
World PopulationWorld Population
ConcentrationsConcentrations
• East Asia
• South Asia
• Southeast Asia
• Euro...
10/08/13 14
World PopulationWorld Population
ClustersClusters
4
1
3
2
10/08/13 15
East AsiaEast Asia
• China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan
– 1/5 the world’s total population
– 5/6 of the region’s popu...
10/08/13 16
South AsiaSouth Asia
• India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri
Lanka
– 1/5 the world’s population
– most are rural fa...
10/08/13 17
Southeast AsiaSoutheast Asia
• Indonesia, Papua New Guinea,
Philippines
– Island nations in the Pacific
– Arou...
10/08/13 18
EuropeEurope
• Britain, Germany, Poland,
Ukraine, Belarus, France, N Italy
– ¾ live in cities
– Less than 20% ...
10/08/13 19
Subordinate RegionsSubordinate Regions
• Eastern US
– Bosnywash, Chicago, Detroit,
Cleveland, California
– In ...
10/08/13 20
Subordinate RegionsSubordinate Regions
• Western Africa
– Nigeria most populous African
country
10/08/13 21
4
1
3
2
10/08/13 22
Population StatsPopulation Stats
• Birth Rate
– number of live births per year per 1000
people in the populati...
10/08/13 23
10/08/13 24
Population StatsPopulation Stats
• Death Rate
– number of deaths per thousand
people in a given year
– highest...
10/08/13 25
10/08/13 26
Population StatsPopulation Stats
• Natural Increase
– difference between number of births and
deaths during a ...
10/08/13 27
10/08/13 28
10/08/13 29
Population StatsPopulation Stats
• Total Fertility Rate
– the number of children born to women of child
bearin...
10/08/13 30
10/08/13 31
10/08/13 32
Population StatsPopulation Stats
• Infant Mortality Rate
– the number of children who die
before they reach on...
10/08/13 33
10/08/13 34
10/08/13 35
Measuring GrowthMeasuring Growth
• Linear Growth
– increases in a uniform amount
during a series of equal time...
10/08/13 36
Measuring GrowthMeasuring Growth
• Exponential Growth
– increases in a compounding
amount over a series of equ...
10/08/13 37
Measuring GrowthMeasuring Growth
• Doubling Time
– the time it takes to double a
country’s population
– 70 / N...
10/08/13 38
Ninth
Eighth
Seventh
Sixth
Fifth
Fourth
Third
Second
First Billion
Number of years to add each billion (year)
...
10/08/13 39
Measuring GrowthMeasuring Growth
• Population Explosion
– refers to the rapid growth of the
world’s population...
10/08/13 40
10/08/13 41
Population GeographyPopulation Geography
10/08/13 42
Population GeographyPopulation Geography
10/08/13 43
Population GeographyPopulation Geography
10/08/13 44
Population GeographyPopulation Geography
10/08/13 45
Population GeographyPopulation Geography
10/08/13 46
Population GeographyPopulation Geography
10/08/13 47
Population GeographyPopulation Geography
10/08/13 http://desip.igc.org/populationmaps.h
tml
48
Population GeographyPopulation Geography
10/08/13 49
Population GeographyPopulation Geography
10/08/13 50
Population Center of thePopulation Center of the
USUS
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2013 Population Geography College HUG

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2013 Population Geography College HUG

  1. 1. 10/08/13 1 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  2. 2. 10/08/13 2 Population Geography:Population Geography: Essential QuestionsEssential Questions • WhereWhere is the world's populationis the world's population distributed?distributed? • WhereWhere has the world's populationhas the world's population increased?increased? • WhyWhy is population increasing at differentis population increasing at different rates in different countries?rates in different countries? • WhyWhy might the world face anmight the world face an overpopulation problem?overpopulation problem?
  3. 3. 10/08/13 3 Population GeographyPopulation Geography • Density refers to the frequency with which something occurs • Distribution refers to the arrangement of a feature in space
  4. 4. 10/08/13 4 Population DensityPopulation Density • a measure of the number of people per unit area of land – arithmetic: people per unit area of land – physiologic: people supported by arable land – agricultural: farmers to amount of arable land
  5. 5. 10/08/13 5 World PopulationWorld Population DensityDensity
  6. 6. 10/08/13 6 United States DensityUnited States Density
  7. 7. 10/08/13 7 United States DensityUnited States Density
  8. 8. 10/08/13 8 Minnesota DensityMinnesota Density
  9. 9. 10/08/13 9 ChinaChina
  10. 10. 10/08/13 10 Population DistributionPopulation Distribution • describes the locations on the Earth’s surface where people live • Australia • Egypt • Mexico • Canada
  11. 11. 10/08/13 11 BangladeshBangladesh • Population: 144,000,000 • Area: 144,000 sq miles • 62% arable land (89,280 sq miles) • physiologic density=1612 people per square mile of arable land
  12. 12. 10/08/13 12 Montana/United StatesMontana/United States • Montana Population: 145,000 • Area: 902,195 square miles • 18% arable land = 162,395 square miles • Physiologic density = 1119 per square mile • US Population: 300,000,000 • Area: 3,717,810 square miles • 19% arable land = 706,383 square miles • Physiologic density = 424 per square mile
  13. 13. 10/08/13 13 World PopulationWorld Population ConcentrationsConcentrations • East Asia • South Asia • Southeast Asia • Europe In the three Asian clusters, more than ½ the world’s population lives on less than 10% of the world’s land.
  14. 14. 10/08/13 14 World PopulationWorld Population ClustersClusters 4 1 3 2
  15. 15. 10/08/13 15 East AsiaEast Asia • China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan – 1/5 the world’s total population – 5/6 of the region’s population live in China, mostly river and coastal regions – 2/3 of people in China live as farmers in rural areas – In Japan and Korean Peninsula, ¾+ live in urban areas and work in industry and service
  16. 16. 10/08/13 16 South AsiaSouth Asia • India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka – 1/5 the world’s population – most are rural farmers (3/4), not city dwellers – centered along Ganges and Indus river valleys, lowlands and coastal areas – restrained by mountains
  17. 17. 10/08/13 17 Southeast AsiaSoutheast Asia • Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines – Island nations in the Pacific – Around river valleys and deltas
  18. 18. 10/08/13 18 EuropeEurope • Britain, Germany, Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, France, N Italy – ¾ live in cities – Less than 20% are farmers – Highest concentration near coal fields
  19. 19. 10/08/13 19 Subordinate RegionsSubordinate Regions • Eastern US – Bosnywash, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, California – In Europe and North America, cities and towns more densely populated that rural areas – Megalopolis
  20. 20. 10/08/13 20 Subordinate RegionsSubordinate Regions • Western Africa – Nigeria most populous African country
  21. 21. 10/08/13 21 4 1 3 2
  22. 22. 10/08/13 22 Population StatsPopulation Stats • Birth Rate – number of live births per year per 1000 people in the population – +30 is high – highest today in Africa and SW Asia – lowest in Europe – inversely related to modernization, industrialization, urbanization and economic development – exception: China – US: 14/1000
  23. 23. 10/08/13 23
  24. 24. 10/08/13 24 Population StatsPopulation Stats • Death Rate – number of deaths per thousand people in a given year – highest in tropical Africa – lowest in N America, S America, Europe, Japan, Australia – high CDR’s tend to reflect high infant mortality – US: 8/1000
  25. 25. 10/08/13 25
  26. 26. 10/08/13 26 Population StatsPopulation Stats • Natural Increase – difference between number of births and deaths during a specific time period – US: .88% Natural Increase 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 1950- 1955 1955- 1960 1960- 1965 1965- 1970 1970- 1975 1975- 1980 1980- 1985 1985- 1990 1990- 1995 1995- 2000 2000- 2005 Birth rate Death rate
  27. 27. 10/08/13 27
  28. 28. 10/08/13 28
  29. 29. 10/08/13 29 Population StatsPopulation Stats • Total Fertility Rate – the number of children born to women of child bearing age – 15-45 ?? – 2.1 Lowest Fertility Rates Worldwide 1.17 1.12 0.94 0.84 1.22 1.24 1.24 1.23 1.23 1.20 Belarus Bulgaria Republic of Moldova Republic of Korea Slovenia Slovakia Czech Republic Ukraine China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region China, Macao Special Administrative Region
  30. 30. 10/08/13 30
  31. 31. 10/08/13 31
  32. 32. 10/08/13 32 Population StatsPopulation Stats • Infant Mortality Rate – the number of children who die before they reach one year – US: 6.3/1000
  33. 33. 10/08/13 33
  34. 34. 10/08/13 34
  35. 35. 10/08/13 35 Measuring GrowthMeasuring Growth • Linear Growth – increases in a uniform amount during a series of equal time periods
  36. 36. 10/08/13 36 Measuring GrowthMeasuring Growth • Exponential Growth – increases in a compounding amount over a series of equal time periods
  37. 37. 10/08/13 37 Measuring GrowthMeasuring Growth • Doubling Time – the time it takes to double a country’s population – 70 / NIR = Doubling Time
  38. 38. 10/08/13 38 Ninth Eighth Seventh Sixth Fifth Fourth Third Second First Billion Number of years to add each billion (year) All of Human History (1800) 130 (1930) 30 (1960) 15 (1975) 12 (1987) 12 (1999) 14 (2013) 14 (2027) 21 (2048) Sources: First and second billion: Population Reference Bureau. Third through ninth billion: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision (medium scenario), 2005. World Population Growth, in BillionsWorld Population Growth, in Billions 1st Billion: 1800 years 2nd Billion: 130 years 4th Billion: 45 years 8th Billion: 52 years
  39. 39. 10/08/13 39 Measuring GrowthMeasuring Growth • Population Explosion – refers to the rapid growth of the world’s population during the last century accompanied by ever shorter doubling times and accelerating rates of increase
  40. 40. 10/08/13 40
  41. 41. 10/08/13 41 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  42. 42. 10/08/13 42 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  43. 43. 10/08/13 43 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  44. 44. 10/08/13 44 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  45. 45. 10/08/13 45 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  46. 46. 10/08/13 46 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  47. 47. 10/08/13 47 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  48. 48. 10/08/13 http://desip.igc.org/populationmaps.h tml 48 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  49. 49. 10/08/13 49 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  50. 50. 10/08/13 50 Population Center of thePopulation Center of the USUS

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