Devolution and Supranationalism

3,011 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,011
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1,336
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Devolution and Supranationalism

  1. 1. Devolution or Supranationalism? AP Human Geography 2012
  2. 2. What is devolution?  The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government  The disintegration of a state along regional lines  Propelled by forces that divide and destabilize, usually centrifugal forces
  3. 3. What are current examples of devolution?  Scotland (UK) – –   Belgium Czechoslovakia-peaceful split, 1993 –   Oil EU membership Hungarians are still a minority in Slovakia (11%) Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro are now formally independent of each other) Russia and former Soviet Union
  4. 4. Yugoslavia 7 major/17 minor ethnic groups  Former multinational, multiethnic state  Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.
  5. 5. What is supranationalism?  Global governance  3+ states forging associations for mutual benefit and pursuit of shared goals  60+ unions today
  6. 6. What is supranationalism?  States seeking common economic, political, and cultural ground by joining unions created to benefit participants and disadvantage others – – – Sparks further supranational orgs for those left out Geographically contiguous Economically similar or different (Common Market/OPEC)
  7. 7. What are current examples of supranationalism?  Military, economic, cultural, or political  BENELUX / European Common Market / European Union  United Nations  NATO/Warsaw Treaty  OPEC  Arab League
  8. 8. NATO
  9. 9. OPEC
  10. 10. APEC
  11. 11. The United Nations       Post WWII Foster international security and cooperation 2002 had 191 countries Peacekeeping 2002: 40,000 from 80 member states in 15 different regions worldwide Unrepresented Nations and Peoples represented 51 groups of stateless or unheard peoples Subsidiaries include: – – – FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization UNESCO: Educational, Scientific and Cultural… WHO: World Health Organization

×