Great Artists in History Dutch Baroque Painter JohannesVermeer “The Concert” 1665-1666 ARTU 450 Prepared by Dr. Carla Piper
Art and Architecture of Ancient Greece Ancient Greek Music Sound Files http://www.oeaw.ac.at/kal/agm/
Roman Art, Architecture, and Music Listen to Ancestral Sounds
Medieval Architecture The Internet Renaissance Band Medieval Sound Files
Giotto di Bondone
Giotto - (1266-1337)
Ushered in the Renaissance from the gothic middle ages
An Italian painter and architect
Born near Florence
Most innovative artist of his time
Altered the course of painting in Western Europe
From Olga’s Gallery Online Joachim's Dream. 1304-1306. Fresco.
Renaissance Architecture and Music The Internet Renaissance Band Renaissance Music Files
Alessandro (Sandro) Botticelli
Botticelli - (1444/45 - 1510)
Apprenticed as a goldsmith before study painting.
Member of the St. Luke's Guild
Adoration of the Magi, Tempera on panel. 1475 From Olga’s Gallery Online
Leonardo Da Vinci
1452 - 1519
he embodiment of the "Renaissance man“
Mastery over all branches of art and science.
Painter, sculptor, architect and engineer
Scholar in the natural sciences, medicine and philosophy.
Entered the San Luca guild of painters in Florence in 1472 at age 15.
Mona Lisa (La Gioconda). 1503-1506. Oil on wood. Louvre, From Olga’s Gallery Online
Most representative artist of the 16 th century
Sculptor, painter, architect, and poet
Studied “antique statues”
Part of the Medici circle.
The Creation of the Sun and Moon. 1508-1512. Fresco. Sistine Chapel, David. 1501-1504. Marble Galleria dell'Accademia Florence, Italy From Olga’s Gallery Online
The Creation of Adam. 1508-1512. Fresco. Sistine Chapel, Vatican
Baroque Art and Music Time of Bach Classical Music Archives Bach’s Music Preludes and Fugues
Caravaggio - (1571 –1610) Caravaggio. The Lute-Player. c.1595-1596. Oil on canvas. The Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia. From Olga’s Gallery Online Famous for Chiaroscuro Italian for light-dark ) A term for a contrast between light and dark. Bold contrasts
Peter Paul Rubens
Born into Calvinist family who lived in exile
At the age of fourteen was a page for a Flemish princess
Began to study painting
Often called Prince of Baroque painters
Peter Paul Rubens. Institution of the Regency. 1621-1625. Oil on canvas. Louvre, Paris, France. From Olga’s Gallery Online
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606-1669)
Went to the school for Latin.
Studied the classics at Leiden University
Historical paintings and over 100 self portraits
Landscape with a Castle. c. 1632. Oil on panel. Louvre, Paris, France. From Olga’s Gallery Online
Classicism Time of Mozart Classical Music Archives Mozart’s Music
Late Classical: Beginning of Romanticism Classical Music Archives Beethoven’s Music
(1776 - 1837)
Major European landscape artist of the 19 th century
From London, but never was popular in England
Exhibited in Paris and achieved instant fame.
In 1829 he was finally elected a Royal Academician.
John Constable. Landscape: Boys Fishing. 1813. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online
1727 – 1788
English landscape and portrait painter
Displayed his art in the Foundling Hospital to become better known as an artist.
River Landscape with Rustic Lovers. c.1754-1756. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online
English poet, painter, engraver; one of the earliest and greatest figures of Romanticism.
“ To see a World in a Grain of Sand And a Heaven in a Wild Flower, Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand And Eternity in an hour.”
Completed a set of 21 copperplate etchings to illustrate the Book of Job
The Ancient of Days 1794; Relief etching with watercolor
Romanticism and Nationalism in Architecture St. Patrick’s Cathedral 1810 – New York Saint Clotilde Basilica 1857, Paris Gothic Revival Eifel Tower Paris, France 1889
Impressionism Claude Debussy Impressionist Muscial Composer Debussy’s Music http://www.musee-rodin.fr/welcome.htm Auguste Rodin Sculptor
Born into the family of bankers of aristocratic extraction.
Despite his own desire to paint he began to study law.
Spent his time copying Renaissance works.
Did not share the Impressionists’ over-riding interest in landscape and color
Painted jockeys, race horses, and ballet subjects
From Olga’s Gallery Online The Star. 1876-77. Pastel on monotype. Impressionist
Brought up in Paris
Worked as an apprentice painter, painting flowers on porcelain plates.
After machines for coloring ceramics had been introduced, he had to switch to decorating fans and screens.
Made friends with Monet, Pissarro and Cézanne.
Hot rich colors and free brushwork
A Girl with a Watering-Can. 1876. Oil on canvas The National Gallery of Art Washington, DC, USA From Olga’s Gallery Online Impressionist
Recognized as being one of the creators of Impressionism.
Born in Paris
Painted caricature portraits and exhibited them in the art supplies store when he was young
Fame brought comfort and even wealth.
The White Water Lilies . 1899. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online Impressionist
Vincent Van Gogh
Son of a Dutch village vicar
Teacher and apprentice lay preacher
Wanted to devote his life to evangelization of the poor
Quote: “I can’t change the fact that my paintings don't sell. But the time will come when people will recognize that they are worth more than the value of the paints used in the picture.”
Sunflowers. 1888. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online
Started as a banker, but took up painting
Tried to get accepted at the Salon in Paris, but did not get an exhibition until year after his death.
Oil on canvas
Oil on canvas
From Olga’s Gallery Online
Impressionist and Post-Impressionist from Paris
A sailor who spent the next three years voyaging between France and South America
Made a voyage around the world
Organize a trip to Tahiti at the expense of the French government
Tahitian Landscape. 1893 Oil on canvas The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis From Olga’s Gallery Online
Born in Paris
Created new style called Pointillism
New technique using dots
Interested in scientific theories on color and vision
A Sunday on La Grande Jatte. 1884-86. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online Post Impressionist - Pointillism
Born at Le Cateau-Cambrésis in the North of France
Originally a lawyer
Post-Impressionist and Fauvist
Harmony in Red. 1908. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online
Contemporary Architecture and Music Composer - Anton von Webern Classical Archives Stravinsky’s Music Igor Stravinsky Composer Portrait by Picassso
Born in Moscow
Had private lessons in music, drawing and painting.
Studied law and economics at the Moscow University.
Impressed with Folk art of northern Russia
Taught at the Bauhaus (the college of building and art construction in Germany)
Composition VIII. 1923. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online
1879 - 1940
Swiss son of musicians
Experimented with styles and materials and the visual effects they gave
Ignoring rules and fashion
Taught at Bauhaus - an innovative school aiming at uniting fine and applied arts and architecture in a new manner suitable for an industrial age
Conqueror. 1930. Watercolor. From Olga’s Gallery Online Expressionist
Dutch abstract painter of the first half of the 20th Century.
A contemporary and disciple of the famous cubists Pablo Picasso
Challenged the definition of art itself
Simple lines, right angles, correct geometric figures and pure, primary colors.
Broadway Boogie-Woogie 1942/43 Oil on canvas From Olga’s Gallery Online
American sculptor and artist
Most famous for inventing the mobile.
Also created paintings, lithographs, toys and tapestry and designed carpets.
Three Musicians. 1921. Oil on canvas. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York,
Famous Picasso Quote
“ Unlike in music, there are no child prodigies in painting. What people regard as premature genius is the genius of childhood. It gradually disappears as they get older.
It is possible for such a child to become a real painter one day, perhaps even a great painter. But he would have to start right from the beginning. So far as I am concerned, I did not have that genius.
My first drawings could never have been shown at an exhibition of children’s drawings. I lacked the clumsiness of a child, his naivety. I made academic drawings at the age of seven, the minute precision of which frightened me.” -- Picasso.
The Old Guitarist. 1903. Oil on panel. Art Institute of Chicago
1887 – 1985
Russian-Jewish painter of the 20th Century
Representative of the Russian Avant-Garde in the West.
One of the foremost artists of the 20th Century.
I and the Village. 1911. Oil on canvas. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York
1887 - 1986
See slide shows
found artistic inspiration in the American Southwest,
Synthesized abstraction and representation in paintings of flowers, rocks, shells, animal bones and landscapes.
Transformed her subject matter into powerful abstract images.
Black Mesa Landscape, New Mexico – 1930 Oil on Canvas
Founded “Agrupació Courbet”, a group of young artists who opposed themselves to conservative traditions in Catalan art.
Influended by Cézanne and the Fauvists
Objects are close to each other and shine with bright and broken colors
Ciphers and Constellations, in Love with a Woman. 1941. Gouache and terpentine on paper.
1917 – Present
One of the best-known of the 20th century
Sometimes referred to as the "Painter of the People" due to his popularity with the American public
Son of the illustrator
Christina's World . 1948. Tempera on gessoed panel,
influential American painter
major force in the abstract expressionist movement
Others called the Pollack’s style "action painting" - "what was to go on the canvas was not a picture but an event”
Shimmering Substance From the Sounds in the Grass Series 1946 Oil on canvas Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Central figure in the movement known as pop art.
A commercial illustrator
Avant-garde filmmaker, record producer, author, and public figure
The Fauves used non-representational color and representational form to convey different sensations.
Turquoise Marilyn, 1962 “ Mass-produced” images from photographs of celebrities