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  1. 1. Great Artists in History Dutch Baroque Painter JohannesVermeer “The Concert” 1665-1666 ARTU 450 Prepared by Dr. Carla Piper
  2. 2. Art and Architecture of Ancient Greece Ancient Greek Music Sound Files
  3. 3. Roman Art, Architecture, and Music Listen to Ancestral Sounds
  4. 4. Medieval Architecture The Internet Renaissance Band Medieval Sound Files
  5. 5. Gothic Art
  6. 6. Giotto di Bondone <ul><li>Giotto - (1266-1337) </li></ul><ul><li>Ushered in the Renaissance from the gothic middle ages </li></ul><ul><li>An Italian painter and architect </li></ul><ul><li>Born near Florence </li></ul><ul><li>Most innovative artist of his time </li></ul><ul><li>Altered the course of painting in Western Europe </li></ul>From Olga’s Gallery Online Joachim's Dream. 1304-1306. Fresco.
  7. 7. Renaissance Architecture and Music The Internet Renaissance Band Renaissance Music Files
  8. 8. Alessandro (Sandro) Botticelli <ul><li>Botticelli - (1444/45 - 1510) </li></ul><ul><li>Apprenticed as a goldsmith before study painting. </li></ul><ul><li>Member of the St. Luke's Guild </li></ul>Adoration of the Magi, Tempera on panel. 1475 From Olga’s Gallery Online
  9. 9. Leonardo Da Vinci <ul><li>1452 - 1519 </li></ul><ul><li>he embodiment of the &quot;Renaissance man“ </li></ul><ul><li>Mastery over all branches of art and science. </li></ul><ul><li>Painter, sculptor, architect and engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Scholar in the natural sciences, medicine and philosophy. </li></ul><ul><li>Entered the San Luca guild of painters in Florence in 1472 at age 15. </li></ul>Mona Lisa (La Gioconda). 1503-1506. Oil on wood. Louvre, From Olga’s Gallery Online
  10. 10. Michelangelo <ul><li>1475-1564  </li></ul><ul><li>Most representative artist of the 16 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptor, painter, architect, and poet </li></ul><ul><li>Studied “antique statues” </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the Medici circle. </li></ul>The Creation of the Sun and Moon. 1508-1512. Fresco. Sistine Chapel, David. 1501-1504. Marble Galleria dell'Accademia Florence, Italy From Olga’s Gallery Online
  11. 11. Michelangelo <ul><li>The Creation of Adam. 1508-1512. Fresco. Sistine Chapel, Vatican </li></ul>
  12. 12. Baroque Art and Music Time of Bach Classical Music Archives Bach’s Music Preludes and Fugues
  13. 13. Baroque Architecture
  14. 14. Caravaggio - (1571 –1610) Caravaggio. The Lute-Player. c.1595-1596. Oil on canvas. The Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia. From Olga’s Gallery Online Famous for Chiaroscuro Italian for light-dark ) A term for a contrast between light and dark. Bold contrasts
  15. 15. Peter Paul Rubens <ul><li>1577-1640 </li></ul><ul><li>Born into Calvinist family who lived in exile </li></ul><ul><li>From Antwerp. </li></ul><ul><li>At the age of fourteen was a page for a Flemish princess </li></ul><ul><li>Began to study painting </li></ul><ul><li>Often called Prince of Baroque painters </li></ul>Peter Paul Rubens. Institution of the Regency. 1621-1625. Oil on canvas. Louvre, Paris, France. From Olga’s Gallery Online
  16. 16. Rembrandt <ul><li>Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606-1669)  </li></ul><ul><li>Went to the school for Latin. </li></ul><ul><li>Studied the classics at Leiden University </li></ul><ul><li>Historical paintings and over 100 self portraits </li></ul>Landscape with a Castle. c. 1632. Oil on panel. Louvre, Paris, France. From Olga’s Gallery Online
  17. 17. Classicism Time of Mozart Classical Music Archives Mozart’s Music
  18. 18. Late Classical: Beginning of Romanticism Classical Music Archives Beethoven’s Music
  19. 19. John Constable <ul><li>(1776 - 1837) </li></ul><ul><li>Major European landscape artist of the 19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>From London, but never was popular in England </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibited in Paris and achieved instant fame. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1829 he was finally elected a Royal Academician. </li></ul>John Constable.   Landscape: Boys Fishing. 1813. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online
  20. 20. Thomas Gainsborough <ul><li>1727 – 1788 </li></ul><ul><li>English landscape and portrait painter </li></ul><ul><li>London </li></ul><ul><li>Displayed his art in the Foundling Hospital to become better known as an artist. </li></ul>River Landscape with Rustic Lovers. c.1754-1756. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online
  21. 21. William Blake <ul><li>1757-1827 </li></ul><ul><li>English poet, painter, engraver; one of the earliest and greatest figures of Romanticism. </li></ul><ul><li>“ To see a World in a Grain of Sand And a Heaven in a Wild Flower, Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand And Eternity in an hour.” </li></ul><ul><li>Completed a set of 21 copperplate etchings to illustrate the Book of Job </li></ul><ul><li>Web Museum </li></ul>The Ancient of Days 1794; Relief etching with watercolor
  22. 22. Romanticism and Nationalism in Architecture St. Patrick’s Cathedral 1810 – New York Saint Clotilde Basilica 1857, Paris Gothic Revival Eifel Tower Paris, France 1889
  23. 23. Impressionism Claude Debussy Impressionist Muscial Composer Debussy’s Music Auguste Rodin Sculptor
  24. 24. Edgar Degas <ul><li>1834-1917  </li></ul><ul><li>Born into the family of bankers of aristocratic extraction. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite his own desire to paint he began to study law. </li></ul><ul><li>Spent his time copying Renaissance works. </li></ul><ul><li>Did not share the Impressionists’ over-riding interest in landscape and color </li></ul><ul><li>Painted jockeys, race horses, and ballet subjects </li></ul>From Olga’s Gallery Online The Star. 1876-77. Pastel on monotype. Impressionist
  25. 25. Pierre-Auguste Renoir <ul><li>1841-1919 </li></ul><ul><li>Brought up in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Worked as an apprentice painter, painting flowers on porcelain plates. </li></ul><ul><li>After machines for coloring ceramics had been introduced, he had to switch to decorating fans and screens. </li></ul><ul><li>Made friends with Monet, Pissarro and Cézanne. </li></ul><ul><li>Hot rich colors and free brushwork </li></ul>A Girl with a Watering-Can. 1876. Oil on canvas The National Gallery of Art Washington, DC, USA From Olga’s Gallery Online Impressionist
  26. 26. Claude Monet <ul><li>1840-1926 </li></ul><ul><li>Recognized as being one of the creators of Impressionism. </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Painted caricature portraits and exhibited them in the art supplies store when he was young </li></ul><ul><li>Fame brought comfort and even wealth. </li></ul>The White Water Lilies . 1899. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online Impressionist
  27. 27. Vincent Van Gogh <ul><li>1853-1890 </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Impressionist </li></ul><ul><li>Son of a Dutch village vicar </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher and apprentice lay preacher </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to devote his life to evangelization of the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Quote: “I can’t change the fact that my paintings don't sell. But the time will come when people will recognize that they are worth more than the value of the paints used in the picture.” </li></ul>Sunflowers. 1888. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online
  28. 28. Paul Cezanne <ul><li>1839-1906 </li></ul><ul><li>Post Impressionist </li></ul><ul><li>Started as a banker, but took up painting </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to get accepted at the Salon in Paris, but did not get an exhibition until year after his death. </li></ul><ul><li>Gardanne </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1885-86 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil on canvas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Still Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1890 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil on canvas </li></ul></ul>From Olga’s Gallery Online
  29. 29. Paul Gauguin <ul><li>1848-1903 </li></ul><ul><li>Impressionist and Post-Impressionist from Paris </li></ul><ul><li>A sailor who spent the next three years voyaging between France and South America </li></ul><ul><li>Made a voyage around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Organize a trip to Tahiti at the expense of the French government </li></ul>Tahitian Landscape. 1893 Oil on canvas The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis From Olga’s Gallery Online
  30. 30. Georges Seurat <ul><li>1859-1891 </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Created new style called Pointillism </li></ul><ul><li>New technique using dots </li></ul><ul><li>Interested in scientific theories on color and vision </li></ul>A Sunday on La Grande Jatte. 1884-86. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online Post Impressionist - Pointillism
  31. 31. Henri Matisse <ul><li>1869-1954 </li></ul><ul><li>Born at Le Cateau-Cambrésis in the North of France </li></ul><ul><li>Originally a lawyer </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Impressionist and Fauvist </li></ul>Harmony in Red. 1908. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online
  32. 32. Contemporary Architecture and Music Composer - Anton von Webern Classical Archives Stravinsky’s Music Igor Stravinsky Composer Portrait by Picassso
  33. 33. Wassily Kandinsky <ul><li>1866-1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract Expressionist </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Moscow </li></ul><ul><li>Had private lessons in music, drawing and painting. </li></ul><ul><li>Studied law and economics at the Moscow University. </li></ul><ul><li>Impressed with Folk art of northern Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Taught at the Bauhaus (the college of building and art construction in Germany) </li></ul>Composition VIII. 1923. Oil on canvas. From Olga’s Gallery Online
  34. 34. Paul Klee <ul><li>1879 - 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>Swiss son of musicians </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely inventive </li></ul><ul><li>Experimented with styles and materials and the visual effects they gave </li></ul><ul><li>Ignoring rules and fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Taught at Bauhaus - an innovative school aiming at uniting fine and applied arts and architecture in a new manner suitable for an industrial age </li></ul>Conqueror. 1930. Watercolor. From Olga’s Gallery Online Expressionist
  35. 35. Piet Mondrian <ul><li>1872-1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch abstract painter of the first half of the 20th Century. </li></ul><ul><li>A contemporary and disciple of the famous cubists Pablo Picasso </li></ul><ul><li>Challenged the definition of art itself </li></ul><ul><li>Simple lines, right angles, correct geometric figures and pure, primary colors. </li></ul>Broadway Boogie-Woogie 1942/43 Oil on canvas From Olga’s Gallery Online
  36. 36. Alexander Calder <ul><li>1898-1976 </li></ul><ul><li>American sculptor and artist </li></ul><ul><li>Most famous for inventing the mobile. </li></ul><ul><li>Also created paintings, lithographs, toys and tapestry and designed carpets. </li></ul><ul><li>Take the Virtual Tour </li></ul>Abstract Mobiles Myxomatose (Myxomatosis) , 1953 Sheet metal, rod, and paint
  37. 37. Pablo Picasso <ul><li>1881-1973 </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish Artist </li></ul><ul><li>Taught in Barcelona </li></ul><ul><li>Used many different sytles throughout his life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cubism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surrealism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classicism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biography </li></ul>Three Musicians. 1921. Oil on canvas. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York,
  38. 38. Famous Picasso Quote <ul><li>“ Unlike in music, there are no child prodigies in painting. What people regard as premature genius is the genius of childhood. It gradually disappears as they get older. </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible for such a child to become a real painter one day, perhaps even a great painter. But he would have to start right from the beginning. So far as I am concerned, I did not have that genius. </li></ul><ul><li>My first drawings could never have been shown at an exhibition of children’s drawings. I lacked the clumsiness of a child, his naivety. I made academic drawings at the age of seven, the minute precision of which frightened me.” -- Picasso. </li></ul>The Old Guitarist. 1903. Oil on panel. Art Institute of Chicago
  39. 39. Marc Chagall <ul><li>1887 – 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>Russian-Jewish painter of the 20th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Representative of the Russian Avant-Garde in the West. </li></ul><ul><li>Combined elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expressionism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cubism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surrealist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One of the foremost artists of the 20th Century. </li></ul>I and the Village. 1911. Oil on canvas. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York
  40. 40. Georgia O’Keefe <ul><li>1887 - 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>American Artist </li></ul><ul><li>See slide shows </li></ul><ul><li>found artistic inspiration in the American Southwest, </li></ul><ul><li>Synthesized abstraction and representation in paintings of flowers, rocks, shells, animal bones and landscapes. </li></ul><ul><li>Transformed her subject matter into powerful abstract images. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul>Black Mesa Landscape, New Mexico – 1930 Oil on Canvas
  41. 41. Joan Miró <ul><li>1893-1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Barcelona, Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Book-keeper </li></ul><ul><li>Founded “Agrupació Courbet”, a group of young artists who opposed themselves to conservative traditions in Catalan art. </li></ul><ul><li>Influended by Cézanne and the Fauvists </li></ul><ul><li>Objects are close to each other and shine with bright and broken colors </li></ul>Ciphers and Constellations, in Love with a Woman. 1941. Gouache and terpentine on paper.
  42. 42. Andrew Wyeth <ul><li>1917 – Present </li></ul><ul><li>American realist </li></ul><ul><li>One of the best-known of the 20th century </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes referred to as the &quot;Painter of the People&quot; due to his popularity with the American public </li></ul><ul><li>Son of the illustrator </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul>Christina's World . 1948. Tempera on gessoed panel,
  43. 43. Jackson Pollock <ul><li>1912-1953 </li></ul><ul><li>influential American painter </li></ul><ul><li>major force in the abstract expressionist movement </li></ul><ul><li>Others called the Pollack’s style &quot;action painting&quot; - &quot;what was to go on the canvas was not a picture but an event” </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul>Shimmering Substance From the Sounds in the Grass Series 1946 Oil on canvas Museum of Modern Art, New York.
  44. 44. Andy Warhol <ul><li>1928 –1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>American artist </li></ul><ul><li>Central figure in the movement known as pop art. </li></ul><ul><li>A commercial illustrator </li></ul><ul><li>Avant-garde filmmaker, record producer, author, and public figure </li></ul><ul><li>The Fauves used non-representational color and representational form to convey different sensations. </li></ul><ul><li>Warhol Museum </li></ul>Turquoise Marilyn, 1962 “ Mass-produced” images from photographs of celebrities