Impressionism

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Impressionism

  1. 1. IMPRESSIONISM
  2. 2. PAINTING: <ul><li>Developed in France in late 19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Artists who shared a set of related approaches & techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in natural colour and landscapes and the effects of light on the colour </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Broke every rule of the French Academy of Fine Arts </li></ul><ul><li>1st artistic revolution since the Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Term comes from Claude Monet’s painting Impression-Sunrise. </li></ul>
  4. 4. EDOUARD MANET 1832-1883 <ul><li>Trained as a traditional painter </li></ul><ul><li>Message of them painter was in the brush strokes & the paint on the canvas </li></ul><ul><li>Did not want to compete with the camera, but the viewer should look at his paintings </li></ul>
  5. 5. Music at Tuileries, 1862
  6. 6. Luncheon on the Grass, 1863
  7. 7. Olympia , 1863
  8. 8. Gare Saint-Lazare, 1873
  9. 9. The Bar at the Folies-Bergere , 1882
  10. 10. CLAUDE MONET, 1840-1926 <ul><li>Became leader of the Impressionist movement </li></ul><ul><li>Span Realism to contemporary Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>Loved to work outdoors </li></ul><ul><li>Fascination with light </li></ul>
  11. 11. Le Dejeuner sur l’Herbe, 1865-1866
  12. 12. Jardin a Sainte-Adresse , 1867
  13. 13. Impression, Sunrise , 1872
  14. 14. <ul><li>Style changed-flat brush strokes gave way to a shimmering effect with colour & light </li></ul><ul><li>Use dabs of colour & mixed them on the canvas—technique is called optical mixing  became the basis of the Impressionist theories of colour & light </li></ul>
  15. 15. Poppies Blooming , 1873
  16. 16. Argenteuil , 1875
  17. 17. Woman with Parasol, 1875
  18. 18. Rue Montorgueil , 1878
  19. 19. Rouen Cathedral, Fascade, Sunset , 1892
  20. 20. Bridge Over a Pond of Water Lilies , 1899
  21. 21. Water Lilies , 1914
  22. 22. Water Lilies, 1920
  23. 23. CAMILLE PISSARO , 1830-1903 <ul><li>Born in the West Indies, came to Paris at 25 Years old to be an artist </li></ul><ul><li>Favourite subject was street scenes of Paris </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Stage Coach at Louveciennes , 1870
  25. 25. Garden at Pontoise, 1875
  26. 26. PIERRE AUGUSTE RENOIR , 1841-1919 <ul><li>1st job was painting nudes in a porcelain factory </li></ul><ul><li>1 st period: interested in bright effects of light, typical of Impressionists </li></ul>
  27. 27. Nude in the Sun , 1875
  28. 28. The Swing , 1876
  29. 29. Moulin de la Galette , 1876
  30. 30. By the Water , 1880
  31. 31. <ul><li>2 nd period: </li></ul><ul><li>-gave up the effects of Impressionism & painted solid, carefully defined forms </li></ul>
  32. 32. On the Terrace , 1881
  33. 33. Girl Braiding her Hair , 1885
  34. 34. After the Bath , 1888
  35. 35. <ul><li>3 rd period: </li></ul><ul><li>-tried to unite by combining the formal; balance of traditional approaches with the shimmering effects of Impressionism </li></ul>
  36. 36. Girls at the Piano , 1892
  37. 37. Artist & His Family , 1895
  38. 38. Woman on the Coach, 1906
  39. 39. <ul><li>4 th period: </li></ul><ul><li>-fingers were crippled with arthritis  exaggeration of brushstrokes & more intense colours </li></ul>
  40. 40. Self Portrait , 1910
  41. 41. Bathers, 1918
  42. 42. BERTHE MORISOT , 1841-1895 <ul><li>Sister-in-law of Manet </li></ul><ul><li>Posed for many of her friends </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects were feminine </li></ul>
  43. 43. The Cradle , 1872
  44. 44. Eugene Manet on the Isle of Wright , 1875
  45. 45. Summer Day , 1879
  46. 46. EDGAR DEGAS, 1834-1917 <ul><li>Began under Ingres </li></ul><ul><li>Master of line drawing </li></ul><ul><li>1 st artists to exhibit sketches </li></ul><ul><li>Amateur photographer </li></ul><ul><li>Painted in series, ballet, horses </li></ul>
  47. 47. Portrait of the Bellili Family, 1858-1867
  48. 48. At the Dance Class , 1872-1876
  49. 49. New Orleans Cotton Exchange, 1873
  50. 50. Ballet Rehearsal , 1873
  51. 51. Horseracing in Longchamps , 1873-75
  52. 52. L’Absinthe, 1876
  53. 53. At the Races , 1877
  54. 54. Ballet Rehearsal , 1878
  55. 55. MARY CASSETT , 1855-1927 <ul><li>Born in the USA, but came to Paris to study the Impressionist </li></ul><ul><li>Mothers and children were her favourite subjects </li></ul>
  56. 56. The Boating Party, 1893-1894
  57. 57. JAMES ABBOTT WHISTLER , 1834-1903 <ul><li>American who moved to Paris to study art </li></ul><ul><li>Worked in grays & blacks. Used thin glazes of colour to build up grays </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Japanese prints </li></ul>
  58. 58. Portrait of Whistler with Hat , 1858
  59. 59. Harmony in Blue & Silver, 1865
  60. 60. Arrangement in Gray & Black No. 1: The Artists Mother , 1871
  61. 61. POST-IMPRESSIONISM <ul><li>By the end of the 19 th century Impressionism was changing </li></ul><ul><li>Artists such as Renoir, Degas & Monet were exploring new styles </li></ul><ul><li>Looked for something more substantial  wished to combine the colour & light of Impressionism with design & composition of traditional paintings </li></ul>
  62. 62. PAUL CEZANNE 1839-1906 <ul><li>Spent most of his life in Aix </li></ul><ul><li>Started with Delacroix, but met Pissarro & adopted is styles </li></ul><ul><li>Works refused by the Salon </li></ul><ul><li>Painting should remain as flat canvases with paint on them </li></ul>
  63. 63. Portrait of Uncle Dominique , 1867
  64. 64. Self Portrait , 1875
  65. 65. Jas de Bouffan , 1876
  66. 66. The Card Players , 1892
  67. 67. Montagne Sainte-Victoire , 1892
  68. 68. Still Life with a Curtain , 1895
  69. 69. GEORGE SEURAT 1859-1891 <ul><li>Sunny pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Pointillism-result is grainy </li></ul>
  70. 70. Bathers at Asnieres , 1884
  71. 71. Sunday Afternoon on the Island of Le Grande Jatte , 1884-`1886
  72. 72. The Circus , 1891
  73. 73. HENRI de TOULOUSE-LAUTREC 1864-1901 <ul><li>Born into noble family, but became a dwarf at 14 </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to Paris to paint </li></ul><ul><li>Drew caricatures of night life </li></ul>
  74. 74. Moulin-Rouge Poster, 1891
  75. 75. At the Moulin Rouge , 1892
  76. 76. Salon at the Rue des Moulin , 1894
  77. 77. VINCENT VAN GOGH 1853-1890 <ul><li>Worked as an art dealer, etc. began painting at 27 </li></ul><ul><li>Mental depression & was admitted into sanatoriums </li></ul><ul><li>Produced over 800 paintings in 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>Committed suicide at 37 </li></ul><ul><li>Lead the movement that became known as Expressionism </li></ul>
  78. 78. Still Life, 1881
  79. 79. Self Portrait , 1887
  80. 80. Still Life: Vase with Twelve Sunflowers, August 1888
  81. 81. The Café Terrace on the Place de Forum, Arles, at Night . September 1888
  82. 82. Starry, Starry Night , June 1889
  83. 83. Entrance of the Hospital, 1889
  84. 84. Portrait of Dr.Gachet , 1890
  85. 85. ARCHITECTURE <ul><li>Became innovative as structural steel freed up the limitations that allowed architects to go as high as they pleased </li></ul><ul><li>1 st skyscapers in Chicago in the 1880’s </li></ul><ul><li>Lines were simple </li></ul>
  86. 86. The Brookline Bridge , 1869-1883
  87. 87. Eiffel Tower, 1887-1889
  88. 88. MUSIC <ul><li>Rise of national music, folk songs, & national history provided the inspiration for operas </li></ul><ul><li>Era of the travelling performer who played to audiences. </li></ul><ul><li>Composers wrote music to amaze the audience </li></ul>
  89. 89. FRANZ LISZT 1811-1886 <ul><li>Hungarian composer </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1200 compositions </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative piano compositions based on gypsy music </li></ul><ul><li>1 st composer to perform solo piano concerts  turned the piano sideways, so the audience could see his hands </li></ul><ul><li>Taught music in Vienna to 100’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faust Symphony (1854) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hungarian Rhapsody </li></ul></ul>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =ejXPcv9MS7s
  90. 90. Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky <ul><li>Russian composer who was educated in Law school, but left to study music </li></ul><ul><li>wrote symphonies, operas, ballets & popular concert music, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swan Lake, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleeping Beauty, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Nutcracker, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The 1812 Overture </li></ul></ul>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =u2W1Wi2U9sQ http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =FY4Y1gTO9HE
  91. 91. RICHARD STRAUSS 1864-1949 <ul><li>Wrote symphonic poems & operas-to convey emotions, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don Juan (1888) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thus Spake Zarathustra (1896) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don Quixote (1897) </li></ul></ul>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =SLuW-GBaJ8k <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =_CTYymbbEL4 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  92. 92. LITERATURE <ul><li>A great period for fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Not content with realist’s aim to reflect life with accuracy , but to deal with human development & their problems </li></ul><ul><li>Prose literature dealt with protests & exposed people as greedy, selfish, combative, etc. </li></ul>
  93. 93. GEORGE BERNARD SHAW 1856-1950 <ul><li>Born into poverty in Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Self-educated in economics & politics </li></ul><ul><li>Prominent Fabian, expressing views on feminism war, religion & socialism </li></ul><ul><li>Considered the greatest dramatist in the English language since Shakespeare  won Nobel prize for literature in 1925 </li></ul>
  94. 94. <ul><li>Plays included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mrs. Warren’s Profession (1893) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arms & the Man (1894) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caesar & Cleopatra (1898) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Man & Superman (1905) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pygmalion (1913) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>St. Joan (1923) </li></ul></ul>
  95. 95. H.G. WELLS, 1866-1946 <ul><li>Studied zoology </li></ul><ul><li>Fabian Society in 1903  Liberal Democrat </li></ul><ul><li>Research Committee for the League of Nations (1918) </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneered modern science fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in the perfectibility of mankind through evolution </li></ul>
  96. 96. <ul><li>Works included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Time Machine (1895) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Island of Dr. Moreau (1896) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Invisible Man (1897) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The War of the Worlds (1898) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Modern Utopia (1905) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The New Machiavelli (1911) </li></ul></ul>

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