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Presentation on ART


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“Art is literacy of the heart” - Elliot Eisner

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Presentation on ART

  1. 1. “We Work in the dark — we do what we can — we give what we have. Our doubt is our passion and our passion is our task. The rest is the madness of art.”
  2. 2. A short presentation on different types of art AND artists
  4. 4. The Maharashtrian Lady - Painting of a traditionally dressed lady of Maharashtra, India. Oil painting on canvas by Raja Ravi Varma Kowdiar Palace, Thiruvananthapurm, Kerala.
  5. 5. Harischandra in Distress (Raja Ravi Varma - Oil Painting on Canvas)
  6. 6. Some of the best Paintings of M.F.HUSSAIN
  8. 8. Cubism was invented around 1907 in Paris by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. Cubism was the first abstract style of modern art. A Cubist painting ignores the traditions of perspective drawing and shows you many views of a subject at one time. The Cubists introduced collage into painting. The Cubists were influenced by art from other cultures, particularly African masks. There are two distinct phases of the Cubist Style: Analytical Cubism (pre 1912) and Synthetic Cubism (post 1912) Cubism influenced many other styles of modern art including Orphism, Futurism, Vorticism, Suprematism, Constructivism and Expressionism.
  9. 9. PAUL CÉZANNE (1839-1906) 'Bibemus Quarry', 1895 (oil on canvas)
  10. 10. LEFT: Pablo Picasso, 'Head of a Woman', 1907 (oil on canvas) RIGHT: Dan Mask from West Africa
  11. 11. PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973) 'Still Life with Chair Caning', 1912 (oil on canvas)
  12. 12. GEORGES BRAQUE (1882-1963) 'Violin and Jug', 1910 (oil on canvas)
  13. 13. PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973) 'Factory, Horta de Ebbo', 1909 (oil on canvas)
  14. 14. Expressionism
  15. 15. The 'self expression' in the art of Vincent Van Gogh and Edvard Munch inspired Expressionist artists in the 20th century. German Expressionism also drew inspiration from Fauvism, German Gothic and 'primitive art'. German Expressionism was divided into two factions: Die Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter Die Brücke (The Bridge) was an artistic community of young Expressionist artists in Dresden. Their aim was to overthrow the conservative traditions of German art. Their 'bridge' was the path to a new and better future for German art. Der Blaue Reiter was a publication of essays on the Expressionist art forms. The aim of Der Blaue Reiter exhibitions was to find the common creative ground between these diverse art forms. After the various Expressionist groups disbanded, Expressionism spread and evolved in the work of many individual artists across the world.
  16. 16. FRANCIS BACON (1909-1992) 'Study after Velazquez's Portrait of Pope Innocent X', 1953 (oil on canvas)
  17. 17. EMILE NOLDE (1867-1956) 'Crucifixion', 1912 (oil on canvas)
  18. 18. WASSILY KANDINSKY (1866-1944) 'Composition IV', 1911 (oil on canvas)
  19. 19. MARTIN SHONGAUER (1448-1491) 'The Temptation of Saint Anthony' circa.1480 (engraving on copper)
  20. 20. VINCENT VAN GOGH (1853-1890) 'Sunflowers', 1888 (oil on canvas)
  21. 21. Fauvism
  22. 22. Fauvism was a style of painting developed in France at the beginning of the 20th century by Henri Matisse and André Derain. The artists who painted in this style were known as 'Les Fauves'. The title 'Les Fauves' (the wild beasts) came from a sarcastic remark by the art critic Louis Vauxcelles. Les Fauves believed that colour should be used to express the artist's feelings about a subject, rather than simply to describe what it looks like. Fauvist paintings have two main characteristics: simplified drawing and exaggerated colour. Les Fauves were a great influence on German Expressionism.
  23. 23. HENRI MATISSE (1869-1954) 'The Open Window, Collioure', 1905 (oil on canvas)
  24. 24. HENRI MATISSE (1869-1954) 'Green Stripe - Madame Matisse', 1905 (oil on canvas)
  25. 25. ANDRÉ DERAIN (18801954) 'Portrait of Henri Matisse', 1906 (oil on canvas)
  26. 26. HENRI MATISSE (1869-1954) 'The Open Window, Collioure', 1905 (oil on canvas)
  27. 27. RAOUL DUFY (1877-1953) 'Henley Regatta', 1933 (gouache)
  28. 28. Post Impressionism
  29. 29. • The Post Impressionists were a few independent artists at the end of the 19th century who rebelled against the limitations of Impressionism to develop a range of personal styles that influenced the development of art in the 20th century. • The art of Paul Gauguin was a major influence in the development of Fauvism. •The art of Vincent Van Gogh was an influence on Expressionism in the 20th century. •The art of Paul Cézanne was an influence on the Cubists at the start of the 20th century. •The analytical method of Seurat's Pointillism influenced those artists who adopted more calculated approach to painting, particularly in the development of abstract art.
  30. 30. VINCENT VAN GOGH (1853-1890) 'View of Arles-Orchard in Bloom with Poplars', 1890 (oil on canvas)
  31. 31. PAUL GAUGUIN (1848-1903) 'The Yellow Christ', 1889 (oil on canvas)
  32. 32. PAUL GAUGUIN (1848-1903) 'Tahitian Landscape', 1893 (oil on canvas)
  33. 33. VINCENT VAN GOGH (1853-1890) 'Wheatfield with Crows', 1890 (oil on canvas)
  34. 34. PAUL CÉZANNE (1839-1906) 'The Château at Médan', 1880 (oil on canvas)
  35. 35. GEORGES SEURAT(1859-1891) Detail: 'A Sunday Afternoon on the Île de la Grande Jatte', 1884 (oil on canvas)
  36. 36. GEORGES SEURAT(1859-1891) Study: 'A Sunday Afternoon on the Île de la Grande Jatte', 1884 (oil on canvas)
  37. 37. PAUL GAUGUIN (1848-1903) 'Portrait of the Artist with the Yellow Christ', 1889 (oil on canvas)
  38. 38. Impressionism
  39. 39. The name 'Impressionism' comes from a sarcastic review of Monet's painting, 'Impression, Sunrise' (1873), written by Louis Leroy in the satirical magazine 'Le Charivari'. Impressionism was a style of painting that used a more scientific analysis of colour to capture the effects of light in nature. The main artists associated with Impressionism were Claude Monet, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Edgar Degas, Alfred Sisley and Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec. The Impressionists painted with small strokes of pure colours which mixed in the eye of the spectator when viewed from a distance. The Impressionists had to paint quickly to capture the atmosphere of a particular time of day or the effects of different weather conditions on the landscape. The speed of the Impressionists' painting technique forced them to sacrifice accurate line and detail in favour of atmospheric effect. Impressionism is now seen as the first movement in modern art, and had a huge influence on the development of art in the 20th century.
  40. 40. CLAUDE MONET (1840-1926) 'Waterlilies and Japanese Bridge', 1899 (oil on canvas)
  41. 41. ALFRED SISLEY (1839-99) 'Flood at Port Marley', 1876 (oil on canvas)
  42. 42. CLAUDE MONET (1840-1926) 'Wheatstacks - End of Summer', 1890-91 (oil on canvas)
  43. 43. EDGAR DEGAS (1834-1917) 'Four Dancers', 1899 (oil on canvas)
  44. 44. ANDO HIROSHIGE (1797-1858) 'The 53 Stations of the Tokaido (no.26)', 1831-34 (woodblock print)
  45. 45. HENRI DE TOULOUSE-LAUTREC (1864-1901) 'At the Moulin Rouge', 1892-95 (oil on canvas)
  46. 46. CLAUDE MONET (1840-1926) 'Impression Sunrise', 1872 (oil on canvas)
  47. 47. VINCENT VAN GOGH (1853-1890) 'Olive Trees with Yellow Sky and Sun', 1890 (oil on canvas)
  48. 48. Pop art
  49. 49. •Pop Art WAS a brash, young and fun art Pop Art movement of the 1960's. •Pop Art coincided with the globalization of Pop Music and youth culture. •Pop Art included different styles of painting and sculpture but all had a common interest in mass-media, mass-production and mass-culture. •Although Pop Art started in Britain, it is essentially an American movement. •Pop art was strongly influence by the ideas of the Dada movement. •Pop Art in America was a reaction against Abstract Expressionism. •The art of Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg is seen as a bridge between Abstract Expressionism and Pop Art. •The artist who personifies Pop Art more than any other is Andy Warhol. •Warhol's paintings of Marilyn Monroe are the most famous icons of Pop Art. •Roy Lichtenstein developed an instantly recognizable style of Pop Art inspired by the American comic strip. •Claes Oldenburg was the greatest sculptor of the Pop Art movement, creating many large scale public works.
  50. 50. ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG (1925- 2008) 'Retroactive 1', 1964 (oil and silkscreen on canvas)
  51. 51. JASPER JOHNS (1930-) 'White Flag', 1955 (encaustic, oil, newspaper, charcoal on canvas)
  52. 52. JASPER JOHNS (1930-) 'Numbers in Color', 1958-59 (encaustic and newspaper on canvas)
  53. 53. CLAES OLDENBURG (1922-), COOSJE VAN BRUGGEN (1942-2009) ‘Spoonbridge and Cherry’ photo: Mike Hicks, 1985-88 (alluminium, stainless steel and paint)
  54. 54. SIR PETER BLAKE (1932-) 'The Beatles - Sgt Pepper's Album Cover, 1967 (record sleeve)
  55. 55. Primitivism
  56. 56. an artistic movement in particular which originated as a reaction to the Enlightenment In art, Primitivism can be seen as a set of modern European and Euro-American representational conventions inspired by non-Western art and artifacts. Paul Gauguin (painting) and early Igor Stravinsky (music) are two of the important examples of primitivist art.
  57. 57. Realism
  58. 58.  Dates: Mid 1800's Key Artists: French Painters: Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot; Jean-François Millet; Gustave Courbet; Edouard Manet  The artists of the Realist school which emerged in France in the mid 1800's wanted to do away with the idealization of subjects which was a common feature of some other art movements such as Neoclassicism and Romanticism. They wanted to show the natural truth of their subject. Realism is therefore sometimes called 'Naturalism'.
  59. 59. Surrealism
  60. 60. Movement in the visual arts and literature that flourished in Europe Between World Wars I and II. Surrealism developed against “rationalism” that had led to World War I. Founded in 1924 by ANDRE BRETON. Best Known Surrealist Artists: Jean Arp (1886-1966) Hans Bellmer (1907-1975) Louise Bourgeois (1911-2010) Leonora Carrington (b. 1917) Joseph Cornell (1903-1972) Salvadore Dalí (1904-1989) Paul Delvaux (1897-1994) Max Ernst (1891-1976) Leonor Fini (1907-1996)