Unit 11: Scotland: The Lowlands


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Unit 11: Scotland: The Lowlands

  1. 1. Scotland: The Lowlands Pirgit Palmiste
  2. 2. What/where is 'the Scottish Lowlands'? <ul><li>Not officially a geographical area of the country </li></ul><ul><li>The Lowlands cover roughly the Central Plain and the Southern Uplands </li></ul><ul><li>Generally meant to include those parts of Scotland not referred to as the Highlands: everything south of the fault line between Stonehaven and Helensburg </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a misleading name because some parts aren’t physically 'low' (e.g. the Southern Uplands) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Embodies Scotland’s magnificent scenery in its diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Features wooded valleys, winding rivers, moorlands, hills, rocky coasts, ruins of medieval castles, lively little fishing villages and also bigger holiday towns </li></ul><ul><li>Has witnessed many conflicts between England and Scotland, often battles for independence </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Trossachs <ul><li>A beautiful region of craggy hills and sparkling lochs in the meeting place of the Lowlands and the Highlands </li></ul><ul><li>The habitat of a wide variety of wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Many writers have made the area the setting for their novels </li></ul><ul><li>The home of Rob Roy (Robert McGregor), Scotland’s Robin Hood of folklore </li></ul><ul><li>Loch Lomond </li></ul>
  5. 5. Stirling <ul><li>Grew up around what was once one of Scotland’s most important fortresses </li></ul><ul><li>The present building constructed in the 15 th and 16 th centuries in Renaissance style </li></ul><ul><li>Earliest information dates back to 1124 </li></ul><ul><li>Seven battlefields can be seen from the castle </li></ul>Perth <ul><li>The capital of Scotland in medieval times </li></ul><ul><li>Many historical and literary connections </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dundee <ul><li>The fourth-largest city in Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for its cake, marmalade and DC Thompson Publishing Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Was a ship-building centre in the 18 th and 19 th centuries </li></ul>St Andrews <ul><li>Scotland’s oldest university town </li></ul><ul><li>Prince William was an undergraduate </li></ul><ul><li>A shrine to golfers from all over the world; The British Golf Museum </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dunfermline <ul><li>Scotland’s capital until 1603 </li></ul><ul><li>Its Abbey contains the tombs of 22 Scottish kings and queens </li></ul><ul><li>Most famous resident is Andrew Carnegie </li></ul>The Forth Bridges <ul><li>Span a mile (1.6 km) across the River Forth </li></ul><ul><li>Dominate South Queensferry (a small town northwest of Edinburgh) </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Scottish Borders <ul><li>One of the 32 local government council areas of Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Close to England </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in the scattered ruins of ancient buildings destroyed in conflicts between England and Scotland </li></ul>Abbotsford House <ul><li>Was the home of Sir Walter Scott ( Rob Roy , Ivanhoe ) for the last 20 years of his life </li></ul><ul><li>The construction of the turreted building we see today was funded by sales of his novels </li></ul>
  9. 9. Edinburgh <ul><li>The capital and the second largest city of Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous galleries and museums, displaying the riches of many cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Striking medieval and Georgian districts </li></ul><ul><li>Princes Street divides the city into two: the Old Town and the New Town </li></ul><ul><li>Was once known as 'the Athens of the North' for the arts </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Built in the 12 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Stands on the granite core of an extinct volcano </li></ul><ul><li>Has served as a fortress, a royal palace, a military garrison, a state prison and a museum </li></ul><ul><li>Today houses the permanent headquarters of the Royal Scots Regiment </li></ul>Edinburgh Castle <ul><li>Highlights include : the Scottish crown jewels, the 15 th -century Great H all (the meeting place of the Scottish parliament until 1639), the room where Mary Queen of Scots gave birth to her son, etc </li></ul>
  11. 11. The One O'Clock Gun is a time signal, fired every day ( except Sunday ) at precisely 13:00. The gun was established in 1861 , as a time signal for ships in the Firth of Forth. <ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =4BpVP-XFj2U </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =oh0qEGhVyLk </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =otM7-G6fGLg </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Royal Mile <ul><li>A stretch of four ancient streets , connecting Edinburgh Castle with Holyrood House </li></ul><ul><li>66 alleys and closes branch off the main street </li></ul><ul><li>Popular sights along or near the Royal Mile include : The Scotch Whisky Centre, Lady Stair’s House, St Giles Cathedral, Parliament House, The Royal Museum of Scotland , Scottish Parliament Building </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Mercat Cross <ul><li>Marks the city centre </li></ul><ul><li>Bonnie Prince Charlie was proclaimed king there in 1745 </li></ul>John Knox’s House <ul><li>The oldest building in the city </li></ul>The Museum of Childhood <ul><li>Founded for adults in 1955 by a man who was known t o dislike children </li></ul>
  14. 14. Holyrood Palace <ul><li>The official Scottish residence of the Queen, who hosts garden parties there every summer </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>When the Skye Terrier’s master John Gray died of tuberculosis, the faithful dog guarded his grave for 14 years </li></ul><ul><li>The statue was unveiled in November, 1873 </li></ul>Greyfriars Bobby “ Greyfriars Bobby - died 14th January 1872 - aged 16 years - Let his loyalty and devotion be a lesson to us all”
  16. 16. Glasgow <ul><li>Scotland’s finest Victorian city, reflecting its era of prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>Places of interest: The People’s Palace, The Glasgow School of Art (the masterpiece of Charles Rennie Mackintosh), Glasgow Cathedral, The Burrell Collection (donated to the city in 1944 by Sir William Burrell) </li></ul>