Central-North-Caucasian  Cities in the Field of  Attraction between Uplands and Lowlands Alexander Drozdov and Olga Glezer...
Main points1. Territory and objects, origin of the cities2. Two types of the cities: resorts and    capitals - history and...
The Main Caucasian Ridge is  more than 1000 km long
The central part of North       Caucasus
Cities under consideration    City         Status   PopulationCherkessk     Capital     ~ 117 000Nal’chik      Capital    ...
Active period of the conquest of  North Caucasus, 1842-1849
Evidence of resorts history.Kislovodsk as a fortification, 1803
Resorts, more evidence
Kislovodsk, some other evidence,     left – 1920, right - 2009
Resorts, structure of economy
Holiday-makers in sanatoria,            thousands of people      Years    1960   1990    2000    2005ResortsKislovodsk    ...
Evidence of capitals history. Nal’chik, XIX, XX, XXI centures
Nal’chik (left) and Republic in total,  branches of industry (%), 1992
Republic in total,economy structure (%), 2009               Metallurgy - 6            Electric energy – 17              Li...
Evidence of Vladikavkaz history,     XIX and XXI centures
Changes after the 1990s                        General:   decay of agriculture and industry,   aggravation of ethnic pro...
Typical streams caused    uplands-lowlands tension,      before and nowadaysMany thousands of sheep on the way to lowlands
The area of tourismdevelopment in 1970-1980
Three zones, number         of tourists      Zones          1999         2003Nortern piedmont   836 000      485 000      ...
The mountainous zone now -   chaotic development
There are ambitious plans     for 2020: to construct mountain       hotels for ~150 000 visitors                         T...
They can be dangerous due to  avalanches, mudflows etc
However new plans are developed…
It will be reasonable to try       to adapt new plans to       contemporary social-  economical-ecological situation      ...
In the field of tourism1. To continue the main function of spa-resorts, but  to expand one-day excursions from there in th...
Thank you !
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Central-North-Caucasian Cities in the Field of Attraction between Uplands and Lowlands [Alexander Drozdov]

496 views

Published on

Central-North-Caucasian Cities in the Field of Attraction between Uplands and Lowlands. Presented by Alexander Drozdov at the "Perth II: Global Change and the World's Mountains" conference in Perth, Scotland in September 2010.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
496
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Central-North-Caucasian Cities in the Field of Attraction between Uplands and Lowlands [Alexander Drozdov]

  1. 1. Central-North-Caucasian Cities in the Field of Attraction between Uplands and Lowlands Alexander Drozdov and Olga Glezer Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences drozdov2009@gmail.com yalog@rambler.ru
  2. 2. Main points1. Territory and objects, origin of the cities2. Two types of the cities: resorts and capitals - history and economy3. Changes in urban-rural linkages4. Tourism: before the 1990s, nowadays, plans for future5. What will be reasonable?
  3. 3. The Main Caucasian Ridge is more than 1000 km long
  4. 4. The central part of North Caucasus
  5. 5. Cities under consideration City Status PopulationCherkessk Capital ~ 117 000Nal’chik Capital ~ 270 000Vladikavkaz Capital ~ 310 000Pyatigorsk Resort > 200 000Yessentuki Resort ~ 81 000Kislovodsk Resort ~ 130 000
  6. 6. Active period of the conquest of North Caucasus, 1842-1849
  7. 7. Evidence of resorts history.Kislovodsk as a fortification, 1803
  8. 8. Resorts, more evidence
  9. 9. Kislovodsk, some other evidence, left – 1920, right - 2009
  10. 10. Resorts, structure of economy
  11. 11. Holiday-makers in sanatoria, thousands of people Years 1960 1990 2000 2005ResortsKislovodsk 163,3 283,0 61,2 106,4Yessentuki 106,6 245,6 28,1 65,3Pyatigorsk 57,9 210,5 33,2 49,6Zhelezno- 42,8 121,2 31,3 56,8vodskTotal 370,5 860,3 153,8 278,1
  12. 12. Evidence of capitals history. Nal’chik, XIX, XX, XXI centures
  13. 13. Nal’chik (left) and Republic in total, branches of industry (%), 1992
  14. 14. Republic in total,economy structure (%), 2009 Metallurgy - 6 Electric energy – 17 Light industry – 4 Food production – 40 Agriculture and others – 33There is no reliable data about tourism – only approximate estimations: for example, theannual number of visitors in El’brus area coming from the cities can turn 150 000 people
  15. 15. Evidence of Vladikavkaz history, XIX and XXI centures
  16. 16. Changes after the 1990s General: decay of agriculture and industry, aggravation of ethnic problems, complicated migratory processes Specific for: resorts – variation in number of clients but conservation of main function capitals – decrease of heavy industry, generation of conflicts, search of investors
  17. 17. Typical streams caused uplands-lowlands tension, before and nowadaysMany thousands of sheep on the way to lowlands
  18. 18. The area of tourismdevelopment in 1970-1980
  19. 19. Three zones, number of tourists Zones 1999 2003Nortern piedmont 836 000 485 000 (spa-resorts)Montainous 212 000 ?Black sea coast 2 285 000 6 100 000
  20. 20. The mountainous zone now - chaotic development
  21. 21. There are ambitious plans for 2020: to construct mountain hotels for ~150 000 visitors They can bring to many conflicts withnature conservation,traditional land useetc
  22. 22. They can be dangerous due to avalanches, mudflows etc
  23. 23. However new plans are developed…
  24. 24. It will be reasonable to try to adapt new plans to contemporary social- economical-ecological situation and:1. To understand that in the next 10 years agriculture and heavy industry can’t developed significant2. To do something in the field of tourism (it is probably possible)
  25. 25. In the field of tourism1. To continue the main function of spa-resorts, but to expand one-day excursions from there in the mountains to 3-5 days;2. To develop mountain tourism and also recreation of inhabitants of regional capitals and big cities, but: to use landscape planning to reduce conflicts; to organize ecological and social expertise of new development plans; to defend nature reserves from aggressive business; to improve quality of service etc
  26. 26. Thank you !

×