The Scottish Wars for National Independence   The Fight for Freedom in  Medieval Scotland
In 1291 Edward of England sought control of Scotland Three contenders to the Scottish Crown…Balliol, Brus and Hastings cla...
Berwick Castle A recreation of the Royal castle at Berwick on Tweed  by Andrew Spratt, custodian for Dirleton Castle In th...
A reproduction of the Stone of Destiny  stands on Moot Hill near this Gothic chapel at Scone Palace Until 1296 all Scotlan...
In 1295 Edward charged John Balliol with contumacy Scotland’s barons, nobles and prelates prepared for war
King Edward brought his mighty army to  Wark on Tweed in the Easter week 1296… some 60,000 English on foot had mustered at...
In March of 1296 the Royal Burgh of Berwick on Tweed was a walled toun…this is a view from the River Tweed of the ruined r...
The old Crusader Sir William le Hardi, Lord Douglas was the Garrison Commander and Governor of Berwick on Tweed when  Edwa...
Edward Plantagenet gained entry to the toun by ruse…the first genocide in recorded history began as 8000 Scots and Foreign...
With the Comyn leading the Scottish army through Northumbria Lord Douglas had no relief and surrendered Berwick Castle to ...
The Scottish army appeared before Dunbar Castle and was defeated…the knights, earls and barons were taken to the Tower of ...
The infamous Ragman Roll 1296
Wallace led the rebellion in Lanarkshire Spring 1297…Lord Douglas joined him
Sanquhar Castle fell to the Scots Lord Douglas and William Wallace controlled the Eastern Marches by the Summer 1297
The site of Scone Abbey… Wallace and Douglas attacked Scone and liberated the English treasury…the spoils later funded the...
The North Rising Squire Andrew de Moray gained his freedom from Chester Castle, returned to Avoch and led a rebellion thro...
Edward sent the young Earl of Carrick to lay siege to Douglas Castle and kidnap Lady Douglas and her children to take them...
The capitulation at Irving Water 19 July 1297
The Wallace Monument as seen from Stirling Castle commemorates the great Scottish victory at Stirling Bridge under the joi...
Lord Douglas was executed in the White Tower 6 November 1298…his son James vowed revenge
Sir William Wallace, the Guardian of Scotland met with Robert Wishart Bishop of Glasgow on the back steps at Glasgow Cathe...
Wallace was betrayed and taken to London where he was Executed, Hanged Cruelly  at Smithfield Elms 23 August 1305
Robert Brus met the Comyn at the church of the Friars Minorities   10 February 1306
James Douglas brought Brus the Scottish treasury from Bishop Lamberton and pledged fealty at  Ericstane near the Annan Riv...
Robert the Brus was proclaimed King of Scots  during a mass said by Bishop Lamberton as the Countess of Buchan, sister of ...
The Scots were soundly defeated by the English during the first major battle  with Robert Brus as their general Methven Wo...
Kildrummy Castle was taken by the English under the command of Amer de Valence as  Edward raised the dragon Neil Brus was ...
March 1307 Robert the Brus returned to Scotland; landing in Turnberry he routed the English…but not without a price …two b...
Brus defeated the English at  Loudon Hill 1307
James Douglas routed the English at  Edry Ford 1307
James Douglas defeated the English in a fight that began in St. Bride’s Kirk; retaking Douglas Castle during an incident c...
October 1308 The last Parliament where Scottish Gaelic was spoken was held at Ardchattan Priory following the Scots’ great...
King Robert the Brus took Perth  Sir James Douglas seized Roxburgh Castle on  the Shrove Tide 1313
Sir Thomas Randolph Earl of Moray defeated the English garrison at Edinburgh and took the castle for the Scots
Lord Robert dispatched his brother Edward Brus Earl of Carrick to liberate Stirling Castle; failing to achieve the victory...
Under the great leadership of Robert the Brus the Scots defeated the English on St. John the Baptist Day in 1314… sending ...
In March 1320 the Scots met at Newbattle Abbey to discuss the contents of a letter  to the Pope to be written by Father Be...
On 6 April 1320  Scottish nobles met at Arbroath Abbey to put their seals to a letter to the Pope
Sir James Douglas was represented in the annual reenactment ceremony held at Arbroath Abbey 6 April in 2004
Earls, Barons, Prelates met to put their seals to the letter in 1320 where the Scots informed the Pope that Robert Brus wa...
Arbroath Abbey ruins
If but one hundred of us yet remain alive we will not surrender to the English For it is not for glory nor riches nor hono...
After the disastrous battle at Halidon Hill Berwick on Tweed became part of England and has never been returned to Scotland
Bower’s Scotichronicon… the Medieval Prophecy When the Scottish people is fighting on the Holy Hill of its own free will, ...
 
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The Scottish Wars For National Independence

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A brief history in pictures of the Scottish Wars for National Indepence

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The Scottish Wars For National Independence

  1. 1. The Scottish Wars for National Independence The Fight for Freedom in Medieval Scotland
  2. 2. In 1291 Edward of England sought control of Scotland Three contenders to the Scottish Crown…Balliol, Brus and Hastings clamored for their share of Scotland as if the wee country was an earldom to be shared
  3. 3. Berwick Castle A recreation of the Royal castle at Berwick on Tweed by Andrew Spratt, custodian for Dirleton Castle In the great hall at Berwick Castle Edward Plantagenet judged the auditors’ presentations, awarding John Balliol the Crown of Scotland in 1292
  4. 4. A reproduction of the Stone of Destiny stands on Moot Hill near this Gothic chapel at Scone Palace Until 1296 all Scotland’s kings were crowned while sitting on the coronation stone including John Balliol who was made King of Scots on 17 November 1292
  5. 5. In 1295 Edward charged John Balliol with contumacy Scotland’s barons, nobles and prelates prepared for war
  6. 6. King Edward brought his mighty army to Wark on Tweed in the Easter week 1296… some 60,000 English on foot had mustered at New Castle on Tyne
  7. 7. In March of 1296 the Royal Burgh of Berwick on Tweed was a walled toun…this is a view from the River Tweed of the ruined ramparts
  8. 8. The old Crusader Sir William le Hardi, Lord Douglas was the Garrison Commander and Governor of Berwick on Tweed when Edward invaded Scotland 30 March 1296
  9. 9. Edward Plantagenet gained entry to the toun by ruse…the first genocide in recorded history began as 8000 Scots and Foreigners, men, women and children were put to the sword or hanged
  10. 10. With the Comyn leading the Scottish army through Northumbria Lord Douglas had no relief and surrendered Berwick Castle to spare the lives of the remaining citizens…Edward took the Douglas knight prisoner; holding him in Hog’s Tower until June 10 1296
  11. 11. The Scottish army appeared before Dunbar Castle and was defeated…the knights, earls and barons were taken to the Tower of London and their squires were also made prisoner and transferred to castles throughout the English countryside
  12. 12. The infamous Ragman Roll 1296
  13. 13. Wallace led the rebellion in Lanarkshire Spring 1297…Lord Douglas joined him
  14. 14. Sanquhar Castle fell to the Scots Lord Douglas and William Wallace controlled the Eastern Marches by the Summer 1297
  15. 15. The site of Scone Abbey… Wallace and Douglas attacked Scone and liberated the English treasury…the spoils later funded the Battle at Stirling Bridge
  16. 16. The North Rising Squire Andrew de Moray gained his freedom from Chester Castle, returned to Avoch and led a rebellion through the Highlands; retaking 11 strongholds for the Scots
  17. 17. Edward sent the young Earl of Carrick to lay siege to Douglas Castle and kidnap Lady Douglas and her children to take them to Lochmaben
  18. 18. The capitulation at Irving Water 19 July 1297
  19. 19. The Wallace Monument as seen from Stirling Castle commemorates the great Scottish victory at Stirling Bridge under the joint command of William Wallace and Andrew de Moray 11 September 1297
  20. 20. Lord Douglas was executed in the White Tower 6 November 1298…his son James vowed revenge
  21. 21. Sir William Wallace, the Guardian of Scotland met with Robert Wishart Bishop of Glasgow on the back steps at Glasgow Cathedral…the prelate funneled financial support to the Rebel
  22. 22. Wallace was betrayed and taken to London where he was Executed, Hanged Cruelly at Smithfield Elms 23 August 1305
  23. 23. Robert Brus met the Comyn at the church of the Friars Minorities 10 February 1306
  24. 24. James Douglas brought Brus the Scottish treasury from Bishop Lamberton and pledged fealty at Ericstane near the Annan River March 1306
  25. 25. Robert the Brus was proclaimed King of Scots during a mass said by Bishop Lamberton as the Countess of Buchan, sister of the Earl of Fife placed the crown on his head Scone Abbey 27 March 1306
  26. 26. The Scots were soundly defeated by the English during the first major battle with Robert Brus as their general Methven Woods 19 June 1306
  27. 27. Kildrummy Castle was taken by the English under the command of Amer de Valence as Edward raised the dragon Neil Brus was hanged cruelly while Lord Robert made his escape to the Hebrides
  28. 28. March 1307 Robert the Brus returned to Scotland; landing in Turnberry he routed the English…but not without a price …two brothers were captured in Galloway; their heads mounted on the battlements at Carlisle
  29. 29. Brus defeated the English at Loudon Hill 1307
  30. 30. James Douglas routed the English at Edry Ford 1307
  31. 31. James Douglas defeated the English in a fight that began in St. Bride’s Kirk; retaking Douglas Castle during an incident called the Douglas Larder 1307
  32. 32. October 1308 The last Parliament where Scottish Gaelic was spoken was held at Ardchattan Priory following the Scots’ great victory at the Pass of Brander
  33. 33. King Robert the Brus took Perth Sir James Douglas seized Roxburgh Castle on the Shrove Tide 1313
  34. 34. Sir Thomas Randolph Earl of Moray defeated the English garrison at Edinburgh and took the castle for the Scots
  35. 35. Lord Robert dispatched his brother Edward Brus Earl of Carrick to liberate Stirling Castle; failing to achieve the victory the earl made an agreement his brother the king had loathed…to meet the English for a great battle by the Bannock Burn 24 June 1314
  36. 36. Under the great leadership of Robert the Brus the Scots defeated the English on St. John the Baptist Day in 1314… sending Edward home to think again
  37. 37. In March 1320 the Scots met at Newbattle Abbey to discuss the contents of a letter to the Pope to be written by Father Bernard, a Tironesian monk from Kilwinning, Ayrshire
  38. 38. On 6 April 1320 Scottish nobles met at Arbroath Abbey to put their seals to a letter to the Pope
  39. 39. Sir James Douglas was represented in the annual reenactment ceremony held at Arbroath Abbey 6 April in 2004
  40. 40. Earls, Barons, Prelates met to put their seals to the letter in 1320 where the Scots informed the Pope that Robert Brus was their choice for king and that he could be removed at their discretion for another king should he not live up to their expectations Consent of the Governed
  41. 41. Arbroath Abbey ruins
  42. 42. If but one hundred of us yet remain alive we will not surrender to the English For it is not for glory nor riches nor honors that we fight but for Freedom that which we would give up but for life itself
  43. 43. After the disastrous battle at Halidon Hill Berwick on Tweed became part of England and has never been returned to Scotland
  44. 44. Bower’s Scotichronicon… the Medieval Prophecy When the Scottish people is fighting on the Holy Hill of its own free will, The English will fall at Berwick, (not) without guilt

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