The United Kingdom


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The United Kingdom: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, their symbols and landmarks.

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The United Kingdom

  1. 1. <ul><li>The United Kingdom </li></ul>Compiled by Roma Važgėlienė , 2008 romavazg
  2. 2. Content <ul><li>One country? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the British? </li></ul><ul><li>England </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols of England </li></ul><ul><li>In the Street (London) </li></ul><ul><li>Famous People of Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Guards </li></ul><ul><li>Famous Landmarks 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Famous Landmarks 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols of Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols of Scotland 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols of Scotland 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols of Northern Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Try to guess! </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols of England found on the tea cosy (Answers) </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul>
  3. 3. One country? <ul><li>The British Isles , the name for a collection of about 4,000 islands (the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man), two sovereign state s the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Ireland . A geographical name. </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain (GB) ; known as Britain , the name for the largest of the islands . I t includes England, Scotland and Wales, but not Northern Ireland or the Republik of Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>The United Kingdom (the UK) , a political term . It includes England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. All of these countries are represented in parl i ament in London. Several islands (the Isle of Wight, the Orkneys, Hebrides and Shetlands, and the Isles of Scilly) are also part of the UK. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Who are the British? <ul><li>Everybody from the UK is British, only people from England are English. </li></ul><ul><li>People from Wales think of themselves as Welsh; people from Scotland as Scottish ; people from Northern Ireland as either British or Irish . </li></ul><ul><li>On British passports the country is called the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. </li></ul>
  5. 5. England <ul><li>England , part of the United Kingdom . Borders with Scotland and Wales , North Sea , Irish Sea , Celtic Sea , Bristol Channel and English Channel . The capital is London , the largest urban area in Great Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>England became a unified state in the year 927 and takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled there during the 5th and 6th centuries. </li></ul>Stonehenge , a Neolithic and Bronze Age megalithic monument in Wiltshire (2000–2500 BC) The Lake District , a lovely region of lakes and mountains in Northwest England (Cumbria)
  6. 6. Symbols of England <ul><li>St George's Flag , the England Flag. It became England's official flag in 1278. </li></ul><ul><li>Three Lions Emblem . It is the unofficial crest of England and was first used by Richard I in the late 12th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Floral Emblem. The Tudor rose is the national floral emblem of England. It symbolizes the end of the Wars of the Roses. </li></ul><ul><li>The oak is the national tree of England. </li></ul>
  7. 7. In the Street (London) <ul><li>Both the post box and telephone box have a picture of a crown on them. The crown on the postbox also has the monarchs initials underneath: with VR (Victoria Regina, latin for Queen Victorian) and GR (Georgeus Rex, latin for King George). </li></ul>Red Double Decker buses Black taxi cabs Pillar Box (Post Box) Telephone box
  8. 8. Famous People of Britain Winston Churchill , a politician, a soldier, an artist, and the 20th century's most famous and celebrated Prime Minister. Queen Victoria , Victoria's nearly 64-year reign was the longest in British history. David Beckham, a leading English footballer and a former star of the legendary team Manchester United. Queen Elizabeth, the Queen regnant and Head of State of the UK and fifteen other Commonwealth countries. William Shakespeare , the English poet and playwright. Charles Darwin , an English scientist; developed the theory of natural selection.
  9. 9. Royal Guards in London They guard the Queen and the Royal Palaces; part of the Household Division Life Guard Foot Guard Life Guard on Horseback Beefeater
  10. 10. Famous Landmarks 1 Buckingham Palace ; the London home of the British Royal family . The London Eye ; the world’s biggest ferris Wheel; will carry 800 passengers at a time on a thirty-minute ride. Big Ben ( the clock tower); situated on the banks of the river Thames; part of the Palace of Westminster. Westminster Abbey ; one of the oldest buildings in London. Many kings and Queens, famous people are buried or commemorated there. The Tower of London (over 900 years). A royal palace, fortress, prison, place of execution, an arsenal, royal mint, menagerie and jewel house. The Millennium Dome ; the largest dome in the world, covering over 180 acres.
  11. 11. Famous Landmarks 2 <ul><li>The Palace of Westminster ; the two Houses of the Parliament of the UK (the House of Lords and the House of Commons) </li></ul><ul><li>St Paul's Cathedral ; built in 604 AD but burnt down in 675. The rebuilt cathedral was again burnt down in the Great Fire of London in 1666 </li></ul><ul><li>The Canary Wharf Tower, the tallest building in the UK (244 m high) </li></ul><ul><li>30 St Mary Axe; opened on 27 April 2004; 24,000 square metres of glass arranged in diamond-shaped panes </li></ul><ul><li>Trafalgar Square ; built in honour of Admiral Lord Nelson after his victory in 1805 at the Battle of Trafalgar   </li></ul>
  12. 12. Wales <ul><li>Wales; part of the United Kingdom , bordering England to its east, and the Atlantic Ocean and Irish Sea to its west. P opulation - three million; a bilingual country, with both English and Welsh having equal status. </li></ul><ul><li>The capital Cardiff ; Wales' largest city with 317,500 people. For a period it was the biggest coal port in the world. 2/3 of the Welsh population live in South Wales . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Symbols of Wales <ul><li>The flag; officially adopted in 1959. The green and white background stripes represent the House of Tudor, a Welsh dynasty. </li></ul><ul><li>The Coat of Arms of the Principality of Wales; used by the Prince of Wales. </li></ul><ul><li>The Daffodil , a modern flower emblem used on St. David's Day. The Leek , a vegetable eaten since ancient times, recognised as the emblem of Wales since the 16th c. </li></ul><ul><li>St. David's Flag; not as frequently as the nation's official flag. An important role on St David's Day. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Scotland <ul><li>Scotland ; part of the UK, shares a land border to the south with England ; bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest; consists of over 790 islands (the Northern Isles and the Hebrides ). </li></ul><ul><li>Edinburgh , the country's capital and second largest city,one of Europe 's largest financial centres. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Symbols of Scotland 1 <ul><li>Official Flag (the Saltire). Dating to the 12th c., the historic cross of St. Andrew was first hoisted in 1512. One of the oldest country flags. </li></ul><ul><li>William Wallace, a brave and patriotic national hero, an example of the unbending commitment to Scotland’s independence. </li></ul><ul><li>The Royal Flag of Scotland, or Rampant Lion , features a traditional red lion on a gold field. </li></ul><ul><li>The thistle, a Scottish symbol for more than 500 years; found on ancient coins and coats of arms. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Symbols of Scotland 2 <ul><li>Tartan. An internationally recognized symbol of Scotland; became popular in the mid-18 th c. </li></ul><ul><li>Bagpipes and Pipers. Often used in various films depicting moments from Scottish and Irish history. </li></ul><ul><li>Kilts; traditional dress of men and boys in the Scottish Highlands of the 16th c. </li></ul><ul><li>Honours of Scotland; consist of the crown, the sword and the sceptre. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Northern Ireland <ul><li>Northern Ireland ; a constituent country within the UK, in the northeast of Ireland , (14,139 km²); shares a border with the Republic of Ireland ; its population - 1,685,000. It consists of six of the nine counties of the historic Irish province of Ulster . </li></ul><ul><li>Belfast , the capital of Northern Ireland; commercial and industrial city, seaport; one of the most important shipbuilding and repairing centres of the UK. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Symbols of Northern Ireland <ul><li>The Union Jack ( or Union Flag ),Northern Ireland's official flag; used since late 1972. </li></ul><ul><li>The former Coat of Arms for the Government of Northern Ireland, was first granted in 1925. </li></ul><ul><li>Former official Flag ( the &quot;Ulster Banner“) ; not officially used since late 1972. </li></ul><ul><li>The shamrock ( a three-leafed clover ); a popular way to represent Saint Patrick's Day (17 March). </li></ul>
  19. 19. Try to guess! <ul><li>What images associated with England can you spot on the tea Cosy above? </li></ul>
  20. 20. Symbols of England found on the tea cosy (Answers) <ul><li>Big Ben </li></ul><ul><li>Policeman </li></ul><ul><li>Tower of London </li></ul><ul><li>London Eye </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Coat of Arms </li></ul><ul><li>Black Taxi </li></ul><ul><li>Foot Guard </li></ul><ul><li>Buckingham Palace </li></ul><ul><li>Life Guard </li></ul><ul><li>Double Decker Bus </li></ul><ul><li>St Paul's Cathedral </li></ul><ul><li>Pint of Beer </li></ul><ul><li>Tower Bridge </li></ul><ul><li>Union Flag </li></ul>
  21. 21. References <ul><li>Carini, E., Dolman, J., Smith, G. 2000 . English and American Civilization . Vilnius: Alma littera. </li></ul><ul><li>Sheerin, S., Seat, J., White, G., 1992. Sportlight on Britain . OUP. </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols of England, 2007. [as of 30 September, 2008] at < > </li></ul><ul><li>England Symbols Flag Seal and more (Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland Maps), 2007. [as of 1 October, 2008] at < > </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols of Scotland, 2008. [as of 5 October, 2008] at < > </li></ul><ul><li>The British Isles, 2008. [as of 2 October, 2008] at < > </li></ul>