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Assessment HEI 2009

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  • 1. ReportAssessment of higher education institutions and their faculties (2009) © ARRA, Bratislava 2009
  • 2. „This work was supported by the Research and Development Support Agency under contract No APVV-0384-07” The work of ARRA is supported by: The partner of ARRA is -2-ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 3. The authors of the Report would like to thank the members of the Board of Advisors ofARRA, in particular the chairperson Prof. Štich, as well as the members of the Board of Trustees(in particular the chairperson Ing. J. Kollár) for their comments, discussions, analyses and reviews. The criteria and the methodology used have been adopted after several modifications fromprevious ARRA reports1. Discussions with Don Thornhill and Lewis Purser, experts that the WorldBank arranged for ARRA, as well as with several other members of the academic community inSlovakia and abroad, contributed significantly to criteria selection and dividing the faculties intoeleven groups.1 http://www.arra.sk/index.php?module=pagemaster&PAGE_user_op=view_page&PAGE_id=15&MMN_position=11:5 -3- ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 4. 1. About ARRA ARRA is an independent civil association established in 2004 by Prof. FerdinandDevínsky, Prof. Ján Pišút, Renáta Králiková, and Juraj Barta with the objective of assessing thequality of Slovak higher education institutions. In the course of its existence, it prepared andpublished five reports assessing Slovak higher education institutions. In its beginnings, ARRA wasassisted by dr. Don Thornhill and dr. Lewis Purser, World Bank experts. After their departure,ARRA continued its international collaboration and, in 2009, was at the birth of a globalorganisation of ranking agencies, the IREG Observatory (International Ranking Expert GroupObservatory on Academic Ranking and Excellence) as its founding member. Prof. FerdinandDevínsky was elected a member of the Executive Committee of the IREG Observatory.2 ARRA is also engaged in other activities whose common denominator is the quality ofhigher education institutions in Slovakia. Throughout the last year, projects were implementedsuch as the Top Scientists project (identification of Slovak scientists comparable to world’s leadingscholars), a study mapping the interest of employers in higher education institution graduates, acomparison of the scientific performance of Czech and Slovak higher education institutions, etc. The primary objective of ARRA is to stimulate positive changes in Slovak highereducation.2. Authors • Mgr. Juraj Barta • Dr. h. c. prof. Ing. Ferdinand Devínsky, DrSc. • Mgr. Michal Fedák • doc. RNDr. Ivan Ostrovský, CSc. • Mgr. Mária Páleníková • prof. RNDr. Ján Pišút, DrSc. • Mgr. Michal Považan • prof. Ing. Ivan Štich, DrSc. • Mgr. Katarína Tichá Hudecová2 More athttp://www.arra.sk/index.php?module=documents&JAS_DocumentManager_op=downloadFile&JAS_File_id=60 -4- ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 5. 3. Summary ARRA presents the fifth assessment of Slovak higher education institutions which relies ona detailed analysis of publicly available and verifiable data on their scientific activity, teachers,numbers of students, interest in study, grants, and PhD studies. The ARRA ranking has undergone significant changes this year. Some criteria weredropped, some were replaced, but the most obvious change is that in the division of faculties intoindividual groups. The previously used groups HUM and SPOL were divided into smaller, morecompact groups which better reflect the focus of individual faculties and are more comprehensiblefor the user. This approach resulted in the creation of the groups of economic sciences, sciences oflaw, theological sciences, sciences of education, philosophical sciences, arts, and other socialsciences. In the new groups, the leaders among faculties of similar specialisation are more visible.For example, Comenius University’s Faculty of Law has a moderate lead among faculties of law;Košice University of Technology’s Faculty of Economics leads the group of economic faculties;faculties of education have a leader in the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, etc. Looking back at five years of ARRA assessments, it can be concluded that the general levelof higher education institutions and their faculties in Slovakia is stagnating or slightly increasing. Itis not possible to determine the trend as to whether stagnation or slow growth is involved. After animprovement in one year, the results of several institutions fall back to previous levels. Thedevelopment is fluctuating and unclear. Examples include Trnava University whose performance,following continuous growth, culminated in 2007 and whose results have been deteriorating eversince. Nevertheless, there are several faculties that are “traditionally” improving. These include, onthe one hand, established institutions such as Comenius University’s Faculty of Mathematics,Physics and Informatics, the Faculty of Medicine of Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice orZvolen University of Technology’s Faculty of Forestry, but also newer schools on the other hand,for example, Catholic University’s Faculty of Philosophy or Comenius University’s Faculty ofSocial and Economic Sciences. A trend that can be revealed at least in some of the groups (e.g., PRIR, TECH) is thecontinuing clear division between achievements of faculties established before 1989 and thosefounded after 1989. The “younger” faculties, despite the relatively long period of time, failed tocome closer to the “older” ones in their results indicators. -5- ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 6. Cases of inappropriate massification of higher education still occur. The case of the Facultyof Social and Economic Relations of Alexander Dubček University in Trenčín involves as many asabout 800 students per one professor and associate professor. Other faculties, particularly those ofsocial sciences and humanities, suffer from this problem too but they are nowhere near the figuresof the Trenčín faculty. Noteworthy is the case of Košice University of Technology’s Faculty of Economics whichhas long been the leader among faculties of economic sciences. The faculty is characterised by itsability to obtain relatively significant funds for science from foreign grants which gave it anopportunity to be completely independent of the Slovak grant system. Presently, the faculty doesnot have a single grant from the Slovak Ministry of Education agencies. -6- ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 7. Table of Contents 1. About ARRA......................................................................................................... 4 2. Authors ................................................................................................................ 4 3. Summary .............................................................................................................. 5 4. Introduction – changes, additions, findings ................................................................... 8 5. Brief overview of the assessment methodology ........................................................... 10 6. Main results of the assessment ................................................................................. 13 6.1 Universities and faculties of the AGRO group ......................................................................13 6.2 Universities and faculties of the MED group ........................................................................15 6.3 Universities and faculties of the TEOL group .......................................................................18 6.4 Universities and faculties of the FIL group ...........................................................................21 6.5 Universities and faculties of the UMEL group ......................................................................23 6.6 Universities and faculties of the PRIR group ........................................................................25 6.7 Universities and faculties of the EKON group ......................................................................27 6.8 Universities and faculties of the PRAV group.......................................................................29 6.9 Universities and faculties of the PED group ..........................................................................31 6.10 Universities and faculties of the TECH group .......................................................................34 6.11 Universities and faculties of the OTHER group ....................................................................37 7. Trends in the assessment of individual faculties of higher education institutions ................. 38 8. Development of publication output ........................................................................... 47 9. List of acronyms used ............................................................................................ 54 -7-ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 8. 4. Introduction – changes, additions, findings ARRA is submitting the fifth Report assessing higher education institutions and theirfaculties. The assessment was made on the basis of information for 2008. Thanks to already fivecontinuous years of assessment, the focus of this Report includes the trends in the quality of theSlovak higher education institutions. Since the very formation of ARRA, there were discussions about the assessment ofhumanities and social science faculties. Many pedagogues and scientists from these areas werepointing out that they were discriminated against in their faculties’ quality assessment, asinformation on publications was accepted exclusively from WoK. Again, ARRA assesses socialscience and humanities faculties using a slightly modified methodology, taking into consideration,in criterion VV1, also the publications of authors from these faculties that are not covered byinternational databases. This modification does not affect their ranking significantly, but it enablesdistinguishing among faculties with zero records in international databases. ARRA continues towork on enhancements to an assessment method for social science and humanities faculties, butthis is a very challenging task that will require more time and discussions. Publication and citationtraditions of other faculty groups are such that the WoK database sufficiently covers the qualityand quantity of their publications and citations, therefore ARRA uses only data from the WoKdatabase. Data sources used by ARRA include, in addition to the WoK database, informationpublished in reprints of the Institute of Information and Prognoses in Education, in annual reportson the state of higher education issued by the Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic, andfrom the register of publication activity. As in the previous year, the ARRA Report is divided into two parts, particularly tofacilitate its readability. The first part includes an overview of the most important results of thisyear’s assessment as well as news and additional views described above. In the second part, thereare detailed assessments of individual groups, details of the methodology used, and otherappendices intended primarily for the professional public. The most substantial change is the omission of certain criteria concerning scientific results.This involves the criteria describing the number of publications cited 5 and 25 times per creativeworker and the criterion measuring the number of PhD students per professor and per student.After expert discussion, these were replaced with a new criterion which, in the opinion of expertsfrom the academic community, better describes the qualitative and quantitative aspect of higher -8- ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 9. education institutions. The new criterion is the proportion of PhD graduates and first-year PhDstudents for three consecutive years. After several years of discussions, the HUM and SPOL groups were divided into smaller,more orientation-consistent groups PRAV, PED, EKON, TEOL, FIL, UMEL, OTHER. Thisdivision was mainly motivated by a desire to form more consistent groups which will be clearerand will have a higher informative value for the reader.Table 1: List of criteria used in the ReportArea Code Description VV1 Number of publications in the WoK for the years 1999 – 2008 per creative worker VV1a Number of different journal publications outside of WoK for 2008 (for SPOL and HUM faculties) VV1b Number of different book publications outside of WoK for 2008 (for SPOL and HUM faculties) VV2 Number of citations in the WoK for the years 1999 – 2008 per creative worker VV2a Number of citations in the WoK per publication in the WoK Science and research for the years 1999 – 2008 VV4a Proportion of PhD graduates and first-year PhD students for three consecutive years Average annual number of PhD graduates in 2006 – 2008 VV5 in proportion to the number of professors and associate professors The number of full-time PhD students divided by the VV6 number of bachelor’s and master’s degree full-time students VV7 Grant funding from the KEGA and VEGA agencies per creative worker in 2008 VV8 Grant funding from the APVV agency per creative worker in 2008 VV9 Funding from foreign grants per creative worker in 2008 VV10 Total grant funding from agencies per creative worker in 2008 Educatio SV1 Proportion of the number of full-time and part-time students per teacher in 2008 n SV2 Proportion of the number of full-time and part-time students per professor or associate professor in 2008 -9- ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 10. SV3 Proportion of professors, associate professors and other teachers with PhD to the total number of teachers Proportion of professors and associate professors to all SV4 teachers SV6 Ratio of the actual number of applications received to the planned number in 2008 SV7 Ratio of registered and admitted students in 2008 SV8 Proportion of foreign students5. Brief overview of the assessment methodology The procedure that ARRA used in assessing Slovak universities in 2009 is essentiallysimilar to that used in 2008. Similarly as in the previous assessments, the higher education institution assessmentprocedure consists in the following steps in this Report: • the selection of indicators for the quality of education and research in individual universities and the assignment of a certain number of points to each faculty for the performance in the particular indicator (indicators are arranged into groups and each group of indicators gained a certain number of points),3 • the division of faculties into twelve groups in order to compare only faculties that have the same orientation and similar working conditions, • assigning point scores to faculties (the ranking of faculties in individual groups is based on average points score in individual groups of indicators), • calculating point scores for the higher education institutions in individual groups (the ranking of the institution in the given group is given by the average assessment of all its faculties included in that group). The Report divides faculties into the following groups: • natural sciences, • engineering and technology, • medical sciences, • agricultural sciences,3 In 2007 and in 2009 again, the indicators used were slightly modified with the objective to describe the quality ofhigher education institutions under assessment as accurately as possible. - 10 - ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 11. • sciences of law, • economic sciences, • pedagogical sciences, • theological sciences, • philosophical sciences, • arts, • other sciences. ARRA does not prepare a cumulative table ranking all Slovak higher education institutions.It is also true that the quality of a higher education institution is determined by the quality of itsfaculties (except for the University of Veterinary Medicine the Academy of Fine Arts, and St.Elizabeth University of Health and Social Sciences, which have no faculties and are thereforeassessed as a whole). ARRA, therefore, offers a ranking of higher education institutions in groupsof subjects on the basis of the prevailing orientation. ARRA assigns compensation points in certain criteria to faculties existing less than 10years. These are criteria where parameter value depends on time (ten years’ period is examined,while faculties exist for less than ten years). A list of faculties with modified assessment includingthe compensation factors for 2007 and 2008 is given in Table 2. Table 2: Faculties assigned compensation points in the 2009 Report Year CompensatiUniversity Faculty establishe on factor dComenius University Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences 2002 - 10/7University of Prešov Faculty of Healthcare 2002 - 10/7Catholic University Faculty of Philosophy 2002 - 10/7Catholic University Faculty of Theology 2003 - 10/6St. Elizabeth University St. Elizabeth University 2003 - 10/6Catholic University Faculty of Education 2002 - 10/7Constantine the Philosopher University Faculty of Social Sciences and Healthcare 2002 - 10/7University of Žilina Faculty of Special Engineering 2002 - 10/7University of Economics Faculty of International Relations 2000 - 10/9Slovak University of Agriculture Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences 2002 - 10/7 Faculty of European Studies and RegionalSlovak University of Agriculture Development 2002 - 10/7J. Selye University Faculty of Economics 2004 - 10/4J. Selye University Faculty of Reformed Theology 2004 - 10/4J. Selye University Faculty of Education 2004 - 10/4 Faculty of Informatics and InformationSlovak University of Technology Technologies 2004 - 10/4 - 11 - ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 12. Technical University of Košice Faculty of Aeronautics 2005 - 10/3University of Prešov Faculty of Management 2004 - 10/4University of Prešov Faculty of Sports 2004 - 10/4Catholic University Faculty of Healthcare 2004 - 10/4Constantine the Philosopher University Faculty of Central European Studies 2004 - 10/4 - 12 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 13. 6. Main results of the assessment6.1 Universities and faculties of the AGRO group Students Publicatio and Applicati ns and PhD AVERAG AGRO Teachers ons for Citations Studies Grants E 2008 2007 2006 (SV1 – Study (VV1 – (VV4a – (VV7 – RANKIN RANKIN RANKI SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) VV6) VV10) G G NG University of Veterinary Medicine University of Veterinary Medicine 91 90 80 59 95 83.1 1. 1. 1. Faculty of Forestry Technical University in Zvolen 86 47 66 69 65 66.4 2. 2. 3. Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences Slovak University of Agriculture 72 56 49 64 43 57.0 3. 3. 2. Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources Slovak University of Agriculture 70 53 27 75 42 53.5 4. 4. 4. Faculty of Wood Sciences and Technology Technical University in Zvolen 62 67 15 60 31 46.9 5. 5. 5. Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape 43.8 6. 6. 6. Engineering Slovak University of Agriculture 58 53 3 79 26 Publications Students and Applications and Citations 2008 2007 2006 AGRO Teachers for Study (VV1 – PhD Studies Grants (VV7 AVERAGE RANKIN RANKIN RANKIN (SV1 – SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) (VV4a – VV6) – VV10) G G G University of Veterinary Medicine 91 90 80 59 95 83.1 1. 1. 1. Technical University in Zvolen 74 57 40 64 48 56.7 2. 2. 2. Slovak University of Agriculture 67 54 27 73 37 51.4 3. 3. 3. - 13 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 14. The order in this group has changed only slightly compared to the previous assessment.Zvolen University of Technology’s Faculty of Forestry confirmed second position it held in thelast two years. The University of Veterinary Medicine has a convenient lead on other faculties inthe group and has been ranking first in the group since the assessments started. It can therefore beassumed that it will maintain the very good results in the assessment in the long term. The faculty keeps the trend of marked improvements in citation rates of its publications.In the number of citations per publication, it has outperformed the leader of the group, theUniversity of Veterinary Medicine, for the second year in a row and the difference between thetwo even increases. A careful look at the publications that caused this shift shows that the Zvolenfaculty established international cooperation and that the scientifically “successful” publicationsoriginate from this very cooperation. This qualitative shift is reflected in further increases in grantfunds. Another trend is the decreasing performance of Zvolen University of Technology’sFaculty of Wood Sciences and Technology concerning the results of scientific activity and theability to obtain grant funding for science and research. This fact is counterbalanced by thestudents’ great interest in studying at this faculty which interest is significantly higher than that inall other faculties of the AGRO group. It is apparent that the students do not make their decisionson the basis of criteria of success in science and of obtaining funds but they decide on the basis ofother factors that are unrelated to the quality of the institution itself. Slovak University of Agriculture’s Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Engineeringhas long been ranking last and has the poorest results in scientific activity. However, when wecorrelate this situation with its PhD studies we find that it is achieving high figures in thenumbers of PhD graduates and in the numbers of PhD students at the faculty. This is aninteresting situation which shows clearly that the claim that the better scientific results aninstitution has, the better and higher-quality PhD studies it provides does not hold in Slovakia(other examples of this trend will be provided further in the text). - 14 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 15. 6.2 Universities and faculties of the MED group Students Publicatio and Applicati ns and PhD AVERAG MED Teachers ons for Citations Studies Grants E 2008 2007 2006 (SV1 – Study (VV1 – (VV4a – (VV7 – RANKIN RANKIN RANKI SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) VV6) VV10) G G NG Jessenius Faculty of Medicine Comenius University 74 85 72 25 69 65.1 1. 1. 1. Faculty of Medicine Pavol Jozef Šafárik University 70 61 66 21 86 61.0 2. 4. 5. Faculty of Pharmacy Comenius University 67 69 93 9 48 57.2 3. 2. 2. Faculty of Medicine Comenius University 81 77 49 24 21 50.3 4. 3. 4. Faculty of Healthcare and Social Work Trnava University 68 33 60 56 25 48.4 5. 5. 3. St. Elizabeth University St. Elizabeth University 37 73 40 50 27 45.6 6. 6. 6. Faculty of Social Sciences and Healthcare Constantine the Philosopher University 36 46 7 49 36 34.9 7. 7. 7. Faculty of Healthcare University of Prešov 28 44 3 0 0 15.1 8. 8. 8. Faculty of Healthcare Catholic University 31 31 - - 12 14.7 9. 9. n.a. Publications Students and Applications and Citations 2008 2007 2006 MED Teachers for Study (VV1 – PhD Studies Grants (VV7 AVERAGE RANKIN RANKIN RANKIN (SV1 – SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) (VV4a – VV6) – VV10) G G G Comenius University 74 77 71 19 46 57.5 1. 1. 1. Pavol Jozef Šafárik University 70 61 66 21 86 61.0 2. 2. 3. Trnava University 68 33 60 56 25 48.4 3. 3. 2. St. Elizabeth University 37 73 40 50 27 45.6 4. 4. 4. Constantine the Philosopher University 36 46 7 49 36 34.9 5. 5. 5. University of Prešov 28 44 3 - 0 15.1 6. 6. 6. Catholic University 31 31 - - 12 14.7 7. 7. n.a. - 15 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 16. In the MED group, a clear division into the faculties of medicine and pharmacy on the onehand and the faculties of healthcare on the other hand can be seen. These two groups differ in allindicators monitored, therefore the following text will analyse these two groups separately toeventually compare them. In the long term, faculties of medicine and the Faculty of Pharmacy are characterised by arelatively low number of students per teacher (does not exceed 15 students per teacher) and by avery good qualification structure of pedagogues. The interest in these faculties is consistentlyhigh. This does not hold for third level of higher education, particularly in the case of ComeniusUniversity’s Faculty of Pharmacy which sees a strong trend of decreasing interest in this level ofstudy as well as dropping numbers of successful graduates. The Faculty has long been the leaderof the group with respect to scientific production but considering the situation in its PhD coursesit is questionable as to whether the level and quantity of Faculty’s scientific production issustainable in the long term. It can be concluded in general that the scientific production of faculties of medicine andthe Faculty of Pharmacy is at a good level which is reflected in the ability of these institutions toobtain grant funding. Comenius University’s Jessenius Faculty of Medicine has long been the leader of thegroup. It has been holding this position for several years and it is not probable to be succeeded byanother faculty of the group. In general, faculties of medicine and some faculties of healthcare have high numbers offoreign students which indicates the attractiveness of these faculties for students from abroad.Only a more detailed analysis (for example, using a questionnaire for foreign students) wouldshow whether the attractiveness is based on financial aspects or on the quality of the study – orboth. In the case of faculties of healthcare, the situation is very different. The numbers ofstudents per teacher mostly considerably exceed 20. As for the number of students per professoror associate professor, the figures exceed 100. A change occurred in the case of CatholicUniversity’s Faculty of Healthcare which reduced the numbers of students significantly. Agreater change in the number of foreign students occurred at St. Elizabeth University whichopened full-time studies at its workplaces in Germany, Serbia, Kenya, and Cambodia. As forscientific production it can be concluded that faculties of healthcare by no means reach theparameters of faculties of medicine. More significant scientific production with an increasingtrend was seen only at Trnava University’s Faculty of Healthcare and Social Work and at St.Elizabeth University. Despite its short existence, St. Elizabeth University is the leader of the - 16 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 17. entire MED group in the number of citations per publication.A comparison of these two groups shows that faculties of healthcare differ particularly in thenumbers of students per teacher but in the remaining criteria, the two faculties of healthcare, i.e.,Trnava University’s Faculty of Healthcare and Social Work and St. Elizabeth University, couldbe included in the first group which is characterised by significant scientific production andsuccess in obtaining grants. In reference to obtaining grants, it should be mentioned that St.Elizabeth University as a private higher education institution cannot apply for grants from theVEGA and KEGA agencies. Other faculties of healthcare considerably lag behind the results of the first 6 institutionsin the MED group. - 17 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 18. 6.3 Universities and faculties of the TEOL group Students Publicatio and Applicati ns and PhD AVERAG TEOL Teachers ons for Citations Studies Grants E 2008 2007 2006 (SV1 – Study (VV1 – (VV4a – (VV7 – RANKIN RANKIN RANKI SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) VV6) VV10) G G NG Evangelical Theological Faculty Comenius University 67 45 104 70 - 57.0 1. 3. 2. Faculty of Theology Catholic University 46 40 5 46 75 42.5 2. 7. 6. Faculty of Reformed Theology J. Selye University 98 73 - 33 - 40.7 3. 1. n.a. Greek Catholic Faculty of Theology University of Prešov 52 63 5 29 25 34.7 4. 6. 5. Faculty of Theology Trnava University 68 42 7 43 5 33.0 5. 5. 1. Roman Catholic Faculty of Theology of Cyril and 32.9 6. 2. 3. Methodius Comenius University 54 38 8 64 - Faculty of Orthodox Theology University of Prešov 54 21 6 54 24 31.7 7. 4. 4. Publications Students and Applications and Citations 2008 2007 2006 TEOL Teachers for Study (VV1 – PhD Studies Grants (VV7 AVERAGE RANKIN RANKIN RANKIN (SV1 – SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) (VV4a – VV6) – VV10) G G G Comenius University 61 42 56 67 - 44.9 1. 2. 2. Catholic University 46 40 5 46 75 42.5 2. 5. 4. J. Selye University 98 73 - 33 - 40.7 3. 1. n.a. University of Prešov 53 42 5 41 24 33.2 4. 4. 3. Trnava University 68 42 7 43 5 33.0 5. 3. 1. - 18 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 19. - 19 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 20. For the first time, the group of theological faculties has been assessed separately in thisreport. Previously, it was part of the HUM group. Theological faculties are characterised by largediversity as far as the number of students per teacher or professor and associate professor isconcerned. Those that provide extensive part-time courses have high numbers of students relativeto teachers; the opposite is true of those that do not have part-time students. What is interesting isthe case of Faculty of Theology of the Catholic University which admitted significantly morestudents than in the previous year but thanks to several inaugurations and habilitations at thefaculty, the ratio of students to professors or associate professors remained unchanged. Theological faculties are characterised by very low scientific activity with respect topublications in journals listed in Current Contents but also with respect to their ability to obtaingrant funding. On the other hand, they are successful in PhD studies which confirms the specificfeature of Slovakia that PhD studies are doing well at scientifically poor faculties. Evangelical Theological Faculty of Comenius University ranks first again. - 20 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 21. 6.4 Universities and faculties of the FIL group Students Publicatio and Applicati ns and PhD AVERAG FIL Teachers ons for Citations Studies Grants E 2008 2007 2006 (SV1 – Study (VV1 – (VV4a – (VV7 – RANKIN RANKIN RANKI SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) VV6) VV10) G G NG Faculty of Philosophy Comenius University 100 65 62 95 43 73.1 1. 2. 1. Faculty of Humanities and Natural Sciences University of Prešov 76 47 102 57 56 67.7 2. 1. 2. Faculty of Philosophy University of Prešov 80 69 54 67 15 57.1 3. 4. 4. Faculty of Philosophy Trnava University 67 48 46 73 44 55.6 4. 5. 3. Faculty of Philosophy Catholic University 75 40 29 47 79 54.0 5. 3. 7. Faculty of Philosophy Constantine the Philosopher University 62 89 5 67 22 49.1 6. 6. 5. Faculty of Humanities Matej Bel University 68 53 15 62 9 41.3 7. 7. 6. Faculty of Philosophy University of SS. Cyril and Methodius 64 46 12 2 17 28.0 8. 8. 8. Publications Students and Applications and Citations 2008 2007 2006 FIL Teachers for Study (VV1 – PhD Studies Grants (VV7 AVERAGE RANKIN RANKIN RANKIN (SV1 – SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) (VV4a – VV6) – VV10) G G G Comenius University 100 65 62 95 43 73.1 1. 2. 1. University of Prešov 78 58 78 62 36 62.4 2. 1. 2. Trnava University 67 48 46 73 44 55.6 3. 4. 3. Catholic University 75 40 29 47 79 54.0 4. 3. 6. Constantine the Philosopher University 62 89 5 67 22 49.1 5. 5. 4. Matej Bel University 68 53 15 62 9 41.3 6. 6. 5. University of SS. Cyril and Methodius 64 46 12 2 17 28.0 7. 7. 7. - 21 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 22. The FIL group is one of the newly formed groups. Previously, it was part of the HUM group. Thegroup comprises faculties of philosophy and faculties of humanities. The group is characterisedby a good ratio of the number of students to teachers and a relatively high interest in study.Similarly as with theological faculties, scientific production in journals listed in Current Contentsis very low although it can be said to show a slightly rising trend. Prešov University’s Faculty ofHumanities and Natural Sciences is an unwavering leader in citations. A closer look shows that amajority of its most cited publications involves papers from the natural science part of thisFaculty. In PhD studies, the situation is similar as that at healthcare faculties. Again, the relativelyhigh proportion of PhD students does not correlate with poor scientific production of thefaculties. The first five ranking faculties kept their positions from the previous year, ComeniusUniversity’s Faculty of Philosophy coming first. - 22 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 23. 6.5 Universities and faculties of the UMEL group Students Publicatio and Applicati ns and PhD AVERAG UMEL Teachers ons for Citations Studies Grants E 2008 2007 2006 (SV1 – Study (VV1 – (VV4a – (VV7 – RANKIN RANKIN RANKI SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) VV6) VV10) G G NG Faculty of Music and Dance Academy of Music and Performing Arts 74 69 35 90 - 53.6 1. 2. 1. Academy of Fine Arts and Design Academy of Fine Arts and Design 54 73 3 51 66 49.2 2. 5. 4. Film and Television Faculty Academy of Music and Performing Arts 88 53 2 95 4 48.4 3. 4. 3. Theatre Faculty Academy of Music and Performing Arts 71 50 3 65 50 47.9 4. 3. 2. Faculty of Music Academy of Arts 86 54 1 30 30 40.4 5. 1. 5. Faculty of Fine Arts Academy of Arts 62 50 5 38 19 34.8 6. 6. 6. Faculty of Dramatic Arts Academy of Arts 82 51 4 - 18 31.2 7. 7. 7. Faculty of Arts Technical University of Košice 45 63 2 - 5 22.9 8. 8. 8. Publications Students and Applications and Citations 2008 2007 2006 UMEL Teachers for Study (VV1 – PhD Studies Grants (VV7 AVERAGE RANKIN RANKIN RANKIN (SV1 – SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) (VV4a – VV6) – VV10) G G G Academy of Music and Performing Arts 78 58 13 83 18 50.0 1. 1. 1. Academy of Fine Arts and Design 54 73 3 51 66 49.2 2. 2. 2. Academy of Arts 77 51 3 23 23 35.5 3. 3. 3. Technical University of Košice 45 63 2 - 5 22.9 4. 4. 4. - 23 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 24. Faculties of art are characterised by lower numbers of students compared to other schools.This is caused by the specificity of studies in these disciplines, requiring individual approach byteachers. According to ARRA criteria, the qualification structure of pedagogues at these facultiesis generally good. As for numbers of foreign students, the leaders include the Academy of FineArts; the Faculty of Music and Dance, Academy of Music and Performing Arts; and the Facultyof Music, Academy of Arts; of which the Faculty of Music and Dance, Academy of Music andPerforming Arts; and the Faculty of Music, Academy of Arts, lag behind in the interest of Slovakstudents in studying at these institutions. In general, the high (measured by Slovak standards)proportion of foreign students suggests a good reputation of these institutions abroad andindicates their quality. Considering scientific production in journals listed in Current Contents, the outputs ofthese schools are minimal which can be explained by these schools being focused on arts ratherthan on science. For faculties of art, therefore, it is not possible to correlate PhD studies with scientificoutputs, as the mission of these institutions is primarily to have outputs in art and these are notreflected in scientific databases. These faculties are not very successful in obtaining grants which can be reflected in theirquality in the long term. The ranking is dominated by all three faculties of the Academy of Music and PerformingArts jointly with the Academy of Fine Arts and Design. - 24 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 25. 6.6 Universities and faculties of the PRIR group Students Publicatio and Applicati ns and PhD AVERAG PRIR Teachers ons for Citations Studies Grants E 2008 2007 2006 (SV1 – Study (VV1 – (VV4a – (VV7 – RANKIN RANKIN RANKI SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) VV6) VV10) G G NG Faculty of Mathematics, Physics, and 79.8 1. 1. 1. Informatics Comenius University 86 56 100 67 89 Faculty of Natural Sciences Comenius University 85 78 52 85 66 73.2 2. 2. 2. Faculty of Natural Sciences Pavol Jozef Šafárik University 95 63 76 65 44 68.5 3. 3. 3. Faculty of Natural Sciences Constantine the Philosopher University 67 62 18 65 22 46.5 4. 4. 5. Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Sciences Technical University in Zvolen 64 53 18 53 10 39.6 5. 5. 4. Faculty of Natural Sciences University of Žilina 43 76 5 43 4 34.1 6. 8. 8. Faculty of Natural Sciences Matej Bel University 45 55 18 31 6 31.2 7. 6. 6. Faculty of Natural Sciences University of SS. Cyril and Methodius 54 44 22 5 14 27.8 8. 7. 7. Publications Students and Applications and Citations 2008 2007 2006 PRIR Teachers for Study (VV1 – PhD Studies Grants (VV7 AVERAGE RANKIN RANKIN RANKIN (SV1 – SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) (VV4a – VV6) – VV10) G G G Comenius University 86 67 76 76 78 76.5 1. 1. 1. Pavol Jozef Šafárik University 95 63 76 65 44 68.5 2. 2. 2. Constantine the Philosopher University 67 62 18 65 22 46.5 3. 3. 4. Technical University in Zvolen 64 53 18 53 10 39.6 4. 4. 3. University of Žilina 43 76 5 43 4 34.1 5. 7. 7. Matej Bel University 45 55 18 31 6 31.2 6. 5. 5. University of SS. Cyril and Methodius 54 44 22 5 14 27.8 7. 6. 6. - 25 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 26. Similarly as in the MED group, these faculties can be divided into faculties of naturalsciences and Comenius University’s Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics atuniversities with a longer tradition on the one hand and faculties of natural sciences at neweruniversities on the other hand. Faculties of natural sciences are characterised by a considerablenumber of pedagogical study programmes. This implies a higher ratio of students to teachers atthese faculties and also a lower scientific performance. The lower scientific performance offaculties with a shorter history can also be explained by the fact that these faculties have beenestablished after 1989 without a deeper tradition of natural science research in the given region.In several recent years, however, these institutions failed to close the gap on faculties of naturalsciences, although, for example, University of SS. Cyril and Methodius’ Faculty of NaturalSciences, by establishing cooperation with a workplace of the Slovak Academy of Sciences,increases its scientific potential. Similar process can be seen at Matej Bel University’s Faculty ofNatural Sciences. Faculties of natural sciences are characterised by strong scientific production. The PRIRgroup has been long led by Comenius University’s Faculty of Mathematics, Physics andInformatics. Since the beginning of assessments, it holds the first rank. By involvement innumerous transnational scientific initiatives, the Faculty continues to increase its scientificpotential. The second and third ranks are traditionally held by faculties of natural sciences ofComenius University and Pavol Jozef Šafárik University. Comenius University’s Faculty ofNatural Sciences maintains its lead on Pavol Jozef Šafárik University’s Faculty of NaturalSciences but the difference is shrinking considerably. Particularly in scientific production, PavolJozef Šafárik University’s Faculty of Natural Sciences increases its lead. Its scientific productionis not yet reflected in grant funding per creative worker in which it lags behind ComeniusUniversity’s Faculty of Natural Sciences by about 1/3 but in the long term, this criterion can alsobe expected to change. What is encouraging is the growth in the number of publications per creative worker atComenius University’s Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics and Faculty of NaturalSciences, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University’s Faculty of Natural Sciences but also at University ofSS. Cyril and Methodius’ Faculty of Natural Sciences, and a similar growth of citations. Thenumber of citations per paper at the above-mentioned faculties increases too, albeit at a slowerpace. In general, the ranking of faculties in this group has been very steady since theassessments started and most of the faculties maintain their positions. - 26 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 27. 6.7 Universities and faculties of the EKON group Students Publicatio and Applicati ns and PhD AVERAG EKON Teachers ons for Citations Studies Grants E 2008 2007 2006 (SV1 – Study (VV1 – (VV4a – (VV7 – RANKIN RANKIN RANKI SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) VV6) VV10) G G NG Faculty of Economics Technical University of Košice 87 54 82 62 80 72.9 1. 1. 1. Faculty of Economics and Management Slovak University of Agriculture 87 57 84 87 22 67.5 2. 2. 2. Faculty of National Economy University of Economics 95 34 90 66 37 64.4 3. 4. 4. Faculty of Business University of Economics 70 51 65 86 6 55.7 4. 5. 5. Faculty of Operation and Economics of 55.5 5. 3. 3. Transport and Communications University of Žilina 85 78 8 86 20 Faculty of Business Economics University of Economics 70 33 54 72 26 51.1 6. 7. 8. Faculty of Management Comenius University 62 62 40 73 2 48.0 7. 6. 9. Faculty of Economic Informatics University of Economics 76 35 62 54 12 47.7 8. 9. 10. Faculty of Economics Matej Bel University 82 36 45 59 9 46.2 9. 10. 6. Faculty of Business Management University of Economics 82 34 19 59 8 40.2 10. 8. 7. Faculty of Management University of Prešov 38 51 8 15 29 28.4 11. 11. n.a. Faculty of Economics J. Selye University 38 43 13 - 1 19.0 12. 12. n.a. Publications Students and Applications and Citations 2008 2007 2006 EKON Teachers for Study (VV1 – PhD Studies Grants (VV7 AVERAGE RANKIN RANKIN RANKIN (SV1 – SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) (VV4a – VV6) – VV10) G G G Technical University of Košice 87 54 82 62 80 72.9 1. 1. 1. Slovak University of Agriculture 87 57 84 87 22 67.5 2. 2. 2. University of Žilina 85 78 8 86 20 55.5 3. 3. 3. University of Economics 78 37 58 67 18 51.8 4. 5. 5. Comenius University 62 62 40 73 2 48.0 5. 4. 4. Matej Bel University 82 36 45 59 9 46.2 6. 6. 6. University of Prešov 38 51 8 15 29 28.4 7. 7. n.a. J. Selye University 38 43 13 - 1 19.0 8. 8. n.a. - 27 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 28. In the previous years, the EKON group was evaluated within the SPOL group. Theseparation of the faculties of economics will facilitate orientation of secondary-school graduatesas to the level of individual faculties of similar focus. Faculties of economics generally exhibit higher numbers of students per teacher than, forexample, natural science schools. This situation is natural, since the teaching of economicsciences involves only a limited use of experimental laboratories and similar technical facilities atschools. Higher students-to-teacher ratios compared to the other faculties can be seen at ComeniusUniversity’s Faculty of Management, Prešov University’s Faculty of Management, and J. SelyeUniversity’s Faculty of Economics. Considering the ratio of students to professor or associateprofessor, the situation at Prešov University’s Faculty of Management with 377 students perprofessor or associate professor is very difficult to imagine, particularly as far as the teachingprocess is concerned. The interest in these schools is relatively large, particularly in the east of Slovakia wherethere are only two institutions of a similar focus. Scientific production at these schools ranges at low figures. Faculties of economics havegreat opportunities to publish in journals listed in Current Contents; however, this possibility isused to a small extent only, although it should be noted that a moderate improvement occurred inrecent years. There is an interesting situation in the ability to obtain grant funding concerning KošiceUniversity of Technology’s Faculty of Economics, which has been long showing the ability toobtain foreign grants at significant levels, having no domestic grant and having apparentlydecided for independence from Slovak grant schemes. Yet in the volume of funds obtained percreative worker it has significantly outperformed other faculties in the group. The order in the resulting table changes only little. Košice University of Technology’sFaculty of Economics has been invariably ranking first. - 28 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 29. 6.8 Universities and faculties of the PRAV group Students Publicatio and Applicati ns and PhD AVERAG PRAV Teachers ons for Citations Studies Grants E 2008 2007 2006 (SV1 – Study (VV1 – (VV4a – (VV7 – RANKIN RANKIN RANKI SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) VV6) VV10) G G NG Faculty of Law Comenius University 87 78 23 99 49 67.3 1. 1. 2. Faculty of Law Trnava University 80 90 6 83 40 59.9 2. 3. 1. Faculty of Law Pavol Jozef Šafárik University 100 56 37 30 59 56.3 3. 2. 3. Faculty of Law Matej Bel University 71 61 3 32 31 39.6 4. 4. 4. - 29 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 30. Faculties of law form a special part of the former SPOL group. They exhibit highapplication for study rates which are lower only at Pavol Jozef Šafárik University’s Faculty ofLaw, nevertheless still ranging at levels that faculties of other specialisations (except for certainfaculties of art) are unable to even approach. The number of students per teacher is similarly highas at faculties of economics and ranges from about 30 to 45 students per teacher. In the ratio ofstudents to professor or associate professor, the situation is less favourable with all facultiesexcept Pavol Jozef Šafárik University’s Faculty of Law exceeding the value of 100. The proportion of foreign students at these schools is low which can be explained by thespecificity of the national system of law but a significant barrier is the lack of courses in anylanguage other than the state language. Scientific outputs in journals listed in Current Contents per creative worker approach orare equal to zero. It should be noted, however, that the availability of publishing in journals listedin Current Contents is very low compared to, for example, institutions of economics. PhD studies are undergoing development similarly as those in other social sciences andhumanities in Slovakia. Comenius University’s Faculty of Law defended its first place, the lastposition being traditionally held by Matej Bel University’s Faculty of Law. - 30 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 31. 6.9 Universities and faculties of the PED group Students Publicatio and Applicati ns and PhD AVERAG PED Teachers ons for Citations Studies Grants E 2008 2007 2006 (SV1 – Study (VV1 – (VV4a – (VV7 – RANKIN RANKIN RANKI SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) VV6) VV10) G G NG Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Comenius University 75 71 63 73 19 60.0 1. 1. 1. Faculty of Education Matej Bel University 64 87 43 35 26 51.1 2. 3. 3. Faculty of Sports University of Prešov 74 59 1 69 50 50.4 3. 4. n.a. Faculty of Education Trnava University 58 39 104 30 16 49.3 4. 2. 2. Faculty of Education Comenius University 81 55 16 45 9 41.1 5. 5. 5. Faculty of Education University of Prešov 50 61 5 29 55 40.1 6. 7. 7. Faculty of Education Constantine the Philosopher University 56 56 10 61 10 38.7 7. 6. 4. Faculty of Education J. Selye University 66 71 29 - 15 36.3 8. 8. n.a. Faculty of Education Catholic University 62 62 18 23 7 34.4 9. 9. 6. Publications Students and Applications and Citations 2008 2007 2006 PED Teachers for Study (VV1 – PhD Studies Grants (VV7 AVERAGE RANKIN RANKIN RANKIN (SV1 – SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) (VV4a – VV6) – VV10) G G G Comenius University 78 63 39 59 14 50.6 1. 2. University of Prešov 74 59 1 69 50 50.4 2. Trnava University 61 63 73 32 21 50.2 3. 1. University of Prešov 50 61 5 29 55 40.1 4. Constantine the Philosopher University 56 56 10 61 10 38.7 5. J. Selye University 66 71 29 - 15 36.3 6. Catholic University 64 67 23 12 11 35.4 7. - 31 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 32. - 32 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 33. The students to teacher ratio at faculties of education measured by ARRA criteria is goodand ranges from about 10 to 30 students per teacher. As for the ratio of students to professor orassociate professor, the situation is considerably different. The low proportion of professors andassociate professors is caused by the high number of students in this ratio which, for PrešovUniversity’s Faculty of Education, still reaches 100 students. It can be concluded in general that for a large majority of schools in the group, the numberof students decreases although the interest in study remains relatively good. These faculties alsofailed to internationalise their courses. As for scientific outputs, low figures are involved, although gradual growth can be seen inthe case of faculties of education of Trnava University and Prešov University. On the other hand,once a leader of the group in science, Comenius University’s Faculty of Physical Education andSports is gradually receding. Scientific production correlates with the relatively low success rate in grant awards. Onthe other hand, it has been shown again that poorer scientific results are without impact on thequantitative increases in PhD studies. - 33 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 34. 6.10 Universities and faculties of the TECH group Students Applicati Publicatio and ons for ns and PhD AVERAG TECH Teachers Study Citations Studies Grants E 2008 2007 2006 (SV1 – (SV6 – (VV1 – (VV4a – (VV7 – RANKIN RANKIN RANKI SV4) 8) VV2a) VV6) VV10) G G NG Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology Slovak University of Technology 100 50 92 64 72 75.6 1. 1. 1. Faculty of Civil Engineering Slovak University of Technology 60 70 24 45 60 51.8 2. 4. 9. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering University of Žilina 75 38 10 71 61 51.0 3. 3. 3. Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Slovak University of Technology 67 58 36 38 54 50.6 4. 2. 2. Faculty of Metallurgy Technical University of Košice 83 32 22 67 40 49.0 5. 7. 6. Faculty of Industrial Technologies Alexander Dubček University in Trenčín 55 40 39 65 26 45.1 6. 10. 8. Faculty of Mining, Ecology, Process Control and 44.0 7. 9. Geotechnology Technical University of Košice 49 53 18 54 46 5. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Slovak University of Technology 66 64 15 33 39 43.3 8. 5. 4. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Technical University of Košice 55 38 6 48 62 41.7 9. 12. 13. Faculty of Management Science & Informatics University of Žilina 52 51 18 71 12 40.7 10. 20. 18. Faculty of Architecture Slovak University of Technology 57 79 1 51 14 40.4 11. 11. 7. Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Informatics Technical University of Košice 62 35 19 45 39 40.1 12. 13. 10. Faculty of Electrical Engineering University of Žilina 66 41 10 48 26 38.3 13. 17. 15. Faculty of Manufacturing Technologies Technical University of Košice 54 47 1 45 40 37.5 14. 15. 14. Faculty of Informatics and Information 37.3 15. 6. Technologies Slovak University of Technology 45 43 49 19 30 n.a. Faculty of Civil Engineering Technical University of Košice 49 51 19 37 29 37.1 16. 8. 12. Faculty of Engineering Slovak University of Agriculture 59 50 12 49 13 36.6 17. 14. 19. Faculty of Environmental and Manufacturing 35.7 18. 19. Technology Technical University in Zvolen 70 39 0 40 29 17. Faculty of Material Sciences and Technology Slovak University of Technology 47 53 14 39 23 35.1 19. 16. 16. Faculty of Civil Engineering University of Žilina 48 57 1 39 22 33.5 20. 21. 11. Faculty of Special Engineering University of Žilina 44 52 - 33 11 28.0 21. 18. 20. Faculty of Special Technology Alexander Dubček University in Trenčín 46 33 0 25 1 21.0 22. 23. 21. Faculty of Aeronautics Technical University of Košice 38 41 6 11 9 20.8 23. 24. n.a. Faculty of Mechatronics Alexander Dubček University in Trenčín 39 38 4 11 7 19.6 24. 22. 22. - 34 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 35. Publications Students and Applications and Citations 2008 2007 2006 TECH Teachers for Study (VV1 – PhD Studies Grants (VV7 AVERAGE RANKIN RANKIN RANKIN (SV1 – SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) (VV4a – VV6) – VV10) G G G Slovak University of Technology 63 60 33 41 42 47.7 1. 1. 1. Technical University of Košice 56 43 13 44 38 38.6 2. 3. 2. University of Žilina 57 48 8 53 26 38.3 3. 4. 3. Slovak University of Agriculture 59 50 12 49 13 36.6 4. 2. 5. Technical University in Zvolen 70 39 0 40 29 35.7 5. 5. 4. Alexander Dubček University in Trenčín 46 37 14 34 12 28.5 6. 6. 6. - 35 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 36. The ranking of universities in the TECH group of faculties is relatively stable but there isa perceptible trend of decline in the amount of points obtained for most of the group’s faculties.The ranking does not change significantly. Although there are several faculties that improvedtheir point scores more markedly, in general, individual faculties’ point scores decrease ratherthan increase. The Faculty of Industrial Technologies of Alexander Dubček University in Trenčín andSlovak University of Agriculture’s Faculty of Engineering (previously known as theMechanisation Faculty of the Slovak University of Agriculture) can be mentioned as positiveexamples. The Faculty of Industrial Technologies grows more significantly in the criterion of thenumber of publications per creative worker and also in the PhD studies. The Faculty ofEngineering, among other indicators, saw a more significant increase in the number of citationsper publication. There is an interesting situation at Slovak University of Technology’s Faculty ofChemical and Food Technology, which has been the leader of the group in the long run, but isnevertheless unable to attract the interest of students and in fact, its teaching activity iscontinuously declining. This provides the creative workers with more room for research but onthe other hand, in the long term, this situation is dangerous for the Faculty, as it can find itself ina situation of lacking a pool of young, high-quality scientific workers. Faculties of the TECH group maintain their marked research potential and there aresignals that along with traditionally high-quality faculties, additional ones that put emphasis onresearch will come to the forefront. - 36 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 37. 6.11 Universities and faculties of the OTHER group Students Publicatio and Applicati ns and PhD AVERAG OTHER Teachers ons for Citations Studies Grants E 2008 2007 2006 (SV1 – Study (VV1 – (VV4a – (VV7 – RANKIN RANKIN RANKI SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) VV6) VV10) G G NG Faculty of International Relations University of Economics 88 67 35 88 38 63.4 1. 1. 1. Faculty of Political Sciences Matej Bel University 95 70 42 68 40 63.1 2. 3. 4. Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences Comenius University 75 61 86 33 50 61.0 3. 2. 2. Faculty of European Studies and Regional 30.4 4. 4. 3. Development Slovak University of Agriculture 54 50 8 31 9 Faculty of Mass Media Communication University of SS. Cyril and Methodius 49 69 2 8 18 29.4 5. 5. 5. Faculty of Central European Studies Constantine the Philosopher University 64 24 25 2 18 26.6 6. 7. n.a. Faculty of Public Administration Pavol Jozef Šafárik University 56 40 20 - 15 26.1 7. 6. 6. Faculty of Social and Economic Relations Alexander Dubček University in Trenčín 26 40 3 - 26 19.2 8. 8. 7. Publications Students and Applications and Citations 2008 2007 2006 OTHER Teachers for Study (VV1 – PhD Studies Grants (VV7 AVERAGE RANKIN RANKIN RANKIN (SV1 – SV4) (SV6 – 8) VV2a) (VV4a – VV6) – VV10) G G G University of Economics 88 67 35 88 38 63.4 1. 1. 1. Matej Bel University 95 70 42 68 40 63.1 2. 3. 4. Comenius University 75 61 86 33 50 61.0 3. 2. 2. Slovak University of Agriculture 54 50 8 31 9 30.4 4. 4. 3. University of SS. Cyril and Methodius 49 69 2 8 18 29.4 5. 5. 5. Constantine the Philosopher University 64 24 25 2 18 26.6 6. 7. n.a. Pavol Jozef Šafárik University 56 40 20 - 15 26.1 7. 6. 6. Alexander Dubček University in Trenčín 26 40 3 - 26 19.2 8. 8. 7. - 37 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 38. The OTHER group consists of faculties focused on public administration, diplomacy,political and economic sciences and similar disciplines. Students continue to be interested inthese institutions which is reflected in the students-to-teacher ratios. This group also includes theholder of the record in the number of students per professor or associate professor: The Faculty ofSocial and Economic Relations of Alexander Dubček University in Trenčín has almost 800students per one professor or associate professor. Two faculties stand out from the average:University of Economics’ Faculty of International Relations and Matej Bel University’s Facultyof Political Sciences and International Relations. Despite the great interest in their courses, bothmaintain relatively low student ratios compared to other faculties of the group. In scientific production, a marked progress can be seen at Comenius University’s Facultyof Social and Economic Sciences which, despite its short existence, is one of the fastest growingamong all faculties of humanities and social sciences. Trends in the assessment of individual faculties of higher education institutions institutions ARRA has been publishing its report evaluating the standard of higher educationinstitutions for the fifth year in a row which allows to monitor individual faculties in a relativelyextended period of time. On the basis of the results achieved in the past, it should be possible torecognise trends which, ceteris paribus, should continue in the future. As can be seen in the following charts, a clear general trend cannot be identified. Manyfaculties are improving, other are stagnating, the standard of some is deteriorating. In the PRIRgroup it can be seen that the “traditional” faculties maintain their convenient lead on facultiesestablished in the last twenty years. However, when we try to apply this model to other groups wefind that it could perhaps be identified in the TECH group with Slovak University ofTechnology’s Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology on the one hand and all other facultiesof the group on the other hand. The MED group is a different case where the Faculty ofHealthcare and Social Work of Trnava University in some of the years outperformed, forexample, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University’s Faculty of Medicine. Rather than attempting more general statements about individual groups of faculties orabout the entire higher education landscape in Slovakia, it will be more effective to focus onparticular faculties and their development in the last five years. For example, we can see agradual growth of Catholic University’s Faculty of Philosophy and a more significant decline ofthe Faculty of Social and Economic Relations of Alexander Dubček University in Trenčín. The development of Slovak higher education from the standpoint of its individualcomponents has been varied in recent years. All higher education institutions or their faculties
  • 39. existed in the same external environment but their ability to cope with this environment differedand therefore it is not possible to determine a unifying characteristic trend apart from making arelatively broad statement that Slovak higher education institutions are somewhere betweenstagnation and moderate growth. The charts show selected faculties and their assessment in ARRA reports for the last 5years. - 39 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 40. Chart 1. AGRO group 90 85 80 University of Veterinary Medicine 75 TUiZ´s Faculty of Wood Sciences and Technology SUoA´s Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering 70 average 65 60 55 50 45 40 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 yearChart 2. UMEL group 55,0 AoMA´s Faculty of Music and Dance AoA´s Faculty of Fine Arts TUiK´s Faculty of Arts 50,0 45,0 40,0 average 35,0 30,0 25,0 20,0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 year - 40 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 41. Chart 3. MED group PJŠU´s Faculty of Medicine 80,0 CU´s Faculty of Pharmacy TU´s Faculty of Health and Social Care UoCP´s Faculty of Social Sciences and Health 70,0 60,0 average 50,0 40,0 30,0 20,0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 yearChart 4. PRIR group 85,0 75,0 65,0 average CU´s Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics CU´s - Faculty of Natural Sciences 55,0 PJŠU´s Faculty of Natural Sciences TUiZ Faculty of Ecology and Enviromental Sciences 45,0 35,0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 year - 41 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 42. Chart 5. EKON group TUiK Faculty of Economics ŽU Faculty of Operation and Economics of Communication UoE´s - Faculty of Business Management UoE´s Faculty of Economic Informatics 75,0 UMB´s Faculty of Economics 70,0 65,0 60,0 55,0 average 50,0 45,0 40,0 35,0 30,0 25,0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 yearChart 6. TECH group - 42 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 43. SUoT´s Faculty of Mechanical Engineering ŽU´s Faculty of Management Science and Informatics TUiK´s Faculty of Manufacturing Technologies 55,0 ŽU´s Faculty of Special Engineering ADUiT´s Faculty of Special Technology 50,0 45,0 40,0 average 35,0 30,0 25,0 20,0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 yearChart 7. TEOL group 60,0 55,0 50,0 45,0 40,0 average 35,0 30,0 25,0 CU´s Evangelical Theological Faculty PU´s Greek Catholic Theological Faculty 20,0 TU´s Theological Faculty PU´s Ortodox Theological Faculty 15,0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 yearChart 8. FIL group - 43 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 44. 60,0 CU´s Faculty of Philosophy UoSCM´ Faculty of Arts 50,0 40,0 average 30,0 20,0 10,0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 yearChart 9. PRAV group 80,0 70,0 60,0 50,0 average 40,0 30,0 20,0 CU´s Faculty of Law TU´s Faculty of Law PJŠU´s Faculty of Law 10,0 MBU´s Faculty of Law - 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 year - 44 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 45. Chart 10. PED group 65,0 CU´s Faculty of Physical Education and Sports 60,0 MBU´s Faculty of Education UoCP´s Faculty of Education 55,0 CathU´s Faculty of Education 50,0 45,0 average 40,0 35,0 30,0 25,0 20,0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 yearChart 11. OTHER group - 45 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 46. 65,0 60,0 55,0 50,0 UoE´s Faculty of International Relations 45,0 CU´s Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences UoSCM´s Faculty of Mass Media Communication 40,0 average PJŠU´s Faculty of Public Administration 35,0 ADUiT´s Faculty of Social and Economic Realtions 30,0 25,0 20,0 15,0 10,0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 year - 46 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 47. 8. Development of publication output Important quality parameters of higher education, particularly at the third (PhD) level ofstudy, include the quantity and quality of scientific work at the institution. The quantity can beexpressed as the number of publications and the quality as the number of their citations. In the text below, we will deal with the quantitative aspect of scientific work. Chart No 12 suggests that for most of the monitored period, publication activity of bothkinds of institutions stagnated or moderately grew. An increasing trend occurs after 2003 whichapproximately coincides with the change in the funding of scientific activity. The new model offunding is more “motivating” and reflects the number of publications.Chart 12. Development of publication activity of Slovak higher education institutions andSlovak Academy of Sciences’ institutes in the period 1995 to 2008 Number of WoK publications from universities and from SAV in 1995-2008 2000 1800 1600 Publications from 1400 universities 1200 Publications from SAV 1000 800 600 400 200 0 However, when comparing the trends in the growth of Slovak scientific production with - 47 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 48. growth trends in the countries of the region we find that the increase is insufficient and that theincrease in the number of scientific publications for these countries is faster than in Slovakia(Chart 13).Chart 13. Trends in the growth of publication productivity in central European countries Growth of the number of publications in Central Europe 18000 16000 Slovakia 14000 12000 Czech Republic 10000 Hungary 8000 6000 Poland 4000 Austria 2000 2567 1879 1907 0 1995 2000 2007 The series of charts below shows several examples of faculties that demonstrate rathermixed developments. There are examples of faculties that actually started to grow in the period inquestion but there also are faculties in Slovakia that rather reduced their publication activity inthe last five years. The first case can be explained in two ways: 1) faculties had a certain extent ofresearch capacities that were unused in the previous period until the financial incentive helped toinitiate their utilisation, or 2) a coincidence is involved where other factors at the faculty orhigher education institution caused the scientific production to gradually increase. Of course, itcan be suggested that these are rather extreme cases and the reality involved a combination ofboth models. On the account of the decrease in publication activity in the recent period it can beconcluded that even the change in financing has not been a sufficient impulse for thedevelopment of scientific work and the causes of the decline need to be sought within theinstitutions. The causes can include termination of collaboration with another scientific institutionthat dominated the partnership, high-quality scientific workers retiring or leaving for another job,a change in the orientation of the faculty to a more educational than research institution, etc. Whatever the developments at individual faculties, the Slovak science measured by theindicator of absolute number of publications per year is growing as a whole. The selected faculties contribute relatively high numbers to the total number of publications - 48 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 49. or they have only been established recently and therefore faster changes can be expected.Chart 14. Trends in the growth of publication productivity at Comenius University’sFaculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics Comenius University’s Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics 250 200 150 100 50 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Among our higher education institutions, Comenius University’s Faculty of Mathematics,Physics and Informatics is among those with the greatest numbers of publications and in 2008 itwas the most successful faculty in this criterion. Despite a fluctuation in 2005, a continuousgrowth in the number of publications can be seen. In addition to the scientific qualities of thefaculty, this is the result of its participation in several transnational scientific projects ofimportance. - 49 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 50. Chart 15. Trends in the growth of publication productivity at Comenius University’sJessenius Faculty of Medicine Comenius University’s Jessenius Faculty of Medicine 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jessenius Faculty of Medicine is an excellent example of a faculty at which the numbers ofpublications grow continuously and significantly. Since 2005, the publication activity more thantripled.Chart 16. Trends in the growth of publication productivity at Comenius University’sFaculty of Social and Economic Sciences Comenius University’s Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 This representative of newly established faculties sees an increase in the number ofpublications every year. Although this involves only single-digit figures, it is important for theFaculty to continue in this trend. - 50 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 51. Chart 17. Trends in the growth of publication productivity at Slovak University ofTechnology’s Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology Slovak University of Technology’s Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Slovak University of Technology’s Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology has longbeen one of the top publication producers being able to generate over 200 publications a year for3 years in a row. A drop occurred in 2008 and it remains to be seen in the next year whether thiswas a short-term fluctuation or the beginning of a new development trend. Still, however, thisfaculty can be an example for other faculties.Chart 18. Trends in the growth of publication productivity at Slovak University ofTechnology’s Faculty of Material Sciences and Technology Slovak University of Technology’s Faculty of Material Sciences and Technology 25 20 15 10 5 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 In 2006, Slovak University of Technology’s Faculty of Material Sciences and Technologyreached a culmination point after a long period of growth, but for the second year in a row, a - 51 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 52. significant drop in publications occurs. Should this trend continue, it will most certainly bereflected in a reduction of the quality of the entire Faculty.Chart 19. Trends in the growth of publication productivity at Faculty of Natural Sciences ofConstantine the Philosopher University University of Constantine the Philosopher´s Faculty of Natural Sciences 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007Chart 20. Trends in the growth of publication productivity at Matej Bel’s Faculty of 2008Natural Sciences Matej Bel University´s Faculty of Natural Sciences 25 20 15 10 5 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 At faculties of natural sciences of Matej Bel University and Constantine the PhilosopherUniversity, the growth trend continues, being apparent for several years. When comparing theperformance of these two faculties with the best faculties in the PRIR group we find that whilethe best ones reach about 150 scientific publications per year, as seen in charts 19 and 20, the - 52 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 53. performance of these two faculties is one fifth or even eighth.Chart 21. Trends in the growth of publication productivity at University of Economics’Faculty of National Economy University of Economics´s Faculty of National Economics 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 The largest faculty of the University of Economics is one of those publishing the most.What is worrying is the drop in 2007 when the Faculty produced only two publications comparedto eleven in 2006 and five in 2008. As with almost all faculties focused on social sciences andhumanities, this involves low figures where one or two publications per year can change theentire picture of the faculty. The charts shown clearly imply that the picture of scientific work at Slovak highereducation institutions is not homogeneous and it cannot be said that a general trend can beidentified. In general, science in Slovakia is growing but at an insufficient pace compared to othercountries of the region. - 53 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 54. 9. List of acronyms used AGRO – faculties of agricultural sciences EKON – faculties of economic sciences FIL – faculties of philosophic sciences MED – faculties of medical and health sciences OTHER – other faculties of social sciences PED – faculties of education sciences PRAV – faculties of law sciences PRIR – faculties of natural sciences TECH – faculties of technical sciences TEOL – faculties of theological sciences UMEL – faculties of arts APVV – Research and Development Support Agency ARRA – Academic Ranking and Rating Agency AoA – Academy of Arts in Banská Bystrica UoE – University of Economics in Bratislava IREG – International Ranking Experts Group CathU – Catholic University in Ružomberok MoEdu SR – Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic PU – Prešov University in Prešov SAV – Slovak Academy of Sciences SUoA – Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra SUoT – Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava TU – Trnava University in Trnava (other – TVU) ADUiT – Alexander Dubček University in Trenčín - 54 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900
  • 55. TUiK – Technical University in Košice TUiZ – Technical University in Zvolen UoSCM – University of SS. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava IIPE – Institute of Information and Prognoses in Education UJS – J. Selye University in Komárno CU – Comenius University in Bratislava UoCP – Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra MBU – Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica PJŠU – Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice UVM – University of Veterinary Medicine in Košice St. Elizabeth Univ. – St. Elizabeth University of Health and Social Sciences in Bratislava AoMA – Academy of Music and Performing Arts in Bratislava VŠVU – Academy of Fine Arts and Design in Bratislava WoK – Web of Knowledge ŽU – Žilina University in Žilina - 55 -ARRA, Bárdošova 2/A, 831 01 Bratislava, ID No: 30857091, Reg. No. VVS/1-900/90-245 03 phone: +421 2 5443 2246 www.arra.sk E-mail: arra@arra.sk Bank details: Slovenská sporiteľňa, A/C No: 0178751805/0900