KAZAN – THE GREAT
Teacher: Abdullaeva T. I.
Kazan is the capital and largest
city of the Republic of
Tatarstan. With a population
of 1,143,546, it is the eighth
most populous city in Russia.
Kazan lies at the confluence
of the Volga and Kazanka
Rivers in European Russia.
Mystery about Kazan is its
name. Scientists have been
discussing the meaning of the
word “Kazan”. Most of them
support the common
translation of this word from
Tatar as “a big bowl”. As a
matter of fact, if you look at
Kazan from a plane, you’ll
notice that the city is located
in the lowland among the hill.
Besides, the Kremlin Hill looks
like an upturned cauldron
The city's population consists
almost entirely composed of
either Russians (about 48.8
percent) or Tatars (about
47.5 percent). The
remainder consists of
Chuvash, Ukrainians, Azeri,
and Jews. Major religions in
Kazan city are Sunni Islam
and Eastern Orthodoxy.
Tatar and Russian languages are widely spoken in the
city. Russian is understood by practically all the
population, apart from some older Tatars. Tatar is
widely spoken mainly by Tatars.
Kazan has a humid continental climate with long cold winters
and warm, often hot dry summers. The warmest month is
July with daily mean temperature near 20 °C (68 °F), coldest -
January −12 °C (10 °F).
Primary and secondary
education system of Kazan
282 nurseries, most of which
178 schools, 2 of which are
28 vocational technical
10 special colleges
As I’ve said Kazan is one of the biggest educational centre
in Russia. And in my presentation I paid a special
attention to this theme and to speak about educational
system in Kazan.
There are also 49 music schools, 10 fine-arts schools and 43
sports schools. There are 44 institutes of higher education
in Kazan, including 19 branches of universities from other
cities. More than 140 000 students are educated in the city.
Kazan Federal University (founded in 1804) is third oldest
university in Russia after Saint Petersburg State University
(1724) and Moscow State University (1755). In 2009 KFU
got Federal status as main university of Volga Region.
Some other prominent
Kazan State Technical University
- founded in 1932. In 2009 it
got status of National
Kazan State Medical University
- founded in 1814 as a
department within Kazan State
Kazan State Technological
University - founded in 1919 on
the base of pre-existing
Kazan State Conservatory -
founded in 1945;
Kazan is a major scientific
centre in Russia. Kazan
formed a big number of
scientific areas and schools.
It is subject of special pride: the
creation of non-Euclidean geometry
(Nikolai Lobachevski), the discovery
of the chemical element ruthenium
(Claus), the theory about the
structure of organic compounds
(Aleksandr Butlerov), the discovery
of the electron paramagnetic
resonance (Yevgeny Zavoisky) and
acoustic paramagnetic resonance
(Altshuler) and many others.