D01L11 D Poletto - Taking Stock of BES Research Centres and Institutions in SEE a Collective Endeavour to Advance Science and Technology Cooperation
UNESCO Regional Bureau for Science and Culture in Europe Dr. Davide Poletto SC [email_address] http://www.unesco.org/venice UNESCO VENICE OFFICE
UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010 Excellence in Basic and Engineering Sciences&Education Physics and Mathematics in SEE February 18th-21 st Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Nis Serbia
Constraints between Research and Policy <ul><li>Research Supply barriers :many countries in transition have an inadequate supply of policy relevent research. </li></ul><ul><li>1. information barrier: Researchers are poorly informed about the policy process and how research might be relevant; </li></ul><ul><li>2. Financial barrier: scant finacial resources available to science; </li></ul><ul><li>3. Poor Communication and data sets: academic and researchers live in an ivory tower; </li></ul>Source: Stone-Maxwell 2005 UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010
Constraints between Research and Policy <ul><li>4. Policy demand barriers: science makes decision making process more complicated and difficult; </li></ul><ul><li>5. Ideological and geopolitical barriers: in certain countries policy makers may be just suspicious of the political affiliation and intention of academic researchers. </li></ul><ul><li>6. knowledge barriers: the nature of dominant regimes in use and what is considered relevant or useful knowledge. </li></ul>Source: Stone-Maxwell 2005 UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010
<ul><li>Networks are more effective than single academicians or researchers in order to: </li></ul><ul><li>Create a stock of policy relevant knowledge; </li></ul><ul><li>Introducing new ways of thinking in the policy Arena; </li></ul><ul><li>Making sure knowledge is available to policy makers. </li></ul>Scientific networks and capacity building in policy issues UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010
<ul><li>Several networks operate a shift from being an initial mechanism of exchange among researchers, becoming an actor for capacity building in science governance issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building: </li></ul><ul><li>building up the capacity of researchers to do research; </li></ul><ul><li>Building researchers capacity to carry out policy relevant research and to communicate it effectively to policy and decision makers (communication and dissemination functions) </li></ul>Scientific networks and capacity building in policy issues UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010
UNESCO networking in science <ul><li>UNESCO has been defined as a “broker” of Science, and promoter of communication for science. </li></ul><ul><li>It is in the mandate of the organisation to “use” science as a functionalist driver to improve dialogue and peace building in the world wide </li></ul><ul><li>SESAME: (Synchrotron light for experimental science and applications in Middle East 1999); </li></ul><ul><li>IPSO (Israeli-Palestinian Organisation 2004); It brings together the expertise of israeli-palestinian scientists in fields of science were cooperation is feasible (Elderlen). </li></ul>UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010 Source: W. Erdelen 2007 ADG Natural Sciences
UNESCO BRESCE <ul><li>The Venice process of rebuilding scientific cooperation among SEE countries (2001) has identified in the sc networks useful tools to achieve multiple goals in the Region: </li></ul><ul><li>Improving research infrastructures managment; </li></ul><ul><li>Fostering the dialogues of peace and coperation; </li></ul><ul><li>Regional integration into the ERA; </li></ul><ul><li>Facing brain drain and brain waste; </li></ul>UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010
May 2009 National Consultations on the National Strategy on STI of Albania (2009-2015) Tirana 3-6 September 2009 International Conference on Science and Development - Optimal Infrastructures for Stimulation of Scientific Research in Europe Wrocław, Poland November 2009 Ministerial Round Table on Research and Higher Education Tirana Ministerial Round Tables (Paris 2001, Ljubljana 2007, Budva 2008) Conference of Parliamentary Committees for S&T Conferences on specific topics Investment in S&T, (new) role of Academies of Sciences, Higher education and research linkages (Venice 2001-Venice Process) Technical Workshops STI Statistics and Indicators National STI Strategies Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Serbia, FYROM UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010 POLICY EVENTS
Scientific networks Seismology, astronomy, mathematics & physics Sharing Research Infrastructures (Rozhen Observatory) 10-16 May 2009 5th Congress of Balkan Geophysical Society, Geophysics at the Cross-Roads Belgrade, Serbia 10-23 August 2009 5th International Summer School in Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in SEE Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina 19 September – 1 October 2009 International Biophysics Summer School Rovinj, Croatia October 2009 International School of Spectroscopy’ Rozhen, Bulgaria 4 November 2009 Basic Sciences for the Development of Energy: Alliance for the Future Budapest, Hungary UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010
BES SURVEY THROUGHT SEENET MTP Rationale: identification of basic indicators related to the research centres/institutions in SEE to better focus scientific cooperation and new projects/activities in the next future: It has been conceived under 8 headings: General data, financial profile, research staff profile, research infrastructures, performance profile; R&E programmes; Regional and international Coop., Dissemination of Scientific Information. UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010
1. General Data <ul><li>Name contacts, statute, date of establishment and affiliation, competences in the fields of science, core research areas. </li></ul><ul><li>The list of the fields of science mirrors FOS (Field of Science and Technology) classification by the working party of national experts on S&T indicators. </li></ul>UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010
2. Financial Profile <ul><li>I ndividual centres are investigated according to their: </li></ul><ul><li>average annual budget; </li></ul><ul><li>sources of funding over a time-line of five years. </li></ul>UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010
UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010 3. Research staff profile <ul><li>Research staff profile is three folded with regards to: </li></ul><ul><li>Young (PhD candidates), </li></ul><ul><li>Experience (post PhD), </li></ul><ul><li>senior researchers (full professors or equivalent). </li></ul><ul><li>It is investigated according to the following variables: </li></ul><ul><li>G ender, nationality, age, temporary-permanent and contracted under regular or extrabudgetary sources; </li></ul>
UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010 4. Research Infrastructures Proceeding from FP7 definition of RIs “ facilities, resources and related services used by the scientific community for conducting leading-edge research, knowledge transmission, knowledge exchange and preservation”. We included in this heading: major scientific facilities (according to market value-threshold of 100.000 Euro), equipment/instrumentation, resources&services for scientific exchange, ICT infrastructure for scientific information access.
UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010 5. Performance Profile This heading refers to certain outputs linked to their performance capacity: - patents registered; - peer reviewed publication; - implementation of EU SC Cooperation initiatives; - prizes/awards; - additional info.
UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010 6. Research and Educational programmes <ul><li>Questioned research centres are asked to report on edu./training programmes, strongly connected with their research activities: </li></ul><ul><li>post PhD, </li></ul><ul><li>PhD, </li></ul><ul><li>Master Courses </li></ul><ul><li>specialization trainings... </li></ul>
UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010 7. Regional&International cooperation Questioned research centres are asked to refer about relevant initiatives of regional-international cooperation in place in the last 5 years. The aforementioned list of major fields of Science is put in relation to the following variables: - partners; - subject of cooperation; - Typology of Cooperation.
UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010 8. Production and dissemination of Scientific Information This heading relates to different science dissemination and production activities such as on line and hard copies sc publication, scientific events, networking, etc.
UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010 Filling the Survey The database will be filled on line by identified research centres/institutions upon invitation. The UNESCO South-eastern European Network in Mathematical and Theoretical Physics (SEENET - MTP), is in charge to provide relevant data related to their specific field of competence. In case of non-availability of information, cooperation of surveyed centres and/or national authorities (concerned Ministries, National Commissions for UNESCO, etc.) will be requested.
UNESCO VENICE EBES 2010 Additionally Important... Due to the nature of the on line survey, constituted of multiple chapters, questioned institutions are strongly recommended to organise an efficient internal process of data collection prior to survey submission: although extended, time availability to fill the on line survey is limited. Data loss is inevitable when exceeding the time limit of about 10 hours: a data saving option is not currently activated!
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